The Strand, WC2R

Buildings in this area date from the nineteenth century or before

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
54.82.119.116 
Too much info? Click here to declutter the page
12 Bar Club · Adam Street · Adelphi Terrace · Africa House · Aldwych · Aldwych · Aldwych · All Bar One · All Bar One · Alsatia · Apartment 58 · Ape and Bird · Aquinas Street · Arundel Street · Atkin Building · Bainbridge Street · Bainbridge Street · Bar Termini · Bear Street · Beaumont Buildings · Bedford Row · Bell Yard · Blackfriars · Blackfriars Road · Blackmoore Street (1902) · Bloomsbury Square · Bloomsbury Street · Bloomsbury Tavern · Brookes Brother Wine Bar · Buses outside the National Gallery · Cambridge Circus · Carey Street · Carlisle Arms · Carting Lane · Catherine Street · Catton Street · Cecil Court · Cella Karaoke Lounge · Chancery Lane · Chancery Lane · Charing Cross · Charing Cross · Circus · City of York · City Temple · Clare Market · Clare Market · Clement’s Inn · Club 49 · Coach And Horses · Coptic Street · Corney & Barrow Wine Bars · Courtauld Institute of Art · Covent Garden · Cranbourn Street · Crown & Anchor · Crown Court · Dado 54 · Dane Street · De Hems · Devereux Court · Dominion Theatre · Doon Street · Drury Lane · Dyer’s Buildings · Eagle Street · East Harding Street · El Vino Co Ltd · El Vino Co Ltd · Elmhurstreet Villas · Ely Place · Embankment · Embankment · Endell Street · Exeter Street · Falcon Court · Falconberg Mews · Farringdon Road · Farringdon Road · Farringdon Street · Farringdon Street · Field Court · Fisher Street · Fleet Street looking east (c.1920) · Flichcroft Street · Fulwood Place · Garlic & Shots · Gate Street · George Court · Golden Jubilee Bridge · Golden Lion · Goslett Yard · Grand Union · Grays Inn Place · Grays Inn Square Chambers · Grays Inn Square · Great Turnstile · Greek Court · Greek Street · Hand Court · Harrild and Sons · Hat and Mitre Court · Haymarket · Hercules Pillar · High Holborn · High Holborn · High Holborn · Hobhouse Court · Holborn · Holborn Circus · Holborn Viaduct · Holborn · Holborn · Horse and Dolphin Yard · Houghton Square · Houghton Street (1906) · Houghton Street · Howard Street · Hudsons House · Hungerford Bridge · Hungerford Stairs · Inn of Court · Inner Temple Gardens · Invicta Plaza · Irving Street · Ivybridge Lane · Jamie’s Wine Bar and Restaurant · Jockeys Fields · John Adam Street · Kanaloa · Kean Street · Kemble Street · Kingsgate Street · Kingsway · Kingsway · Knights Templar · Kopapa · Leicester Square · Leicester Square · Les Cousins · Lincoln’s Inn Fields · Lincoln’s Inn Fields · Lion Court · Lisle’s Tennis Court · Little Turnstile · London Borough Of Southwark · London Hippodrome · Ludgate Circus (1873) · Lyndhurstreet Grove · Magpie Alley · Manette Street · Maple Leaf Walk · Martlett Court · May’s Court · Melbourne Place · Molly Moggs Ale & Pie House · Montreal Place · Morwell Street · Museum Street · Museum Tavern · My Old Dutch · New Ambassadors Theatre · New Inn Passage (1901) · New Oxford Street · New Oxford Street · New Square Passage · Newport Court · Newton Street · Nicholson Street · Norfolk Street · North East Wing Bush House · North West Wing Bush House · Northumberland Avenue · Northumberland Avenue · Northumberland House · Old Barge House Alley · Old Compton Street · Orange Street · Orange Street · Pall Mall East · Peabody Trust Estate · Peabody Trust Estate · Pegasus Bar · Pelican Estate · Penderel’s Oak · Philomena’s · Pillars Of Hercules · PO Box 27369 · PO Box 31739 · PO Box 38451 · PO Box 45182 · PO Box 60052 · PO Box 6007 · PO Box 60076 · PO Box 60078 · PO Box 60084 · PO Box 60087 · PO Box 60093 · PO Box 60094 · PO Box 68501 · PO Box 68517 · PO Box 68526 · PO Box 68607 · PO Box 68642 · PO Box 74228 · Portsmouth Street · Portugal Street · Princess Louise · Princeton Street · Procter Street · Proctor Street · Punch Tavern · Quality Court · Raymond Buildings · Red Lion Court · Red Lion Square · Red Lion Street · River Terrace · Riverside Walk · Robert Street · Rolls Buildings · Royal Opera House · Russell Street · Saint Andrew Street · Saint Giles High Street · Saint Martin’s Lane · Saint Martin’s Court · Saint Martin’s Place · Salsa! · Samford Street · Sandland Street · Sardinia House · Sardinia Street · Sardinia Street · Savoy Hill · Savoy Way · Secrets · Secrets · Serle Street · Shaftesbury Avenue · Sheffield Street · Shelton Street · Shipley's Drawing School · Sicilian Avenue · Sir Chrisptopher Hatton · Slug and Lettuce · Sounding Alley · South Square · South Square · Southampton Row · Southbank Centre Square · Southbank · Spring Gardens · St Andrew · St Brides Avenue · St Brides Tavern · St Clement’s Passage · St Clements Lane · St Etheldreda’s Church · St Giles · St Giles House · St Martin’s Theatre · St. James’s Drive · St. Thomas’s Square · Stamford · Staple Inn · Staple Inn Buildings · Stedham Place · Strand (1890s) · Strand Lane · Strand Underpass · Strand · Strand · Strand · Suffolk Place · Sutton Row · Sway · Tallis Street · Tavistock Street · Temple · Temple Bar · Thavie’s Inn · The Adelphi · The Albion · The Angel · The Arcade · The Bountiful Cow · The Bridewell Theatre · The Cambridge Theatre · The Crown · The Crown · The Crown and Sugar Loaf · The Crown · The Crown · The Draft House · The Edmund J. Safra Fountain Court · The Gallery · The Hack & Hop · The Harrow · The Hoop & Grapes · The London Cocktail Club · The Old Bell Tavern · The Old Crown · The Old Red Lion · The Plough · The Polish Bar (Na Zdrowie) · The Seven Stars · The Ship Tavern · The Square Pig · The Sun · The Sussex · The Terrace · The Tottenham · The White Swan · Thomas Neal’s shopping centre · Three Greyhounds · Tipperary · Tottenham Court Road · Tottenham Court Road (1927) · Trafalgar Square · Truckles Wine Bar · Tweezer’s Alley · Two Brewers · Upper Saint Martin’s Lane · Upper St Martin’s Lane · Verulam Buildings · Victoria Embankment Gardens · Victoria Embankment · Victoria House · Villiers Street · Voltaire · Warwick Court · Water Street · Watergate Walk · Waterloo Bridge · Waterloo Bridge · Waterloo Bridge · West Central Street · Westreet Drive · Whetstone Park · White Hart · Whitehall · Whittlesey Street · Wild Court · Wild Street (1902) · William IV Street · Willoughby Street · Wych Street · Wyld’s Great Globe · Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese · Ye Olde Cock Tavern · Ye Olde Mitre · York Place · Yorkshire Grey Yard
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Holborn · WC2R ·
JANUARY
1
2000

The Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.



VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Holborn

Holborn is both an area and also the name of the area's principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles's High Street and Gray's Inn Road and then Holborn Viaduct between Holborn Circus and Newgate Street.

The area's first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions 'the old wooden church of St Andrew' (St Andrew, Holborn). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City's jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City's jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival's Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap's molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston's Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival's Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard's Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray's Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln's Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw's invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury's head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.