British Library

Library in/near St Pancras, existing between 1997 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Library · St Pancras · NW1 · Contributed by Scott Hatton
December
18
2016
The British Library

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom. Its building at St Pancras was the largest public building constructed in the UK in the 20th century.

The library is a major research library, holding over 150 million items from many countries, in many languages and in many formats, both print and digital: books, manuscripts, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, videos, play-scripts, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings. The Library's collections include around 14 million books, along with substantial holdings of manuscripts and historical items dating back as far as 2000 BC. The British Library is one of the two largest libraries in the world, the other being the Library of Congress of the United States.

The library was originally a department of the British Museum and from the mid-19th century occupied the famous circular British Museum Reading Room. It became legally separate in 1973, and by 1997 had moved into its new purpose-built building at St Pancras, London.

The basements extend to a depth of 24.5 metres and the building has a total floor area of over 112,000 sq metres spread over 14 floors - 9 above ground, 5 below. 10 million bricks and 180,000 tonnes of concrete were needed to complete the building.

The Library is open to everyone who has a genuine need to use its collections. Anyone with a permanent address who wishes to carry out research can apply for a Reader Pass; they are required to provide proof of signature and address for security purposes.

Historically, only those wishing to use specialised material unavailable in other public or academic libraries would be given a Reader Pass.

The large reading rooms offer hundreds of seats which are often filled with researchers, especially during the Easter and summer holidays.

As a legal deposit library, the British Library receives copies of all books produced in the United Kingdom and Ireland, including a significant proportion of overseas titles distributed in the UK. The Library adds some three million items every year occupying 9.6 kilometres of new shelf space.

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Added: 21 Jul 2017 03:20 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Police step up patrols after 15-year-old girl sexually assaulted in Twickenham
Police are hunting a man after a teenage girl was grabbed and sexually assaulted as she walked along a street in south-west London.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/police-step-up-patrols-after-15yearold-girl-sexually-assaulted-in-twickenham-a3592681.html
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Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
Burnt Oak blaze sees 500 evacuated amid explosion fears
Firefighters said the blaze is under control and the street has reopened.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-40670607
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Citymapper announces ’hyper-local multi-passenger pooled vehicle’ (a bus)
Citymapper announces ’hyper-local multi-passenger pooled vehicle’ (a bus)

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jul/20/citymapper-bus-london-aldgate-east-highbury-and-islington-tfl
LDNnews
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Post by LDNnews: Euston Square
Diane Abbott flounders over Labour's police funding AGAIN in TV interview
Diane Abbott suffered yet another numbers blunder as she was questioned over Labour's plans for police funding.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/diane-abbott-flounders-over-labours-police-funding-again-in-embarrassing-tv-interview-a3592656.html
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Post by LDNnews: Euston
Jury retires in trial of man accused of beating Bromley boy, 5, to death over lost shoe in Catford
A jury has retired to consider their verdict in the trial of a man accused of beating a five-year-old boy to death over a lost shoe.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15424352.Jury_retires_in_trial_of_man_accused_of_beating_Bromley_boy__5__to_death_over_lost_shoe_in_Catford/?ref=rss
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Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Chelsea's N'Golo Kante relishing Champions League and World Cup debuts in next 12 months
Chelsea's N'Golo Kante relishing Champions League and World Cup debuts in next 12 months

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelseas-ngolo-kante-relishing-champions-league-and-world-cup-debuts-in-next-12-months-a3592286.html
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Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
Javier Hernandez: West Ham close to deal for Mexican forward
West Ham are closing in on a deal to sign Mexican striker Javier Hernandez from German club Bayer Leverkusen.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/40669333
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Post by LDNnews: Caledonian Road
High street coffee shops could become 'makeshift' police stations in Scotland Yard's drive to save cash
High street coffee shops could become "makeshift" police stations in future as Scotland Yard plans to axe 243 buildings and meeting points in a drive to save cash, it was claimed today.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/high-street-coffee-shops-could-become-makeshift-police-stations-in-scotland-yards-drive-to-save-cash-a3591901.html
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Fay Maschler's week in food: from lamb chops to quail eggs
The Evening Standard's restaurant critic details the culinary highlights of her week

