Boar’s Head Theatre

Theatre in/near Spitalfields, existed between 1598 and 1616

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Boar
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The Boar’s Head Theatre was an inn-yard theatre in the Whitechapel area.

The Boar’s Head was located on the north side of Whitechapel High Street. Berry notes that "it became a playhouse partly because of where it was — just outside the City of London … a few feet beyond the ordinary jurisdiction of the lord mayor and his aldermen."

The Boar’s Head was originally an inn, which was built in the 1530s; it underwent two renovations for use as a playhouse: first, in 1598, when a simple stage was erected, and a second, more elaborate renovation in 1599. In 1616, the lease of the space to Oliver Woodliffe, one of the men responsible for expanding the theatre, expired, and Charles Sisson surmises that this marked the end of the Boar’s Head’s days as a theatre space.

On 28 November 1594, Jane and Henry Poley, who owned the inn, entered a lease agreement with Oliver and Susan Woodliffe. The agreement began on 25 March 1595 and ended on 24 March 1616 and included a promise to spend £100 during the following seven years to build, among other things, a tiring house and a stage.

In 1598, a primitive stage was built in the middle of the yard, measuring 39 feet 7 inches by 25 feet. The audience stood mostly in the yard, as the galleries were not big enough to accommodate a large audience. In 1599, Woodliffe and Richard Samwell (who had leased the inn in 1598 from Woodliffe; Woodliffe remained landlord of the theatre) took down the primitive stage setup and built a new playhouse apparently meant to compete with Shakespeare’s Globe, which had just opened on the other side of the Thames. As Leggatt states, "the stage — essentially the same stage — was moved to the west wall so that actors could enter directly on to it from the tiring house, a roof was built over the stage, and the galleries were considerably expanded and roofed with tiles."

During its lifetime as a playhouse, it was home to the Earl of Derby’s Men (summer 1599-summer 1601, summer 1602-March 1603), the Earl of Worcester’s Men (summer 1601-summer 1602, April 1604-1605 or 1606), and Prince Charles’ Men (summer 1609-March 1616); the historian Herbert Berry suggests that many other unidentified companies may have played there, as well.

In 1616, the lease agreement between the Woodliffes and the Poleys (now controlled by Mrs. Poley’s heir, Sir John Poley) expired. By this time, the Prince’s Men had merged with Lady Elizabeth’s Men and had entered into an agreement to play in the Hope Theatre on Bankside. Sisson suggests that Poley "found it more profitable to develop the buildings and site of the Boar’s head, or to dispose of it to a speculator, for other purposes than those of an inn and a theatre, in the rapid growth of this residential and industrial suburb of London.".

Source: Wikipedia



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Simon Kelsey
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Post by Simon Kelsey: Kelsey Street, E2

Hello Kelsey street is in the weavers area of London bethnal green....My family were silk weavers going back to the middle ages , the name KELSEY STREET , Is where we had our silk weavers and the street name is named after us ..We also had a cleric in the area , helping with the poorer community ..We are fom a long line of Kelsey?s Streaching back to Edward 1st , when Surnames became the norm ..One such Kelsey Robert de Kelsey had a mansion and much propeties in London during this time under Edward the 1st/2nd and 3rd..He was an Alderman , a money lender under the King ...long time ago ....

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My grandparents lived in Kerbela Street many years ago when they were terraced houses. My memory of the street is one long street with these strange wrought iron things outside - which I now know as boot scrapers. The house inside was fairly large, but I was a child. Loo was outside. Shame they knocked the terraces down and build a huge housing estate, but that?s progress I suppose. Does anyone know the origin of the name Kerbela?

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VIEW THE SPITALFIELDS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE SPITALFIELDS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE SPITALFIELDS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE SPITALFIELDS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE SPITALFIELDS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Spitalfields

Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.

The area straddles Commercial Street and is home to several markets, including the historic Old Spitalfields Market, and various Brick Lane Markets on Brick Lane and Cheshire Street. Petticoat Lane Market lies on the area's south-western boundaries.

The name Spitalfields appears in the form Spittellond in 1399; as The spitel Fyeld on the 16th-century Civitas Londinium map associated with Ralph Agas. The land belonged to St Mary Spital, a priory or hospital erected on the east side of the Bishopsgate thoroughfare in 1197, and the name is thought to derive from this. An alternative, and possibly earlier, name for the area was Lolsworth.

After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Spitalfields was inhabited by prosperous French Huguenot silk weavers. In the early 19th century their descendants were reduced to a deplorable condition due to the competition of the Manchester textile factories and the area began to deteriorate into crime-infested slums. The spacious and handsome Huguenot houses were divided up into tiny dwellings which were rented by poor families of labourers, who sought employment in the nearby docks.

