RAF Bomber Command Memorial

Monument in/near Green Park, existing between 2012 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Monument · Green Park · W1J · Contributed by The Underground Map
October
2
2016
Exterior of the memorial in 2013.
Credit: Tim Rademacher

The Royal Air Force Bomber Command Memorial is a memorial commemorating the crews of RAF Bomber Command who embarked on missions during the Second World War.

The controversy over the tactics employed by RAF Bomber Command during the Second World War meant that an official memorial to the aircrews had been delayed for many years. Despite describing bombers as "the means of victory" in 1940, British prime minister Winston Churchill did not mention Bomber Command in his speech at the end of the war.

An appeal was made for £5.6 million to build the memorial, and funding came from donations made by the public, as well as substantial amounts from Lord Ashcroft and businessmen John Caudwell and Richard Desmond. Robin Gibb, the singer, became a key figure behind the appeal, working alongside Jim Dooley to raise funds and have the memorial built.

Liam O’Connor designed the memorial, built of Portland stone, which features a bronze 2.7 metre sculpture of seven aircrew, designed by the sculptor Philip Jackson to look as though they have just returned from a bombing mission and left their aircraft.

Aluminium from a Royal Canadian Air Force Handley Page Halifax of No. 426 Squadron that had crashed in Belgium in May 1944 was used to build the roof of the memorial, which was designed to evoke the geodetic structure of the Vickers Wellington. The Halifax, LW682 OW/M, had been removed from a swamp in 1997 with three of the crew found still at their posts. They were buried with full military honours in Geraardsbergen and the remains of the aircraft were sent to Canada. Some of the metal was used for the restoration of a Halifax in Trenton, Ontario, and the rest was melted down by the Bomber Command Museum of Canada in Nanton, Alberta. The Museum provided ingots for the memorial to commemorate the 10,659 of 55,573 Bomber Command aircrew killed during the war that were Canadian.

Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the memorial on 28 June 2012, unveiling the bronze sculpture. The ceremony was attended by 6,000 veterans and family members of those killed, and the Avro Lancaster of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight dropped red poppy petals over Green Park.

Source: Wikipedia



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VIEW THE GREEN PARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREEN PARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREEN PARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREEN PARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREEN PARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Green Park

Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park, close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk.

The station was opened on 15 December 1906 by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR), the precursor of the Piccadilly line. The station was originally named Dover Street due to its location in that street. When the station was rebuilt in 1933 with escalator access to the platforms, a new sub-surface ticket hall was built to the west under the roadway and new station entrances were constructed on the corner of Piccadilly and Stratton Street and on the south side of Piccadilly. The station name was changed at this time.

With the rebuilding of the station and similar works at Hyde Park Corner, the little-used Piccadilly line station between the two at Down Street was taken out of use.

The Victoria line platforms opened on 7 March 1969; interchange between that line and the Piccadilly line was via the ticket hall (without having to pass through the exit barriers). Even today changing between the Jubilee and Victoria lines and the Piccadilly line involves a long walk.

The Jubilee line platforms opened on 1 May 1979, at which time the next station south on the Jubilee Line was its then southern terminus, Charing Cross; those platforms were closed when the Jubilee line was extended on a new alignment towards Westminster; at the same time interchange facilities at Green Park were improved.

