Sampson Street, E1W

Road built in the 1980s

 HOME  ARTICLE  MAP  FULLSCREEN  STREETS  RECENT  BLOG  HELP  CONTACT 
Click here to log in on Facebook Advanced
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Road · Whitechapel · E1W · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
1
2000


Sampson Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.



ADD A STORY TO SAMPSON STREET

Do you come from Sampson Street, E1W, or know it well? Tell your story here.
Ensure that contributions are kept civilised and are not abusive.
We store your comment's IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to Sampson Street, E1W:
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image
You can completely dispense with this CAPTCHA palava by logging onto our Facebook app.
Contribution type:
 

If you authorise our The Undeground Map Facebook app by clicking the Facebook logo at the top right of the screen, you can add stories, photos and more to this location.
Note that the Undeground Map Facebook app does not post to Facebook on your behalf.
Leslie Butler
Leslie Butler   
Added: 8 Dec 2017 07:17 GMT   
Expires: 3 Feb 2271 10:02 GMT   
IP: 173.179.72.144
3:1:28163
Post by Leslie Butler: Neate Street, SE5

My Uncle (James Burgess and his wife Lil) used to live on Neate street, we used to come up from Croydon to visit (50 years ago) and play on the canal bridge that was about six houses along, the canal used to be at the back of his house. Used to feel like we were in a Dickens film Oliver Twist. The bridge is still there but nothing underneath as the canal has long gone and so have the houses that used to be on Neate street.

Image of Footbridge over Grand Surrey canal linking St Georges Way and Neate Street.

https://i.pinimg.com/564x/b1/f6/fe/b1f6feb2da87b440c7a47c119b5e6594.jpg
Melissa London
Melissa London   
Added: 2 Nov 2017 16:29 GMT   
Expires: 3 Feb 2271 10:02 GMT   
IP: 217.63.200.50
3:2:28163
Post by Melissa London: Trafalgar Avenue, SE15

The ARP Report giving details of the damage caused by a V2 Rocket on the 14 February 1945:- This very serious Rocket Attack occurred when the V2 struck Waite Street and the junction of Trafalgar Avenue Following details obtained from Camberwell ARP records : A LRR penetrated a 3 storey houses at the SW angle of Trafalgar Av with Waite Street, forming a crater at ground level about 40 feet across by 10 foot deep. Blast caused the complete demolishing of 12 4 storey ’neo Greek’ type of terrace houses of poor construction erected about 90 years previously. Damage beyond repair to about 25 similar properties adjoining the crater and damage calling for first aid repairs to properties within a s radius of about 200 yards of the crater. Rescue operations were concerned with the release of 10 trapped casualties which were found by dogs. Initial

Message truncated Show whole message
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Feb 2018 09:00 GMT   
Expires: 7 Mar 2018 09:00 GMT   
IP:
4:3:28163
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Jeremy Corbyn vows to strip City of London of its 'dominance over politics'
Jeremy Corbyn will vow to strip the City of London of its dominance over politics in a speech later.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/jeremy-corbyn-vows-to-strip-city-of-london-of-its-dominance-over-politics-a3770721.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Feb 2018 21:20 GMT   
Expires: 6 Mar 2018 21:20 GMT   
IP:
4:4:28163
Post by LDNnews: Stepney Green
KFC chicken shortage: Met Police called over fast food chain's chicken 'drought'
Frustrated customers have also been contacting their local MPs

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/kfc-chicken-shortage-met-police-called-over-fast-food-chains-chicken-drought-a3771416.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Feb 2018 20:20 GMT   
Expires: 6 Mar 2018 20:20 GMT   
IP:
4:5:28163
Post by LDNnews: Canada Water
Liverpool vs West Ham: Premier League prediction, TV, live streaming, start time, team news, line-ups, head to head, betting tips and odds
Reds ran out 4-1 winners at London Stadium in November

