Phoenix Road, NW1

Road is in an area which may have existed since the nineteenth century or before

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Road · Somers Town · NW1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
1
2000


Phoenix Road is a street in Camden Town.



ADD A STORY TO PHOENIX ROAD
VIEW THE SOMERS TOWN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOMERS TOWN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOMERS TOWN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOMERS TOWN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOMERS TOWN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Somers Town

Somers Town is a district close to three main line rail termini - Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross.

Historically, the name Somers Town was used for the larger triangular area between the Pancras, Hampstead, and Euston Roads, but it is now taken to mean the rough rectangle bounded by Pancras Road, Euston Road and Eversholt Street.

Somers Town was named after Charles Cocks, 1st Baron Somers (1725–1806). The area was originally granted by William III to John Somers (1651–1716), Lord Chancellor and Baron Somers of Evesham.

In the mid 1750s the New Road was established to bypass the congestion of London; Somers Town lay immediately north of this east-west toll road. In 1784, the first housing was built at the Polygon amid fields, brick works and market gardens on the northern fringes of London. The site of the Polygon is now occupied by a block of council flats called Oakshott Court.

The Polygon deteriorated socially as the surrounding land was subsequently sold off in smaller lots for cheaper housing, especially after the start of construction in the 1830s of the railway lines into Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross. In this period the area housed a large transient population of labourers and the population density of the area soared. By the late 19th century most of the houses were in multiple occupation, and overcrowding was severe with whole families sometimes living in one room, as confirmed by the social surveys of Charles Booth and Irene Barclay.

When St Luke’s Church, near King’s Cross, was demolished to make way for the construction of the Midland Railway St Pancras Station and its Midland Grand Hotel, the estimated twelve thousand inhabitants of Somers Town at that time were deprived of that place of worship, as the church building was re-erected in Kentish Town. In 1868 the lace merchant and philanthropist George Moore funded a new church, known as Christ Church, and an associated school in Chalton Street with an entrance in Ossulston Street. The school accommodated about six hundred children. Christ Church and the adjacent school were destroyed in a World War II bombing raid and no trace remains today, the site being occupied by a children’s play area and sports court.

Improvement of the slum housing conditions, amongst the worst in the capital, was first undertaken by St Pancras Council in 1906 at Goldington Buildings, at the junction of Pancras Road and Royal College Street, and continued on a larger scale by the St Pancras House Improvement Society (subsequently the St Pancras & Humanist Housing Association, the present owner of Goldington Buildings) which was established in 1924. Further social housing was built by the London County Council, which began construction of the Ossulston Estate in 1927. There remains a small number of older Grade 2 listed properties, mostly Georgian terraced houses.

During the early 1970s the neighbourhood comprising GLC-owned housing in Charrington, Penryn, Platt and Medburn Streets was a centre for the squatting movement.

In the 1980s, some council tenants took advantage of the ’right to buy’ scheme and bought their homes at a substantial discount. Later they moved away from the area. The consequence was an influx of young semi-professional people, resulting in a changing population.

Major construction work along the eastern side of Somers Town was completed in 2008, to allow for the Eurostar trains to arrive at the refurbished St Pancras Station. This involved the excavation of part of the St Pancras Old Churchyard, the human remains being re-interred at St Pancras and Islington Cemetery in East Finchley.

