British Library

Library in/near St Pancras, existing between 1997 and now

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Library · St Pancras · NW1 · Contributed by Scott Hatton
December
18
2016
The British Library

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom. Its building at St Pancras was the largest public building constructed in the UK in the 20th century.

The library is a major research library, holding over 150 million items from many countries, in many languages and in many formats, both print and digital: books, manuscripts, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, videos, play-scripts, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings. The Library's collections include around 14 million books, along with substantial holdings of manuscripts and historical items dating back as far as 2000 BC. The British Library is one of the two largest libraries in the world, the other being the Library of Congress of the United States.

The library was originally a department of the British Museum and from the mid-19th century occupied the famous circular British Museum Reading Room. It became legally separate in 1973, and by 1997 had moved into its new purpose-built building at St Pancras, London.

The basements extend to a depth of 24.5 metres and the building has a total floor area of over 112,000 sq metres spread over 14 floors - 9 above ground, 5 below. 10 million bricks and 180,000 tonnes of concrete were needed to complete the building.

The Library is open to everyone who has a genuine need to use its collections. Anyone with a permanent address who wishes to carry out research can apply for a Reader Pass; they are required to provide proof of signature and address for security purposes.

Historically, only those wishing to use specialised material unavailable in other public or academic libraries would be given a Reader Pass.

The large reading rooms offer hundreds of seats which are often filled with researchers, especially during the Easter and summer holidays.

As a legal deposit library, the British Library receives copies of all books produced in the United Kingdom and Ireland, including a significant proportion of overseas titles distributed in the UK. The Library adds some three million items every year occupying 9.6 kilometres of new shelf space.

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Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Can your cats compete with Sundir? Send us your photos!
Do you have a cat which does funny things, or is, quite simply, the cutest cat in the world?

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15677285.Can_your_cats_compete_with_Sundir__Send_us_your_photos_/?ref=rss
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Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
A Hampton man who terrorised his neighbours with his criminal behaviour to the point where a little girl began wetting the bed has been sentenced to 100 hours of unpaid work.
A Hampton man who terrorised his neighbours with his criminal behaviour to the point where a little girl began wetting the bed has been sentenced to 100 hours of unpaid work.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15677530.Hampton_man_whose_campaign_of_terror_led_to_little_girl____wetting_the_bed_again____sentenced/?ref=rss
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Post by LDNnews: Caledonian Road
Qarabag vs Chelsea team news: Antonio Conte rests Alvaro Morata and others with eye on Liverpool clash
Antonio Conte has rested several senior players as Chelsea chase the win that will secure their place in the knockout stages of the Champions League.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/qarabag-vs-chelsea-team-news-antonio-conte-rests-stars-with-eye-on-liverpool-clash-a3698911.html
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Charlton Athletic 2-1 Rochdale
Jake Forster-Caskey’s brace helps Charlton come from behind to see off lowly Rochdale at The Valley.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/41978260
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Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
I was a victim of undercover police abuse. I fear we won’t get justice | Alison
Here in the Royal Courts of Justice we are listening for crumbs of information about the officers who used and abused us. But nothing is revealedI’ve been researching undercover policing ever since the boyfriend I knew as Mark Cassidy left me in spring 2000. Like the other female activists bringing cases of undercover police abuse to light, I have become skilled in scouring documents, interrogating and interpreting evidence. We’ve fought a legal case against the Metropolitan police to expose its institutional sexist practices, and waited for five years for an apology that should have been given much earlier. Related: Police spies: in bed with a fictional character Sexual abusers should not be able to rely on a court anonymity order Continue reading...