The area has recently attracted a IT-literate younger population.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldgate:   Aldgate was a gateway through London Wall from the City of London to Whitechapel and the East End.
Aldgate East:   In a land east of Aldgate, lies the land of Aldgate East...
Aldgate Pump:   Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump, located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street.
Fenchurch Street:   Fenchurch Street railway station is a central London railway terminus in the southeastern corner of the City of London. It is one of the smallest railway termini in London but in terms of platforms, one of the most intensively operated.
Goodman’s Fields Theatre:   Two 18th century theatres bearing the name Goodman’s Fields Theatre were located on Alie Street, Whitechapel.
Great Synagogue of London:   The Great Synagogue of London was, for centuries, the centre of Ashkenazi synagogue and Jewish life in London. It was destroyed during World War II, in the Blitz.
Holy Trinity, Minories:   Holy Trinity, Minories was a Church of England parish church outside the eastern boundaries of the City of London, but within the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Petticoat Lane Market:   Petticoat Lane Market is a fashion and clothing market in the East End.
Portsoken:   Portsoken is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation.
Sir John Cass’s Foundation Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Spitalfields:   Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.
St Botolph’s:   St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years.
Tower Gateway:   Tower Gateway is a Docklands Light Railway station near to the Tower of London.
Tower Hill:   Tower Hill is an elevated spot outside the Tower of London and just outside the limits of the City of London.
Toynbee Hall:   Toynbee Hall is a building which is the home of a charity of the same name.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
London in 1457:   Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Wentworth Street (1901):   Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldgate Bus Garage, EC3N · Aldgate High Street, EC3N · Aldgate, EC3N · Alie Street, E1 · America Square, EC3N · Angel Alley, E1 · Arcadia Court, E1 · Artillery Lane, E1 · Artillery Passage, E1 · Arts Quarter, E1 · Back Alley, EC3N · Bell Lane, E1 · Bishops Square, E1 · Braham Street, E1 · Brune House, E1 · Brune Street, E1 · Brushfield Street, E1 · Buckle Street, E1 · Camperdown Street, E1 · Carlisle Avenue, EC3N · Central House, E1 · Chamber Street, E1 · Chicksand Street, E1 · Cobb Street, E1 · College East, E1 · Commercial St, E1 · Commercial Street, E1 · Coney Way, SW8 · Cooper?s Row, EC3N · Coopers Row, EC3N · Coppergate House, E1 · Crescent, EC3N · Cresent, EC3N · Crispin Place, E1 · Crispin Street, E1 · Crosswall, EC3N · Crutched Friars, EC3N · Cutler Street, E1 · Cutler Street, EC3A · Devonshire Square, E1 · Devonshire Square, EC2M · Dorset Street, E1 · Dukes Place, EC3A · Dukes Place, EC3A · Dukes Place, EC3N · East Tenter Street, E1 · Fashion Street, E1 · Flower and Dean Street, E1 · Fournier Street, E1 · Frying Pan Alley, E1 · George Street, E1 · Goodman?s Yard, E1 · Goodmans Yard, E1 · Goulston Street, E1 · Gravel Lane, E1 · Gun Street, E1 · Gunthorpe Street, E1 · Harrow Place, E1 · Haydon Street, E1 · Haydon Street, EC3N · Heneage Lane, EC3A · Heneage Street, E1 · Hopetown Street, E1 · Houndsditch, EC3A · Ibex House, EC3N · India Street, EC3N · Irongate House, EC3A · Jewry Street, EC3N · Kings Arms Court, E1 · Leman Street, E1 · Leyden Street, E1 · Library Square, E1 · Little Paternoster Row, E1 · Little Somerset Street, E1 · Lloyd?s Avenue, EC3N · Lloyds Avenue, EC3N · Lolesworth Close, E1 · London Fruit Exchange, E1 · Manningtree Street, E1 · Mansell Street, E1 · Middlesex Street, E1 · Middlesex Street, EC3A · Minories, EC3N · Minories, EC3N · Mitre Avenue, E17 · Mitre Square, EC3A · Mitre Street, EC3A · Monmouth House, E1 · Monthope Road, E1 · New Goulston Street, E1 · North Tenter Street, E1 · Old Castle Street, E1 · Osborn Street, E1 · Osborne Street, E1 · Osbourne Street, E1 · Parliament Court, E1 · Pepys Street, EC3N · Pomell Way, E1 · Portsoken Street, E1 · Prescot Street, E1 · Princelet Street, E1 · Puma Court, E1 · Railway Arches, EC3N · Rose Court, E1 · Royal Mint Place, E1 · Royal Mint Street, E1 · Sandy’s Row, E1 · Sandys Row, E1 · Saracen?s Head Yard, EC3N · Savage Gardens, EC3N · Scarborough Street, E1 · Shorter Street, E1 · Shorter Street, EC3N · South Tenter Street, E1 · Spellman Street, E1 · Spelman House, E1 · Spelman Street, E1 · St Botolph Street, EC3A · St Clare House, EC3N · St Clare Street, EC3N · St James’s Passage, EC3A · St James’s Place, EC3A · St Mark Street, E1 · St. Botolph Street, EC3A · Stoney Lane, E1 · Strype Street, E1 · Tenter Ground, E1 · The Queen?s Steps, EC3N · The Queen’s Steps, EC3N · Thrawl Street, E1 · Toynbee Street, E1 · Victoria Yard, E1 · Vine Street, EC3N · Wentworth Street, E1 · West Tenter Street, E1 · White Church Lane, E1 · White Kennet Street, E1 · White Kennett Street, E1 · White Kennett Street, EC3A · Whitechapel High Street, E1 · Whites Row, E1 · Widegate Street, E1 · Wilkes Street, E1 ·

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