Stag Lane, NW9

Road in/near Colindale, existing until now

 HOME  ARTICLE  MAP  FULLSCREEN  STREETS  RECENT  BLOG  HELP  CONTACT 
Click here to log in on Facebook Advanced
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Road · Colindale · NW9 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
7
2017



Stag Lane follows the line of an old country track.

Known addresses in Stag Lane, NW9:
14 ·
Click above to access an address.


Stag Lane was formerly known as Tunworth Lane, after an estate which existed both sides of the road at its Burnt Oak end.

Many roads converged on Kingsbury Green and Stag Lane was one, running from Roe Green to Redhill - an old name for Burnt Oak. Many modern roads in the area had earlier names. From Kingsbury Green, Ox Street or London Lane and later Kingsbury Road, ran eastward to the Hyde; Buck Lane, earlier known as Stonepits or Postle Lane, ran northward from Kingsbury Green to join Hay Lane, a road mentioned in the 13th century. Church Lane, in 1563 called Northland Lane, ran southward from Kingsbury Green to the church and Green Lane joined the green to Townsend Lane, known as North Dean Lane in 1394 and 1503. On the west Gibbs or Piggs Lane joined Kingsbury Green to Slough Lane or Sloe Street, as it was called in 1428. The southward extension of Slough Lane, Salmon Street, was called Dorman Stone Lane in the 15th and 16th centuries. The portion of road between the Brent and the junction of Salmon Street and Forty Lane, now called Blackbird Hill, was usually known as Kingsbury Lane. There was an east-west road joining Hill and Freren farms to Hendon. The portion between Church Lane and Salmon Street, called Freren Lane in 1379, had disappeared by the early 18th century. That between Townsend Lane and Hendon, known as Wadlifs Lane in 1574, survives as Wood Lane.

The Tunworth estate - after which Stag Lane was named - was extremely old, granted by Edwy to his thegn Lyfing in 957. By 1066 it probably formed part of the manor of Kingsbury, which was then held by Wlward White, a thegn of the Confessor, and passed from him to Ernulf of Hesdin. Ernulf died in 1097 and his lands passed to the ancestors of the earls of Salisbury, probably through the marriage of his granddaughter Sibyl with Walter of Salisbury. Thereafter the overlordship of Kingsbury descended with Edgware manor.

Stag Lane remained rural until well into the twentieth century. The fields of Tunworth in 1915 provided the land for an aerodrome which was purchased by the London & Provincial Aviation Company. The company used Stag Lane Aerodrome for flying training during the First World War.

Stag Lane became the main base of The de Havilland Aircraft Company Limited in 1920 and they purchased the freehold in 1922. Former wartime aircraft were refurbished in the early years, and the company designed and built large numbers of aircraft at Stag Lane in the 1920s and early 1930s. In 1934 the company moved to a larger factory and airfield at Hatfield Aerodrome.

Stag Lane Aerodrome was sold for housing development in 1933, though a small 15-acre site was retained as a factory and offices for The de Havilland Engine Company Limited. The last flight from the airfield was a de Havilland Hornet Moth in July 1934.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



Stag Lane, NW9 news feed:
Do you come from Stag Lane, NW9, or know it well? Tell your story here.
Ensure that contributions are kept civilised and are not abusive.
We store your comment's IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to Stag Lane, NW9:
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image
You can completely dispense with this CAPTCHA palava by logging onto our Facebook app.
Contribution type:
 

If you authorise our The Undeground Map Facebook app by clicking the Facebook logo at the top right of the screen, you can add stories, photos and more to this location.
Note that the Undeground Map Facebook app does not post to Facebook on your behalf.
John Dye
John Dye   
Added: 1 Dec 2017 14:50 GMT   
Expires: 31 Dec 2017 14:50 GMT   
IP: 86.131.134.236
1:1:29669
Post by John Dye: Cool Oak Lane, NW9