Land at Brill Place, previously earmarked for later phases of the British Library development, became available when the library expansion was cancelled and was used as site offices for the HS1 terminal development and partly to allow for excavation of a tunnel for the new Thameslink station. It was then acquired as the site for the Francis Crick Institute (formerly the UK Centre for Medical Research and Innovation), a major medical research institute.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abacus Belsize Primary School:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Agar Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Agar Town:   Agar Town was a short-lived area, built in the 1840s, of St Pancras.
Birkbeck College:   Higher education institutions
British Library:   The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom. Its building at St Pancras was the largest public building constructed in the UK in the 20th century.
British Museum:   Founded in 1753, the British Museum’s remarkable collection spans over two million years of human history.
Children’s Hospital School at Gt Ormond Street and UCH:   Foundation special school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 16.
Conservatoire for Dance and Drama:   Higher education institutions
Ecole Jeannine Manuel:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 18.
Edith Neville Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Euston:   London Euston is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line - serving Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow.
Euston Square:   Euston Square is a London Underground station near Euston station, at the corner of Euston Road and Gower Street, just north of University College London.
Fashion Retail Academy:   Miscellaneous which accepts students between the ages of 16 and 99.
Fitzrovia:   Fitzrovia is the area lying to the west of Tottenham Court Road.
Goodge Street:   Goodge Street station on London Underground's Northern Line, opened on 22 June 1907.
Institute of Education:   Higher education institutions
Kings Cross Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
London Greek Orthodox Cathedral - All Saints:   All Saints, Camden Town is a Greek Orthodox church known as the Greek Orthodox Church of All Saints.
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine:   Higher education institutions
Maria Fidelis Roman Catholic Convent School FCJ:   Voluntary aided school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Newman Arms:   The Newman Arms has been a Fitzrovia fixture for centuries.
Ossulston Estate:   The Ossulston Estate is a multi-storey council estate built by the London County Council in Somers Town between 1927 and 1931.
Our Lady Roman Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Regent High School:   Community school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Rhodes Farm:   Rhodes Farm was situated on Hampstead Road.
Richard Cobden Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art:   The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) is a drama school in London, England. It is one of the oldest drama schools in the United Kingdom, founded in 1904 by Herbert Beerbohm Tree.
Scala Theatre:   Scala Theatre was a theatre in London, sited on Charlotte Street, off Tottenham Court Road. The first theatre on the site opened in 1772, and was demolished in 1969, after being destroyed by fire.
School of Oriental and African Studies:   Higher education institutions
Somers Town:   Somers Town is a district close to three main line rail termini - Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross.
St Aloysius Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Mary and St Pancras Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Michael’s Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
St Pancras:   St Pancras railway station, celebrated for its architecture, is built on the site of the St Pancras suburb of London.
St. James Gardens:   St. James Gardens were used as a burial ground between 1790 and 1853.