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/nov/21/undercover-police-abuse-public-inquiry-cover-up
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WW2 machine guns among weapons handed to police in London
The two-week National Gun Surrender began on 13 November.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-42064414
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Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
Eat and Drink Festival (22nd Nov 17 to 26th Nov 17)
Eat and Drink Festival (22nd Nov 17 to 26th Nov 17)

https://www.allinlondon.co.uk/whats-on.php?event=198915
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Enid Blyton’s The Magic Faraway Tree to be made into film
The Magic Faraway Tree books are being adapted for the big screen for the first time.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-42053334
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Night Tube: London Overground to get 24-hour service
A sixth line will begin operating the 24-hour service on Friday and Saturday nights

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-42050442
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Meet the baby boy born at Waterloo station
Baby Reign arrived early after his mother went into labour on a train.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-42030812
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Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
King’s Cross fire: Victims remembered at wreath-laying service
A ceremony is held at the north London Tube station to mark the 30th anniversary of the tragedy.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-42037505
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Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
HS2: Come along to community meetings for updates on HS2 Ltd’s commitments to Camden
HS2: Come along to community meetings for updates on HS2 Ltd’s commitments to Camden

http://news.camden.gov.uk/hs2-come-along-to-community-meetings-for-updates-on-hs2-ltds-commitments-to-camden/
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Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
Grenfell community could take over Notting Hill police station if it closes
The community hit by the Grenfell Tower tragedy could take over Notting Hill police station if plans to close the base go ahead.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/grenfell-community-could-take-over-notting-hill-police-station-if-it-closes-a3694066.html
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Post by LDNnews: Caledonian Road
Crystal Palace 2 Everton 2: Eagles held to Premier League Selhurst Park draw
Crystal Palace were left frustrated as they twice threw away the lead to draw 2-2 against Everton at Selhurst Park.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/crystal-palace-2-everton-2-eagles-held-to-premier-league-selhurst-park-draw-a3694941.html
VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST PANCRAS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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St Pancras

St Pancras railway station, celebrated for its architecture, is built on the site of the St Pancras suburb of London.

For many centuries the St Pancras name was used for various officially-designated areas, but it is now used mainly for the railway station and for upmarket venues in the immediate locality, having been largely superseded by other place names including Kings Cross, Somers Town, and Camden Town, or simply Camden.

St Pancras was originally a medieval parish, which ran from close to what is now Oxford Street north as far as Highgate, and from what is now Regent’s Park in the west to the road now known as York Way in the east, boundaries which take in much of the current London Borough of Camden, including its central part. However, as the choice of name for the borough suggests, St Pancras has lost its status as the central settlement in the area.

The original focus of the area was the church, now known by the retronym of St Pancras Old Church. The building is in the southern half of the parish, and is believed by many to be one of the oldest sites of Christian worship in Great Britain. However, in the 14th century the population moved en masse to Kentish Town, probably due to flooding by the River Fleet and the availability of better wells at the new location. A chapel of ease was established there, and the old settlement was abandoned, except for a few farms, until the growth of London in the late eighteenth century.

In the 1790s Earl Camden began to develop some fields to the north and west of the old church as Camden Town. About the same time, a residential district was built to the south and east of the church, usually known as Somers Town. In 1822 the new church of St Pancras was dedicated as the parish church. The site was chosen on what was then called the New Road, now Euston Road, which had been built as London’s first bypass, the M25 of its day. The two sites are about a kilometer apart. The new church is Grade I listed for its Greek Revival style; the old church was rebuilt in 1847. In the mid 19th century two major railway stations were built to the south of the Old Church, first Kings Cross and later St Pancras. The new church is closer to Euston Station.

By the end of the nineteenth century the ancient parish had been divided into 37 parishes, including one for the old church. There are currently 17 Church of England parishes completely contained within the boundaries of the ancient parish, all of which benefit from the distributions from the St Pancras Lands Trust, and most of which are in South Camden Deanery in the Edmonton Area of the Diocese of London.

