Cromwell Curve

Rail in/near Kensington, existed between 1871 and 1956

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Rail · Kensington · SW7 · Contributed by The Underground Map
September
22
2017


The Cromwell Curve was a short section of railway line between Gloucester Road and High Street Kensington stations.

The line was opened by the District Railway (DR) on 5 July 1871. The tracks formed a triangle across the end of the v connecting the District’s existing routes from Earl’s Court station to Gloucester Road and High Street Kensington, and ran in a cutting parallel to the Metropolitan Railway (MR). The name derives from Cromwell Road which is immediately south of the site of the curve.


The track was opened without Parliamentary authority in an attempt by the DR to increase its share of the revenues from the Inner Circle (now the Circle line), which were divided on the basis of mileage of track owned by the DR and the MR. Sir John Fowler arbitrated the dispute, ruling on 27 July that Inner Circle receipts were to be divided 67% to the Metropolitan and 33% to the District (revised to 50:50 in 1878, due to increased traffic from the District’s western lines). Although the Cromwell Curve was used only occasionally, the dispute between the two companies continued until 1903, when the matter was finally decided in favour of the Metropolitan.

The 240-metre long curve was closed in 1956 and the tracks are no longer in place.



Source: Wikipedia



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VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Earl's Court

Earls Court is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Earls Court was once a rural area, covered with green fields and market gardens. For over 500 years the land, part of the ancient manor of Kensington, was under the lordship of the Vere family, the Earls of Oxford and descendants of Aubrey de Vere, who held the manor of Geoffrey de Montbray, bishop of Coutances, in Domesday Book in 1086. The earls held their manorial court where Old Manor Yard is now, just by the London Underground station.

The construction of the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) station in 1865–69 was a catalyst for development. On 12 April 1869, the MDR (now the District Line) opened tracks through Earl’s Court as part of a south-westward extension from its station at Gloucester Road to West Brompton where the MDR opened an interchange with the West London Extension Joint Railway. In the quarter century afterwards, Earls Court was transformed into a densely populated suburb with 1200 houses and two churches. Eardley Crescent and Kempsford Gardens were built between 1867 and 1873, building began in Earls Court Square and Longridge Road in 1873, in Nevern Place in 1874, in Trebovir Road and Philbeach Gardens in 1876, and Nevern Square in 1880.

Following WWII a number of Polish immigrants settled in the Earls Court area leading to Earls Court Road being dubbed ’The Danzig Corridor’. During the late 1960s a large transient population of Australia and New Zealand travellers began to use Earls Court as a UK hub and over time it gained the name ’Kangaroo Valley’. It was at the time one of the cheapest areas close to central London, and up until the 1990s remained a somewhat down-at-heel district compared to its more upmarket neighbours to the North and East.

Today, while there are still significant numbers of students or other people on temporary visas, many of the Australians and New Zealanders appear to have moved on to now-cheaper areas further North and West.

