Somerset House, Park Lane

Large house in/near Marble Arch, existed between the 1770s and 1915

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
35.173.234.237 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Large house · Marble Arch · W1C ·
October
20
2017

Somerset House was an 18th-century town house on the east side of Park Lane, where it meets Oxford Street, in the Mayfair area of London. It was also known as 40 Park Lane, although a renumbering means that the site is now called 140 Park Lane.

Somerset House, Park Lane: house (right) and stables (centre) in 1912, from junction of Park Lane and Oxford Street.
Credit: British History Online
The house was built between 1769 and 1770 for John Bateman, 2nd Viscount Bateman and was designed by the master carpenter John Phillips, who was the "undertaker" for the whole north-west corner of the Grosvenor estate.

The new house was built with one side facing Park Lane, the main entrance being from a courtyard which continued the line of Hereford Street. It had four storeys above ground, with bay windows extending through the floors. One bay faced Park Lane, and two more faced the garden, which ran down to North Row. Although all surviving pictures of the house show it cased in stucco, at the outset the facades may have been bare brick, with the windows dressed in Portland stone. On the ground floor, the entrance hall was paved in Portland stone and leading from it were the dining room, the drawing room and a dressing room. The staircase rose from the hall, with stone steps and iron railings, to the second floor, which had three principal rooms, including Lady Bateman’s bedroom and her dressing-room. Of the chimneypieces in the main rooms, some cost £25 each, others £50.

At the northern end of the courtyard, where it met Oxford Street, there was a stable building, and under it with the kitchen, connected to the house by an underground passage from basement to basement.

In 1789 Bateman sold the house to Warren Hastings, a former Governor-General of India, for about £8,000, of which half was paid at once, with Hastings moving in during November 1789. This was shortly after he had been impeached, and he used the house as his London home throughout several years of a long trial which led to his acquittal in 1795. In 1797 he sold the house at auction, when it was bought by the third Earl of Rosebery for £9,450. Rosebery was offered the pictures on the walls but declined them, and Hastings later noted in his diary that they were "sold at Christie’s for nothing".

Little is known of Lord Rosebery’s eleven years of occupation. In 1808 the house was sold to the eleventh Duke of Somerset (1775-1855), when it was described as "a very good one".

The 11th Duke renamed the house "Somerset House", which Sir John Colville later called "a shade presumptuous of him, for there was another more splendid establishment bearing the name..." The house thus became the third ’Somerset House’ in London.

The Duke negotiated unsuccessfully with his neighbour Lord Grenville, who lived at Camelford House, Park Lane, as he wished to add to his new house, but enlarging it to the south would have detracted from Camelford, so in 1810 Somerset approached the second Earl Grosvenor about building in the courtyard between the house and the stables. However, there was doubt about the status of the yard, and Grosvenor thought the extension would darken Hereford Street.

In 1813 the Duke wrote to his brother, Lord Webb John Seymour, about his wife: "Charlotte is as busy as a bee upon a bank of thyme. Furnishing her house has been one occupation, and she has the fashionable predilection for old things". In 1819 the Duke again thought of building on his garden, and after negotiations with Grenville and Grosvenor a short two-storey extension close to the windows of the library at Camelford House was built, and in 1821 or 1822 a single-storey entrance corridor was added on the north side.

The Duke’s first duchess died at Somerset House in 1827, and he himself died there in 1855. After that, his second wife remained at the house until she died in 1880. The twelfth Duke made repairs, carried out by William Cubitt and Co., but after he died in 1885 the house was empty for some years.

The 12th Duke used the address "40, Park Lane". He left the house to his daughter Lady Hermione Graham, who became a widow in 1888. In 1890, she and her son Sir Richard Graham sold it to George Murray Smith, of Smith, Elder & Co., the publishers.

