Temple Pier, WC2R

Road in Waterloo

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Road · Waterloo · WC2R · Contributed by The Underground Map
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2000


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VIEW THE WATERLOO AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WATERLOO AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WATERLOO AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WATERLOO AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WATERLOO AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Go to Waterloo

Waterloo

London Waterloo station is a central London railway terminus and London Underground complex. The station is one of 18 in Britain owned and operated by Network Rail and is close to the South Bank of the River Thames.

The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened the station on 11 July 1848 as 'Waterloo Bridge Station' (from the nearby crossing over the Thames) when its main line was extended from Nine Elms. The station, designed by William Tite, was raised above marshy ground on a series of arches. The unfulfilled intention was for a through station with services to the City. In 1886, it officially became Waterloo Station, reflecting long-standing common usage, even in some L&SWR timetables.

It is located in the Waterloo district of London, which was itself named after the Battle of Waterloo in which Napoleon was defeated near Brussels.

As the station grew, it became increasingly ramshackle. The original 1848 station became known as the 'Central Station' as other platforms were added. The new platform sets were known by nicknames - the two platforms added for suburban services in 1878 were the 'Cyprus Station', whilst the six built in 1885 for use by trains on the Windsor line became the 'Khartoum Station'. Each of these stations-within-a-station had its own booking office, taxi stand and public entrances from the street, as well as often poorly marked and confusing access to the rest of the station. This complexity and confusion became the butt of jokes by writers and music hall comics for many years in the late 19th century, including Jerome K. Jerome in Three Men in a Boat.

The present buildings were inaugurated in 1922. Part of the station is a Grade II listed heritage building.

With over 91 million passenger entries and exits between April 2010 and March 2011, Waterloo is easily Britain's busiest railway station in terms of passenger usage. The Waterloo complex is one of the busiest passenger terminals in Europe. It has more platforms and a greater floor area than any other station in the UK (though Clapham Junction, just under 4 miles down the line, has the largest number of trains). It is the terminus of a network of railway lines from Surrey, Berkshire, Hampshire, South West England, and the south-western suburbs of London.

Waterloo tube station is, like its namesake, the busiest station on the network and is served by the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and the Waterloo & City lines.

The first underground station at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR). The W&CR, nicknamed the Drain, achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.

On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) was opened. On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.

As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalization of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail). Following a period of closure during 1993 when the line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of Waterloo & City line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994.

On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line station was opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999.[9] The Jubilee platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground - the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).

Waterloo station is linked to the South Bank by an elevated walkway. It was once possible to walk directly by elevated walkways and footbridges all the way from the concourse of Waterloo to that of Charing Cross railway station on the north side of the Thames, but the demolition of part of the Waterloo walkway and the reconstruction of the Hungerford Footbridge means that that is no longer possible.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldwych:   Aldwych is a closed station on the London Underground; formerly a branch line of the Piccadilly Line.
Courtauld Institute of Art:   The Courtauld Institute of Art is a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art.
Hole In the Wall:   A local institution, and much the same for years, The Hole In The Wall is actually quite a large hole in a wall, being situated in railway arches in front of Waterloo Station. It has been a watering hole of choice for commuters for many a year.
London Aquarium:   The Sea Life London Aquarium is located on the ground floor of County Hall on the South Bank of the River Thames in central London, near the London Eye. It opened in March 1997 as the London Aquarium and hosts about one million visitors each year. It is the largest aquarium in London.
Necropolis Station:   Waterloo station was originally the terminus for London's daily funeral express to Brookwood Cemetery. Funerary trains bearing coffins (at 2/6 each - singles, naturally) left from the Necropolis Station just outside the main station. The Necropolis Station was totally destroyed during World War II.
Old Vic:   The Old Vic, one of the most reknowned theatres in London, was established in 1818 as the Royal Coburg Theatre.
Peabody Square:   Strict tenancy terms and relatively high rents show that the landlords were not providing for the poorer section of the market and were careful to ensure a required return on their investment.
Temple:   Temple is a London Underground station in the City of Westminster, on the Victoria Embankment. It is the nearest tube station for King's College London and the London School of Economics.
Temple Bar:   Temple Bar is the point in London where Fleet Street, City of London, becomes the Strand, Westminster, and where the City of London traditionally erected a barrier to regulate trade into the city.
Waterloo:   London Waterloo station is a central London railway terminus and London Underground complex. The station is one of 18 in Britain owned and operated by Network Rail and is close to the South Bank of the River Thames.
Waterloo Bridge:   Waterloo Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge crossing the River Thames in London, England between Blackfriars Bridge and Hungerford Bridge.
Young Vic:   The Young Vic is a theatre on the Cut, located near the South Bank.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Houghton Street (1906):   A greengrocer's on the corner of Houghton Street and Clare Market (behind The Strand) in 1906 just before demolition.
New Inn Passage (1901):   The corner of Houghton Street and New Inn Passage taken on a 1901 photo just prior to the clearence of the area for the Aldwych-Kingsway improvement scheme.
Strand (1890s):   The Strand in the 1890s


