Orchard Court

Locality in/near Marylebone, existing until now

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Locality · Marylebone · W1H · Contributed by The Underground Map
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Orchard Court in Portman Square

Orchard Court is an apartment block off of Portman Square in London. Known in French as Le Verger, it was used during the Second World War as the London base of F section of the Special Operations Executive (SOE).

The spying industry had its professional origins during World War II - it had previously been quite an amateur affair.

As the war went on and SOE’s operational capacity grew, 64 Baker Street became its headquarters from October 1940 onwards. By 1943, various apartment blocks around the Baker Street area became an SOE hub.

In Orchard Court, SOE’s F section vetted new recruits for secret missions to France.

The F Section was commanded by Maurice Buckmaster, assisted by Vera Atkins, who are said to have been the inspiration for Ian Fleming’s ‘M’ and Miss Moneypenny in the James Bond stories. Vera Atkins was responsible for interviewing recruits, as well as organising their training and creating the cover stories for spies. Atkins has been much praised for her extraordinary work in the SOE. During her time at Orchard Court she sent 470 agents into France, including 39 women, 12 of whom were never to return.

In the words of one former spy, Noor Inayat Khan: The time the agents spent at Orchard Court was a brief period of luxury before their gruelling, dangerous stints in the field.

After the war, SOE moved out and Orchard Court retired back into its previous life as just another block of flats.

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VIEW THE MARYLEBONE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARYLEBONE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARYLEBONE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARYLEBONE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MARYLEBONE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Marylebone

Marylebone - so good they named it once but pronounced it seven different ways.

Marylebone is an area in the City of Westminster North of Oxford Street and South of Regents Park. Edgware Road forms the Western boundary. Portland Place forms the eastern boundary with the area known as Fitzrovia.

Marylebone gets its name from a church, called St Mary's, that was built on the bank of a small stream or bourne called the Tyburn. The church and the surrounding area later became known as St Mary at the bourne, which over time became shortened to its present form Marylebone.

Today the area is mostly residential with a stylish High Street. It is also notable for its Arab population on its far western border around Edgware Road.

Marylebone station, opened in 1899, is the youngest of London's mainline terminal stations, and also one of the smallest, having opened with half the number of platforms originally planned.

Originally the London terminus of the ill-fated Great Central Main Line, it now serves as the terminus of the Chiltern Main Line route.

