Pickering Place, SW1Y

Courtyard in/near St James’s, existing between 1731 and now

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Courtyard · St James’s · SW1Y · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
19
2015
Entrance to Pickering Place

Thought to be the smallest public open space in London, Pickering Place is perhaps most famous for being the location of the last public duel in England.

The courtyard still contains original gaslights and has an unspoilt Georgian feel. In the 18th century this square was notorious for its gambling dens, bear baiting and duels. Rumour has it that Beau Brummel, close friend to King George IV, once fought here.

Berry Brothers and Rudd, located here, is thought to be Britain’s oldest wine and spirit merchant, having traded from the same shop for over 300 years. Berry’s was established in 1698 by the Widow Bourne, whose son-in-law, James Pickering built Picking Court as it was then known in 1731.

Pickering Place was the final location for the embassy of the Republic of Texas. The Republic of Texas then covered modern-day Texas as well as parts of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and Wyoming and existed from 1836 to 1846 when it was annexed by the United States.

Other residents have been the author Graham Greene who kept a set of rooms overlooking the courtyard and Lord Palmerston who lived here for a time, a stone bust commemorates the former Prime Minister’s property.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



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VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

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St James’s

St James’s is an exclusive area in the West End of London.

St James’s was once part of the same royal park as Green Park and St James’s Park. In the 1660s, Charles II gave the right to develop the area to Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans, who proceeded to develop it as a predominantly aristocratic residential area with a grid of streets centered on St James’s Square. Until the Second World War, St James’s remained one of the most exclusive residential enclaves in London. Famous residences in St James’s include St James’s Palace, Clarence House, Marlborough House, Lancaster House, Spencer House, Schomberg House and Bridgewater House.

St James’s is the home of many of the best known gentlemen’s clubs in London. The clubs found here are organisations of English high society. A variety of groups congregate here, such as royals, military officers, motoring enthusiasts, and other groups.

It is now a predominantly commercial area with some of the highest rents in London and, consequently, the world. The auction house Christie’s is based in King Street, and the surrounding streets contain a great many upmarket art and antique dealers.

Office space to rent in St James’s is the most expensive in the world, costing up to five times average rents in New York, Paris and Sydney.

The area is home to fine wine merchants including Berry Brothers and Rudd, at number 3 St James’s Street. Adjoining St James’s Street is Jermyn Street, famous for its many tailors. St James’s is home to some of the most famous cigar retailers in London. At 35 St James’s Street is Davidoff of London, 19 St James’s Street is home to J.J. Fox and 50 Jermyn St has Dunhill; this makes the area a Cuban cigar haven.

The iconic English shoemaker Wildsmith which designed the first ever loafer was located at 41 Duke Street, St, James’s. It is now currently located at 13 Savile Row.

The area has a good number of art galleries, covering a spectrum of tastes. The White Cube gallery, which represents Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin, had originally opened in Duke Street, St James’s, then moved to Hoxton Square. In September 2006, it opened a second gallery in St James’s at 25–26 Mason’s Yard, off Duke Street, on a plot previously occupied by an electricity sub-station. The gallery is the first free-standing building to be built in the St James’s area for more than 30 years.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Buckingham Palace:   Buckingham Palace is the official London residence and principal workplace of the British monarch.
Green Park:   Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park, close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk.
Piccadilly Circus:   Piccadilly Circus was built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with the major shopping street of Piccadilly. The circus lost its circular form in 1886 with the construction of Shaftesbury Avenue.
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
St James's Park:   Every year millions of Londoners and tourists visit St James's Park, the oldest of the capital's eight Royal Parks.
St James’s:   St James’s is an exclusive area in the West End of London.
Victoria Memorial:   The Victoria Memorial is a sculpture dedicated to Queen Victoria, sculpted by Sir Thomas Brock in London, placed at the centre of Queen's Gardens in front of Buckingham Palace.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Air Street, W1B · Air Street, W1J · Albany Courtyard, W1J · Albemarle Street, W1S · Angel Court, SW1Y · Apple Tree Yard, SW1Y · Arlington House, SW1A · Arlington Street, SW1A · Babmaes Street, SW1Y · Bennett Street, SW1A · Berkeley Street, W1J · Birdcage Walk, SW1H · Bray House, SW1Y · Buckingham Palace, SW1A · Buckingham Place, SW1A · Burlington Arcade, W1J · Burlington Gardens, W1S · Bury Street, SW1Y · Carlton Gardens, SW1Y · Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y · Charles Ii Street, SW1Y · Church Place, SW1Y · Cleveland Road, SW1A · Cleveland Row, SW1A · Cork Street, W1S · Crown Passage, SW1Y · Dalmeny Court, SW1Y · Dover Street, W1S · Dudley House, W1J · Duke Of York Street, SW1Y · Duke Street, SW1Y · Eagle Place, SW1Y · French Railways House, W1J · Germyn Street, SW1Y · Glasshouse Street, W1B · Graftan Street, W1S · Grafton Street, W1S · Heddon Street, W1B · Hobhouse Court, SW1Y · Jermyn Street, SW1Y · King Street, SW1Y · London Pavilion, W1J · Lower Regent Street, SW1Y · Marlborough Road, SW1A · Masons Yard, SW1Y · New Burlington Street, W1S · Old Bond Street, W1S · Old Burlington Street, W1S · Ormond Yard, SW1Y · Pall Mall, SW1Y · Park Place, SW1A · Piccadilly Arcade, SW1Y · Piccadilly Arcade, W1J · Piccadilly Circus, W1J · Piccadilly Place, W1J · Piccadilly, W1J · Pollen Street, W1S · Princes Arcade, SW1Y · Regent Place, W1B · Regent Street, SW1Y · Regent Street, W1 · Regent Street, W1B · Royal Arcade, W1S · Royal Opera Arcade, SW1Y · Ryder Street, SW1Y · Sackville Street, W1S · St James Square, SW1Y · St Jamess Chambers, SW1Y · St Jamess Market, SW1Y · St Jamess Place, SW1A · St Jamess Square, SW1Y · St Jamess Street, SW1A · Stafford Street, W1S · Street, SW1Y · Swallow Street, W1B · The London Pavillion, W1J · The Mall, SW1A · The Ritz Arcade, W1J · The Royal Arcade, W1S · Vigo Street, W1S · Waterloo Place, SW1Y ·


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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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