Houghton Street (1906)

Image dated 1657

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Photo taken in a southwesterly direction · Holborn · WC2A · Contributed by The Underground Map
December
20
2013
A greengrocer's on the corner of Houghton Street and Clare Market (behind The Strand) in 1906 just before demolition.

   Contemporary view of the area - viewing direction is appoximate

A greengrocer's on the corner of Houghton Street and Clare Market (behind The Strand) in 1906 just before demolition.

The thoroughfare known as Clare Market, leading eastwards into Lincoln's Inn Fields, was so called in honour of the Earl of Clare, who lived "in a princely mansion" adjacent. His name is inscribed as a parishioner of St. Clement Danes in the ratebooks of 1617. In Howell's "Londinopolis" of 1657 we read: "Then is there, towards Drury Lane, a new market, called Clare Market; then is there a street and palace of the same name, built by the Earl of Clare, who lived there in a princely mansion, having a house, a street, and a market both for flesh and fish, all bearing his name." It is also mentioned by Strype:- "Clare Market, very considerable and well served with provisions, both flesh and fish; for, besides the butchers in the shambles, it is much resorted unto by the country butchers and higglers. The market-days are Wednesdays and Saturdays."

"This market," says Nightingale, in the tenth volume of the Beauties of England and Wales, "stands on what was originally called Clement's Inn Fields. In the year 1657 a Bill was passed for preventing the increase of buildings, in which was a clause permitting the Earl of Clare to erect the market, which bore his title, in these fields, to be held on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. The earl, it seems, also erected a chapel of ease to St. Clement's, which is said to have been converted to dwelling-houses. That these lands were before in the possession of Holles we have already shown under Clement's Inn. Charles I., in 1640, granted his license to Thomas York, his executors, &c., to erect as many buildings as they thought proper upon St. Clement's Inn Fields, the inheritance of the Earl of Clare, 'to be built on each side of the causeway, leading from Gibbon's Bowling Alley, at the coming-out of Lincoln's Inn Fields, to the Rein Deer Yard, that leadeth unto Drury Lane, not to exceed, on either side, the number of 120 feet in length or front, and 60 feet in breadth, to be of stone or brick.'

Charles I issued another license in 1642, permitting Gervase Holles, Esq., to erect fifteen houses, a chapel, and to make several streets of the width of thirty, thirty-four, and forty feet. These streets still retain the names and titles of their founders, in Clare Street, Denzil Street, Holles Street, &c." Rein Deer Yard was, probably, what is now called Bear Yard, and Gibbon's Bowling Alley was covered by the first theatre erected by Sir William Davenant, whence he afterwards removed to Portugal Street.

When Cromwell revived the prohibition of his predecessor against the erection of new buildings in and near London, imposing even a fine on its violation, an exception, we are told, was made in favour of the new buildings then scarcely finished, in Clare Market. In consequence of this exemption, unfortunately for the healthiness of the locality, they were not made "of brick or stone," or "upright, and without projecting their upper storeys into the street."

Clare Market's retail area spread through a maze of narrow interconnecting streets lined by butchers' shops and greengrocers. Butchers would slaughter sheep and cattle for sale. An area was set aside for Jews to slaughter kosher meat. The market mostly sold meat, although fish and vegetables were also sold. An early theatre was in Gibbon's Tennis Court, in the Clare Market area. A club of artists, including William Hogarth, met at the Bull's Head Tavern in the market.

The area was not affected by the Great Fire of London, and the decrepit buildings survived until the area, by then a slum, was redeveloped by the London County Council in around 1900 to create the Aldwych and Kingsway.

Parts of the London School of Economics now occupy the site, and the passageways of the campus preserve the layout and names of Clare Market and Houghton Street.

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VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Temple

Temple is a London Underground station in the City of Westminster, on the Victoria Embankment. It is the nearest tube station for King's College London and the London School of Economics.

The name comes from the Knights Templar, via Inner Temple and Middle Temple, which are situated nearby.

The station was opened in the parish of St Clement Danes on 30 May 1870 by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR; now the District and Circle lines) when the railway extended its line from Westminster to Blackfriars. The construction of the new section of the MDR was planned in conjunction with the building of the Victoria Embankment and was achieved by the cut and cover method of roofing over a shallow trench.