The underground station is served by the Bakerloo Line, opening on 27 March 1907 by the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway under the name Great Central (following a change from the originally-intended name Lisson Grove). It was renamed Marylebone in 1917.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Bond Street:   Where the rich go shopping
Hyett's hand-drawn 1807 map:   William Hyett produced an amazingly accurate map of the London countryside in 1807, using just pen and paper.
Marble Arch:   Marble Arch, at the northern end of Park Lane - the gateway to Buckingham Palace that the royals just didn't want.
Marylebone:   Marylebone - so good they named it once but pronounced it seven different ways.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Admiral Court, W1U · Aldburgh Mews, W1U · Ashland House, W1U · Ashland Place, W1U · Aybrook Street, W1U · Baker Street, EN6 · Baker Street, W1 · Baker Street, W1U · Bakers Mews, W1U · Balcombe Street, NW1 · Balcome Street, E9 · Balderton Flats, W1K · Balderton Street, W1K · Barrett Street, W1U · Beaumont Mews, W1G · Beaumont Street, W1G · Bentinck Mansions, W1U · Bentinck Mews, W1U · Bentinck Street, W1U · Berkeley Mews, W1H · Binney Street, W1K · Bird Street, W1U · Blandford Street, W1U · Boston Place, NW1 · Broadstone Place, W1U · Brown Hart Gardens, W1K · Bryanston Square, W1G · Bryanston Street, W1C · Bryanston Street, W1H · Bulstrode Place, W1U · Bulstrode Street, W1G · Bulstrode Street, W1U · Cavendish Square, W1G · Cavendish Street, W1G · Chandos Street, W1G · Chiltern Street, W1U · Clay Street, W1U · Crawford Street, W1U · Cross Keys Close, W1U · Cumberland Gate, W1C · Deans Mews, W1G · Devonshire Close, W1G · Devonshire Mews South, W1G · Devonshire Mews West, W1G · Devonshire Place Mews, W1G · Devonshire Place, W1G · Devonshire Street, W1B · Devonshire Street, W1G · Dorset Street, W1U · Duchess Mews, W1G · Duchess Street, W1B · Duchess Street, W1W · Duke Street, W1K · Duke Street, W1U · Dukes Mews, W1U · Dunraven Street, W1K · Dunstable Mews, W1G · Durweston Mews, W1U · Edwards Mews, W1U · Fair Road, W1B · Fitzhardinge House, W1H · Fitzhardinge Street, W1H · Forset Street, W1H · Gees Court, W1U · George Street, W1U · Gilbert Street, W1K · Gloucester Place, W1H · Gloucester Place, W1U · Granville Place, W1H · Green Street, W1K · Hallam Street, W1W · Harley Place, W1G · Harley St Underground Car Park, W1G · Harley Street, W1 · Harley Street, W1G · Henrietta Place, W1G · Hertford House, W1U · Hinde Mews, W1U · Hinde Street, W1U · Holmes Place, W1U · Ivor Court, NW1 · Jacobs Well Mews, W1U · James Street, W1U · Jason Court, W1U · Kendall Place, W1U · Kenrick Place, W1U · Lees Place, W1K · Linhope Street, NW1 · Lowstock Road, W1U · Lumley Street, W1C · Lumley Street, W1K · Luxborough Towers, W1U · Manchester Mews, W1U · Manchester Square, W1U · Manchester Street, W1U · Mandeville Place, W1U · Mansfield Street, W1G · Marble Arch, W1H · Margaret Street, W1G · Marylebone High Street, W1G · Marylebone High Street, W1U · Marylebone Lane, W1C · Marylebone Lane, W1U · Marylebone Mews, W1G · Marylebone Road, W1B · Marylebone Road, W1G · Marylebone Street, W1G · Marylebone, NW1 · Montagu Mansions, W1U · Montagu Mews North, W1H · Montagu Row, W1U · Montagu Square, W1H · Moxon Street, W1U · New Cavendish Street, W1 · New Cavendish Street, W1G · New Quebec Street, W1H · North Audley Street, W1K · North Row, W1K · Old Cavendish Street, W1 · Old Quebec Street, W1 · Old Quebec Street, W1H · Orchard Court, W1H · Orchard Street, W1H · Orchard Street, W1K · Ossington Buildings, W1U · Oxford Street, W1 · Oxford Street, W1B · Oxford Street, W1C · Oxford Street, W1K · Oxford Street, W1T · Paddington Street, W1U · Park Crescent Mews East, W1B · Park Crescent Mews West, W1G · Park Lane, W1C · Picton Place, W1U · Porter Street, W1U · Portland Place, W1B · Portman Close, W1U · Portman Mews South, W1H · Portman Square, W1 · Portman Square, W1H · Portman Street, W1C · Portman Street, W1H · Quadrant Arcade, W1B · Quebec Mews, W1H · Queen Anne Mews, W1G · Queen Anne Street, W1G · Red Place, W1K · Robert Adam Street, W1U · Rodmarton Street, W1U · Saint Vincent Street, W1U · Seymour Mews, W1H · Shepards Place, W1K · Shepherds Place, W1K · Sherlock Holmes, W1U · Sherlock Mews, W1U · Spanish Place, W1U · St Andrews Mansions, W1U · St Christophers House, W1U · St Christophers Place, W1U · Stratford Place, W1C · Taunton Place, NW1 · Thayer Street, W1U · Treborough House, W1U · Upper Brook Street, W1K · Upper Harley Street, NW1 · Upper Wimpole Street, W1G · Vere Street, W1G · Walden House, W1U · Waverley Court, W1G · Weighhouse Street, W1K · Welbeck Street, W1G · Welbeck Way, W1G · West One Shopping Centre, W1C · Westmoreland Street, W1G · Weymouth Mews, W1G · Weymouth Street, W1B · Weymouth Street, W1G · Weymouth Street, W1W · Wheatley Street, W1G · Wigmore Place, W1U · Wigmore Street, W1H · Wigmore Street, W1U · Wimpole Mews, W1G · Wimpole Street, W1G · Woods Mews, W1K · York Street, W1U ·


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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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