Rye Lane, SE15

Road in/near Peckham, existing between 1700 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Road · Peckham · SE15 · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
20
2018


Rye Lane runs from Peckham High Street at the north, down to the corner of Copeland Road where The Nags Head sits at the south.

Originally called ’South Street’ and now named after Peckham Rye Park, Rye Lane is a very different place now compared to the early 1700s, when Peckham was just a village of around 600 people on the outskirts of London. The street then would have been one of the main thoroughfares into London, bustling with market stalls, colourful gardens and rows of orchards growing produce for nearby London’s increasingly demanding population.

Back then, Peckham was one of the last stopping points for traders on their way into London, who would have stopped for the night at a local inn. Over the years, Rye Lane and the surrounding streets became an area of important industrial activity due to its links into London and access to markets, fields and even docks.

As Peckham became a sought-after area, Rye Lane developed into a major shopping destination (often referred to as the ‘Golden Mile’) which even rivalled the likes of Oxford Street. In 1867, Jones & Higgins opened a store on the corner of Rye Lane and Peckham High Street that went on to become one of south London’s best-known department stores until its closure in the 1980s.

Other notable shops that made Rye Lane a shopping hotspot included Holdron’s Department Store, which included an outlet of Selfridges, and branches of popular stores such as Lipton’s and Dunn’s. Today, Holdron’s Arcade (as it is now known) is home to several exciting start-ups including; YAM Records; Wavey Garms; One Organic and Nutkin, a vegetarian & vegan cafe specialising in nut-based vegan cheese. There is also talk of re-developing the Holdron Arcade, with plans to link the indoor shopping area to the now-famous Copeland Park square at the rear.

During the 1920s and 1930s, Peckham continued to thrive despite the economic downturn, and shops including C&A, BHS and Sainsbury’s all opened. However, the closure of Holdron’s in 1949 marked the start of the retail decline. A small section of Holdron’s art deco frontage is all that remains.

Although Rye Lane managed to survive the Second World War, perhaps due to its distance from more central targets, other local areas started to become well-linked to central London, leading to more shops closing and some industries relocating. During the 1970s, Peckham became one of the most deprived areas in Europe, gaining a notoriously bad reputation – not helped by its depiction on television and the murder of ten-year-old Damilola Taylor, on the North Peckham Estate in 2000.

However, during the 1990s, the European Union ploughed considerable investment into the area – initially to redevelop the North Peckham Estate, followed by the building of Peckham Library, which sits as a colourful beacon near the top of Rye Lane.

Thankfully, Rye Lane is thriving once again - independent businesses still play a crucial role in the community. What remains to be seen, however, is how this independent business community will fare in the face of investment from London’s big property magnates and the gentrification that inevitably comes with it.

Source: http://www.southlondonclub.co.uk



ADD A STORY TO RYE LANE
VIEW THE PECKHAM AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE PECKHAM AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE PECKHAM AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE PECKHAM AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE PECKHAM AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

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Peckham

Peckham is a district located in the London Borough of Southwark. It is situated 3.5 miles south-east of Charing Cross.

Peckham is a Saxon place name meaning the village of the River Peck, a small stream that ran through the district until it was enclosed in 1823. Archaeological evidence indicates earlier Roman occupation in the area, although the name of this settlement is lost.

Peckham appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Pecheham. It was held by the Bishop of Lisieux from the Bishop of Bayeux. The manor was owned by King Henry I who gave it to his son Robert, Earl of Gloucester. When Robert married the heiress to Camberwell the two manors were united under royal ownership.

Peckham became popular as a wealthy residential area by the 16th century. By the 18th century the area was a more commercial centre and attracted industrialists who wanted to avoid paying the expensive rents in central London. Peckham also boasted extensive market gardens and orchards growing produce for the nearby markets of London.

The village was the last stopping point for many cattle drovers taking their livestock for sale in London. The drovers stayed in the local inns (such as The Red Cow) while the cattle were safely secured overnight in holding pens. Most of the villagers were agricultural or horticultural workers but with the early growth of the suburbs an increasing number worked in the brick industry that exploited the local London Clay.

