Tyburn

Village in/near Marble Arch, existing until 1799

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Village · Marble Arch · W1H · Contributed by The Underground Map
October
31
2017
A view of Tyburn (1750)
Credit: Old and New London: Volume 5. Edward Walford (1878)

Tyburn was a village of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road.


It took its name from the Tyburn Brook, a tributary of the River Westbourne. The name Tyburn, from Teo Bourne meaning ’boundary stream’, is quite widely occurring. The Tyburn consisted of two arms, one of which, crossed Oxford Street, near Stratford Place; while the other - later called the Westbourne - followed nearly the course of the present Westbourne Terrace and the Serpentine. The Westbourne had rows of elms growing on its banks which became a place of execution. The former Elms Lane in Bayswater, preserved the memory of these fatal elms, which can be regarded as the original ’Tyburn Trees.’

Tyburn Brook should not be confused with the better known River Tyburn, which is the next tributary of the River Thames to the east of the Westbourne.

The village was one of two manors of the parish of Marylebone, which was itself named after the stream, St Marylebone being a contraction of St Mary’s church by the bourne. Tyburn was recorded in the Domesday Book and stood approximately at the west end of what is now Oxford Street at the junction of two Roman roads. The predecessors of Oxford Street (called Tyburn Road in the mid 1700s) and Edgware Road were roads leading to the village, later joined by Park Lane (originally Tyburn Lane).

In the 1230s and 1240s the village of Tyburn was held by Gilbert de Sandford, the son of John de Sandford who had been the Chamberlain of Queen Eleanor. Eleanor had been the wife of King Henry II who encouraged her sons Henry and Richard to rebel against her husband, King Henry. In 1236 the city of London contracted with Sir Gilbert to draw water from Tyburn Springs, which he held, to serve as the source of the first piped water supply for the city. The water was supplied in lead pipes that ran from where Bond Street Station stands today, one-half mile east of Hyde Park, down to the hamlet of Charing (Charing Cross), along Fleet Street and over the Fleet Bridge, climbing Ludgate Hill (by gravitational pressure) to a public conduit at Cheapside. Water was supplied free to all comers.

Tyburn had significance from ancient times and was marked by a monument known as Oswulf’s Stone, which gave its name to the Ossulstone Hundred of Middlesex. The stone was covered over in 1851 when Marble Arch was moved to the area, but it was shortly afterwards unearthed and propped up against the Arch. It has not been seen since 1869.

Public executions took place at Tyburn, with the prisoners processed from Newgate Prison in the City, via St Giles in the Fields and Oxford Street. After the late 18th century, when executions were no longer carried out in public, they were carried out at Newgate Prison itself and at Horsemonger Lane Gaol in Southwark.

The first recorded execution took place - that of William Fitz Osbert, the populist leader of the poor of London - at a site next to the stream in 1196.

In 1571, the Tyburn Tree was erected at the junction of today’s Edgware Road, Bayswater Road and Oxford Street, near where Marble Arch is situated today. The "Tree" or "Triple Tree" was a novel form of gallows, consisting of a horizontal wooden triangle supported by three legs (an arrangement known as a "three-legged mare" or "three-legged stool"). Several felons could thus be hanged at once.

The Tree stood in the middle of the roadway, providing a major landmark in west London and presenting a very obvious symbol of the law to travellers.

The site of the gallows is now marked by three young oak trees that were planted in 2014 on an island in the middle of Edgware Road at its junction with Bayswater Road. Between the trees is a roundel with the inscription "The site of Tyburn Tree".

By the late 1700s, London’s sprawl had reached along Oxford Street and Tyburn village lost its identity.



Source: Wikipedia



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West End Lady
West End Lady   
Added: 7 Mar 2018 21:30 GMT   
IP: 82.11.189.108
2:1:2658
Post by West End Lady: Rossmore Road, NW1

Rossmore Road is not in Camden Town, it is in St Marylebone - I should know. I was born and raised there! If anyone wants a further information please post on here.

Alec donaldson
Alec donaldson   
Added: 31 Jul 2017 18:02 GMT   
IP: 86.171.222.102
2:2:2658
Post by Alec donaldson: North Wharf Road, W2

Was there a Wellington street there

LDNnews
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Added: 15 Jul 2018 11:00 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
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Added: 13 Jul 2018 12:00 GMT   
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Added: 12 Jul 2018 12:00 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Bond Street



