Source of the Kilbourne

River in/near Hampstead, existing until the 1900s

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
52.204.98.217 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
River · Hampstead · NW3 ·
APRIL
6
2015

The easternmost branch of the River Westbourne rises just south of the centre of Hampstead,

The Westbourne river outfall, Hyde Park, in 1880
There is another branch which rises at Whitestone Pond, Hampstead Heath which flows approximately southward.

It meets this eastern branch in Kilburn - to skirt east of Hyde Park's Serpentine lake after about 3.3 miles, to Sloane Square, Chelsea after about 1 mile, passes centrally under the south side of Royal Hospital Chelsea's Ranelagh Gardens after about half a mile, then issues into the Inner London Tideway.

In common with several urbanised streams, its basin contributes to a network of storm drainage channels, with a sewer beneath its route.

The river was originally called the Kilburn (Cye Bourne – royal stream, 'Bourne' being an Anglo-Saxon word for 'river') but has been known, at different times and in different places, as Kelebourne, Kilburn, Bayswater, Bayswater River, Bayswater Rivulet, Serpentine River, The Bourne, Westburn Brook, the Ranelagh River, and the Ranelagh Sewer. It is of similar size to the Fleet.

The waters of the Westbourne were originally pure and in 1437 and 1439 conduits were laid to carry water from the Westbourne into the City of London, for drinking. In the nineteenth century, however, the water became filthy and impure by its use as a sewer, and the rise of the water closet as the prevailing form of sanitation.

When Belgravia, Chelsea and Paddington were developed, it became necessary to drive the river Westbourne underground to build over it. The river was therefore directed into pipes in the early part of the nineteenth century, work which was completed in the 1850s. Since then, the Westbourne has been one of the lost rivers of London, running underground in a pipe.

The pipe can still be seen running above the platform of Sloane Square tube station. It is located just below the ceiling towards the end of the platforms closest to the exits. The pipe is the original one constructed in the nineteenth century. Although the station was badly bombed during the Battle of Britain in November 1940, the old iron pipe was not damaged.

A vestige of the river, a wide quay opens into the river Thames about 300 yards west of Chelsea Bridge. An overflow outfall, from a pipe named the Ranelagh Sewer, can still be seen at low tide, as most of the Westbourne's course has been used as a convenient depression in the land to place the local sewerage system, some of which takes surface water to form a combined sewer which links to two intercept sewers, the Middle Level Sewer and the Northern Low Level Sewer in the London sewerage system.

xxx

The Westbourne river outfall, Hyde Park, in 1880
User unknown/public domain

Citations and sources

By G. E. Mitton (1902)
Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page


West End Lady
West End Lady   
Added: 7 Mar 2018 21:30 GMT   
IP: 82.11.189.108
2:1:2902
Post by West End Lady: Rossmore Road, NW1

Rossmore Road is not in Camden Town, it is in St Marylebone - I should know. I was born and raised there! If anyone wants a further information please post on here.

Alicemary
Alicemary   
Added: 4 Mar 2018 21:27 GMT   
IP: 86.5.192.251
2:2:2902
Post by Alicemary: Erskine Road, NW3

I am trying to find any information out about 3 Erskine Road. NW3. I have just come across an old identity card which was my Grandmothers, dated 1946 , this being where she then lived. If anyone can give me any information about this area then, or old photographs, that would be really good.

Maria Russ
Maria Russ   
Added: 7 Dec 2017 09:46 GMT   
IP: 47.72.255.177
2:3:2902
Post by Maria Russ: Middle Row Bus Garage

My mum worked as a Clippie out from Middle Row Bus Garage and was conductress to George Marsh Driver. They travel the City and out to Ruislip and Acton duiring the 1950’s and 1960’s. We moved to Langley and she joined Windsor Bus Garage and was on the Greenline buses after that. It was a real family of workers from Middle Row and it formed a part of my early years in London. I now live in New Zealand, but have happy memories of the early years of London Transport and Middle Row Garage.
Still have mum’s bus badge.

Happy times they were.