Temple is the only name to be shared by a station of the Paris Metro and a station of the London Underground.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ackermann’s:   Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Stollberg, Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.
Aldwych:   Aldwych is a closed station on the London Underground; formerly a branch line of the Piccadilly Line.
Chancery Lane:   Chancery Lane originated as a 'new lane' created by the Knights Templar from their original 'old Temple' on the site of the present Southampton Buildings on Holborn, in order access to their newly acquired property to the south of Fleet Street (the present Temple) sometime before 1161.
Courtauld Institute of Art:   The Courtauld Institute of Art is a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art.
Holborn:   Holborn is both an area and also the name of the area's principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles's High Street and Gray's Inn Road and then Holborn Viaduct between Holborn Circus and Newgate Street.
Shipley's Drawing School:   101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.
Temple:   Temple is a London Underground station in the City of Westminster, on the Victoria Embankment. It is the nearest tube station for King's College London and the London School of Economics.
Temple Bar:   Temple Bar is the point in London where Fleet Street, City of London, becomes the Strand, Westminster, and where the City of London traditionally erected a barrier to regulate trade into the city.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Blackmoore Street (1902):   This photo depicts Blackmoor Street which was in the Drury Lane slum, with Clare Court on the left
New Inn Passage (1901):   The corner of Houghton Street and New Inn Passage taken on a 1901 photo just prior to the clearence of the area for the Aldwych-Kingsway improvement scheme.
Strand (1890s):   The Strand in the 1890s
Wych Street:   Wych Street was a street in London, roughly where Australia House now stands on Aldwych. It ran west from the church of St Clement Danes on the Strand to a point towards the southern end of Drury Lane.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Africa House, WC2B · Aldwych, WC2 · Aldwych, WC2B · Arundel Street, WC2R · Atkin Building, WC1R · Australia House, WC2B · Beaumont Buildings, WC2B · Bedford Row, WC1R · Bell Yard, WC2A · Bow St Covent Garden, WC2E · Bull Inn Court, WC2R · Burleigh Street, WC2E · Carey Street, WC2A · Carting Lane, WC2R · Catherine Street, WC2B · Catton Street, WC1R · Chancery Lane, WC2A · Chichester Rents, WC2A · Clare Market, WC2A · Clement’s Inn, WC2R · Clements Inn, WC2A · Coptic Street, WC1A · Crown Court, WC2B · Dane Street, WC1R · Devereux Court, WC2R · Drury Lane, WC2B · Eagle Street, WC1R · Embankment, SW6 · Essex Court, EC4Y · Essex Street, WC2R · Exchange Court, WC2R · Exeter Street, WC2E · Exeter Street, WC2R · Field Court, WC1R · Fisher Street, WC1R · Fountain Court, EC4Y · Fulwood Place, WC1V · Garden Court, EC4Y · Gate Street, WC2A · Grays Inn Place, WC1R · Grays Inn Square Chambers, WC1R · Grays Inn Square, WC1R · Great Queen Street, WC2B · Hand Court, WC1V · Hardwicke Building, WC2A · High Holborn, WC1V · High Holborn, WC2A · High Holborn, WC2B · High Street, WD1 · Holborn, WC1V · Houghton Square, SW9 · Houghton Street, WC2A · Jockeys Fields, WC1R · Jubilee Market Hall Tavistock Court, WC2E · Kean Street, WC2B · Kemble Street, WC2B · Kingsgate Street, WC1R · Kingsway, WC2B · Lancaster Place, WC2E · Lincolns Inn Fields, WC2A · Lion Court, WC1V · Little Essex Street, WC2R · Little Turnstile, WC1V · London Silver Vaults, WC2A · Maltravers Street, WC2R · Martlett Court, WC2B · Melbourne Place, WC2B · Milford Lane, WC2R · Montreal Place, WC2R · Museum Street, WC1A · New Oxford Street, WC1A · New Oxford Street, WC2H · New Square, WC2A · Newton Street, WC2B · North East Wing Bush House, WC2B · North West Wing Bush House, WC2B · Old Buildings, WC2A · Old Square, WC2A · Orange Street, WC1R · Parker Street, WC2B · Peabody Trust Estate, SE21 · Peabody Trust Estate, SE24 · Portsmouth Street, WC2A · Portugal Street, WC2A · Princeton Street, WC1R · Procter Street, WC1V · Proctor Street, WC1V · Quality Court, WC2A · Raymond Buildings, WC1R · Red Lion Square, WC1R · Red Lion Street, WC1R · River Terrace, W6 · Rolls Passage, EC4A · Russell Street, WC2B · Sandland Street, WC1R · Sardinia House, WC2A · Sardinia Street, WC2A · Savoy Court, WC2R · Savoy Hill, WC2R · Savoy Place, WC2N · Savoy Place, WC2R · Savoy Street, WC2E · Savoy Street, WC2R · Savoy Way, WC2R · Serle Street, WC2A · Sheffield Street, WC2A · Sicilian Avenue, WC1A · Silver Vaults, WC2A · South East Wing Bush House, WC2B · South Square, WC1R · South Square, WC1X · Southampton Buildings, WC1V · Southampton Buildings, WC2A · Southampton Row, WC1V · St Clement’s Passage, WC2A · St Clements Lane, WC2A · St Giles House, WC2B · Staple Inn Buildings North, WC1V · Staple Inn Buildings South, WC1V · Staple Inn Buildings, WC1V · Staple Inn, WC1V · Star Yard, WC2A · Stedham Place, WC1A · Stone Buildings, WC2A · Strand Lane, WC2R · Strand Underpass, WC2R · Strand, WC2A · Strand, WC2B · Strand, WC2N · Strand, WC2R · Surrey Street, WC2R · Tavistock Street, WC2B · Tavistock Street, WC2E · Temple Pier, WC2R · Temple Place, WC2R · The Arcade, WC2B · The Australia Centre, WC2B · The Edmund J. Safra Fountain Court, WC2R · The Strand, WC2N · The Strand, WC2R · Tweezer’s Alley, WC2R · Verulam Buildings, WC1R · Victoria Embankment, SE1 · Victoria Embankment, WC2R · Warwick Court, WC1R · Wellington Street, WC2E · Wellington Terrace, W2 · West Central Street, WC1A · Whetstone Park, WC2A · Wild Court, WC2B · Wild Street, WC2B · Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1R ·


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