Whitechapel

Underground station, existing between 1863 and now

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Underground station · Whitechapel · E1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
November
13
2013
Whitechapel underground station, 1896

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.

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VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, E1 · Adler Street, E1 · Alderman Stairs, E1W · Alderman Stairs, SE1 · Anthony Street, E1 · Ashfield Street, E1 · Back Church Lane, E1 · Back Mews, SE4 · Bacon Street, E1 · Barnsley Street, E1 · Batty Street, E1 · Bishops Square, E1 · Black Lion Yard, E1 · Blossom Street, E1 · Boyd Street, E1 · Brady Street, E1 · Braithwaite Street, E1 · Brick Lane, E1 · Brushfield Street, E1 · Buckhurst Street, E1 · Burr Close, E1W · Burslem Street, E1 · Buxton Street, E1 · Calvin Street, E1 · Cambridge Heath Road, E1 · Casson Street, E1 · Castlemain Street, E1 · Cavell Street, E1 · Cavell Street, E1W · Chance Street, E1 · Chicksand Street, E1 · Christian Street, E1 · Club Row, E1 · Coburg Dwellings, E1 · Collingwood Street, E1 · Commercial Road, E1 · Commercial Street, E1 · Corbet Place, E1 · Court Street, E1 · Coverley Close, E1 · Crispin Place, E1 · Crispin Street, E1 · Cudworth Street, E1 · Damien Street, E1 · Darling Row, E1 · Davenant Street, E1 · Deal Street, E1 · Dorset Street, E1 · Dray Walk, E1 · Dunbridge Street, E2 · Durward Street, E1 · East Cross Centre, E15 · East Mount Street, E1 · Elder Street, E1 · Fairclough Street, E1 · Fashion Street, E1 · Fieldgate Street, E1 · Flower and Dean Street, E1 · Folgate Street, E1 · Forbes Street, E1 · Ford Square, E1 · Fordham Street, E1 · Fournier Street, E1 · Fulbourne Street, E1 · George Street, E1 · Golding Street, E1 · Granary Road, E1 · Greatorex Street, E1 · Greenfield Road, E1 · Grindall House, E1 · Gun Street, E1 · Hanbury Street, E1 · Headlam Street, E1 · Hemming Street, E1 · Heneage Street, E1 · Henriques Street, E1 · Hermitage Court, E1W · Hunton Street, E1 · Jane Street, E1 · Key Close, E1 · Kings Arms Court, E1 · Knighten Street, E1W · Knighton Street, E1W · Lamb Street, E1 · Langdale Street, E1 · Little Paternoster Row, E1 · London Fruit Exchange, E1 · Mape Street, E2 · Menotti Street, E2 · Merceron Street, E1 · Mews Street, E1W · Milward Street, E1 · Mount Terrace, E1 · Mulberry Street, E1 · Myrdle Street, E1 · Nelson Street, E1 · Nesham Street, E1W · New Road, E1 · Newark Street, E1 · Old Montague Street, E1 · Orton Street, E1W · Osborn Street, E1 · Osborne Street, E1 · Osbourne Street, E1 · Parfett Street, E1 · Pedley Street, E1 · Pereira Street, E1 · Philchurch Place, E1 · Philpot Street, E1 · Pier Head, E1W · Pinchin Street, E1 · Plumbers Row, E1 · Ponler Street, E1 · Princelet Street, E1 · Puma Court, E1 · Quaker Street, E1 · Raven Row, E1 · Redchurch Street, E2 · Regal Close, E1 · Romford Street, E1 · Saint Katherine’s Way, E1W · Sampson Street, E1W · Scott Street, E1 · Selby Street, E1 · Settles Street, E1 · Shoreditch High Street, E1 · Sidney Street, E1 · Somerford Street, E1 · Spellman Street, E1 · Spelman Street, E1 · Spital Square, E1 · Spital Street, E1 · Spring Walk, E1 · St Anthony’s Close, E1W · St Katharines Way, E1W · St Katharine’s Way, E1W · Star Place, E1W · Stepney Green Court, E1 · Stockholm Way, E1W · Stothard Place, EC2M · Stutfield Street, E1 · Surma Close, E1 · Tapp Street, E1 · Tent Street, E1 · Thomas More Square, E1W · Thomas More Street, E1W · Thrawl Street, E1 · Three Colts Corner, E2 · Three Colts Lane, E1 · Three Colts Lane, E2 · Tower Bridge Approach, E1W · Tower Bridge Approach, EC3N · Tower Bridge, E1W · Tower Walk, E1W · Trahorn Close, E1 · Turner Street, E1 · Umberston Street, E1 · Underwood Road, E1 · Vallance Road, E1 · Varden Street, E1 · Vaughan Way, E1W · Vine Court, E1 · Walden Street, E1 · Weaver Street, E1 · Wheler Street, E1 · Whitby Street, E1 · Whitechapel Market, E1 · Whitechapel Road, E1 · Whitechapel Street, E1 · Wicker Street, E1 · Wilkes Street, E1 · Winthrop Street, E1 · Wodeham Gardens, E1 · Wolsey Street, E1 · Woodseer Street, E1 · Wyllen Close, E1 ·


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Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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