http://www.standard.co.uk/goingout/restaurants/fay-maschlers-week-in-food-from-lamb-chops-to-quail-eggs-a3591611.html
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Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
Teenage moped rider, 16, killed in crash with police car after attempted robbery
A teenage boy has died after being hit by a police car while being pursued by officers in Wimbledon.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/teenage-moped-rider-16-killed-in-crash-with-police-car-after-attempted-robbery-a3591756.html
LDNnews
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Post by LDNnews: Euston
'Landlords moved me and my new baby into a breeze-block shed'
A new mother today described how landlords moved her into a "breeze-block shed" weeks after giving birth to her daughter.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/landlords-moved-me-and-my-new-baby-into-a-breezeblock-shed-a3591116.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
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Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Number of police deployed at Croydon Immigration Rallies has been revealed
The number of police deployed to cover the Croydon Immigration Rallies earlier this year been revealed.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15420407.Number_of_police_deployed_at_Croydon_Immigration_Rallies_has_been_revealed/?ref=rss
LDNnews
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Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
Millwall chief John Berylson receives apology over blackmail allegation during Den dispute
Millwall chairman John Berylson today received an apology over an allegation made against him on Twitter in the row over land around The Den.

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/millwall-chief-john-berylson-receives-apology-over-blackmail-allegation-during-den-dispute-a3591476.html
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Post by LDNnews: Caledonian Road
Southern Railway strike action suspended for talks with transport secretary
Planned strikes by Southern Railway guards and drivers in the RMT union have been suspended to allow talks with the Transport Secretary.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/southern-railway-strike-action-suspended-for-further-talks-with-transport-secretary-a3591576.html
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Post by LDNnews: Bayswater
Shocking moment thugs throw man into busy road and stab him repeatedly after Stormzy gig at Brixton's O2 Academy
This is the shocking moment a man was thrown into a busy road and repeatedly stabbed by a gang of thugs behind Brixton's O2 Academy.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/shocking-moment-thugs-throw-man-into-busy-road-and-stab-him-repeatedly-after-stormzy-gig-at-brixton-a3592041.html
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World Para-athletics Championships: Ed Warner wants event to stay in London
The boss of this year’s World Para-athletics Championships wants the event to make an immediate return to London in 2019.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/disability-sport/40676631
VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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St Pancras

St Pancras railway station, celebrated for its architecture, is built on the site of the St Pancras suburb of London.

For many centuries the St Pancras name was used for various officially-designated areas, but it is now used mainly for the railway station and for upmarket venues in the immediate locality, having been largely superseded by other place names including Kings Cross, Somers Town, and Camden Town, or simply Camden.

St Pancras was originally a medieval parish, which ran from close to what is now Oxford Street north as far as Highgate, and from what is now Regent’s Park in the west to the road now known as York Way in the east, boundaries which take in much of the current London Borough of Camden, including its central part. However, as the choice of name for the borough suggests, St Pancras has lost its status as the central settlement in the area.

The original focus of the area was the church, now known by the retronym of St Pancras Old Church. The building is in the southern half of the parish, and is believed by many to be one of the oldest sites of Christian worship in Great Britain. However, in the 14th century the population moved en masse to Kentish Town, probably due to flooding by the River Fleet and the availability of better wells at the new location. A chapel of ease was established there, and the old settlement was abandoned, except for a few farms, until the growth of London in the late eighteenth century.

In the 1790s Earl Camden began to develop some fields to the north and west of the old church as Camden Town. About the same time, a residential district was built to the south and east of the church, usually known as Somers Town. In 1822 the new church of St Pancras was dedicated as the parish church. The site was chosen on what was then called the New Road, now Euston Road, which had been built as London’s first bypass, the M25 of its day. The two sites are about a kilometer apart. The new church is Grade I listed for its Greek Revival style; the old church was rebuilt in 1847. In the mid 19th century two major railway stations were built to the south of the Old Church, first Kings Cross and later St Pancras. The new church is closer to Euston Station.