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alaska Street, SE1 · Aldwych, WC2 · Arundel Street, WC2R · Australia House, WC2B · Barge House Street, SE1 · Barons Place, SE1 · Bell Yard, WC2A · Black Friars Road, SE1 · Blackfriars Road, SE1 · Bolt Court, EC4A · Boundary Row, SE1 · Bouverie Street, EC4Y · Brad Street, SE1 · Brick Court, EC4Y · Broadwall, SE1 · Bull Inn Court, WC2R · Burrows Mews, SE1 · Carey Street, WC2A · Chancery Lane, EC4A · Clare Market, WC2A · Clements Inn, WC2A · Cliffords Inn Passage, EC4A · Cliffords Inn, EC4A · Coin Street, SE1 · Colombo Street, SE1 · Concert Hall Approach, SE1 · Cornwall Road, SE1 · Crane Court, EC4A · Crown Office Row, EC4Y · Devereux Court, WC2R · Doctor Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y · Drive Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y · Duchy Street, SE1 · Enterprise House, SE1 · Essex Court, EC4Y · Essex Street, WC2R · Exchange Court, WC2R · Exton Street, SE1 · Falcon Court, EC4Y · Fetter Lane, EC4A · Fleet Street, EC4A · Fleet Street, EC4Y · Fountain Court, EC4Y · Gabriels Wharf, SE1 · Gambia Street, SE1 · Garden Court, EC4Y · Gough Square, EC4A · Greet Street, SE1 · Harcourt Buildings, EC4Y · Hare Court, EC4Y · Hare Place, EC4Y · Hatfields, SE1 · Hind Court, EC4A · Houghton Street, WC2A · Inner Temple Lane, EC4Y · Isabella Street, SE1 · King?s Bench Walk, EC4Y · Kings Bench Walk, EC4Y · Lamb Building, EC4Y · Little Essex Street, WC2R · Maltravers Street, WC2R · Masters House Temple Church, EC4Y · Mepham Street, SE1 · Meymott Street, SE1 · Middle Temple Lane, EC4Y · Milford Lane, WC2R · Miller Walk, SE1 · Mitre Court Buildings, EC4Y · Morley Street, SE1 · North East Wing Bush House, WC2B · Old Mitre Court, EC4Y · Outer Temple, EC4Y · Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street, SE1 · Paper Buildings Temple, EC4Y · Paper Buildings, EC4Y · Paris Garden, SE1 · Pemberton Row, EC4A · Pleydell Street, EC4Y · Plowden Buildings, EC4Y · Portsmouth Street, WC2A · Portugal Street, WC2A · Pump Court, EC4Y · Red Lion Court, EC4A · Roupell Street, SE1 · Sandell Street, SE1 · Secker Street, SE1 · Serjeants Inn, EC4Y · Short Street, SE1 · South Bank, SE1 · South East Wing Bush House, WC2B · St Clements Lane, WC2A · Stamford Street, SE1 · Star Yard, WC2A · Surrey Street, WC2R · Suthwark Bridge Road, SE1 · Sutton Walk, SE1 · Temple Avenue, EC4Y · Temple Chambers, EC4Y · Temple Gardens, EC4Y · Temple Pier, WC2R · Temple Place, WC2R · Temple, EC4Y · The Australia Centre, WC2B · The Cut, SE1 · The Foundry, SE1 · The Studio, SE1 · Theed Street, SE1 · Treasurers Office Inner Temple, EC4Y · Upper Ground, SE1 · Valentine Place, SE1 · Victoria Embankment, EC4Y · Victoria Embankment, WC2R · Watergate, EC4Y · Waterloo Road, SE1 · Webber Street, SE1 · Whitehouse Apartments, SE1 · Wootton Street, SE1 ·


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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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