Blackwall Tunnel

Tunnel in/near Blackwall, existing between 1897 and now

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Tunnel · Blackwall · SE10 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
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2018
Northern entrance to the tunnel in 1899
Credit: Unknown

The Blackwall Tunnel is a pair of road tunnels underneath the River Thames.

The tunnel links the London Borough of Tower Hamlets with the Royal Borough of Greenwich, and forms part of the A102 road.

A tunnel in the Blackwall area was originally proposed in the 1880s. According to Robert Webster, then MP for St Pancras East, a tunnel would "be very useful to the East End of London, a district representing in trade and commerce a population greater than the combined populations of Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham." By this time, all road bridges in London east of the ferry at Chiswick were toll-free, but these were of little use to the two fifths of London’s population that lived to the east of London Bridge. The Thames Tunnel (Blackwall) Act was created in August 1887, which provided the legal framework necessary to construct the tunnel. The initial proposal, made by Sir Joseph Bazalgette, called for three parallel tunnels, two for vehicular traffic and one for foot, with an expected completion date of works within seven years. It was originally commissioned by the Metropolitan Board of Works but, just before the contract was due to start, responsibility passed to the London County Council (LCC) when the former body was abolished in 1889 and Bazalgette’s work on the tunnel ended.

The original tunnel as built was designed by Sir Alexander Binnie and built by S. Pearson & Sons, between 1892 and 1897, for whom Ernest William Moir was the lead engineer. It was constructed using tunnelling shield and compressed air techniques and a Greathead shield (named after its inventor, James Henry Greathead). It was lit by three rows of incandescent street lights. To clear the site in Greenwich, more than 600 people had to be rehoused, and a house reputedly once owned by Sir Walter Raleigh had to be demolished. The work force was largely drawn from immigrants; the tunnel lining was manufactured in Glasgow, while the manual labour came from provincial England, particularly Yorkshire.

The southern entrance gateway to the tunnel, also known as Southern Tunnel House, was designed by LCC architect Thomas Blashill and was built just before the tunnel was completed. It comprises two floors with an attic.

The tunnel was officially opened by the Prince of Wales on 22 May 1897. The total cost of the tunnel was £1.4 M and 800 men were employed in its construction, during which seven deaths were recorded.

The tunnel has several sharp bends, in order that the tunnel could align with Northumberland Wharf to the north and Ordnance Wharf to the south, and avoid a sewer underneath Bedford Street.

Horse-drawn traffic was partially banned from the tunnel during peak hours in July 1939 and completely banned in August 1947. Pedestrians have been banned from using the Blackwall Tunnels since May 1969.

Due to the increase in motor traffic in the early 20th century, the capacity of the original tunnel was soon perceived as inadequate. In 1930, John Mills, MP for Dartford, remarked that HGVs delivering from Essex to Kent could not practically use any crossing of the Thames downstream of the tunnel. The LCC obtained an act to construct a new tunnel in 1938, but work did not start due to the outbreak of World War II. Construction eventually started in 1958 with preliminary work on the northern approach road.

It was opened on 2 August 1967 by Desmond Plummer, Leader of the Greater London Council.

Source: Wikipedia



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Brian Bigwood
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I would love to know if anyone is related or even knew the family. If so, please get in touch.
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VIEW THE BLACKWALL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKWALL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKWALL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKWALL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKWALL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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North Greenwich

North Greenwich is a station on London Underground's Jubilee Line which opened on 14 May 1999.

North Greenwich is one of the largest stations on the Jubilee Line, capable of handling around 20 000 passengers an hour, having been designed to cope with the large number of visitors expected at the Millennium Dome (now The O2).

The striking blue-tiled and glazed interior, with raking concrete columns rearing up inside the huge underground space, was designed by the architectural practice Alsop, Lyall and Störmer.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albert Dock Seamen’s Hospital:   The Albert Dock Seamen’s Hospital was a hospital provided by the Seamen’s Hospital Society for the care of ex-members of the Merchant navy, the fishing fleets and their dependents.
East Greenwich Gas Works:   The East Greenwich Gas Works of the South Metropolitan Gas Company was the last gas works to be built in London.
East Greenwich Pleasaunce:   
Greenwich Peninsula:   The Greenwich Peninsula is bounded on three sides by a loop of the Thames, between the Isle of Dogs to the west and Silvertown to the east.
North Greenwich:   North Greenwich is a station on London Underground's Jubilee Line which opened on 14 May 1999.
O2 Arena:   The O2 is a large entertainment district on the Greenwich peninsula in South East London, England, including an indoor arena, a music club, a cinema, an exhibition space, piazzas, bars and restaurants.
Quantum Cloud:   The Quantum Cloud is a sculpture located next to the Millennium Dome in London.
Ravensbourne College:   Ravensbourne college - formerly Bromley Technical College - was formed in the amalgamation of the Bromley School of Art and the Department of Furniture Design of the Beckenham School of Art.
Robin Hood Gardens:   