At the beginning of the 19th century Peckham was a 'small, quiet, retired village surrounded by fields'. Since 1744 stagecoaches had travelled with an armed guard between Peckham and London to give protection from highwaymen. The rough roads constrained traffic so a branch of the Grand Surrey Canal was proposed as a route from the Thames to Portsmouth. The canal was built from Surrey Commercial Docks to Peckham before the builders ran out of funds in 1826.

Before Peckham Rye railway station was opened in 1865 the area had developed around two centres: north and south. In the north, housing spread out to the south of the Old Kent Road including Peckham New Town built on land owned by the Hill family (from whom the name Peckham Hill Street derives). In the south, large houses were built to the west of the common land called Peckham Rye and the lane that led to it.

North Peckham was heavily redeveloped in the 1960s, consisting mainly of high-rise flats to rehouse people from dilapidated old houses. It was popular on its completion for offering a high quality and modern standing of living. However, high unemployment and a lack of economic opportunities led to urban decay and a period of decline in the late 1970s. The North Peckham Estate became one of the most deprived residential areas in Western Europe. Vandalism, graffiti, arson attacks, burglaries, robberies and muggings were commonplace, and the area became an archetypal London sink estate. As a result, the area was subjected to a £290 million regeneration programme in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By 2002, 90% of the redevelopment was complete. The new homes were better laid out and offered improved security.