Julia elsdon
Julia elsdon   
Added: 22 Nov 2017 18:19 GMT   
IP: 87.112.95.228
2:4:2902
Post by Julia elsdon: Shirland Mews, W9

I didn’t come from Shirland Mews, but stayed there when my father was visiting friends, sometime in the mid to late forties. As I was only a very young child I don’t remember too much. I seem to think there were the old stables or garages with the living accommodation above. My Mother came from Malvern Road which I think was near Shirland Mews. I remember a little old shop which had a "milk cow outside". So I was told, it was attached to the front of the shop and you put some money in and the milk would be dispensed into your container. Not too sure if it was still in use then. Just wonder if anyone else remembers it.yz5

Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton
Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton   
Added: 17 Nov 2017 22:50 GMT   
IP: 94.3.120.166
2:5:2902
Post by Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton: Netherwood Street, NW6

I was born at 63netherwood street.need to know who else lived there.i think I moved out because of a fire but not sure


Cassandra Green
Cassandra Green   
Added: 19 Sep 2017 21:39 GMT   
IP: 95.149.2.213
2:6:2902
Post by Cassandra Green: Rudall Crescent, NW3

I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

Brenda Jackson
Brenda Jackson   
Added: 13 Aug 2017 21:39 GMT   
IP: 94.13.78.193
2:7:2902
Post by Brenda Jackson: Granville Road, NW6

My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.
Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his fwife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jun 2019 15:27 GMT   
IP:
3:8:2902
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
Adela Street is a small cul-de-sac in Kensal Town.
Adela Street is a small cul-de-sac in Kensal Town.

https://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=10288

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jun 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:9:2902
Post by LDNnews: Brent Cross
Arsenal defender Hector Bellerin to miss start of next season with knee injury
EXCLUSIVE

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/arsenal/arsenal-defender-hector-bellerin-to-miss-start-of-next-season-with-knee-injury-a4169781.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jun 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:10:2902
Post by LDNnews: Belsize Park
Paul Pogba convinced Man Utd he was committed before pushing for transfer
Paul Pogba convinced Ole Gunnar Solskjaer he wanted to be part of his Manchester United revolution before publicly declaring his intention to leave.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/paul-pogba-convinced-man-utd-he-was-committed-before-pushing-for-transfer-a4170001.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jun 2019 05:30 GMT   
IP:
3:11:2902
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Macauley Bonne: Charlton Athletic sign Leyton Orient striker for undisclosed fee
Charlton Athletic sign Leyton Orient striker Macauley Bonne on a three-year contract for an undisclosed fee.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/48664628

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jun 2019 00:40 GMT   
IP:
3:12:2902
Post by LDNnews: Chalk Farm
Have your say on changes to our Council Tax Reduction Scheme
Have your say on changes to our Council Tax Reduction Scheme

http://news.camden.gov.uk/have-your-say-on-changes-to-our-council-tax-reduction-scheme/

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jun 2019 00:20 GMT   
IP:
3:13:2902
Post by LDNnews: Hampstead
British boy, 4, drowns in swimming pool at holiday resort on Greek island of Kos
A four-year-old British boy has drowned in a swimming pool while on holiday with his family on the Greek island of Kos.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/british-boy-4-drowns-in-swimming-pool-at-holiday-resort-on-greek-island-of-kos-a4169406.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Jun 2019 20:40 GMT   
IP:
3:14:2902
Post by LDNnews: Hampstead
West Indies vs Bangladesh LIVE: ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 live score and latest updates
Bangladesh successfully completed the second-highest run chase in Cricket World Cup history with 51 balls to spare to thrash the West Indies by seven wickets.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/cricket/west-indies-vs-bangladesh-live-icc-cricket-world-cup-2019-live-score-and-latest-updates-a4168541.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Jun 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:15:2902
Post by LDNnews: Chalk Farm
Record number of affordable homes started across London
Affordable home building in London has increased by more than 15 per cent in the last year, breaking the previous record for the number of new starts.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17710943.mayor-sets-new-record-as-affordable-home-building-increases/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Jun 2019 12:40 GMT   
IP:
3:16:2902
Post by LDNnews: Belsize Park
Liverpool winger Sheyi Ojo set to complete season-long loan move to Rangers
Liverpool winger Sheyi Ojo is closing in a season-long loan move to Rangers.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/liverpool/liverpool-winger-sheyi-ojo-set-to-complete-seasonlong-loan-move-to-rangers-a4169076.html

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Hampstead

Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.