Whitechapel

Underground station, existing between 1863 and now

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Underground station · Whitechapel · E1 ·
November
13
2013

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

Whitechapel underground station, 1896
By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.

xxx

Whitechapel underground station, 1896
User unknown/public domain

THE STREETS OF WHITECHAPEL
A Half, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Alderman Stairs, E1W Alderman Stairs is a road in the E1W postcode area
Alderman Stairs, SE1 Alderman Stairs is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Back Church Lane, E1 Back Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Back Mews, SE4 Back Mews is a road in the SE4 postcode area
Bacon Street, E1 Bacon Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Barnsley Street, E1 Barnsley Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Batty Street, E1 Batty Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Blossom Street, E1 Blossom Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Boyard Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Boyd Street, E1 Boyd Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Braithwaite Street, E1 Braithwaite Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Buckhurst Street, E1 Buckhurst Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Buckhurstreet Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Burslem Street, E1 Burslem Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Buxton Street, E1 Buxton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cambridge Heath Road, E1 Cambridge Heath Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Casson Street E.1, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Casson Street, E1 Casson Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Castlemain Street, E1 Castlemain Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Chance Street, E1 Chance Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Chase Imagination, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Chicksand Street, E1 Chicksand Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Christian Street, E1 Christian Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Club Row, E1 Club Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Codling Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Collingwood Street, E1 Collingwood Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Court Street, E1 Court Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Coventry Road, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Coverley Close, E1 Coverley Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Cudworth Street, E1 Cudworth Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Darling Row, E1 Darling Row is a road in the E1 postcode area
Davenant Street, E1 Davenant Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Deal Street, E1 Deal Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Durwaroad Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
East Mount Street, E1 East Mount Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Ellen Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Enterprise House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fairclough Street, E1 Fairclough Street runs from Back Church Lane to Christian Street.
Fieldgate Street, E1 Fieldgate Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Fleur De Lis Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Forbes Street, E1 Forbes Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fordham Street, E1 Fordham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Fulbourne Street, E1 Fulbourne Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Golding Street, E1 Golding Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Granary Road, E1 Granary Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Greatorex Street, E1 Greatorex Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Greenfield Road, E1 Greenfield Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Headlam Street, E1 Headlam Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Hemming Street, E1 Hemming Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Heneage Street, E1 Heneage Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hermitage Court, E1W Hermitage Court is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Hobsons Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hunton Street, E1 Hunton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Key Close, E1 Key Close is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Kings Arms Court, E1 Kings Arms Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Knighten Street, E1W Knighten Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Knighton Street, E1W Knighton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Langdale Street, E1 Langdale Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Lomas Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Merceron Street, E1 Merceron Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Mitali Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Monthope Road, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Moss Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mulberry Street, E1 Mulberry Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Myrdle Street, E1 Myrdle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Orton Street, E1W Orton Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Parfett Street, E1 Parfett Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pedley Street, E1 Pedley Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Philchurch Place, E1 Philchurch Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pier Head, E1W Pier Head is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Pinchin Street, E1 Pinchin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Plumbers Row, E1 Plumbers Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ponler Street, E1 Ponler Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Redchurch Street, E2 Redchurch Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Regal Close, E1 Regal Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Rhoda Street, E2 This is a street in the E2 postcode area
Romford Street, E1 Romford Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Sampson Street, E1W Sampson Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Scott Street, E1 Scott Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Selby Street, E1 Selby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Settles Street, E1 Settles Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shoreditch High Street, E1 Shoreditch High Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spellman Street, E1 Spellman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spelman Street, E1 Spelman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spital Street, E1 Spital Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Spring Walk, E1 Spring Walk is a road in the E1 postcode area
Stepney Green Court, E1 Stepney Green Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Street Katharine’s Way, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Stutfield Street, E1 Stutfield Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Surma Close, E1 Surma Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Tent Street, E1 Tent Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Three Colts Corner, E2 Three Colts Corner is a road in the E2 postcode area
Three Colts Lane, E1 Three Colts Lane is a road in the E1 postcode area
Three Colts Lane, E2 Three Colts Lane is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Trahorn Close, E1 Trahorn Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Trinity Green, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Umberston Street, E1 Umberston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Underwood Road, E1 Underwood Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Vine Court, E1 Vine Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Weaver Street, E1 Weaver Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitby Street, E1 Whitby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitechapel Market, E1 Whitechapel Market is a road in the E1 postcode area
Whitechapel Road, E1 Whitechapel Road is a major arterial road in East London.
Whitechapel, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Wicker Street, E1 Wicker Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Wodeham Gardens, E1 Wodeham Gardens is a road in the E1 postcode area
Woodseer Street, E1 Woodseer Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wool House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode



Jan
Jan   
Added: 15 Mar 2018 09:39 GMT   
IP: 92.30.46.73
2:1:264
Post by Jan: Kerbela Street, E2

My grandparents lived in Kerbela Street many years ago when they were terraced houses. My memory of the street is one long street with these strange wrought iron things outside - which I now know as boot scrapers. The house inside was fairly large, but I was a child. Loo was outside. Shame they knocked the terraces down and build a huge housing estate, but that?s progress I suppose. Does anyone know the origin of the name Kerbela?

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Nov 2019 16:27 GMT   
IP:
3:2:264
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
Holy Trinity, Minories was a Church of England parish church outside the eastern boundaries of the City of London, but within the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Holy Trinity, Minories was a Church of England parish church outside the eastern boundaries of the City of London, but within the Liberties of the Tower of London.

https://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=2833

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Whitechapel

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.
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