The Royal Veterinary College:   Higher education institutions
The Working Men’s College:   Further education (16 plus) which accepts students between the ages of 16 and 99.
University College London:   University College London (UCL) is a public research university and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
University College London:   Higher education institutions
University of London:   Higher education institutions
Warren Street:   Warren Street tube station is a London Underground station, located at the intersection of Tottenham Court Road and Euston Road. It is the nearest tube station to University College Hospital, being opposite the newly opened main building. It is also very close to Euston Square station.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Fairyland:   During the period leading up to and during the First World War, 92 Tottenham Court Road was the location of a shooting range called Fairyland.
Queen's Arms (1890):   Photographed in 1890, the Queen's Arms - on the corner of Tottenham Street and Charlotte Street - lay in the heart of Fitzrovia.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Place, WC1H · Adeline Place, WC1B · Agar Grove, NW1 · Agar Place, NW1 · Agar-Camley link, NW1 · Aldenham Street, NW1 · Alfred Mews, WC1E · Alfred Place, WC1E · Ampere Way, CR0 · Ampthill Square, NW1 · Bainbridge Street, WC1A · Barker Drive, NW1 · Barnby Street, NW1 · Bayham Place, NW1 · Bayley Street, WC1B · Baynes Street, NW1 · Baynham Place, NW1 · Bedford Avenue, WC1B · Bedford Square, WC1B · Bedford Way, WC1B · Bedford Way, WC1H · Bergholt Mews, NW1 · Berners Mews, W1T · Berners Street, W1T · Bidborough Street, WC1H · Bird Street, W1T · Bloomsbury Place, WC1B · Bloomsbury Street, WC1A · Bloomsbury Street, WC1B · Brandon Road, N7 · Bridgeway Street, NW1 · Brill Place, NW1 · British Museum, WC1B · Broadfield Lane, N1C · Broadfield Lane, NW1 · Bromley Place, W1T · Bruges Place, NW1 · Burton Street, WC1H · Byng Place, WC1E · Camden Street, NW1 · Camley Street, N1C · Camley Street, NW1 · Canal Reach, N1C · Cantelowes Road, NW1 · Capper Street, WC1E · Cardington Street, NW1 · Cartwright Gardens, WC1H · Cedar Way, N1C · Cedar Way, NW1 · Centa Housebirkenhead Street, WC1H · Chalton Street, NW1 · Charlotte Mews, W1T · Charlotte Place, W1T · Charlotte Street, W1T · Charrington Street, NW1 · Chenies Mews, WC1E · Chenies Place, NW1 · Chenies Street, WC1E · Chitty Street, W1T · Christopher Place, NW1 · Church Way, NW1 · Churchway, NW1 · Coach Road, N1C · Coach Road, NW1 · Cobham Mews, NW1 · Cobourg Street, NW1 · College Grove, NW1 · College Place, NW1 · Colville Place, W1T · Compton Place, WC1H · Cooper’s Lane, NW1 · Coptic Street, WC1A · Coram Street, WC1H · Coram Street, WC1N · Cranleigh Street, NW1 · Crofters Way, NW1 · Crowndale Court, NW1 · Crowndale Road, NW1 · Darwin Walk, WC1E · Doric Way, NW1 · Doric Way, NW1 · Drummond Crescent, NW1 · Drummond Street, NW1 · Duke’s Road, WC1H · Dukes Road, WC1H · Elm Friars Walk, NW1 · Endsleigh Gardens, WC1H · Endsleigh Place, WC1H · Endsleigh Street, WC1H · Euston Road, NW1 · Euston Road, WC1H · Euston Square, NW1 · Euston Street, NW1 · Eversholt Street, NW1 · First Floor, W1T · Fitzroy Street, W1T · Flaxman Terrace, NW1 · Flaxman Terrace, WC1H · Foundry Mews, NW1 · Freight Lane, N1 · Freight Lane, N1C · George Mews, NW1 · Georgiana Street, NW1 · Gilbert Place, WC1A · Godwin Court, NW1 · Goldington Crescent, NW1 · Goldington Street, NW1 · Goodge Place, W1T · Goodge Street, W1T · Goods Way, N1C · Gordon Mansions, WC1E · Gordon Square, WC1H · Gordon Street, WC1H · Gower Court, WC1E · Gower Place, WC1E · Gower Street, WC1E · Grafton Place, NW1 · Grafton Way, WC1E · Granary Street, NW1 · Great Court, WC1B · Great Russell Street, W1T · Great Russell Street, WC1B · Gresse Street, W1T · Hamilton House, WC1H · Hampden Close, NW1 · Handyside Street, N1 · Handyside Street, N1C · Hastings Street, WC1H · Herbrand Street, WC1N · Howland Street, W1T · Huntley Street, WC1E · Judd Street, NW1 · Kenton Street, WC1N · Keppel Street, WC1E · Lancing Street, NW1 · Lawfords Wharf, NW1 · Leigh Street, WC1H · Lidlington Place, NW1 · Little Guildford Street · Little Russel Street, WC1A · Little Russell Street, WC1A · Lyme Street, NW1 · Lyme Terrace, NW1 · Mabledon Place, WC1H · Maiden Lane, NW1 · Malet Place, WC1E · Malet Street, WC1E · Mandela Street, NW1 · Maple Street, 92103 · Maple Street, W1T · Marchmont Street, WC1N · Marquis Road, NW1 · Mayford, NW1 · Medburn Street, NW1 · Melton Street, NW1 · Midford Place, W1T · Midland Road, N1C · Midland Road, NW1 · Montague Place, WC1E · Montague Street, WC1B · Mortimer Market, W1T · Mortimer Street, W1T · Morwell Street, WC1B · Murray Mews, NW1 · Murray Street, NW1 · Museum Street, WC1A · New Oxford Street, WC2H · Newman Passage, W1T · Newman Street, W1T · North Cloisters, WC1E · North Crescent, WC1E · North Cresent, WC1E · North Gower Street, NW1 · Oakley Square, NW1 · Oakshott Court, NW1 · Oblique Museum Mansions, WC1B · Ossulston Street, NW1 · Pancras Road, N1C · Pancras Road, NW1 · Pancras Square, N1C · Peabody Buildings, WC1N · Penryn Street, NW1 · Percy Street, W1T · Phoenix Road, NW1 · Plender Street, NW1 · Ploughmans Close, NW1 · Polygon Road, NW1 · Purchese Street, NW1 · Queen’s Yard, W1T · Randolph Street, NW1 · Rathbone Place, WC1H · Rathbone Street, W1T · Reachview Close, NW1 · Reapers Close, NW1 · Regent’s Canal towpath, E2 · Regent’s Canal towpath, E8 · Regent’s Canal towpath, N1C · Regent’s Canal Towpath, NW1 · Regents Canal towpath, NW1 · Regent’s Canal towpath, NW1 · Ridgmount Gardens, WC1E · Ridgmount Street, WC1E · Rochester Mews, NW1 · Rochester Road, NW1 · Rochester Square, NW1 · Rossendale Way, NW1 · Rousden Street, NW1 · Royal College Street, NW1 · Russell Court, WC1H · Russell Square House, WC1B · Russell Square, WC1B · Russell Square, WC1B · Russell Square, WC1H · Saint Augustine’s Road North West, NW1 · Saint Pancras Way, NW1 · Saint Paul’s Crescent, NW1 · Saint Pauls Mews, NW1 · Sandwich House, WC1H · Sandwich Street, WC1H · Scala Street, W1T · Seymour House, NW1 · Sinclair House, WC1H · Somers Close, NW1 · South Cloisters, WC1H · St Martins Close, NW1 · St Pancras Cruising Club, N1C · St Pancras Way, NW1 · St Paul’s Crescent, NW1 · St Pauls Cresent, NW1 · St Pauls Mews, NW1 · St. Augustine’s Road, NW1 · St. Pancras Way, NW1 · Stable Street, N1C · Starcross Street, NW1 · Stedham Place, WC1A · Stephen Mews, W1T · Stephen Street, W1T · Stephenson Way, NW1 · Store Street, WC1E · Stratford Villas, NW1 · Streatham Street, WC1A · Tavistock House North, WC1H · Tavistock House South, WC1H · Tavistock House, WC1H · Tavistock Place, WC1N · Tavistock Square, WC1H · Taviton Street, WC1H · Thanet Street, WC1H · The Circle, N1C · The Marr, NW1 · The Polygon · Third Floor, WC1E · Thornhaugh Street, WC1B · Thornhaugh Street, WC1H · Tiger House, WC1H · Tolmers Square, NW1 · Torrington Place, WC1E · Torrington Square, WC1H · Tottenham Court Road, W1T · Tottenham Mews, W1T · Tottenham Street, W1T · Unity Mews, NW1 · University Street, WC1E · Upper Woborn Place, WC1H · Upper Woburn Place, WC1H · Warren Court, NW1 · Weavers Way, NW1 · Wells Mews, W1T · Wells Street, W1T · Werrington Street, NW1 · Whitcher Place, NW1 · Whitfield Place, W1T · Whitfield Street, W1T · Whittlebury Street, NW1 · Willoughby Street, WC1B · Windmill Street, W1T · Witley Court, WC1N · Woburn Place, WC1B · Woburn Place, WC1H · Woburn Square, WC1H · Woburn Walk, WC1H · Woolf Mews, WC1H · Wrotham Road, NW1 · York Way, N7 ·
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Links

Somers Town and Euston Square | British History Online
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Camden Town
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Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Edith’s Streets
A wander through London, street by street
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All-encompassing website

Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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