George Murray Smith, born in 1824, occupied the house, which became known as 40, Park Lane, until he died in 1901. The lease continued in his family until 1915, his widow remaining living there until May 1914, but in 1906, negotiations began for the redevelopment of the Somerset House site together with Camelford House. The 2nd Duke of Westminster, as freeholder, was uneasy about allowing the two demolitions, "having regard to No. 40 having historical associations", but in the end he agreed to the scheme. Camelford House was demolished in 1913. When Mrs Murray Smith left she claimed that the house possessed "vaults with chains in them", including a cell said to have been used for prisoners being taken to Tyburn, but when this was investigated by the Grosvenor estate surveyor, Edmund Wimperis, he found nothing of the kind.

In 1901, a writer in The Architectural Review complained that Park Lane’s former "casual elegance" was being replaced by a "frippery and extravagance" which looked like converting it into another Fifth Avenue. In 1905 a newspaper noted that "the thoroughfare is becoming a less popular place of residence, eight of the houses being to be let or sold". Soon, there were complaints of noise from motor buses, and by 1909 property values had fallen. These factors led to the demolition of the house in 1915, to be replaced by the first flats built in Park Lane. There was public opposition to the development, but the flats, designed by Frank Verity, were built on the site in 1915-19.

xxx

Somerset House, Park Lane: house (right) and stables (centre) in 1912, from junction of Park Lane and Oxford Street.
British History Online


West End Lady
West End Lady   
Added: 7 Mar 2018 21:30 GMT   
IP: 82.11.189.108
2:1:2639
Post by West End Lady: Rossmore Road, NW1

Rossmore Road is not in Camden Town, it is in St Marylebone - I should know. I was born and raised there! If anyone wants a further information please post on here.

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Aug 2019 12:40 GMT   
IP:
3:2:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
How will Chelsea line up against Norwich? Antonio Rudiger returns
Antonio Rudiger’s return from a meniscus injury gives Frank Lampard his first significant decision to make at centre-back since allowing David Luiz to join Arsenal.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea/how-will-chelsea-line-up-against-norwich-antonio-rudiger-returns-a4219411.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Aug 2019 21:40 GMT   
IP:
3:3:2639
Post by LDNnews: Baker Street
West Ham Women to play Women's Super League game vs Tottenham at London Stadium
West Ham Women have announced their Women’s Super League fixture against Tottenham next month will be played at the London Stadium.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/westham/west-ham-women-to-play-womens-super-league-game-vs-tottenham-at-london-stadium-a4220526.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Aug 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:4:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Liverpool vs Arsenal: Unai Emery's side head to Anfield looking to end their dismal away run against top six
Arsenal have picked up just eight points from a possible 66 on the road against the top six since beating Man City in 2015...

