The City of London is a district of London. The City constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.
As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis, though it remains a notable part of central London. The City holds city status in its own right, and is also a separate ceremonial county.
It is often referred to as the City (often written on maps as City) or the Square Mile, as it is just over one square mile in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being based in the City.
The term London now refers to a much larger conurbation roughly corresponding to the London region, which is also known as the Greater London administrative area, of 32 boroughs (including the City of Westminster), in addition to the City of London. The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the United Kingdom, and has some unusual responsibilities for a local authority in Britain, such as being the police authority for the City. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.
The City is today a major business and financial centre, ranking as the leading centre of global finance.
Throughout the 19th century, the City served as the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses to this day.
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Added: 21 May 2018 20:00 GMT
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The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.
As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.
It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.
The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.
The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.
The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.
LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldgate: Aldgate was a gateway through London Wall from the City of London to Whitechapel and the East End. Aldgate Pump: Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump, located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street. All Hallows Bread Street: All Hallows Bread Street was a parish church in the Bread Street ward of the City of London. All Hallows Honey Lane: All Hallows, Honey Lane was parish church in the City of London. Bank: Bank station, interlinked with Monument station, forms a complex public transport hub spanning the length of King William Street in the City of London. Bank of England: The Bank of England is the central bank of the United Kingdom. Sometimes known as the Old Lady of Threadneedle Street, the Bank was founded in 1694, nationalised on 1 March 1946, and in 1997 gained operational independence to set monetary policy. Barbican: The Barbican is a residential estate built during the 1960s and the 1970s in the City of London. Bevis Marks Synagogue: Bevis Marks Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom. Blackfriars: Blackfriars station was opened on 30 May 1870 by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR; now the District and Circle lines) as the railway's new eastern terminus when the line was extended from Westminster. The construction of the new section of the MDR was planned in conjunction with the building of the Victoria Embankment and was achieved by the cut and cover method of roofing over a shallow trench. Broad Street: Broad Street railway station, next door to Liverpool Street station, opened in 1865 and closed in 1986. Cannon Street: Cannon Street, in the City of London, runs roughly parallel with the River Thames, about 250 metres north of it. City of London: The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders. City of London School: Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 10 and 18. Fenchurch Street: Fenchurch Street railway station is a central London railway terminus in the southeastern corner of the City of London. It is one of the smallest railway termini in London but in terms of platforms, one of the most intensively operated. Great Conduit: The Great Conduit was a man-made underground channel which brought drinking water from the Tyburn to Cheapside in the City. Great Synagogue of London: The Great Synagogue of London was, for centuries, the centre of Ashkenazi synagogue and Jewish life in London. It was destroyed during World War II, in the Blitz. Guildhall Art Gallery: The Guildhall Art Gallery houses the art collection of the City of London and has the ruins of London's Roman Amphitheatre in its basement. Guildhall School of Music and Drama: Higher education institutions Half Moon Court, EC1A: Halfmoon Court is the southern most of five passages leading eastward from Kinghorn Street. Hicks Hall: Hicks Hall (1611 - 1778) was a building in St John Street, Clerkenwell, London. Hospital of St Thomas of Acre: The Hospital of St Thomas of Acre was the medieval London headquarters of the Knights of Saint Thomas. Inner Temple Gardens: Liverpool Street: Liverpool Street station is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London. London (1926 and 2013): In 1926 Claude Friese-Greene shot some of the first-ever colour film footage around London. 