St Pancras railway station was opened in 1868 by the Midland Railway as the southern terminus of its main line, which connected London with the East Midlands and Yorkshire. When inaugurated, the arched train shed by William Henry Barlow was the largest single-span roof in the world. Today, Midland main line services to Corby, Sheffield and Nottingham are operated by East Midlands Trains, and St Pancras is a stop on the Thameslink route as well as being the terminus of Southeastern high-speed trains to Kent.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Agar Town:   Agar Town was a short-lived area, built in the 1840s, of St Pancras.
Bloomsbury:   Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.
King's Cross St Pancras:   King's Cross St Pancras is the biggest interchange station on the London Underground, serving six lines on four pairs of tracks as well as two National Rail stations.
Ossulston Estate:   The Ossulston Estate is a multi-storey council estate built by the London County Council in Somers Town between 1927 and 1931.
Somers Town:   Somers Town is a district close to three main line rail termini - Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross.
St Pancras:   St Pancras railway station, celebrated for its architecture, is built on the site of the St Pancras suburb of London.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
The 'Royal Blue' horse omnibus outside 5 Euston Road (1912):   The bus carries route information and an advert for Selfridge's. The shops behind, including Boots the Chemist, Stewart & Wright's Cocoa Rooms and the Northumberland Hotel, are covered in advertisements.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Place, WC1H · Argyle Square, WC1H · Argyle Street, WC1H · Argyle Walk, WC1H · Belgrove Street, WC1H · Bidborough Street, WC1H · Brill Place, NW1 · Brunswick Centre, WC1N · Burton Street, WC1H · Cartwright Gardens, WC1H · Centa Housebirkenhead Street, WC1H · Chenies Place, NW1 · Christopher Place, NW1 · Church Way, NW1 · Churchway, NW1 · Clare Court, WC1H · Coach Road, N1C · Compton Place, WC1H · Cooper’s Lane, NW1 · Crestfield Street, NW1 · Crestfield Street, WC1H · Cromer Street, WC1H · Doric Way, NW1 · Doric Way, NW1 · Dukes Road, WC1H · Endsleigh Gardens, WC1H · Endsleigh Place, WC1H · Endsleigh Street, WC1H · Euston Road, N1 · Flaxman Terrace, NW1 · Flaxman Terrace, WC1H · Goldington Crescent, NW1 · Goldington Street, NW1 · Goods Way, NW1 · Grafton Place, NW1 · Hamilton House, WC1H · Hampden Close, NW1 · Handel Street, WC1N · Hastings Street, WC1H · Henrietta Mews, WC1N · Hunter Street, WC1N · Jenner House, WC1N · Judd Street, WC1H · Kenton Street, WC1N · King’s Boulevard, N1C · King’s Cross Square, N1C · King’s Cross Station Concourse, WC1 · Lancing Street, NW1 · Leigh Street, WC1H · Mabledon Place, WC1H · Marchmont Street, WC1N · Medway Court, WC1H · Midhope Street, WC1H · Midland Road, N1C · Midland Road, NW1 · Oakshott Court, NW1 · Odonnell Court, WC1N · Ossulston Street, NW1 · Pancras Road, N1C · Pancras Road, NW1 · Peabody Buildings, WC1N · Phoenix Road, NW1 · Purchese Street, NW1 · Sandwich House, WC1H · Sandwich Street, WC1H · Seymour House, NW1 · Shaftesbury Avenue, WC1H · Shops Brunswick Centre, WC1N · Sinclair House, WC1H · Somers Close, NW1 · Speedy Place, WC1H · St. Chad’s Street, WC1X · Tankerton Street, WC1H · Tavistock House North, WC1H · Tavistock House South, WC1H · Tavistock House, WC1H · Tavistock Place, WC1H · Tavistock Place, WC1N · Tavistock Square, WC1H · Thanet Street, WC1H · The Circle, N1C · Tiger House, WC1H · Tonbridge Street, WC1H · Unity Mews, NW1 · Upper Woborn Place, WC1H · Upper Woburn Place, NW1 · Upper Woburn Place, WC1H · Wakefield St, WC1N · Wakefield Street, WC1H · Wakefield Street, WC1N · Whidborne Street, WC1H · Woburn Walk, WC1H · Woolf Mews, WC1H · York Road Curve, N1 · York Way, N1 ·


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Maps


Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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