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Added: 10 Jul 2018 11:30 GMT   
IP:
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Added: 10 Jul 2018 09:30 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
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Added: 9 Jul 2018 11:00 GMT   
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Added: 8 Jul 2018 12:40 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
1950: the year Niven, Blackman, Burton and Hepburn filmed at Elstree
Hello, playmates. Once again I invite you to jump on my charabanc. For you youngsters, look up the word and for you old timers I bet it is a long while since you have seen that word in print. This week I am taking you back to 1950 to see what was in production at Elstree Studios in an era when family entertainment was the order of the day. No swearing, no nudity, no excessive violence and not an X rating in sight.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/16329504.1950-the-year-niven-blackman-burton-and-hepburn-were-in-elstree/?ref=rss

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Added: 7 Jul 2018 12:20 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
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Added: 6 Jul 2018 22:40 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Edgware Road
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Added: 6 Jul 2018 09:30 GMT   
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3:14:2658
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
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Added: 5 Jul 2018 18:40 GMT   
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VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARBLE ARCH AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Marble Arch

Marble Arch station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway.

Like all the original stations on the CLR, Marble Arch was served by lifts to the platforms but the station was reconstructed in the early 1930s to accommodate escalators. This saw the closure of the original station building, designed by the architect Harry Bell Measures, that was situated on the corner of Quebec Street and Oxford Street, and a replacement sub-surface ticket hall opened further to the west. The new arrangements came into use on 15 August 1932. The original surface building was later demolished.

The platforms, originally lined in plain white tiles, were refitted with decorative vitreous enamel panels in 1985. The panel graphics were designed by Annabel Grey.