87 years later, in 2013, Simon Smith did the same and shot for shot, recreated Friese-Greene's film. London (1926): In 1926 Claude Friese-Greene shot some of the first-ever colour film footage around London, capturing everyday life in the city with a technique innovated by his father, called Biocolour. London Metal Exchange: The London Metal Exchange (LME) is the futures exchange with the world’s largest market in options and futures contracts on base and other metals. Maison Novelli: Maison Novelli was a restaurant in Clerkenwell, Central London, located opposite the Old Session House. Mansion House: Mansion House is a London Underground station in the City of London, near Mansion House (although Bank station is actually closer to that). Mansion House: Mansion House is the official residence of the Lord Mayor of the City of London. Mermaid Tavern: The Mermaid Tavern was a notable tavern during the Elizabethan era. Monument: Monument station is interlinked with nearby Bank station with London Underground and Docklands Light Railway stations that form a public transport complex spanning the length of King William Street in the City of London. Monument to the Great Fire of London: The 'Monument to the Great Fire of London', commemorates the 1666 inferno. Moorgate: Moorgate was a postern in the London Wall originally built by the Romans. Old and New London: Temple Bar: Temple Bar was rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren, in 1670–72. Petticoat Lane Market: Petticoat Lane Market is a fashion and clothing market in the East End. Portsoken: Portsoken is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation. Postman's Park: One of the largest parks in the City of London, Postman's Park is a memorial to ordinary people who died saving the lives of others and might otherwise have been forgotten, Smithfield, London: Smithfield is a locality in the ward of Farringdon Without situated at the City of London’s northwest in central London, England. St Andrew, Holborn: The Church of St Andrew, Holborn stands within the Ward of Farringdon Without. St Augustine Papey: St Augustine Papey was a mediaeval church in the City of London situated just south of London Wall. St Bartholomew’s Hospital: St Bartholomew’s Hospital, also known simply as Barts and later more formally as The Royal Hospital of St Bartholomew, is a hospital located at Smithfield in the City of London and founded in 1123. St Benet Sherehog: St Benet Sherehog was a medieval parish church built before the year 1111 in Cordwainer Ward, in what was then the wool-dealing district. St Botolph’s: St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years. St James Garlickhythe: James Garlickhythe is a Church of England parish church in Vintry ward of the City of London, nicknamed "˜Wren’s lantern" owing to its profusion of windows. St John the Evangelist Friday Street: St John the Evangelist Friday Street was a church in Bread Street Ward of the City of London. St John’s Gate, Clerkenwell: St John’s Gate is one of the few tangible remains from Clerkenwell’s monastic past; it was built in 1504 by Prior Thomas Docwra as the south entrance to the inner precinct of Clerkenwell Priory, the priory of the Knights of Saint John - the Knights Hospitallers. St Katharine Cree: St Katharine Cree is a Church of England church on the north side of Leadenhall Street near Leadenhall Market.
St Magnus-the-Martyr: St Magnus the Martyr church is dedicated to St Magnus the Martyr, earl of Orkney, who died on 16 April 1116. St Martin Pomary: St Martin Pomeroy was a parish church in the Cheap ward of the City of London. St Mary Aldermary: The Guild Church of St Mary Aldermary is an Anglican church located in Watling Street at the junction with Bow Lane, in the City of London. St Mary Colechurch: St Mary Colechurch was a parish church in the City of London destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666 and not rebuilt. St Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street: Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street was a church in Castle Baynard ward of the City of London, located on the corner of Old Fish Street and Old Change, on land now covered by post-War development. St Mary Mounthaw: St Mary Mounthaw or Mounthaut was a parish church in Old Fish Street Hill. St Mary-le-Bow: St Mary-le-Bow is an historic church rebuilt after the Great Fire of 1666 by Sir Christopher Wren. According to tradition a true Cockney must be born within earshot of the sound of Bow Bells.
St Michael Queenhithe: St. Michael Queenhithe was a church in the City of London located in what is now Upper Thames Street. St Mildred, Bread Street: The church of St Mildred, Bread Street, stood on the east side of Bread Street in the Bread Street Ward of the City of London. St Nicholas Cole Abbey: St. Nicholas Cole Abbey is a church in the City of London located on what is now Queen Victoria Street. St Paul’s Cathedral School: Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 13. St Paul's: St Paul's is a London Underground station located in the City of London financial district which takes its name from the nearby St Paul's Cathedral. St Paul's Cathedral: For more than 1400 years, a cathedral dedicated to St Paul has stood at the highest point in the City. St Peter, Westcheap: St Peter, Westcheap, sometimes known simply as ’St Peter Cheap’, was a parish church in the City of London. St Thomas the Apostle: St Thomas the Apostle was a parish church in Knightrider Street in the City of London. St. Mary Magdalen, Milk Street: St. Mary Magdalen, Milk Street, was a parish church in the City of London, England. It was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666 and not rebuilt. Steelyard: The Steelyard was the main trading base (kontor) of the Hanseatic League in London during 15th and 16th centuries. Temple of Mithras: The Temple of Mithras, Walbrook is a Roman temple whose ruins were discovered in Walbrook, a street in the City of London, during rebuilding work in 1954. Tenter Ground: Tenter Ground harks back to the seventeenth century when this patch of land was surrounded by weavers’ houses and workshops and used to wash and stretch their fabrics on ’tenters’ to dry. Thavie’s Inn: Thavie’s Inn was a former Inn of Chancery, associated with Lincoln’s Inn, established at Holborn, near the site of the present side street and office block still known as Thavies Inn Buildings.
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches.
Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés.
Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death.
The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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