I lived at Queensbury Road, Kingsbury during World War II and used to play regularly along the edge of the Welsh Harp. About halfway along Cool Oak Lane on the south side was a pond we used to call Froggy Pond. It was the only place I ever saw a water scorpion, Nepa cinerea. At the end of the war, all the street air raid shelters were knocked down and the rubble was piled up on the ground south of the Cool Oak Lane bridge, on the Hendon side. I remember that this heap of rubble became infested with rats and I used to watch them from the bridge. I was told that an old house on the south side of Cool Oak Lane (Woodfield House?) was once owned by the wife of Horatio Nelson. I think it later became the nurseries for plants grown for the Hendon parks.
Lesley carlton
Lesley carlton   
Added: 26 Nov 2017 22:52 GMT   
Expires: 26 Dec 2017 22:52 GMT   
IP: 81.96.23.80
1:2:29669
Post by Lesley carlton: Embry Drive, HA7

I use to live in embry drive when it was an RAF station with my family and I went to Belmont school.cm
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 22:00 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 22:00 GMT   
IP:
2:3:29669
Post by LDNnews: Stonebridge Park
Sadiq Khan unveils second low emission bus zone on one of London's most polluted high streets
Sadiq Khan has launched the second addition to a planned network of low-emission bus zones on one of London's most polluted high streets.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/sadiq-khan-unveils-second-low-emission-bus-zone-on-one-of-londons-most-polluted-high-streets-a3718431.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 22:00 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 22:00 GMT   
IP:
2:4:29669
Post by LDNnews: Wembley Park
'Mud bath' Crystal Palace Winterfest Christmas fair shuts as furious families brand it a 'disappointment'
A "mud bath" Christmas fair in south London has been forced to close after being branded a "disappointment" and a "joke".

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/mud-bath-crystal-palace-winterfest-christmas-fair-shuts-as-furious-families-brand-it-a-a3719051.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 21:20 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 21:20 GMT   
IP:
2:5:29669
Post by LDNnews: Stanmore
Man pleads guilty to stabbing 93-year-old in park
A man who stabbed a 93-year-old man twice in a park has admitted causing grievous bodily harm and possession of a bladed article.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15770618.Man_pleads_guilty_to_stabbing_93_year_old_in_park/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 21:20 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 21:20 GMT   
IP:
2:6:29669
Post by LDNnews: Canons Park
Named and shamed: Blue Badge fraudsters fined in Bexley crackdown
A crackdown on Blue Badge misuse has resulted in a record fine for one driver - and another fined for using his recently deceased father’s badge.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15769039.Named_and_shamed__Blue_Badge_fraudsters_fined_in_Bexley_crackdown/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 21:00 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 21:00 GMT   
IP:
2:7:29669
Post by LDNnews: Burnt Oak
Andreas Christensen growing stronger and stronger with every Chelsea game, says Gary Cahill
Gary Cahill believes Andreas Christensen has proven he is good enough to start each week for Chelsea, and backed the defender to only improve with time.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/andreas-christensen-growing-stronger-and-stronger-with-every-chelsea-game-he-plays-says-gary-cahill-a3718901.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 20:20 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 20:20 GMT   
IP:
2:8:29669
Post by LDNnews: South Kenton
Waterloo station delays: South Western Railway commuters hit with third day of rush hour travel chaos after Vauxhall track failure
Commuters travelling through Waterloo station have been hit with another bout of travel disruption during rush hour for the third day in a row.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/waterloo-station-delays-commuters-hit-with-third-day-of-rush-hour-travel-chaos-after-vauxhall-track-a3718826.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 08:20 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 08:20 GMT   
IP:
2:9:29669
Post by LDNnews: Colindale
Chaplin family plead to save London Cinema Museum
The family of Charlie Chaplin is asking for the museum associated with the famous film star to be saved.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-42316670
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 01:20 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 01:20 GMT   
IP:
2:10:29669
Post by LDNnews: Dollis Hill
Grenfell fire fundraiser shortlisted for $1m global teacher prize
Grenfell fire fundraiser shortlisted for $1m global teacher prize

https://www.theguardian.com/education/2017/dec/13/grenfell-fire-fundraiser-shortlisted-for-1m-global-teacher-prize
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Dec 2017 00:20 GMT   
Expires: 27 Dec 2017 00:20 GMT   
IP:
2:11:29669
Post by LDNnews: Hendon Central
Barnet Most Wanted Christmas Special - Day Eight
Here is the eighth instalment of Barnet Police’s Operation Badvent.