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/liverpool-vs-west-ham-premier-league-prediction-tv-live-streaming-start-time-team-news-lineups-head-a3771491.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Feb 2018 20:00 GMT   
Expires: 6 Mar 2018 20:00 GMT   
IP:
4:6:28163
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Viral clip of boy screaming on long-haul flight sparks calls for child-free planes
Airline passengers have called for companies to introduce child-free planes after a video showing a young boy screaming on a long-haul flight went viral.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/viral-clip-of-boy-screaming-on-longhaul-flight-sparks-calls-for-childfree-planes-a3770966.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Feb 2018 22:20 GMT   
Expires: 5 Mar 2018 22:20 GMT   
IP:
4:7:28163
Post by LDNnews: Stepney Green
UK weather forecast latest: 'Sudden Stratospheric Warming' to bring bitterly cold temperatures to London
Forecasters have predicted wet and grey weather conditions before bitterly cold temperatures hit as a result of a "Sudden Stratospheric Warming" (SSW) of the earth's atmosphere.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/uk-weather-forecast-latest-sudden-stratospheric-warming-to-bring-bitterly-cold-temperatures-to-a3769996.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Feb 2018 22:00 GMT   
Expires: 5 Mar 2018 22:00 GMT   
IP:
4:8:28163
Post by LDNnews: Canada Water
KFC ruffles feathers after video shows ’chickens smuggled into Erith branch’ amid national shortage

KFC in Erith has been accused of fowl play after a national chicken shortage closed hundreds of branches.


http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/16032969.KFC_ruffles_feathers_after_video_shows__chickens_smuggled_into_Erith_branch__amid_national_shortage/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Feb 2018 21:20 GMT   
Expires: 5 Mar 2018 21:20 GMT   
IP:
4:9:28163
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Ernesto Valverde rues Chelsea vs Barcelona Champions League draw but expects Lionel Messi's luck to change
Barcelona coach Ernesto Valverde admits he wanted to avoid facing Chelsea in the last 16 of the Champions League.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea-vs-barcelona-champions-league-ernesto-valverde-lionel-messi-luck-a3770561.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Feb 2018 20:00 GMT   
Expires: 3 Mar 2018 20:00 GMT   
IP:
4:10:28163
Post by LDNnews: Canada Water
Wandsworth Council set to commission pilot dockless bikeshare service
Wandsworth is set to work with an operator of a dockless bikeshare scheme to run a pilot project in the borough.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/16030238.Wandsworth_Council_set_to_commission_pilot_dockless_bikeshare_service/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Feb 2018 08:00 GMT   
Expires: 3 Mar 2018 08:00 GMT   
IP:
4:11:28163
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Man stabbed in Marcia Road attempted robbery: police appeal
A man was stabbed four times during a failed attempt to rob him of his mobile phone in Marcia Road earlier this month. Police have released an image of a man they wish to trace.

http://feeds.london-se1.co.uk/~r/se1-news/~3/DTWxYqCJeu4/9537
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Feb 2018 21:20 GMT   
Expires: 2 Mar 2018 21:20 GMT   
IP:
4:12:28163
Post by LDNnews: Stepney Green
UK weather forecast latest: 'Sudden Stratospheric Warming' to follow days of glorious sunshine
Forecasters have predicted sunshine and bright weather conditions before bitterly cold temperatures could hit as a result of a "Sudden Stratospheric Warming" of the earth's atmosphere.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/uk-weather-forecast-latest-calm-before-sudden-stratospheric-warming-could-bring-bitterly-cold-a3768406.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Feb 2018 20:20 GMT   
Expires: 2 Mar 2018 20:20 GMT   
IP:
4:13:28163
Post by LDNnews: Canada Water
Andreas Christensen would be in Chelsea first team even if they'd signed Virgil van Dijk, says Frank Lampard
Andreas Christensen would be in Chelsea first team even if they'd signed Virgil van Dijk, says Frank Lampard