Since the 1990s the European Union has invested heavily in the regeneration of the area; partly funding the futuristic, award-winning Peckham Library, a new town square and swathes of new housing to replace the North Peckham Estate. Throughout the area state funding is being provided to improve the housing stock and renovate the streets. This includes funding for public arts projects like the Tom Phillips mosaics on the wall of the Peckham Experiment restaurant and the South London Gallery.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Angel Oak Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Ann Bernadt Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Bellenden Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Camelot Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
East Peckham Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Grove Children & Family Centre:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Harris Academy Peckham:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Harris Boys’ Academy East Dulwich:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Harris Primary Academy Peckham Park:   Academy converter (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Harris Primary Free School Peckham:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Haymerle School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
John Donne Primary School:   Academy converter (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Kender Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Nell Gwynn Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Peckham:   Peckham is a district located in the London Borough of Southwark. It is situated 3.5 miles south-east of Charing Cross.
Peckham Rye:   Peckham Rye is Cockney rhyming slang for tie (necktie).
Peckham Rye Common:   
Pilgrims’ Way Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Rye Oak Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Southwark Inclusive Learning Service (Sils):   Pupil referral unit which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16.
St Francis RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St James the Great Roman Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St John’s and St Clement’s Primary School Co Hearing Impaired Unit:   Miscellaneous
St Johns’ and St Clements Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
St Mary Magdalene Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Surrey Linear Canal Park:   
The Belham Primary School:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
The Villa:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 7.
Treasure House London Cic:   Other independent special school which accepts students between the ages of 14 and 19.
Tuke School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Acorn Parade, SE15 · Acre Drive, SE22 · Adys Road, SE15 · Albert Way, SE15 · Almond Close, SE15 · Alpha Street, SE15 · Amott Road, SE15 · Anstey Road, SE15 · Applegarth House, SE15 · Archdale Road, SE22 · Ashleigh Mews, SE15 · Ashmore Close, SE15 · Astbury Business Park, SE15 · Astbury Road, SE15 · Asylum Road, SE15 · Atwell Road, SE15 · Austins Court, SE15 · Avondale Rise, SE15 · Aylesbury House, SE15 · Aylesham Centre, SE15 · Bamber Road, SE15 · Banfield Road, SE15 · Bargain Centre, SE15 · Barry Parade, SE22 · Barton Close, SE15 · Basing Court, SE15 · Bath Close, SE15 · Bawdale Road, SE22 · Beaton Close, SE15 · Bellend Road, SE15 · Bellenden Road, SE15 · Bewick Mews, SE15 · Bianca Road, SE15 · Bird In Bush Road, SE15 · Bishop Wilfred Wood Close, SE15 · Blackpool Road, SE15 · Blakes Road, SE15 · Blanch Close, SE15 · Blands Close, SE15 · Blenheim Grove, SE15 · Boathouse Walk, SE15 · Bonar Road, SE15 · Bournemouth Road, SE15 · Branch Street, SE15 · Briant Street, SE14 · Brideale Close, SE15 · Buller Close, SE15 · Burcher Gale Grove, SE15 · Calypso Crescent, SE15 · Canal Grove, SE15 · Carden Road, SE15 · Cardine Mews, SE15 · Carlton Grove, SE15 · Cator Street, SE15 · Caversham House, SE15 · Central Buildings, SE15 · Cerise Road, SE15 · Chadwick Road, SE15 · Chadwick Road, SE5 · Chandler Way, SE15 · Chesterfield Way, SE15 · Choumert Grove, SE15 · Choumert Mews, SE15 · Choumert Road, SE15 · Cicely Road, SE15 · Clayton Road, SE15 · Clifton Crescent, SE15 · Clifton Way, SE15 · Colegrove Road, SE15 · Colls Road, SE15 · Collyer Place, SE15 · Commercial Way, SE15 · Consort Road, SE15 · Copeland Road, SE15 · Copleston Mews, SE15 · Copleston Road, SE15 · Coplestone Passage, SE15 · Corbden Close, SE15 · Costa Street, SE15 · Crawthew Grove, SE22 · Cronin Street, SE15 · Crystal Palace Road, SE22 · Culmore Road, SE15 · Danby Street, SE15 · Daniel Gardens, SE15 · Darrell Road, SE22 · Davey Street, SE15 · Dayton Grove, SE15 · Denman Road, SE15 · Devon Street, SE15 · Devonshire Grove, SE15 · Devonshire Terrace, SE22 · Dewar Street, SE15 · Draymans Mews, SE5 · East Dulwich Road, SE15 · East Dulwich Road, SE22 · East Surrey Grove, SE15 · Ebley Close, SE15 · Edgar Wallace Close, SE15 · Elcot Avenue, SE15 · Ellery