Alton Estate

Estate in/near Roehampton, existing between 1955 and now

MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Estate · Roehampton · SW15 · Contributed by The Underground Map

The Alton Estate is a historically significant municipal estate situated on Roehampton’s border with Richmond Park

Much of the land constituted the grounds of Parkstead, a Palladian villa built in the 1760s for Lord Bessborough and later renamed Manresa House. Parts of its grounds were developed from around 1850 as a high-class suburban estate known as Coombe Park or Roehampton Park. Alton Lodge was an early-19th-century villa on the Kingston Road, occupied by Dr Thomas Hake from around 1854 until 1872.

In 1951 the architect’s department at the London County Council selected this area as the site for one of the largest and most radical housing developments ever undertaken in London. The best villas and some of the landscaping were preserved but 130 acres were otherwise totally cleared to make way for the project.

The Scandinavian-inspired Alton East was completed in 1955 and it was followed four years later by the much larger Alton West, which was influenced by the high-rise creations of the French architect Le Corbusier. Both stages include a mix of tower blocks, maisonettes and terraced houses, permitting a combination of high population density with extensive open spaces. The slabs on stilts of Downshire Field were the estate’s most important innovation but novel construction, heating and ventilation systems were also employed.

In 2002 Wandsworth council took back control of the estate from the residents’ management organisation, following its declaration of insolvency. This brought to an end the largest such venture in the UK, which had been overwhelmingly supported in a ballot of tenants three years earlier.

Source: Chambers London Gazetteer – The Underground Map

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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Roehampton was originally a village which evolved as a popular residential area for the wealthy within easy reach of London. It lies between the town of Barnes to the north, Putney to the east and Wimbledon Common to the south. The Richmond Park Golf Courses are west of the district, and just north of these is the Roehampton Gate entrance to Richmond Park — the largest of London's Royal Parks.

Roehampton emerged as a favoured residential suburb of the 18th and 19th centuries following the opening of Putney Bridge in 1729 and the development of a number of large private estates from which several of the original houses survive. Roehampton House (grade I) by Thomas Archer was built between 1710–12 and enlarged by Sir Edwin Lutyens in 1910. Parkstead House (grade I) built in 1750 for William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough, now forms part of the University of Roehampton. Mount Clare (grade I) built in 1772 for George Clive, cousin of Lord Clive, which forms part of the University of Roehampton, along with Grove House (grade II*), built originally for Sir Joshua Vanneck in 1777 (also now owned by the university). Capability Brown is reputed to have laid out the grounds. The university also owns Downshire House (grade II*); built in 1770 and once occupied by the Marquess of Downshire. Roehampton Village has retained something of its rustic Georgian charm, best exemplified by the King's Head Inn, at the foot of Roehampton High Street and the Montague Arms, Medfield Street, both 17th century in origin. Dramatic change came to Roehampton when the London County Council built the Roehampton Estate in the 1920s and 1930s (renamed the Dover House Estate) and the Alton Estate in the 1950s.

Dover House Road Estate is one of a number of important LCC cottage estates inspired by the Garden City Movement. The land was previously the estates of two large houses, Dover House and Putney Park House, which were purchased by the London County Council soon after World War I. Dover House was demolished for the new estate, but Putney Park House remains. The common characteristic of the LCC cottage estates is picturesque housing influenced by the Arts and Crafts style. It was the intention at Dover House Estate to create housing in groups that overlooked or had access to open space, to provide a sense of intimacy and individuality, and the estate was laid out with communal green spaces. Allotments were also provided in three backland areas behind houses, two of which remain, the third subsequently infilled by housing.

The notable Alton Estate, one of the largest council estates in the UK, occupies an extensive swathe of land west of Roehampton village and runs between the Roehampton Lane through-road and Richmond Park Golf Courses, as can be seen on the map above. The estate is renowned for its mix of low and high-rise modernist architecture consisting of Alton East (1958) styled a subtle Scandinavian-influenced vernacular and its slightly later counterpart: Alton West (1959). At Highcliffe Drive on Alton West the LCC essentially retained the Georgian landscape and placed within it five ultra modern slab blocks: Binley, Winchfield, Dunbridge, Charcot and Denmead Houses, (all grade II*) inspired by Le Corbusier's Unite d'Habitation. The installation and construction of a pedestrian entrance to Richmond Park from the Alton Estate was secured by Justine Greening (MP for the Putney constituency, which includes Roehampton) in 2007 although it has not yet materialised.