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Emily Street (1925):   Emily Street at the junction of Jude Street, Canning Town, 1925


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A102 Eastbound, SE10 · A102, SE10 · Abbott Road, E14 · Aberfeldy Street, E14 · Adderley Street, E14 · Ailsa Street, E14 · Ailsa Street, E16 · Alamaro Lodge, SE10 · Aldeburgh Street, SE10 · Andrew Street, E14 · Angerstein Business Park, SE10 · Annandale Road, SE10 · Appleby Road, E16 · Armitage Road, SE10 · Athol Square, E14 · Aviary Close, E16 · Azof Street, SE10 · Badminton Mews, E16 · Balmore Close, E14 · Barking Road, E14 · Bazely Street, E14 · Beaulieu Avenue, E16 · Beckton Road, E16 · Bellot Gardens, SE10 · Bellot Street, SE10 · Benledi Road, E14 · Bessemer Place, SE10 · Blackwall Lane link, SE10 · Blackwall Lane, SE10 · Blackwall Trading Estate, E14 · Blackwall Trading Estate, E16 · Blackwall Tunnel Approach Road, SE10 · Blackwall Tunnel Approach, SE10 · Blackwall Tunnel Northern Approach, E14 · Blackwall Tunnel, SE10 · Blackwall Way, E14 · Blair Street, E14 · Boord Street, SE10 · Bowman Avenue, E16 · Bray Drive, E16 · Brent Road, E16 · Bright Street, E14 · Britannia Gate, E16 · Brunel Street, E16 · Bugsbys Way, SE10 · Burcham Street, E14 · Burke Street, E16 · Butchers Road, E16 · Byron Street, E14 · Caletock Way, SE10 · Calvert Road, SE10 · Capulet Mews, E16 · Caxton St North, E16 · Caxton Street North, E16 · Chadbourn Street, E14 · Chancellor Psg, E14 · Chandlers Avenue, SE10 · Charford Road, E16 · Chevening Road, SE10 · Chilver Street, SE10 · Clarkson Road, E16 · Clove Crescent, E14 · Clove Cresent, E14 · Combedale Road, SE10 · Commercial Way, SE10 · Commerell Place, SE10 · Commerell Street, SE10 · Constable Avenue, E16 · Coriander Avenue, E14 · Cottage Street, E14 · Cotton Street, E14 · Crediton Road, E16 · Culloden Street, E14 · Cutter Lane, SE10 · Davern Close, SE10 · De Quincey Mews, E16 · Dee Street, E14 · Denham Street, SE10 · Dingle Gardens, E14 · Dock Road, E16 · Dock Road, IG11 · Dormers Court Ind Estate, E14 · Dreadnaught Walk, SE10 · Dreadnaught Walk, SE8 · Dreadnought Street, SE10 · East Parkside, SE10 · Edmund Halley Way, E14 · Edmund Halley Way, SE10 · Edwin Street, E16 · Ettrick Street, E14 · ExCeL Marina, E16 · ExCeL Waterfront, E16 · Fen Street, E16 · Festoon Way, E16 · Fife Road, E16 · Finchs Court, E14 · Fingal Street, SE10 · Flavell Mews, SE10 · Ford Street, E16 · Fords Park Road, E16 · Formunt Close, E16 · Forty Acre Lane, E16 · George Street, E16 · Glenforth Street, SE10 · Glenister Road, SE10 · Goodway Gardens, E14 · Greenroof Way, SE10 · Hale Street, E14 · Hallsville Road, E16 · Halstow Road, SE10 · Halstow Road, SE3 · Hanover Avenue, E16 · Hardy Avenue, E16 · Harriott Close, SE10 · Harrow Lane, E14 · Hatcliff Street, SE10 · Helvius Close, SE10 · Hevelius Close, SE10 · Horn Lane, SE10 · Horn Link Way, SE10 · Huntingdon Street, E16 · Ivy Road, E16 · Jamestown Way, E14 · John Harrison Way, SE10 · John Harrisonway, SE10 · Joshua Street, E14 · Keats Avenue, E16 · Kemsing Road, SE10 · Killip Close, E16 · Lanrick Road, E14 · Lawrence Street, E16 · Lenthorp Road, SE10 · Leven Road, E14 · Library Court Old Poplar Librarygillender Street, E14 · Lochnagar Street, E14 · Lowe Avenue, E16 · Lower Lea Crossing, E14 · Lower Lea Crossing, E16 · Lynx Way, E16 · Mace Gateway, E16 · Mackrow Walk, E14 · Malam Gardens, E14 · MaudStreet, E16 · Mauritius Road, SE10 · McDowall Close, E16 · Millennium Drive, SE10 · Millennium Way, SE10 · Mitre Passage, SE10 · Monk Drive, E16 · Morant Street, E14 · More Close, E16 · Moseley Row, SE10 · Mudlarks Boulevard, E16 · Mudlarks Boulevard, SE10 · Nairn Street, E14 · Nelson Street, E16 · Newby Place, E14 · Newham Way, E16 · Newport Avenue, E14 · North Greenwich Station, E14 · North Greenwich Station, SE10 · Nutmeg Lane, E14 · Oban Street, E14 · Old School Close, SE10 · Orchard Place, E14 · Orchard Place, E16 · Oregano Drive, E14 · Ormiston Road, SE10 · Osier Lane, SE10 · Ozolins Way, E16 · Pacific Road, E16 · Paragon Close, E16 · Peninsula Square, SE10 · Penrose Way, E14 · Penrose Way, SE10 · Pepys Crescent, E16 · Peterboat Close, SE10 · Peto St North, E16 · Peto Street North, E16 · Pier Walk, SE10 · Pilgrims Mews, E14 · Pilot Busway, SE10 · Pleasaunce Mansions, SE10 · Plymouth Road, E16 · Pollard Close, E16 · Poplar High Street, E14 · Portree Street, E14 · Portsmouth Mews, E16 · Prestage Way, E14 · Radland Road, E16 · Railway Arches, E16 · Ramsgate Close, E16 · Rathbone Market, E16 · Rathbone Street, E16 · Rayleigh Road, E16 · Reed Close, E16 · Renaissance Walk, SE10 · River Way, SE10 · Rosemary Drive, E14 · Royal Docks, E16 · Royal Victoria Dock Bridge, E16 · Royal Victoria Dock, E16 · Royal Victoria Place, E16 · Royal Victoria Square, E16 · Ruscoe Road, E16 · Saffron Avenue, E14 · Saltwell Street, E14 · Salutation Road, SE10 · Scarab Close, E16 · School Bank Road, SE10 · School Square, SE10 · Schoolbank Road, SE10 · Scott Russell Place, E14 · Scoulding Road, E16 · Seagull Lane, E16 · Shirbutt Street, E14 · Shirley Street, E16 · Siemens Brothers Way, E16 · Silvertown Tunnel, E16 · Silvertown Tunnel, SE10 · Silvertown Way, E16 · Silvocea Way, E14 · Simpson’s Road, E14 · Southampton Mews, E16 · Southey Mews, E16 · St Andrews Way, E14 · St Leonards Road, E14 · St Lukes Square, E16 · St Thomas Road, E16 · Stratford Waterfront, E20 · Tant Avenue, E16 · Tarling Road, E16 · Thorne Close, E16 · Thorne Street, E16 · Tidal Basin Road Silvertown Way, E16 · Trinity Buoy Wharf, E14 · Trinity Buoy Wharf, E16 · Tunnel Avenue, E14 · Tunnel Avenue, SE10 · Twycross Mews, SE10 · Up At The 02, E14 · Up At The 02, SE10 · Vanguard Close, E16 · Vincent Street, E16 · Wades Place, E14 · Wesley Avenue, E16 · West Parkside, SE10 · Western Gateway, E16 · Wharfside Road, E14 · Wharfside Road, E16 · Williamson Close, SE10 · Woodall Close, E14 · Woodstock Terrace, E14 · Woolmore Street, E14 · Woolwich Road, SE10 · Woowich Road, SE10 · Wouldham Road, E16 ·

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