Street, SE15 · Elm Grove, SE15 · Ethnard Road, SE15 · Evelina Road, SE15 · Everthorpe Road, SE15 · Farriers Mews, SE15 · Fellbrigg Road, SE22 · Fenham Road, SE15 · Fenwick Grove, SE15 · Fenwick Road, SE15 · Ferris Road, SE22 · Finch Mews, SE15 · Freda Corbett Close, SE15 · Frensham Street, SE15 · Friary Road, SE15 · Frogley Road, SE22 · Furley Road, SE15 · Gandolfi Street, SE15 · Garnies Close, SE15 · Gervase Street, SE15 · Glengall Road, SE15 · Glengall Terrace, SE15 · Godman Road, SE15 · Goldsmith Road, SE15 · Goldsmith Street, SE15 · Gordon Road, SE15 · Gowlett Road, SE15 · Gowlett Road, SE22 · Granville Square, SE15 · Green Hundred Road, SE15 · Grenard Close, SE15 · Grummant Road, SE15 · Habitat Close, SE15 · Hanover Park, SE15 · Hansler Road, SE22 · Harders Road, SE15 · Hatcham Road, SE15 · Haymerle Road, SE15 · Heaton Road, SE15 · Highshore Road, SE15 · Hill Beck Close, SE15 · Hillbeck Close, SE15 · Hinckley Road, SE15 · Hindmans Road, SE22 · Holbeck Row, SE15 · Holly Grove, SE15 · Holmes Close, SE22 · Hordle Promenade West, SE15 · Hornshay Street, SE15 · Howden Street, SE15 · Huguenot Square, SE15 · Hyndman Street, SE15 · Ilderton Road, SE15 · Innes Street, SE15 · Jowett Street, SE15 · Kelly Avenue, SE15 · Kelmore Grove, SE22 · Kender Street, SE14 · Keston Road, SE15 · Kimberley Avenue, SE15 · Kincaid Road, SE15 · King Arthur Close, SE15 · King’s Grove, SE15 · Kinsale Road, SE15 · Lacon Road, SE22 · Latona Road, SE15 · Lausanne Road, SE15 · Ledbury Street, SE15 · Leo Street, SE15 · Leontine Close, SE15 · Lindo Street, SE15 · Livesey Place, SE15 · Loder Street, SE15 · Longhope Close, SE15 · Lovelinch Close, SE15 · Lubbock Street, SE14 · Lympstone Gardens, SE15 · Lynbrook Grove, SE15 · Lyndhurst Grove, SE15 · Lyndhurst Grove, SE5 · Lyndhurst Square, SE15 · Lyndhurst Way, SE15 · Maismore Street, SE15 · Manaton Close, SE15 · Manor Grove, SE15 · Marmont Road, SE15 · Marsden Road, SE15 · Maxted Road, SE15 · Maya Close, SE15 · McDermott Road, SE15 · Meeting House Lane, SE15 · Melon Road, SE15 · Moncrieff Place, SE15 · Moncrieff Street, SE15 · Monteagle Way, SE15 · Montpelier Road, SE15 · Moody Road, SE15 · Morley House, SE15 · Mortlock Close, SE15 · Murdock Street, SE15 · Muschamp Road, SE15 · Naylor Road, SE15 · Nazareth Gardens, SE15 · Neate Street, SE15 · Neville Close, SE15 · Nigel Road, SE15 · Nile Terrace, SE15 · North Cross Road, SE22 · Nunhead Crescent, SE15 · Nunhead Green, SE15 · Nutbrook Street, SE15 · Nutcroft Road, SE15 · Nutfield Road, SE22 · Nutt Street, SE15 · Oakhurst Grove, SE22 · Oglander Road, SE15 · Old James Street, SE15 · Old Kent Road, SE15 · Oliver Mews, SE15 · Ondine Road, SE15 · Ophir Terrace, SE15 · Ormside Street, SE15 · Oxenford Street, SE15 · Pankhurst Close, SE14 · Patterdale Road, SE15 · Pearse Street, SE15 · Peckham Bus Station, SE15 · Peckham Grove, SE15 · Peckham High Street, SE15 · Peckham Hill Street, SE15 · Peckham Park Road, SE15 · Peckham Rye, SE15 · Peckham Square, SE15 · Penarth Street, SE15 · Pencraig Way, SE15 · Pennethorne Road, SE15 · Pentridge Street, SE15 · Philip Walk, SE15 · Pioneer Street, SE15 · Pomeroy Street, SE14 · Portbury Close, SE15 · Radnor Road, SE15 · Reading House, SE15 · Record Street, SE15 · Reedham Street, SE15 · Relf Road, SE15 · Robert Keen Close, SE15 · Rollins St Scaffold Yard, SE15 · Rollins Street, SE15 · Romney Close, SE14 · Rosemary Road, SE15 · Ruby Street, SE15 · Rye Court, SE22 · Rye Lane, SE15 · Rye Passage, SE15 · Samuel Jones Industrial Estate, SE15 · Samuel Street, SE15 · Sandgate Street, SE15 · Sandison Street, SE15 · Sandlings Close, SE15 · Scylla Road, SE15 · Selden Road, SE15 · Sharratt Street, SE15 · Shurland Gardens, SE15 · Sidmouth House Lindley Estate, SE15 · Sister Mabel’s Way, SE15 · Soames Street, SE15 · Solomon’s Passage, SE15 · Solway Road, SE22 · Springall Street, SE15 · St Georges Mews, SE1 · St Georges Way, SE15 · Staffordshire Street, SE15 · Staveley Close, SE15 · Sternhall Lane, SE15 · Studholme Street, SE15 · Sturdy Road, SE15 · Sumner Avenue, SE15 · Sumner Road, SE15 · Surrey Canal Road, SE15 · Surrey Canal Walk, SE15 · Sylvan Grove, SE15 · Symons Close, SE15 · Talfourd Place, SE15 · Talfourd Road, SE15 · Talfourd Road, SE5 · The Gardens, SE22 · The Market, SE15 · The Parade, SE22 · Trafalgar Avenue, SE15 · Troy Town Community Centre, SE15 · Troy Town Flats, SE15 · Tustin Estate, SE15 · Tyrrell Road, SE22 · Ulverscroft Road, SE22 · Unwin Close, SE15 · Waghorn Street, SE15 · Wagner Street, SE15 · Waite Street, SE15 · Watling Street, SE15 · Watts Street, SE15 · Wellington Mews, SE22 · Wentworth Crescent, SE15 · Whorlton Road, SE15 · Willowbrook Road, SE15 · Windspoint Drive, SE15 · Wingfield Street, SE15 · Witcombe Point, SE15 · Wivenhoe Close, SE15 · Wood Dene, SE15 · Woods Road, SE15 · Workshop Rear Of Waveney House, SE15 · Worlingham Road, SE22 · York Grove, SE14 · York Grove, SE15 ·
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Maps


Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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