The Alton Estate has featured as a film and television location. Fahrenheit 451 (1966) used some of the estate as its backdrop for a bleak dystopian society of the future and Thames Television's film division Euston Films used the Danebury Avenue area of the estate to film the opening scenes of Sweeney 2 (1978), the sequel to the film Sweeney!(1977).

Roehampton is home to a number of well-known educational institutions: the University of Roehampton has approximately 8,000 students housed in 4 colleges; the new Queen Mary's Hospital with its renowned amputee rehabilitation centre opened in 2006 is a teaching centre for medical students based in Wandsworth NHS Primary Care Trust; Kingston University has one of its campuses in Roehampton Vale; South Thames College also has a Campus on Roehampton Lane. It has long been a major centre for teacher-training, being the site of two constituent colleges (Digby Stuart College and Froebel College) of the former federal Roehampton Institute of Higher Education (now the University of Roehampton), as well as South East England's only lecturer-training college (Garnett College) which eventually moved and became part of the University of Greenwich.

The International Tennis Federation moved to Roehampton from Baron's Court in 1998, and in 2007 the Lawn Tennis Association made the same short journey across London to their newly built headquarters next door to the ITF.

Commons Extension:   
Kingston Vale:   
Maryfield Convent Gardens:   
National Tennis Centre:   
Palewell Playing Fields:   
Putney Heath:   
Putney Heath Cricket Ground:   
Richardsons Evans Memorial Playing Fields:   
Richmond Park Golf Course:   
Roehampton:   Roehampton was originally a village which evolved as a popular residential area for the wealthy within easy reach of London. It lies between the town of Barnes to the north, Putney to the east and Wimbledon Common to the south. The Richmond Park Golf Courses are west of the district, and just north of these is the Roehampton Gate entrance to Richmond Park — the largest of London's Royal Parks.
Roehampton Recreation Centre:   