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/andreas-christensen-would-be-in-chelsea-first-team-even-if-they-signed-virgil-van-dijk-says-frank-a3768681.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Feb 2018 09:00 GMT   
Expires: 2 Mar 2018 09:00 GMT   
IP:
4:14:28163
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Southwark Cathedral unveils Lent art installation
An art installation in the form of a dark cloud has been placed above the high altar sanctuary of Southwark Cathedral as the tradition of contemporary art installations during the season of Lent reaches its seventh year.

http://feeds.london-se1.co.uk/~r/se1-news/~3/I5Hy8NyJZ-4/9535
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Feb 2018 22:00 GMT   
Expires: 1 Mar 2018 22:00 GMT   
IP:
4:15:28163
Post by LDNnews: Stepney Green
Council deny claims from Love Lane Leaseholders’ Association
Haringey Council has rebutted claims made by the Love Lane Leaseholders’ Association.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15997160.Council_deny_claims_from_Love_Lane_Leaseholders____Association/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Feb 2018 21:20 GMT   
Expires: 1 Mar 2018 21:20 GMT   
IP:
4:16:28163
Post by LDNnews: Canada Water
Huddersfield vs Manchester United: Premier League prediction, TV, live streaming, start time, team news, line-ups, head to head, betting tips and odds
Can Terrier replicate their home Premier League win from earlier this season?

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/huddersfield-vs-manchester-united-premier-league-prediction-tv-live-streaming-start-time-team-news-a3767801.html
VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
 Upload an image
You can add an image to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 Add new information to this location
You can add text to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 
 Log on via Facebook
You can use a Facebook id to add material to this website.

