In 1878, landowner the Dean of Westminster made a building agreement with Joseph Pickett, the tenant of South End Farm, and John Ashwell, a Kentish Town builder, for the 15 and a half acres north of the Hampstead Junction Railway. South Hill Park Road (later Parliament Hill Road) and Nassington Road were laid out in 1878 and 90 houses built between 1879 and 1892. The planned extension of the roads into Lord Mansfield’s lands in St. Pancras was halted by the addition of Parliament Hill Fields to the heath in 1889. Tanza Road was made instead, to connect the existing roads, and building began there in 1890. Ashwell withdrew in 1881 and Pickett, who by then described himself as a master builder and lived in South Hill Park, was under-financed and built cheaply, mostly semi-detached and terraced tall but cramped redbrick houses for the middle class.
The last woman to be hanged in Britain, Ruth Ellis, was sentenced to death for a murder committed on South Hill Park. She shot her boyfriend, David Blakely, outside a public house, The Magdala, on 10 April 1955. Coincidentally, the second-last woman to be hanged in Britain, Styllou Christofi, lived a few metres from the Magdala at 11 South Hill Park with her son and daughter-in-law. She was executed in December 1954, four months before Ellis committed her crime.
The film director Anthony Minghella lived in South Hill Park until his death in 2008. His son, Max Minghella, had a role in the film Hippie Hippie Shake, parts of which were shot in the street and its surrounding area.Licence:
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence
|VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD HEATH AREA IN THE 1750s|
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD HEATH AREA IN THE 1800s|
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD HEATH AREA IN THE 1830s|
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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|VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD HEATH AREA IN THE 1860s|
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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|VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD HEATH AREA IN THE 1900s|
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The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis
meaning 'well situated'.
Belsize Manor was built by Daniel O'Neill for his wife, the Countess of Chesterfield, in the 17th century. Urbanisation took place largely between 1852 and 1878, by which time it extended to Haverstock Hill. After World War I, the construction of blocks of flats began, and now a great many of the larger houses are also converted into flats.
Belsize Park underground station was opened on 22 June 1907 by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway as an intermediate station on its line from Charing Cross to Hampstead. It is served by three lifts and there are 219 steps. The station was designed by Leslie Green and has his familiar facade of ox-blood faience with four round arched windows. It remained largely untouched until the late 1980s when the lifts were replaced and a new ticketing system installed.
It was during the 1930s that Belsize Park contributed most to the artistic and intellectual life of Hampstead. Artists associated with the Mall studios included Dame Barbara Hepworth from 1927 to 1939, her first husband John Skeaping and second Ben Nicholson from 1931 to 1939, and Henry Moore, who lived at no. 11A Parkhill Road from 1929 to 1940. They were members of Unit One, a group of artists and architects founded in 1933 by Paul Nash (1889-1946), who lived at no. 3 Eldon Grove from 1936 to 1939. Sir Herbert Read, the poet and art critic, who lived in 1934-5 at the Mall studios, which he described as a 'nest of gentle artists', published the group's manifesto, a theory of modern style.
Another centre was no. 37 Belsize Park Gardens, meeting place of MARS, an architectural group, and home of Jack Pritchard, who founded Isokon, a firm making modern furniture designed by people like Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, refugees who brought a European dimension to the abstract design movement in the arts. Others included Piet Mondrian, the Dutch painter, who stayed with the Pritchards before moving to no. 60 Parkhill Road (1938-41). Pritchard also commissioned Wells Coates in 1934 to build the Isokon or Lawn Road flats, partly to house artistic refugees, on a site which he owned. Built in concrete in a functional style, the flats came to be recognized as 'a milestone in the introduction of the modern idiom into London'.
In World War II, a large underground air-raid shelter was built here and its entrance can still be seen near the tube station at Downside Crescent. The area on Haverstock Hill north of Belsize Park underground station up to Hampstead Town Hall and including part of a primary school near the Royal Free Hospital was heavily bombed.
Belsize Park these days is a lively area with many restaurants, pubs and cafés along Haverstock Hill and also England's Lane.
Glossary: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9
, edited by C R Elrington.
|LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
: Hampstead Heath railway station has been part of the London Overground since 11 November 2007.Isokon Building
: The Isokon building is a concrete block of 34 flats designed by architect Wells Coates for Molly and Jack Pritchard, as an experiment in communal living.Keats House
: Keats House is a writer’s house museum in a house once occupied by the Romantic poet John Keats. Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
: The Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1900 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden.Parliament Hill Fields
: Parliament Hill is an area of open parkland in the south-east corner of Hampstead Heath.Royal Free Hospital
: Since 1975, the Royal Free Hospital has been located in Hampstead.South End Green
: South End Green is the focus of a distinct Hampstead community.St Stephen’s Church
: St. Stephen’s is a former church building, sited on Rosslyn Hill at its junction with Pond Street, a steep slope adjacent to the Royal Free Hospital.St. Stephen%27s Church, Rosslyn Hill
|NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
· Agincourt Road, NW3
· Aspern Grove, NW3
· Byron Mews, NW3
· Cayford House, NW3
· Connaught Mews, NW3
· Constantine Road, NW3
· Courthope Road, NW3
· Cressy Road, NW3
· Ella Mews, NW3
· Estelle Road, NW3
· Fleet Road, NW3
· Garnett Road, NW3
· Hampstead Green, NW3
· Hampstead Hill Gardens, NW3
· Hampstead Lane, NW3
· Heath Hurst Road, NW3
· Heathgate Place, NW3
· Heathgate, NW3
· Keats Grove, NW3
· Lisburne Road, NW3
· Mackeson Road, NW3
· Maryon Mews, NW3
· Nassington Road, NW3
· Park End, NW3
· Parliament Hill, NW3
· Perceval Avenue, NW3
· Pond Street, NW3
· Roderick Road, NW3
· Rona Road, NW3
· Rosslyn Hill, NW3
· Rowland Hill Street, NW3
· Savernake Road, NW3
· Shirlock Road, NW3
· South End Close, NW3
· South End Road, NW3
· South Hill Park Gardens, NW3
· South Hill Park, NW3
· St Crispins Close, NW3
· St. Crispin?s Close, NW3
· Tanza Road, NW3
· The Old Orchard, NW3
· Tranley Mews, NW3
· Woodland Walk, NW3
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