The change in the area’s population is largely owed to rocketing property prices during the first decade of the 2000s and the continued gentrification of the area. The scale of change is illustrated by the economic divide between the eastern and western areas of Earls Court.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Kensington:   Kensington is a district of West London, England within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, located west of Charing Cross.
Kensington Palace:   Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century.
Kensington School:   The Kensington Proprietary Grammar School was an educational establishment founded in 1830 that is perhaps best remembered for being one of the founders of the Football Association in 1863.
Nokes Estate:   Nokes Estate was an agricultural estate in the Earl’s Court area, formerly known as Wattsfield.
St Mary Abbot’s:   St Mary Abbot’s Hospital operated from 1871 to 1992. From 1846 to 1869 the site housed the Kensington Parish Workhouse.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Corner of Abingdon Road and Scarsdale Villas:   This view shows Tyler the chemists during the 1960s.
Sheep in Kensington Gardens:   It was the practice to keep sheep in the Gardens to maintain the grass.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A4, W1J · Abingdon Mansions, W8 · Abingdon Road, W8 · Abingdon Villas, W8 · Adam And Eve Mews, W8 · Airlie Gardens, W8 · Albert Mews, SW7 · Albert Place, W8 · Allen Street, W8 · Alma Studios, W8 · Ambassador’s Court, SW1A · Ansdell Street, W8 · Ansdell Terrace, W8 · Argyll Road, W8 · Ashburn Gardens, SW7 · Ashburn Place, SW7 · Astwood Mews, SW7 · Aubrey Road, W8 · Aubrey Walk, W8 · Barkston Gardens, SW5 · Beatrice Place, W8 · Bedford Gardens, W8 · Berkeley Gardens, W8 · Bina Gardens, SW5 · Blithfield Street, W8 · Bolton Gardens, SW5 · Bramham Gardens, SW5 · Cambridge Place, W8 · Campden Grove, W8 · Campden Hill Court, W8 · Campden Hill Road, W8 · Campden Hill Square, W11 · Campden Hill Square, W8 · Campden Hill, W8 · Campden Street, W8 · Chantry Square, W8 · Cheniston Gardens, W8 · Colbeck Mews, SW7 · Collingham Gardens, SW5 · Collingham Place, SW5 · Collingham Road, SW5 · Cope Place, W8 · Cornwall Gardens Walk, SW7 · Cornwall Gardens, SW7 · Cottesmore Court, W8 · Cottesmore Gardens, W8 · Courtfield Gardens, SW5 · Courtfield Road, SW7 · Cromwell Road, SW5 · De Vere Gardens, W8 · De Vere Mews, W8 · Douro Place, W8 · Drayson Mews Holland Street, W8 · Drayson Mews, W8 · Duchess of Bedford’s Walk, W8 · Earl’s Terrace, W8 · Earls Court Gardens, SW5 · Earls Court Road, W8 · Earls Walk, W8 · Edwardes Place, W8 · Edwardes Square Studios, W8 · Edwardes Square, W8 · Eldon Road, W8 · Emperor’s Gate, SW7 · Emperors Gate, SW7 · Essex Villas, W8 · Gledhow Gardens, SW5 · Gloucester Arcade, SW7 · Gloucester Walk, W8 · Gordon Place, W8 · Gregory Place, W8 · Grenville Place, SW7 · Harrington Gardens, SW7 · Hesper Mews, SW5 · Hillsleigh Road, W8 · Hogarth Place, SW5 · Hogarth Road, SW5 · Holland Street, W8 · Holland Walk, W11 · Holland Walk, W8 · Hornton Place, W8 · Hornton Street, W8 · Inverness Gardens, W8 · Iverna Gardens, W8 · Kelso Place, W8 · Kensington Apartment, W8 · Kensington Church Court, W8 · Kensington Church Street, W8 · Kensington Church Walk, W8 · Kensington Court Gardens · Kensington Court Place, W8 · Kensington Palace, W8 · Kensington Road, W8 · Kenway Road, SW5 · Knaresborough Place, SW5 · Kynance Mews, SW7 · Kynance Place, SW7 · Lancer Square, W8 · Launceston Place, SW7 · Launceston Place, W8 · Laverton Place, SW5 · Lexham Gardens, SW5 · Lexham Gardens, W8 · Lexham Mews, W8 · Logan Place, W8 · Marloes Road, SW5 · Marloes Road, W8 · Marlogs Road, W8 · McLeod’s Mews, SW7 · Melon Place, W8 · North Courtyard, N19 · Observatory Gardens, W8 · Old Court Place, W8 · Osten Mews, SW7 · Palace Avenue, W8 · Palace Gardens Mews, W8 · Palace Gardens Terrace, W8 · Palace Gate, W8 · Palace Green, W8 · Palace Place Mansions, W8 · Peel Street, W8 · Pembroke Gardens Close, W8 · Pembroke Gardens, W8 · Pembroke Mews, W8 · Pembroke Place, W8 · Pembroke Square, W8 · Pembroke Studios, W8 · Pembroke Villas, W8 · Pembroke Walk, W8 · Pennant Mews, W8 · Petersham Mews, SW7 · Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Phillimore Place, W8 · Phillimore Walk, W8 · Pitt Street, W8 · Prince Of Wales Terrace, W8 · Radley Mews, W8 · Saint Mary Abbot’s Place, W8 · Scarsdale Place, W8 · Scarsdale Villas, W8 · Sheffield Terrace, W8 · Sheldrake Place, W8 · South Courtyard, N19 · South Edwardes Square, W8 · South End Row, W8 · South End, W8 · Southwell Gardens, SW7 · St Albans Grove, W8 · St James House, W8 · St Margarets Lane, W8 · St Mary Abbots Hall, W8 · St Mary Abbots Place, W8 · St Mary Abbots Vicarage, W8 · St. Mary Abbot’s Place, W8 · St. Mary’s Gate, W8 · St. Mary’s Place, W8 · Stafford Terrace, W8 · Stanford Road, W8 · Stone Hall Gardens, W8 · Stratford Road, W8 · Sunningdale Gardens, W8 · Thackeray Street, W8 · The Broad Walk, SW7 · The Broad Walk, W8 · The Broadwalk, W2 · Thornwood Gardens, W8 · Tor Court, W8 · Tor Gardens, W8 · Upper Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Vicarage Court, W8 · Vicarage Gardens, W8 · Vicarage Gate, W8 · Victoria Grove, W8 · Victoria Road, W8 · Warwick Chambers, W8 · Wetherby Gardens, SW5 · Wrights Lane, W8 · Wycombe Square, W8 · Wynnstay Gardens, W8 · York Passage, W8 · Young Street, W8 ·


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