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/arsenal/liverpool-fc-vs-arsenal-unai-emery-s-side-head-to-anfield-looking-to-end-dismal-away-run-against-top-a4219786.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Aug 2019 13:30 GMT   
IP:
3:5:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Charlton will find it impossible to keep Lyle Taylor if he continues scoring run, admits Lee Bowyer
Lee Bowyer fears Charlton will struggle to keep hold of Lyle Taylor in January as several Championship clubs line up a move for the in-form striker.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/charlton-will-find-it-impossible-to-keep-lyle-taylor-if-he-continues-scoring-run-admits-lee-bowyer-a4219156.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Aug 2019 15:20 GMT   
IP:
3:6:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Brentford must step up and not just rely on Pontus Jansson, says head coach Thomas Frank
Thomas Frank has told his Brentford squad they need to all step up and be leaders, instead of relying on Pontus Jansson.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/brentford-must-step-up-and-not-just-rely-on-pontus-jansson-says-head-coach-thomas-frank-a4218211.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Aug 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:7:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Chelsea striker Michy Batshuayi to stay and fight for place in Frank Lampard's team
Michy Batshuayi wants to stay and fight for his place at Chelsea but will reassess the situation in January.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea/chelsea-striker-michy-batshuayi-to-stay-and-fight-for-place-in-frank-lampards-team-a4217246.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Aug 2019 15:40 GMT   
IP:
3:8:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Kurt Zouma unfazed by Chelsea critics: 'I've worked hard to come back from the shadows'
Kurt Zouma has insisted he is unaffected by recent criticism and claimed his detractors have no idea how difficult his journey has been from the "shadows" to the Chelsea first team.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea/kurt-zouma-unfazed-by-chelsea-critics-i-have-worked-hard-to-come-back-from-the-shadows-a4216231.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Aug 2019 13:30 GMT   
IP:
3:9:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Frank Lampard is aiming to avoid a hat-trick of defeats as Chelsea manager when Leicester head to west London this afternoon.
Frank Lampard is aiming to avoid a hat-trick of defeats as Chelsea manager when Leicester head to west London this afternoon.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea/chelsea-vs-leicester-city-2019-premier-league-prediction-tickets-live-stream-tv-team-news-preview-a4215676.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:10:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Southampton vs Liverpool lineups: Confirmed team news and predicted XIs
Jurgen Klopp is expected to juggle his Liverpool squad against Southampton this afternoon following a draining Uefa Super Cup win over Chelsea in midweek.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/southampton-vs-liverpool-lineups-confirmed-team-news-and-predicted-xis-a4215441.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Aug 2019 14:30 GMT   
IP:
3:11:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Danny Welbeck could make Watford debut against Everton but Ismaila Sarr unlikely to feature
Danny Welbeck is in contention to make his Watford debut against Everton on Saturday.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/watford/danny-welbeck-could-make-watford-debut-against-everton-but-ismaila-sarr-unlikely-to-feature-a4215041.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Aug 2019 21:30 GMT   
IP:
3:12:2639
Post by LDNnews: Baker Street
Ashes 2019: Late David Warner wicket gives England hope after hosts are bowled out for 258
Two days in, and with more rain to come, the second Ashes Test is finely poised.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/cricket/ashes-2019-late-david-warner-wicket-gives-england-hope-after-hosts-are-bowled-out-for-258-a4214396.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Aug 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:13:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
QPR's support for race victims after U18s walk off pitch during friendly in Spain
QPR will continue to support and monitor the welfare of their Under-18 players after they were alleged to have suffered racist abuse and walked off the pitch during a friendly in Spain.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/qpr-s-support-for-race-victims-after-u18s-walk-off-pitch-during-friendly-in-spain-a4214071.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Aug 2019 12:30 GMT   
IP:
3:14:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Chelsea cannot replace Eden Hazard but players now have opportunity to step up, says Frank Lampard
Frank Lampard has admitted it is impossible for Chelsea to replace Eden Hazard, but urged the club’s next generation to prove they can still deliver success by winning the Uefa Super Cup on Wednesday night.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea/chelsea-cannot-replace-eden-hazard-but-players-now-have-opportunity-to-step-up-says-frank-lampard-a4213151.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Aug 2019 15:30 GMT   
IP:
3:15:2639
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
AFC Wimbledon will refer to MK Dons by full name in League Cup first round
AFC Wimbledon will refer to Milton Keynes Dons by their full name for the first time when they meet in the EFL Cup first round on Tuesday evening.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/afc-wimbledon-will-refer-to-mk-dons-by-full-name-in-league-cup-first-round-a4212036.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 12 Aug 2019 22:30 GMT   
IP:
3:16:2639
Post by LDNnews: Baker Street
Man City defender Eliaquim Mangala agrees terms for Valencia return
Forgotten Manchester City defender Eliaquim Mangala has agreed to join Valencia on a permanent two-year deal, the LaLiga club announced on Monday.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/manchestercity/man-city-defender-eliaquim-mangala-agrees-terms-for-valencia-return-a4211716.html

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Marble Arch

Marble Arch station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway.

Like all the original stations on the CLR, Marble Arch was served by lifts to the platforms but the station was reconstructed in the early 1930s to accommodate escalators. This saw the closure of the original station building, designed by the architect Harry Bell Measures, that was situated on the corner of Quebec Street and Oxford Street, and a replacement sub-surface ticket hall opened further to the west. The new arrangements came into use on 15 August 1932. The original surface building was later demolished.

The platforms, originally lined in plain white tiles, were refitted with decorative vitreous enamel panels in 1985. The panel graphics were designed by Annabel Grey.

The station was modernised in 2010 resulting in new finishes in all areas of the station, apart from the retention of various of the decorative enamel panels at platform level.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.