By the end of the nineteenth century the ancient parish had been divided into 37 parishes, including one for the old church. There are currently 17 Church of England parishes completely contained within the boundaries of the ancient parish, all of which benefit from the distributions from the St Pancras Lands Trust, and most of which are in South Camden Deanery in the Edmonton Area of the Diocese of London.

St Pancras railway station was opened in 1868 by the Midland Railway as the southern terminus of its main line, which connected London with the East Midlands and Yorkshire. When inaugurated, the arched train shed by William Henry Barlow was the largest single-span roof in the world. Today, Midland main line services to Corby, Sheffield and Nottingham are operated by East Midlands Trains, and St Pancras is a stop on the Thameslink route as well as being the terminus of Southeastern high-speed trains to Kent.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Agar Town:   Agar Town was a short-lived area, built in the 1840s, of St Pancras.
Bloomsbury:   Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.
King's Cross St Pancras:   King's Cross St Pancras is the biggest interchange station on the London Underground, serving six lines on four pairs of tracks as well as two National Rail stations.
Somers Town:   Somers Town is a district close to three main line rail termini - Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross.
St Pancras:   St Pancras railway station, celebrated for its architecture, is built on the site of the St Pancras suburb of London.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
The 'Royal Blue' horse omnibus outside 5 Euston Road (1912):   The bus carries route information and an advert for Selfridge's. The shops behind, including Boots the Chemist, Stewart & Wright's Cocoa Rooms and the Northumberland Hotel, are covered in advertisements.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Place, WC1H · Argyle Square, WC1H · Argyle Street, WC1H · Argyle Walk, WC1H · Belgrove Street, WC1H · Bidborough Street, WC1H · Brunswick Centre, WC1N · Burton Street, WC1H · Cartwright Gardens, WC1H · Centa Housebirkenhead Street, WC1H · Christopher Place, NW1 · Churchway, NW1 · Clare Court, WC1H · Crestfield Street, WC1H · Cromer Street, WC1H · Doric Way, NW1 · Dukes Road, WC1H · Endsleigh Gardens, WC1H · Endsleigh Place, WC1H · Endsleigh Street, WC1H · Euston Road, N1 · Flaxman Terrace, WC1H · Goldington Crescent, NW1 · Goldington Street, NW1 · Goods Way, NW1 · Hamilton House, WC1H · Hampden Close, NW1 · Handel Street, WC1N · Hastings Street, WC1H · Henrietta Mews, WC1N · Hunter Street, WC1N · Jenner House, WC1N · Judd Street, WC1H · Kenton Street, WC1N · Lancing Street, NW1 · Leigh Street, WC1H · Mabledon Place, WC1H · Marchmont Street, WC1N · Medway Court, WC1H · Midhope Street, WC1H · Midland Road, NW1 · Odonnell Court, WC1N · Ossulston Street, NW1 · Pancras Road, NW1 · Peabody Buildings, WC1N · Phoenix Road, NW1 · Sandwich House, WC1H · Sandwich Street, WC1H · Seymour House, NW1 · Shaftesbury Avenue, WC1H · Shops Brunswick Centre, WC1N · Sinclair House, WC1H · Speedy Place, WC1H · Tavistock House North, WC1H · Tavistock House South, WC1H · Tavistock House, WC1H · Tavistock Place, WC1H · Tavistock Square, WC1H · Thanet Street, WC1H · Tiger House, WC1H · Tonbridge Street, WC1H · Upper Woborn Place, WC1H · Upper Woburn Place, WC1H · Wakefield Street, WC1N · Whidborne Street, WC1H · Woburn Walk, WC1H · York Way, N1 ·


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Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
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A wander through London, street by street
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All-encompassing website
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Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
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Maps


Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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