The station was modernised in 2010 resulting in new finishes in all areas of the station, apart from the retention of various of the decorative enamel panels at platform level.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abingdon House School:   Other independent special school which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 15. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Baker Street:   Baker Street tube station is a station on the London Underground at the junction of Baker Street and the Marylebone Road. The station lies in Travelcard Zone 1 and is served by five different lines. It is one of the original stations of the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the world's first underground railway, opened in 1863.
Christ Church Bentinck CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Church of the Annunciation:   The Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch, is a Church of England parish church designed by Sir Walter Tapper. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Churchill Hotel:   The Hyatt Regency London - The Churchill is a five star hotel located on Portman Square.
Connaught House School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Halcyon London International School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18.
Hampden Gurney CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Home House:   Home House is a Georgian town house at 20 Portman Square.
Hyde Park:   
International Community School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 19. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Knightsbridge:   Knightsbridge was originally a small hamlet, between the villages of Chelsea (Chelsey), Kensington (Kensing town) and Charing. In the time of Edward I, the manor of Knightsbridge appertained to the abbey of Westminster. It was named after a crossing of the River Westbourne, which is now an underground river.
London Business School:   Higher education institutions
Marble Arch:   Marble Arch station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway.
Marble Arch:   Marble Arch is a 19th-century white marble faced triumphal arch.
Marylebone:   Marylebone - so good they named it once but pronounced it seven different ways.
Marylebone Children’s Centre Information Point:   This is a children’s centre.
Metropolitan Borough of Westminster:   The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1900 to 1965.
Montagu House:   Montagu House at 22 Portman Square was a historic London house.
Odeon Marble Arch:   The Odeon Marble Arch (known as the Regal 1928-1945) was a cinema located opposite Marble Arch monument at the top of Park Lane, with its main entrance on Edgware Road.
Orchard Court:   Orchard Court is an apartment block off of Portman Square in London. Known in French as Le Verger, it was used during the Second World War as the London base of F section of the Special Operations Executive (SOE).
Somerset House, Park Lane:   Somerset House was an 18th-century town house on the east side of Park Lane, where it meets Oxford Street, in the Mayfair area of London. It was also known as 40 Park Lane, although a renumbering means that the site is now called 140 Park Lane.
Speakers’ Corner:   Speakers’ Corner is in the northeast corner of Hyde Park.
St Georges Fields:   St George’s Fields are a former burial ground of St George’s, Hanover Square, lying between Connaught Street and Bayswater Road.
St Mary’s Bryanston Square CofE School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Paul’s Church:   St Paul’s Church is an Anglican church of the Anglo-Catholic tradition located at 32a Wilton Place.
The Serpentine:   The Serpentine is a 40-acre (16 ha) recreational lake in Hyde Park.
The Sylvia Young Theatre School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 10 and 16.
Willans Farm:   Marylebone Park Farm was, before the construction of Regent's Park, in the possession of Mr Thomas Willan.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Baker Street station, 1890:   This Bishopsgate Institute view of Baker Street station dates from 1890.
Twopenny Tube:   In 1900, a pioneering underground railway began running in London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Admiral Court, W1U · Albert Gate, SW1X · Albert Mansions, W1U · Albion Close, W2 · Albion Mews, W2 · Albion Street, W2 · Allsop Place, NW1 · Alpha Close, NW1 · Ann’s Close, SW1X · Archery Close, W2 · Ashland Place, W1U · Ashmill Street, NW1 · Baker Street, EN6 · Baker Street, NW1 · Baker Street, W1U · Bakers Mews, W1U · Balcombe Street, NW1 · Balcome Street, E9 · Barker Street, SW10 · Basil Mansions, SW3 · Basil Street, SW1X · Basil Street, SW3 · Bathurst Mews, W2 · Belgrave Mews North, SW1X · Bendall Mews, NW1 · Berkeley Court, NW1 · Berkeley Mews, W1H · Bickenhall Mansions, W1U · Bickenhall Street, W1U · Bilton Towers, W1H · Blandford Street, W1U · Boston Place, NW1 · Bowater House West, SW1X · Bowater House, SW1X · Bradbrook House, SW1X · Brendon Street, W1H · Broadley Terrace, NW1 · Broadstone Place, W1U · Brompton Road, SW1X · Brown Street, W1H · Brunswick Mews, W1H · Bryanston Mews East, W1H · Bryanston Mews West, W1H · Bryanston Place, W1H · Bryanston Square, W1H · Bryanston Street, W1C · Bryanston Street, W1H · Bryanston Street, W2 · Burwood Place, W2 · Cambridge Square, W2 · Carriage Drive, SE21 · Carriage Drive, SE22 · Castlereagh Street, W1H · Cato Street, W1H · Chagford House, NW1 · Chagford Street, NW1 · Chalfont Court, NW1 · Chapel Street, NW1 · Chiltern Court, NW1 · Chiltern Street, W1U · Clarence Gate Gardens, NW1 · Clarendon Place, W2 · Clarewood Court, W1H · Clay Street, W1U · Clenston Mews, W1H · Clifton Place, W2 · Connaught Close, W2 · Connaught