When travelling south from Green Park on the Jubilee Line, Green Park Junction, where the new line diverges from the old, is visible from the train. While passenger services no longer operate to Charing Cross on the Jubilee Line, the old line is used regularly to reverse trains when the eastern part of the line is closed due to engineering works.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
25 Park Lane:   25 Park Lane was the London residence of Sir Philip Sassoon.
Apsley House:   There is a rumour that the 1st Duke of Wellington insisted his post to his home, Apsley House, be addressed as Number One, London. It however was not due only to ego.
Apsley Way:   Apsley Way is the formal name for the pathway which runs under Wellington Arch.
Buckingham Palace:   Buckingham Palace is the official London residence and principal workplace of the British monarch.
Down Street :   Down Street, also known as Down Street (Mayfair), is a disused station on the London Underground, located in Mayfair.
Green Park:   Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park, close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk.
Halkin Hotel:   The Halkin (styled as The Halkin by COMO) is a 5-star hotel.
Hyde Park Corner:   At the other end of Park Lane from Marble Arch, Hyde Park Corner has struck terror into many a learner driver.
InterContinental London:   InterContinental London Park Lane is a luxury 5-star hotel.
London Lock Hospital:   The London Lock Hospital was the first venereal disease clinic.
Park Lane Hotel:   The Park Lane Hotel is a 5 Star hotel on Piccadilly, London.
Royal Aeronautical Society:   The Royal Aeronautical Society, also known as the RAeS, is a British-founded multidisciplinary professional institution dedicated to the global aerospace community.
Royal Artillery Memorial:   The Royal Artillery Memorial is a stone memorial at Hyde Park Corner, dedicated to the First World War casualties of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.
Royal Mews:   The Royal Mews is a mews (i.e. combined stables, carriage house and in recent times also the garage) of the British Royal Family.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus:   An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus, Mr Gladstone Travelling with Ordinary Passengers, 1885
Shepherd Market:   Shepherd Market was described by Arthur Bingham Walkley in 1925 as one of the oddest incongruities in London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albemarle Street, W1S · Audley Square, W1K · Belgrave Square, SW1X · Berkeley Street, W1J · Bolton Street, W1J · Brick Street, W1J · Bruton Lane, W1J · Bruton Lane, W1S · Carrington Street, W1J · Chapel Street, SW1X · Charles Street, W1J · Chester Close, SW1X · Chester Close, W1M · Chester Mews, SW1X · Chester Street, SW1X · Chesterfield Gardens, W1J · Chesterfield Street, W1J · Clarges Mews, W1J · Clarges Street, W1J · Constitution Hill, SW1A · Constitution Hill, SW1W · Constitution Hill, SW1X · Constitution Hill, W1J · Constitution Hill, W1K · Curzon Square, W1K · Curzon Street, W1J · Deanery Street, W1K · Derby Street, W1J · Dorchester Ride, W1K · Dover Street, W1S · Down Street, W1J · Duke of Wellington Place, SW1X · Garrick House, W1J · Graftan Street, W1S · Grafton Street, W1S · Groom Place, SW1X · Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X · Grosvenor Cresent, SW1X · Grosvenor Place, SW1X · Half Moon Street, W1J · Halkin Street, SW1X · Hamilton Mews, W1J · Hamilton Place, W1J · Hay Hill, W1J · Headfort Place, SW1X · Hertford Street, W1J · Hyde Park Corner, W1J · Lambs Close, SW1W · Landsdowne Row, W1J · Lanesborough Place, SW1X · Lansdowne Row, W1J · Little Chester Street, SW1X · Market Mews, W1J · Mayfair Place, W1J · Milkmaid’s Passage, SW1A · Montrose Place, SW1X · Old Bond Street, W1J · Old Bond Street, W1S · Old Park Lane, W1J · Park Towers, W1J · Pembroke Close, SW1X · Piccadilly, SW1A · Pitt’s Head Mews, W1J · Queen Street, W1J · Red Lion Yard, W1K · Royal Arcade, W1S · Shepherd Market, W1J · Shepherd Street, W1J · Stafford Street, W1S · Stanhope Gate, W1K · Stanhope Row, W1J · Stratton Street, W1J · The Ritz Arcade, W1J · The Royal Arcade, W1S · The Royal Mews, SW1E · The Royal Mews, SW1W · Tilney Street, W1K · Trebeck Street, W1J · Upper Belgrave Street, SW1X · Waverton Street, W1J · White Horse Street, W1J · Wilton Mews, SW1X · Wilton Street, SW1X ·


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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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