http://www.times-series.co.uk/news/15715661.Barnet_Most_Wanted_Christmas_Special___Day_Eight/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 12 Dec 2017 22:20 GMT   
Expires: 26 Dec 2017 22:20 GMT   
IP:
2:12:29669
Post by LDNnews: Wembley Park
Community comes together for hospice memorial ceremony
Community comes together for hospice memorial ceremony

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15736633.Community_comes_together_for_hospice_memorial_ceremony/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 12 Dec 2017 22:20 GMT   
Expires: 26 Dec 2017 22:20 GMT   
IP:
2:13:29669
Post by LDNnews: Stanmore
’I had to stab him’ - Paranoid schizophrenic stabbed drunken intruder 50 times in his Catford home, court hears
’I had to stab him’ - Paranoid schizophrenic stabbed drunken intruder 50 times in his Catford home, court hears

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15724300._I_had_to_stab_him____Paranoid_schizophrenic_stabbed_drunken_intruder_50_times_in_his_Catford_home__court_hears/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 12 Dec 2017 22:00 GMT   
Expires: 26 Dec 2017 22:00 GMT   
IP:
2:14:29669
Post by LDNnews: Canons Park
Pep Guardiola insists Manchester City players did not over-celebrate after derby win over United
Pep Guardiola has revealed he encouraged his Manchester City players to celebrate after their derby win at Old Trafford on Sunday.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/pep-guardiola-insists-manchester-city-players-did-not-overcelebrate-after-derby-win-over-united-a3717651.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 12 Dec 2017 09:20 GMT   
Expires: 26 Dec 2017 09:20 GMT   
IP:
2:15:29669
Post by LDNnews: South Kenton
Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe latest: Jailed mother 'closer to being freed' after Boris Johnson visits Iran
The husband of jailed London mother Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe believes she is closer to coming home for Christmas after Boris Johnson's visit to Iran.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/jailed-mother-closer-to-being-freed-boris-johnson-visits-iran-a3715896.html
VIEW THE COLINDALE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE COLINDALE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE COLINDALE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE COLINDALE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE COLINDALE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
 Upload an image
You can add an image to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 Add new information to this location
You can add text to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 
 Log on via Facebook
You can use a Facebook id to add material to this website.

Colindale

Colindale is an area of north London lying to the northwest of Hendon.

Formerly in the borough and ancient parish of Hendon, Colindale was essentially the dale between Mill Hill and Burroughs. By the middle of the 20th century, it had come to include that part of the Edgware Road between The Hyde, and Burnt Oak.

The area is named after a 16th century family of the same name. Until the 20th century Collindale, was without any buildings save for a large house called Collindale Lodge, Collindale Farm, and a few cottages. (A spelling with two L’s has been used, as on this printed in 1873.) All of these properties were on Collindeep Lane, which had in the medieval period been an alternative route out of London (via Hampstead, Golders Green, and Hendon) to the Edgware Road. By the end of the 16th century it was not often used as a main road, and by the middle part of the 19th century was called Ancient Street.

By the end of the 19th century cheap land prices made Colindale attractive to developers. Colindale Hospital was started in 1898 as an asylum for the long term sick of central London, and The Government Lymph Establishment for making vaccines was built in 1907. By 1996 the majority of the hospital was closed, and at present lies mostly derelict. In 1902 the British Museum built a new depository, and kept the newspaper collection there from 1934.

Garston’s Ltd established a trunk factory in 1901, as well as a row of cottages called Leatherville, as such they constitute the first manufacturer in the Collindale. By 1914 there was already housing between Colindale Avenue and Annesley avenues mostly to house the workers of these endeavours. Immediately after the First World War a number of other manufacturing companies came to Colindale. Franco Illuminated Signs came to Aerodrome Road in 1922. They made their money making the lights for the Franco British Exhibition (1909), from which they took their name (later abbreviated to Franco). They were best known for the neon signs to be found in Piccadilly from the 1920s to the 1970s. Frigidaire started in a wooden shack in Aerodrome Road, employing 11 people in 1923, and selling the first automatic household fridges in England. The reason why many of these and other companies chose Colindale was that there was land available for expansion. However by 1923 the tube railway reached Colindale, land prices increased and factory expansion was not realisable. A number of industries looked elsewhere for premises. In 1931 Fridgdaire, for example, decided to build a new manufacturing plant on the Edgware Road and had moved its entire operations there by 1946.