Whitechapel

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Whitechapel:   Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
John’s Hill:   The corner of Johns Hill and Pennington Street, Wapping, December 1906.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, E1W · Adler Street, E1 · Alderman Stairs, E1W · Alderman Stairs, SE1 · Alley, E1W · Artichoke Hill, E1W · Asher Way, E1W · Asher Way, E98 · Back Church Lane, E1 · Back Mews, SE4 · Bacon Street, E1 · Balkan Walk, E1W · Barnsley Street, E1 · Batty Street, E1 · Bermondsey Wall East, SE16 · Bermondsey Wall West, SE16 · Bishops Square, E1 · Black Lion Yard, E1 · Blossom Street, E1 · Boyd Street, E1 · Brady Street, E1 · Braithwaite Street, E1 · Breezer’s Hill, E1W · Brick Lane, E1 · Brushfield Street, E1 · Buckhurst Street, E1 · Burr Close, E1W · Burslem Street, E1 · Buxton Street, E1 · Calvin Street, E1 · Cambridge Heath Road, E1 · Casson Street, E1 · Castlemain Street, E1 · Chambers Street, SE16 · Chance Street, E1 · Chandler Street, E1W · Chicksand Street, E1 · Chigwell Hill, E1W · Christian Street, E1 · Club Row, E1 · Collingwood Street, E1 · Commercial Street, E1 · Corbet Place, E1 · Court Street, E1 · Coverley Close, E1 · Crispin Place, E1 · Crispin Street, E1 · Cudworth Street, E1 · Darling Row, E1 · Davenant Street, E1 · Deal Street, E1 · Dorset Street, E1 · Dray Walk, E1 · Dundee Street, E1W · Durward Street, E1 · East Mount Street, E1 · Elder Street, E1 · Fairclough Street, E1 · Farncombe Street, SE16 · Fashion Street, E1 · Fieldgate Street, E1 · Flockton Street, SE16 · Flower and Dean Street, E1 · Folgate Street, E1 · Forbes Street, E1 · Fordham Street, E1 · Fountain Green Square, SE16 · Fournier Street, E1 · Fulbourne Street, E1 · George Street, E1 · Golding Street, E1 · Granary Road, E1 · Greatorex Street, E1 · Green Bank, E1W · Greenbank, E1W · Greenfield Road, E1 · Gun Street, E1 · Hanbury Street, E1 · Headlam Street, E1 · Hemming Street, E1 · Heneage Street, E1 · Henriques Street, E1 · Hermitage Court, E1W · Hermitage Wall, E1W · Hunton Street, E1 · John Felton Road, SE16 · Kennet Street, E1W · Key Close, E1 · Kings Arms Court, E1 · Knighten Street, E1W · Knighton Street, E1W · Lamb Street, E1 · Langdale Street, E1 · Little Paternoster Row, E1 · London Fruit Exchange, E1 · Marble Quay, E1W · Maynards Quay, E1W · Merceron Street, E1 · Merchant Court, E1W · Mews Street, E1W · Millpond Estate West Lane, SE16 · Mulberry Street, E1 · Myrdle Street, E1 · National Terrace, SE16 · Nesham Street, E1W · Nightingale House, E1W · Old Montague Street, E1 · Orton Street, E1W · Osborn Street, E1 · Osborne Street, E1 · Osbourne Street, E1 · Parfett Street, E1 · Pedley Street, E1 · Pennington Street, E1W · Pereira Street, E1 · Philchurch Place, E1 · Pickwick House, SE16 · Pier Head, E1W · Pinchin Street, E1 · Plumbers Row, E1 · Ponler Street, E1 · Porters Walk, E1W · Portland Square, E1W · Pottery Street, SE16 · Princelet Street, E1 · Puma Court, E1 · Quaker Street, E1 · Reardon Path, E1W · Reardon Street, E1W · Redchurch Street, E2 · Regal Close, E1 · Romford Street, E1 · Saint Katherine’s Way, E1W · Sampson Street, E1W · Scott Street, E1 · Selby Street, E1 · Settles Street, E1 · Shoreditch High Street, E1 · Smeaton Street, E1W · Spellman Street, E1 · Spelman Street, E1 · Spirit Quay, E1W · Spital Square, E1 · Spital Street, E1 · Spring Walk, E1 · Springalls Wharf Apartments, SE16 · St Anthony’s Close, E1W · St Katharine By The Tower, E1W · St Katharines Way, E1W · St Katharine’s Way, E1W · St Katherines By The Tower, E1W · Star Place, E1W · Stepney Green Court, E1 · Stockholm Way, E1W · Stothard Place, EC2M · Stutfield Street, E1 · Sun Walk, E1W · Surma Close, E1 · Telfords Yard, E1W · Tench Street, E1W · Tent Street, E1 · The Highway, E1 · Thomas More Square, E1W · Thomas More Street, E1W · Thrawl Street, E1 · Three Colts Corner, E2 · Three Colts Lane, E1 · Three Colts Lane, E2 · Tower Bridge Approach, E1W · Tower Bridge Approach, EC3N · Tower Bridge, E1W · Tower Walk, E1W · Trahorn Close, E1 · Umberston Street, E1 · Underwood Road, E1 · Vallance Road, E1 · Vaughan Way, E1W · Vine Court, E1 · Virginia Street, E1W · Wapping High Street, E1W · Wapping Old Stairs East, E1W · Waterman Way, E1W · Weaver Street, E1 · Wheler Street, E1 · Whitby Street, E1 · Whitechapel Market, E1 · Whitechapel Road, E1 · Whitechapel Street, E1 · Wicker Street, E1 · Wilkes Street, E1 · Wilson Grove, SE16 · Winthrop Street, E1 · Wodeham Gardens, E1 · Woodseer Street, E1 ·


USING THIS MATERIAL IN OTHER ARTICLES

Print-friendly version of this page

What is Sampson Street, E1W like as a place to live?

Data from placeilive.com/

Links

Shadwell
Facebook Page
Aldgate
Facebook Page
Aldgate East
Facebook Page
Bermondsey
Facebook Page
Wapping
Facebook Page
Tower Gateway
Facebook Page
Ideal Homes
A history of South East London's suburbs
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Edith’s Streets
A wander through London, street by street
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Central London, south east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 


COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.