British Library

Library in/near St Pancras, existing between 1997 and now

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Library · St Pancras · NW1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
December
18
2016

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom. Its building at St Pancras was the largest public building constructed in the UK in the 20th century.

The library is a major research library, holding over 150 million items from many countries, in many languages and in many formats, both print and digital: books, manuscripts, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, videos, play-scripts, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings. The Library's collections include around 14 million books, along with substantial holdings of manuscripts and historical items dating back as far as 2000 BC. The British Library is one of the two largest libraries in the world, the other being the Library of Congress of the United States.

The library was originally a department of the British Museum and from the mid-19th century occupied the famous circular British Museum Reading Room. It became legally separate in 1973, and by 1997 had moved into its new purpose-built building at St Pancras, London.

The basements extend to a depth of 24.5 metres and the building has a total floor area of over 112,000 sq metres spread over 14 floors - 9 above ground, 5 below. 10 million bricks and 180,000 tonnes of concrete were needed to complete the building.

The Library is open to everyone who has a genuine need to use its collections. Anyone with a permanent address who wishes to carry out research can apply for a Reader Pass; they are required to provide proof of signature and address for security purposes.

Historically, only those wishing to use specialised material unavailable in other public or academic libraries would be given a Reader Pass.

The large reading rooms offer hundreds of seats which are often filled with researchers, especially during the Easter and summer holidays.

As a legal deposit library, the British Library receives copies of all books produced in the United Kingdom and Ireland, including a significant proportion of overseas titles distributed in the UK. The Library adds some three million items every year occupying 9.6 kilometres of new shelf space.

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Citations, sources, links and further reading

Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
A wander through London, street by street
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Havering College stabbing: Teen rushed to hospital after being 'stabbed in neck' near college in east London
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https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/teenager-rushed-to-hospital-after-being-stabbed-in-the-neck-at-east-london-college-a4095746.html

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Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
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https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/croydon-standoff-between-armed-police-and-gunman-ends-after-10-hours-a4096081.html

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http://news.camden.gov.uk/camden-renews-commitment-to-fair-pay-with-investment-in-apprentices/

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Added: 19 Mar 2019 22:40 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
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https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-47626338

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https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/square-mile-s-1m-clean-air-project-delayed-amid-backlash-a4056886.html

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Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
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A record number of knives have been surrendered in Hertfordshire as the latest knife amnesty comes to a close.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17511215.record-number-of-knives-surrendered-in-latest-amnesty-across-hertfordshire/?ref=rss

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Post by LDNnews: Caledonian Road
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https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/who-will-win-the-premier-league-title-liverpool-man-city-fixture-runin-a4094011.html

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Added: 19 Mar 2019 05:40 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
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https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/stanwell-stabbing-police-given-more-time-to-question-surrey-terror-suspect-a4095076.html

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Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
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https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-47609436

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Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
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https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-47611997

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Akala talks to the Guardian’s Owen Jones about the dangerous legacy of empire, which he argues is directly linked to the black-on-black violence narrative around knife crime in the UK today. The musician and author says he does not believe increased police numbers and tougher prison sentences are the solution to the problemAkala’s ’Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire’ is available here Continue reading...
Akala talks to the Guardian’s Owen Jones about the dangerous legacy of empire, which he argues is directly linked to the black-on-black violence narrative around knife crime in the UK today. The musician and author says he does not believe increased police numbers and tougher prison sentences are the solution to the problemAkala’s ’Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire’ i

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Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Man arrested and officers injured after police chase in Greenwich

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https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17508094.man-arrested-and-officers-injured-after-police-chase-in-greenwich/?ref=rss

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Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
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https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17508750.richmond-school-plans-get-1000-objections/?ref=rss

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Post by LDNnews: Caledonian Road
Cristiano Ronaldo charged with improper conduct for 'cojones' celebration mocking Diego Simeone
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https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/cristiano-ronaldo-charged-with-improper-conduct-for-cojones-celebration-in-juventus-win-over-a4094466.html

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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
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https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/47512151

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

St Pancras

St Pancras railway station, celebrated for its architecture, is built on the site of the St Pancras suburb of London.

For many centuries the St Pancras name was used for various officially-designated areas, but it is now used mainly for the railway station and for upmarket venues in the immediate locality, having been largely superseded by other place names including Kings Cross, Somers Town, and Camden Town, or simply Camden.

St Pancras was originally a medieval parish, which ran from close to what is now Oxford Street north as far as Highgate, and from what is now Regent’s Park in the west to the road now known as York Way in the east, boundaries which take in much of the current London Borough of Camden, including its central part. However, as the choice of name for the borough suggests, St Pancras has lost its status as the central settlement in the area.

The original focus of the area was the church, now known by the retronym of St Pancras Old Church. The building is in the southern half of the parish, and is believed by many to be one of the oldest sites of Christian worship in Great Britain. However, in the 14th century the population moved en masse to Kentish Town, probably due to flooding by the River Fleet and the availability of better wells at the new location. A chapel of ease was established there, and the old settlement was abandoned, except for a few farms, until the growth of London in the late eighteenth century.

In the 1790s Earl Camden began to develop some fields to the north and west of the old church as Camden Town. About the same time, a residential district was built to the south and east of the church, usually known as Somers Town. In 1822 the new church of St Pancras was dedicated as the parish church. The site was chosen on what was then called the New Road, now Euston Road, which had been built as London’s first bypass, the M25 of its day. The two sites are about a kilometer apart. The new church is Grade I listed for its Greek Revival style; the old church was rebuilt in 1847. In the mid 19th century two major railway stations were built to the south of the Old Church, first Kings Cross and later St Pancras. The new church is closer to Euston Station.

By the end of the nineteenth century the ancient parish had been divided into 37 parishes, including one for the old church. There are currently 17 Church of England parishes completely contained within the boundaries of the ancient parish, all of which benefit from the distributions from the St Pancras Lands Trust, and most of which are in South Camden Deanery in the Edmonton Area of the Diocese of London.

St Pancras railway station was opened in 1868 by the Midland Railway as the southern terminus of its main line, which connected London with the East Midlands and Yorkshire. When inaugurated, the arched train shed by William Henry Barlow was the largest single-span roof in the world. Today, Midland main line services to Corby, Sheffield and Nottingham are operated by East Midlands Trains, and St Pancras is a stop on the Thameslink route as well as being the terminus of Southeastern high-speed trains to Kent.
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Maps


Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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