Colindale station opened on 18 August 1924 on what was then the Hampstead and Highgate Line as the first station on the second section of the Underground’s extension to Edgware.

After the station opened suburban development was rapid, and by 1939 much of the western side was semi-detached housing. Typical is the Colin Park Estate built by F. H. Stucke & Co, built around Colindeep Lane (1927). A number of the houses on this estate are by the architect E. G. Trobridge. St Matthias started as a mission church in 1905. Its permanent building was opened in 1934 and rebuilt 1971-3. Colindale infants’ school was started in Colindeep Lane in 1921, with a new building constructed in Woodfield Avenue in 1933. In September of 1940 Colindale tube station and the Newpaper Library (rebuilt 1957) were bombed, and the site was visited by George VI and Queen Elizabeth, the late Queen Mother. The V1 flying bombs hit Colindale Hospital on 1 July 1944 killing four members of the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force.

Places of interest include the British Library newspaper depository, the Royal Air Force Museum, Barnet College, and the Peel Centre (better known as Hendon Police College).

A small brook, a tributary of the River Brent called the Silk Stream, runs north to south. Here also is the Grahame Park Estate, built on the former Hendon Aerodrome.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
British Library Newspapers:   The British Library Newspapers section is based in Colindale in North London.
Colindale:   Colindale is an area of north London lying to the northwest of Hendon.
RAF Museum:   The Royal Air Force Museum London, commonly known as the RAF Museum, is a museum located on the former Hendon Aerodrome, dedicated to the history of aviation and the British Royal Air Force.
Roe Green:   Roe Green was an original garden village.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, NW9 · A5, NW9 · Acklington Drive, NW9 · Aerodrome Road, NW4 · Aerodrome Road, NW9 · Aeroville, NW9 · Airco Close, NW9 · Annesley Avenue, NW9 · Ash Tree Dell, NW9 · Audax, NW9 · Aviation Drive, NW9 · Avion Crescent, NW9 · Barnhill Road, NW9 · Beverley Drive, NW9 · Birchwood Court, HA8 · Blundell Road, NW9 · Booth Road, HA8 · Booth Road, NW9 · Boulevard Drive, NW9 · Bovingdon Lane, NW9 · Bowater Close, NW9 · Braemar Gardens, NW9 · Brent Park Road, NW9 · Broadhead Strand, NW9 · Broadview, NW9 · Brooklea Close, NW9 · Buck Lane, NW9 · Byron Avenue, NW9 · Capitol Way, NW9 · Carlisle Road, NW9 · Cecil Road, NW9 · Chancellor Place, NW9 · Charcot Road, NW9 · Chequers Close, NW9 · Cherry Close, NW9 · Clare House, HA8 · Clayton Field, NW9 · Colindale Avenue, NW9 · Comet, NW9 · Coningsby Avenue, NW9 · Coniston Gardens, NW9 · Corner Mead, NW9 · Cranfield Drive, NW9 · Crummock Gardens, NW9 · Denmark Hill Drive, NW9 · Derwent Avenue, NW9 · Douglas, NW9 · Eagle Drive, NW9 · East Drive, NW9 · Elmwood Crescent, NW9 · Elvington Lane, NW9 · Ember Court, NW9 · Ennerdale Drive, NW9 · European Business Centre, NW9 · Evelyn Avenue, NW9 · Everglade Strand, NW9 · Fairfields Close, NW9 · Fairfields Crescent, NW9 · Fairway Avenue, NW9 · Falcon Way, NW9 · Ferndene, NW9 · Five Acre, NW9 · Forest Gate, NW9 · Fulbeck Drive, NW9 · Further Acre, NW9 · Galy, NW9 · Gaydon Lane, NW9 · Gordon Gardens, HA8 · Grahame