Alder Road, SW14 · Alexandra Road, SW14 · Alton Road, SW15 · Arabella Drive, SW15 · Ashleigh Road, SW14 · Aubyn Square, SW15 · Avenue Gardens, SW14 · Bader Way, SW15 · Balmuir Gardens, SW15 · Bank Lane, SW14 · Bank Lane, SW15 · Beaufort Close, SW15 · Beloe Close, SW15 · Berwyn Road, SW14 · Bessborough Road, SW15 · Bordon Walk, SW15 · Bowling Green Close, SW15 · Bowness Crescent, SW15 · Bowness Cresent, SW15 · Braemore Close, SW15 · Bramcote Road, SW15 · Breasley Close, SW15 · Briar Walk, SW15 · Brockbridge House, SW15 · Broomfield Hill, SW15 · Bulls Alley, SW14 · Burke Close, SW15 · Burleigh Place, SW15 · Burston Road, SW15 · Buxton Road, SW14 · Cambalt Road, SW15 · Campion Road, SW15 · Carmalt Gardens, SW15 · Carslake Road, SW15 · Castello Avenue, SW15 · Cedar Close, SW15 · Chartfield Avenue, SW15 · Chartfield Square, SW15 · Cherrywood Drive, SW15 · Chestnut Avenue, SW14 · Church Avenue, SW14 · Church Path, SW14 · Church Square, SW15 · Church Walk, SW15 · Clare Lawn Avenue, SW14 · Clarelawn Avenue, SW14 · Clarence Lane, SW15 · Clifford Avenue, SW14 · Coalecroft Road, SW15 · Colebrook Close, SW15 · Colinette Road, SW15 · Coppice Drive, SW15 · Cornerways, SW15 · Cortis Road, SW15 · Cortis Terrace, SW15 · Court, SW14 · Cowley Mansions, SW9 · Cowley Road, SW14 · Crescent Stables, SW15 · Crestway, SW15 · Dan Mason Drive, SW14 · Danebury Avenue, SW15 · Daylesford Avenue, SW15 · Dealtry Road, SW15 · Derwent Avenue, SW15 · Dilton Gardens, SW15 · Dover House Road, SW15 · Dover Park Drive, SW15 · Dowdeswell Close, SW15 · Dromore Road, SW15 · Dryburgh Road, SW15 · Dungarvan Avenue, SW15 · Durford Crescent, SW15 · Dyers Lane, SW15 · East Sheen Avenue, SW14 · Eastleigh Walk, SW15 · Ellenborough Place, SW15 · Ellisfield Drive, SW15 · Elmshaw Road, SW15 · Enmore Gardens, SW14 · Enmore Road, SW15 · Esme House The Surgery, SW15 · Fairacres, SW15 · Fairdale Gardens, SW15 · Fairfax Mews, SW15 · Fairheathe, SW15 · Farlington Place, SW15 · First Avenue, SW13 · First Avenue, SW14 · Fitzgerald Avenue, SW14 · Fitzgerald Road, SW14 · Fontley Way, SW15 · Frensham Drive, SW15 · Friar’s Avenue, SW15 · Friar’s Avenue, SW15 · Garden Close, SW15 · Genoa Avenue, SW15 · GILLIS SQUARE, SW15 · Gilpin Avenue, SW14 · Gipsy Lane, SW15 · Glendower Road, SW14 · Gordon Avenue, SW14 · Granard Avenue, SW15 · Grand Parade Mews Rear Of, SW15 · Grasmere Avenue, SW15 · Greatham Path, SW15 · Greenstead Gardens, SW15 · Grosse Way, SW15 · Grosvenor Avenue, SW14 · Gwendolen Avenue, SW15 · Gwendolen Close, SW15 · Harbridge Avenue, SW15 · Hawkesbury Road, SW15 · Hayward Gardens, SW15 · Hazlewell Road, SW15 · Heath Rise, SW15 · Heathview Gardens, SW15 · Henty Walk, SW15 · Hersham Close, SW15 · Hertford Avenue, SW14 · Hertford Avenue, SW15 · Highcliffe Drive, SW15 · Highcross Way, SW15 · Highdown Road, SW15 · Highlands Heath, SW15 · Hill Court, SW15 · Hindhead Point, SW15 · Hobbes Walk, SW15 · Holford Way, SW15 · Holmbush Road, SW15 · Holmsley House, SW15 · Holroyd Road, SW15 · Holybourne Avenue, SW15 · Hood Avenue, SW14 · Horndean Close, SW15 · Howards Lane, SW15 · Huntingfield Road, SW15 · Hyacinth Road, SW15 · Ibsley Gardens, SW15 · Isis Close, SW15 · Kersfield Road, SW15 · Keswick Avenue, SW15 · Keswick Broadway, SW15 · Kings Keep, SW15 · Kings Road, SW14 · Kingsclere Close, SW15 · Kingslawn Close, SW15 · Kingston Bypass, SW15 · Kingston Bypass, SW19 · Kingston Hill, SW15 · Kingston Road, SW15 · Kingston Vale, SW15 · Lane End, SW15 · Laneway, SW15 · Langside Avenue, SW15 · Lantern Close, SW15 · Larches Avenue, SW14 · Larpent Avenue, Southwest, SW15 · Larpent Avenue, SW15 · Laverstoke Gardens, SW15 · Lewin Road, SW14 · Littlecombe Close, SW15 · Lodge Avenue, SW14 · Longmoor Point, SW15 · Longwood Drive, SW15 · Luttrell Avenue, SW15 · Lysons Walk, SW15 · Malbrook Road, SW15 · Manor Fields, SW15 · March Court, SW15 · Marrick Close, SW15 · Maryfield Convent Mount Angelus Road, SW15 · Medfield Street, SW15 · Mere Close, SW15 · Merryvale Road, SW15 · Milton Road, SW14 · Minstead Gardens, SW15 · Montolieu Gardens, SW15 · Mortlake High Street, SW14 · Mortlake Road, SW14 · Mount Angelus Road, SW15 · Mullins