Place, W2 · Connaught Square, W2 · Connaught Street, W2 · Cornwall Terrace Mews, NW1 · Cornwall Terrace, NW1 · Cosway Street, NW1 · Crawford Mews, W1H · Crawford Place, W1H · Crawford Street, W1H · Crawford Street, W1U · Culross Street, W1K · Cumberland Mansions, W1H · Daventry Street, NW1 · David Mews, W1U · Dorset Square, NW1 · Dorset Street, W1U · Dunraven Street, W1K · Duplex Ride, SW1X · Durweston Mews, W1U · Durweston Street, W1H · Edgware Road Subway, W2 · Enford Street, W1H · Farley Court, NW1 · Fitzhardinge House, W1H · Fitzhardinge Street, W1H · Forset Street, W1H · Frederick Close, W2 · George Street, W1H · George Street, W1U · George Street, W2 · George, W1U · Glentworth Street, NW1 · Gloucester Place, NW1 · Gloucester Place, W1H · Gloucester Place, W1U · Gloucester Square, W2 · Granville Place, W1H · Great Central Street, NW1 · Great Cumberland Place, W1 · Great Cumberland Place, W1H · Green Street, W1K · Grosvenor Crescent Mews, SW1X · Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X · Grosvenor Cresent, SW1X · Hampden Gurney Street, W1H · Hampshire House, W2 · Harcourt Street, W1H · Harewood Avenue, NW1 · Harewood Row, NW1 · Harriet Street, SW1X · Harriet Walk, SW1X · Harrods Green, HA8 · Harrowby Street, W1H · Hayes Place, NW1 · Homer Row, W1H · Homer Street, W1H · Huntsworth Mews, NW1 · Hyde Park Crescent, W2 · Hyde Park Cresent, W2 · Hyde Park Gardens Mews, W2 · Hyde Park Gardens, W2 · Hyde Park Gardnes, W2 · Hyde Park Place, W2 · Hyde Park Square, W2 · Hyde Park Street, W2 · Hyde Park, W2 · Ivor Court, NW1 · Ivor Place, NW1 · Jefferson House, SW3 · Jones Street, W1K · Kendal Street, W2 · Kendall Place, W1U · Kenrick Place, W1U · Kent Passage, NW1 · Kent Terrace, NW1 · Kinnerton Place South, SW1X · Kinnerton Street, SW1X · Kinnerton Yard, SW1X · Knight’s Bridge, E20 · Knightsbridge Barracks, SW7 · Knightsbridge Court, SW1X · Knightsbridge Green, SW1X · Knightsbridge, SW1X · Knox Street, W1H · Lancelot Place, SW7 · Lees Place, W1K · Linhope Street, NW1 · Lisson Grove, NW1 · Lovers’ Walk, W1K · Lowndes Square, SW1X · Lowstock Road, W1U · Luxborough Street, W1U · Luxborough Towers, W1U · Mallory Street, NW8 · Manchester Mews, W1U · Manchester Street, W1U · Marble Arch, W1H · Market Place, W1H · Marylebone Road, NW1 · Marylebone Road, W1U · Melcombe Place, NW1 · Melcombe Street, NW1 · Molyneux Street, W1H · Montagu Mansions, W1U · Montagu Mews North, W1H · Montagu Place, W1H · Montagu Row, W1U · Montagu Square, W1H · Montagu Street, W1H · Montpelier Mews, SW7 · Montpelier Square, SW7 · Montpelier Street, SW7 · New Quebec Street, W1H · New Ride, SW1X · Norfolk Crescent, W2 · North Carriage Drive, W2 · North Row, W1K · Nutford Place, W1H · Old Barrack Yard, SW1X · Old Marylebone Road, NW1 · Old Quebec Street, W1 · Old Quebec Street, W1H · Orchard Court, W1H · Orchard Street, W1H · Orchard Street, W1K · Outer Circle, NW1 · Oxford Square, W2 · Paddington Street, W1U · Palgrave Gardens, NW1 · Park Close, SW1X · Park Lane, W1C · Park Lane, W1J · Park Lane, W1K · Park Mansions, SW1X · Park Road, NW1 · Park Steps, W2 · Park Street, W1K · Park Towers Hotel, SW1X · Park West Place, W2 · Park West, W2 · Parkside, SW1X · Paveley Street, NW8 · Peninsular Tower, SW7 · Policeman’s Walk, W2 · Policeman’s Walk, W2 · Porchester Place, W2 · Porter Street, W1U · Portman Close, W1U · Portman Gate, NW1 · Portman Mansions, W1U · Portman Mews South, W1H · Portman Square, W1H · Portman Street, W1C · Portman Street, W1H · Portsea Mews, W2 · Portsea Place, W2 · Quadrangle Tower, W2 · Quebec Mews, W1H · Radnor Lodge, W2 · Radnor Mews, W2 · Radnor Place, W2 · Rainsford Street, W2 · Raphael Street, SW1X · Raphael Street, SW7 · Red Place, W1K · Robert Adam Street, W1U · Rodmarton Street, W1U · Rossmore Road, NW1 · Rotten Row, SW1X · Rutland Gardens, SW7 · Salisbury Place, SW9 · Salisbury Place, W1H · Serpentine Bridge, W2 · Serpentine Road, SW1X · Serpentine Road, SW7 · Serpentine Road, W1J · Serpentine Road, W1K · Serpentine Road, W2 · Seymour Buildings, W1H · Seymour Leisure Centre, W1H · Seymour Place, W1H · Seymour Street, W1H · Seymour Street, W2 · Shepards Place, W1K · Shepherds Place, W1K · Sherlock Mews, W1U · Shillibeer Place, W1H · Shouldham Street, W1H · Shroton Street, NW1 · Siddons Lane, NW1 · South Carriage Drive, SW1X · Southwick Place, W2 · Southwick Street, W2 · St Andrews Mansions, W1U · St Johns Church, W2 · St Marks Church, NW1 · Stackhouse Street, SW1X · Stalbridge Street, NW1 · Stanhope House, W2 · Stanhope Place, W2 · Stanhope Terrace, W2 · Station Approach, NW1 · Stourcliffe Street, W1H · Strathearn Place, W2 · Studio Place, SW1X · Sussex Gardens, W2 · Sussex Place, NW1 · Sussex Place, W2 · Taunton Place, NW1 · The Arcade, NW1 · The Water Gardens, W2 · Thornton Place, W1H · Tigris House Fourth Floor, W2 · Transept Street, NW1 · Treborough House, W1U · Tresham Crescent, NW8 · Trevor Place, SW7 · Trevor Square, SW3 · Trevor Square, SW7 · Trevor Street, SW7 · Upper Berkeley Street, W1H · Upper Brook Street, W1K · Upper Grosvenor Street, W1K · Upper Montagu Street, W1H · Vincent Court, W1H · Walkway, SW7 · Wallace Court, NW1 · Walmer Place, W1H · Water Gardens, W2 · West Carriage Drive, SW7 · West Carriage Drive, W2 · Wigmore Street, W1H · William Mews, SW1X · William Street, SW1X · Wilton Crescent, SW1X · Wilton Cresent, SW1X · Wilton Place, SW1X · Wilton Row, SW1X · Wilton Terrace, SW1X · Woods Mews, W1K · Wyndham Mews, W1H · Wyndham Place, W1H · Wyndham Street, NW1 · Wyndham Street, W1H · Wyndham Yard, W1H · York Bridge, NW1 · York Street, W1H · York Street, W1U · York Terrace West, NW1 ·
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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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