Park Health Centre The Concourse, NW9 · Grahame Park Health Centre, NW9 · Grahame Park Way, NW9 · Grahame Park, NW9 · Great Field, NW9 · Great Strand, NW9 · Greenway Close, NW9 · Greenway Gardens, NW9 · Gresswell, NW9 · Grove Crescent, NW9 · Grove Park, NW9 · Halford Close, HA8 · Halt Parade, NW9 · Harrier Road, NW9 · Hay Lane, NW9 · Haydon Close, NW9 · Hayland Close, NW9 · Hazel Close, NW9 · Hemswell Drive, NW9 · Hendon Urban Motorway, NW9 · Heritage Avenue, NW9 · Heybourne Crescent, NW9 · Heywood Avenue, NW9 · High Meadow Crescent, NW9 · Highcroft, NW9 · Highfield Avenue, NW9 · Highfield Close, NW9 · Hill View Gardens, NW9 · Hillside, NW9 · Holmstall Avenue, NW9 · Holyrood Gardens, HA8 · Hudson, NW9 · Hundred Acre, NW9 · Joslin Avenue, NW9 · Kenley Avenue, NW9 · Kent Court, NW9 · Kestrel Close, NW9 · Kingsbury Road, NW9 · Lanacre Avenue, NW9 · Lancaster Close, NW9 · Larch Green, NW9 · Larkway Close, NW9 · Limesdale Gardens, HA8 · Lingard Avenue, NW9 · Linklea Close, NW9 · Little Strand, NW9 · Lodore Gardens, NW9 · Long Field, NW9 · Long Mead, NW9 · Lower Strand, NW9 · Mardale Drive, NW9 · Martynside, NW9 · Mead Court, NW9 · Meadow Way, NW9 · Melrose Gardens, HA8 · Milton Avenue, NW9 · Moineau, NW9 · Montrose Avenue, NW9 · Mornington Close, NW9 · Mount Drive, NW9 · Mountaire Court, NW9 · Near Acre, NW9 · North Acre, NW9 · North Green, NW9 · North Way, NW9 · Oak Gardens, HA8 · Oak Tree Dell, NW9 · Oakleigh Court, HA8 · Old Kenton Lane, NW9 · Pageant Avenue, NW9 · Park Gardens, NW9 · Park Road, NW4 · Park Road, NW9 · Pasteur Close, NW9 · Pear Close, NW9 · Peel Drive, NW9 · Portman Gardens, NW9 · Priestley Way, NW9 · Propeller Way, NW4 · Propeller Way, NW9 · Quakers Course, NW9 · Randall, NW9 · Raven Close, NW9 · Redhill Drive, HA8 · Ridge Close, NW9 · Roe End, NW9 · Roe Lane, NW9 · Rose Glen, NW9 · Rydal Gardens, NW9 · Sandhurst Road, NW9 · Scudamore Lane, NW9 · South Mead, NW9 · Southbourne Avenue, NW9 · Springfield Gardens, NW9 · Springfield Mount, NW9 · St Georges Avenue, NW9 · Stag Close, HA8 · Stag Lane, NW9 · Stag Lane, NW9 · Stancroft, NW9 · Stonecrop Close, NW9 · Strathmore Gardens, HA8 · Summit Avenue, NW9 · Summit Close, NW9 · Sunny View, NW9 · Sunnyside Terrace, NW9 · Swan Drive, NW9 · Tangmere Way, NW9 · Tennyson Avenue, NW9 · Tewkesbury Gardens, NW9 · The Broadway, NW9 · The Concourse, NW9 · The Greenway, NW9 · The Grove, NW9 · The Mall, NW9 · The Retreat, NW9 · The Ridgeway, NW9 · Tintern Avenue, NW9 · Trenchard Close, NW9 · Uphill Drive, NW9 · Valentine, NW9 · Wakemans Hill Avenue, NW9 · Wardell Field, NW9 · Warmwell Avenue, NW9 · Westfield Close, NW9 · Whiteadder Way, E14 · Wingfield Children Family Centre, NW9 · Withers Mead, NW9 ·


USING THIS MATERIAL IN OTHER ARTICLES

Print-friendly version of this page

What is Stag Lane, NW9 like as a place to live?

Data from placeilive.com/

Links

Burnt Oak
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Northwest Middlesex (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
From Harrow Weald in the northwest to West Hendon in the southeast, and from Stirling Corner in the northeast to Harrow in the southwest.
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 


COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or – from the available evidence – are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.