Path, SW14 · Nepean Street, SW15 · Newnes Path, SW15 · Norley Vale, SW15 · Norstead Place, SW15 · North Worple Way, SW14 · Nursery Close, SW15 · Oaklands Road, SW14 · Paddock Way, SW15 · Palewell Common Drive, SW14 · Palewell Park, SW14 · Pallister Terrace, SW15 · Park Avenue, SW14 · Park Drive, SW14 · Parkfield Avenue, SW14 · Parkfields, SW15 · Parkgate Gardens, SW14 · Parkmead, SW15 · Parkstead Road, SW15 · Paynesfield Avenue, SW14 · Petersfield Rise, SW15 · Pettiward Close, SW15 · Pleasance Road, SW15 · Ponsonby Road, SW15 · Portman Avenue, SW14 · Portsmouth Road, SW15 · Portswood Place, SW15 · Priests Bridge, SW14 · Priests Bridge, SW15 · Priory Lane, SW15 · Pullman Gardens, SW15 · Putney Heath Lane, SW15 · Putney Heath, SW15 · Putney Hill, SW15 · Putney Hill, SW19 · Putney Park Avenue, SW15 · Putney Park Lane, SW15 · Queen Mary’s Place, SW15 · Queens Court, SW13 · Queens Road, SW14 · Radcliffe Square, SW15 · Ravenna Road, SW15 · Redwoods, SW15 · Richard Evans Memorial Ground, SW15 · Richard Evans Memorial Playing Fields, SW15 · Richmond Park Road, SW14 · Ringwood Gardens, SW15 · Ripley Gardens, SW14 · Robin Hood Lane, SW15 · Robin Hood Place, SW15 · Robin Hood Way, SW15 · Rock Avenue, SW14 · Rockingham Close, SW15 · Rocks Lane, SW15 · Rodway Road, SW15 · Roedean Crescent, SW15 · Roehampton Close, SW15 · Roehampton Court, SW13 · Roehampton Gate, SW15 · Roehampton High Street, SW15 · Roehampton Lane, SW15 · Roehampton Vale, SW15 · Roma Read Close, SW15 · Ross Court, SW15 · Rusholme Road, SW15 · Rydal Gardens, SW15 · Saint Johns Avenue, SW15 · Scott Avenue, SW15 · Seaton Close, SW15 · Second Avenue, SW14 · Sheen Lane Centre, SW14 · Sherfield Gardens, SW15 · Shottfield Avenue, SW14 · Shrewsbury Avenue, SW14 · Solna Avenue, SW15 · Somerton Avenue, SW14 · South Worple Avenue, SW14 · South Worple Way, SW14 · St Johns Avenue, SW15 · St Margaret’s Court, SW15 · St Margarets Crescent, SW15 · St Margarets Cresent, SW15 · St. Johns Road, SW15 · St. Margaret’s Crescent, SW15 · St. Simon’s Avenue, SW15 · Stable Yard, SW15 · Stag Lane, SW15 · Stag Lodge, SW15 · Stonehill Close, SW14 · Stonehill Road, SW14 · Stoughton Close, SW15 · Stroud Crescent, SW15 · Stroud Cresent, SW15 · Sunbury Avenue Passage, SW14 · Sunbury Avenue, SW14 · Sunnymead Road, SW15 · Sutherland Gardens, SW14 · Swanwick Close, SW15 · Swinburne Road, SW15 · Tangley Grove, SW15 · Telegraph Road, SW15 · Thames Path, SW14 · The Muse, SW15 · The Old Power Station, SW14 · The Pleasance, SW15 · The Tamsin Trail, SW15 · The Willoughbys, SW14 · Tideswell Road, SW15 · Tideway Yard, SW14 · Tildesley Road, SW15 · Tinderbox Alley, SW14 · Toland Square, SW15 · Trehern Road, SW14 · Treville Street, SW15 · Tuckton Walk, SW15 · Tunworth Crescent, SW15 · Ullswater Close, SW15 · Ullswater Crescent, SW15 · Ulva Road, SW15 · Umbria Street, SW15 · Upper Richmond Road West, SW14 · Upper Richmond Road, SW13 · Upper Richmond Road, SW15 · Vale Crescent, SW15 · Vale Parade, SW15 · Vandyke Close, SW15 · Vanneck Square, SW15 · Vernon Road, SW14 · Vicarage Road, SW14 · Victoria Road, SW14 · Vine Road, SW15 · Vineyard Path, SW14 · Wallorton Gardens, SW14 · Wanborough Drive, SW15 · Warren Avenue, SW14 · Warwick Drive, SW15 · West Hill, SW15 · Westleigh Avenue, SW15 · Westmead, SW15 · Westrow, SW15 · Whitelands Park, SW15 · Whitnell Court, SW15 · Whitnell Road, SW15 · Whitnell Way, SW15 · Wildcroft Road, SW15 · William Gardens, SW15 · Wilson’s Glade, SW15 · Winchelsea Close, SW15 · Winchfield House, SW15 · Windermere Road, SW15 · Woking Close, SW15 · Woodborough Road, SW15 · Woodthorpe Road, SW15 · Woodview Close, SW15 · Worple Street, SW14 · Wrights Walk, SW14 · York Avenue, SW14 ·

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Chambers London Gazetteer – The Underground Map
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John Rocque Map of Richmond (1762)
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers an area much larger than Richmond itself, stretching out to Hounslow, Chiswick and Roehampton.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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