RAF Bomber Command Memorial

Monument in/near Green Park, existing between 2012 and now

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Monument · Green Park · W1J · Contributed by The Underground Map
Exterior of the memorial in 2013.
Credit: Tim Rademacher

The Royal Air Force Bomber Command Memorial is a memorial commemorating the crews of RAF Bomber Command who embarked on missions during the Second World War.

The controversy over the tactics employed by RAF Bomber Command during the Second World War meant that an official memorial to the aircrews had been delayed for many years. Despite describing bombers as "the means of victory" in 1940, British prime minister Winston Churchill did not mention Bomber Command in his speech at the end of the war.

An appeal was made for £5.6 million to build the memorial, and funding came from donations made by the public, as well as substantial amounts from Lord Ashcroft and businessmen John Caudwell and Richard Desmond. Robin Gibb, the singer, became a key figure behind the appeal, working alongside Jim Dooley to raise funds and have the memorial built.

Liam O’Connor designed the memorial, built of Portland stone, which features a bronze 2.7 metre sculpture of seven aircrew, designed by the sculptor Philip Jackson to look as though they have just returned from a bombing mission and left their aircraft.

Aluminium from a Royal Canadian Air Force Handley Page Halifax of No. 426 Squadron that had crashed in Belgium in May 1944 was used to build the roof of the memorial, which was designed to evoke the geodetic structure of the Vickers Wellington. The Halifax, LW682 OW/M, had been removed from a swamp in 1997 with three of the crew found still at their posts. They were buried with full military honours in Geraardsbergen and the remains of the aircraft were sent to Canada. Some of the metal was used for the restoration of a Halifax in Trenton, Ontario, and the rest was melted down by the Bomber Command Museum of Canada in Nanton, Alberta. The Museum provided ingots for the memorial to commemorate the 10,659 of 55,573 Bomber Command aircrew killed during the war that were Canadian.

Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the memorial on 28 June 2012, unveiling the bronze sculpture. The ceremony was attended by 6,000 veterans and family members of those killed, and the Avro Lancaster of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight dropped red poppy petals over Green Park.

Source: Wikipedia

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Green Park

Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park, close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk.

The station was opened on 15 December 1906 by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR), the precursor of the Piccadilly line. The station was originally named Dover Street due to its location in that street. When the station was rebuilt in 1933 with escalator access to the platforms, a new sub-surface ticket hall was built to the west under the roadway and new station entrances were constructed on the corner of Piccadilly and Stratton Street and on the south side of Piccadilly. The station name was changed at this time.

With the rebuilding of the station and similar works at Hyde Park Corner, the little-used Piccadilly line station between the two at Down Street was taken out of use.

The Victoria line platforms opened on 7 March 1969; interchange between that line and the Piccadilly line was via the ticket hall (without having to pass through the exit barriers). Even today changing between the Jubilee and Victoria lines and the Piccadilly line involves a long walk.

The Jubilee line platforms opened on 1 May 1979, at which time the next station south on the Jubilee Line was its then southern terminus, Charing Cross; those platforms were closed when the Jubilee line was extended on a new alignment towards Westminster; at the same time interchange facilities at Green Park were improved.

When travelling south from Green Park on the Jubilee Line, Green Park Junction, where the new line diverges from the old, is visible from the train. While passenger services no longer operate to Charing Cross on the Jubilee Line, the old line is used regularly to reverse trains when the eastern part of the line is closed due to engineering works.

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Albemarle Street, W1S · Audley Square, W1K · Belgrave Square, SW1X · Berkeley Street, W1J · Bolton Street, W1J · Brick Street, W1J · Bruton Lane, W1J · Bruton Lane, W1S · Carrington Street, W1J · Chapel Street, SW1X · Charles Street, W1J · Chester Close, SW1X · Chester Close, W1M · Chester Mews, SW1X · Chester Street, SW1X · Chesterfield Gardens, W1J · Chesterfield Street, W1J · Clarges Mews, W1J · Clarges Street, W1J · Constitution Hill, SW1A · Constitution Hill, SW1W · Constitution Hill, SW1X · Constitution Hill, W1J · Constitution Hill, W1K · Curzon Square, W1K · Curzon Street, W1J · Deanery Street, W1K · Derby Street, W1J · Dorchester Ride, W1K · Dover Street, W1S · Down Street, W1J · Duke of Wellington Place, SW1X · Garrick House, W1J · Graftan Street, W1S · Grafton Street, W1S · Groom Place, SW1X · Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X · Grosvenor Cresent, SW1X · Grosvenor Place, SW1X · Half Moon Street, W1J · Halkin Street, SW1X · Hamilton Mews, W1J · Hamilton Place, W1J · Hay Hill, W1J · Headfort Place, SW1X · Hertford Street, W1J · Hyde Park Corner, W1J · Lambs Close, SW1W · Landsdowne Row, W1J · Lanesborough Place, SW1X · Lansdowne Row, W1J · Little Chester Street, SW1X · Market Mews, W1J · Mayfair Place, W1J · Milkmaid’s Passage, SW1A · Montrose Place, SW1X · Old Bond Street, W1J · Old Bond Street, W1S · Old Park Lane, W1J · Park Towers, W1J · Pembroke Close, SW1X · Piccadilly, SW1A · Pitt’s Head Mews, W1J · Queen Street, W1J · Red Lion Yard, W1K · Royal Arcade, W1S · Shepherd Market, W1J · Shepherd Street, W1J · Stafford Street, W1S · Stanhope Gate, W1K · Stanhope Row, W1J · Stratton Street, W1J · The Ritz Arcade, W1J · The Royal Arcade, W1S · The Royal Mews, SW1E · The Royal Mews, SW1W · Tilney Street, W1K · Trebeck Street, W1J · Upper Belgrave Street, SW1X · Waverton Street, W1J · White Horse Street, W1J · Wilton Mews, SW1X · Wilton Street, SW1X ·

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