Lambeth Bridge (1865)

Image dated 1862

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Photo taken in a westerly direction · Lambeth · SE1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
5
2014
Lambeth Bridge, c 1865. Before this, it was more convenient for Lambeth people to cross the river by boat/ferry.

   Contemporary view of the area - viewing direction is appoximate

Lambeth Bridge is on the site of a horse ferry between the Palace of Westminster and Lambeth Palace on the south bank.

The first modern bridge was a suspension bridge, 828 feet long, designed by Peter W. Barlow. Sanctioned by an Act of Parliament in 1860, it opened as a toll bridge in 1862 but doubts about its safety, coupled with its awkwardly steep approaches deterring horse-drawn traffic, meant it soon became used almost solely as a pedestrian crossing. It ceased to be a toll bridge in 1879 when the Metropolitan Board of Works assumed responsibility for its upkeep — it was by then severely corroded, and by 1910 it was closed to vehicular traffic.

The London County Council prepared a masterplan for the area, including a replacement road bridge linking to a widened Horseferry Road, which was authorised by London County Council (Lambeth Bridge) Act 1924. Before work had started on the project, the 1928 Thames flood caused extensive destruction of property in the Millbank area. Following the flood the Chelsea Embankment was rebuilt and raised, resulting in some minor redesign of the approaches, and creating the open space to the south of Lambeth Bridge now known as Victoria Tower Gardens South. During the period of delay, the bridge was also redesigned to be able to cope with a higher weight of motorised traffic.

The current structure, a five-span steel arch, designed by engineer Sir George Humphreys and architects Sir Reginald Blomfield and G. Topham Forrest, was built by Dorman Long
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VIEW THE LAMBETH AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE LAMBETH AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE LAMBETH AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE LAMBETH AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE LAMBETH AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Lambeth

The ’Lamb’ in Lambeth really means just that.

The name is recorded in 1062 as Lambehitha, meaning ’landing place for lambs’, and in 1255 as Lambeth. The name refers to a harbour where lambs were either shipped from or to. It is formed from the Old English ’lamb’ and ’hythe.

South Lambeth is recorded as Sutlamehethe in 1241 and North Lambeth is recorded in 1319 as North Lamhuth. The marshland in the area, known as Lambeth Marshe, was drained in the 18th century but is remembered in the Lower Marsh street name. Sometime after the opening of Waterloo railway station in 1848 the locality around the station and Lower Marsh became known as Waterloo.

Lambeth Palace is located opposite the Palace of Westminster. The two were linked by a horse ferry across the Thames.

Until the mid-18th Century the north of Lambeth was marshland, crossed by a number of roads raised against floods.

With the opening of Westminster Bridge in 1750, followed by the Blackfriars Bridge and Vauxhall Bridge, a number of major thoroughfares were developed through Lambeth, such as Westminster Bridge Road, Kennington Road and Camberwell New Road.

In William Blake’s epic Milton a Poem, the poet John Milton leaves Heaven and travels to Lambeth, in the form of a falling comet, and enters Blake’s foot. This allows Blake to treat the ordinary world as perceived by the five senses as a sandal formed of "precious stones and gold" that he can now wear. Blake ties the sandal and, guided by Los, walks with it into the City of Art, inspired by the spirit of poetic creativity. The poem was written between 1804 and 1810.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Garden Museum:   The first museum in the world dedicated to the history of gardening.
Lambeth:   The ’Lamb’ in Lambeth really means just that.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Beet Court (1910):   Photograph of Beet Court aka Lemon Court, in 1910.
Gunner's Cottages (1910):   Gunner’s Cottages, off Salamanca Street, Lambeth 1910.
Lambeth High Street (1860):   This photograph of the Windmill inn, Lambeth High Street, dates from 1860
Old Red Cow:   The Old Red Cow (right of picture)
Wake Street:   Wake Street (King Street before the 1880s) was featured in photos from the Picture Post edition of 31 December 1938.
Waterloo Air Terminal (1953):   Officially known as the British European Airways Waterloo Air Terminal, the building was officially opened on the Festival of Britain site on 19 May 1953 by the then Minister of Aviation.
York Wharf:   York Wharf, photographed in 1866.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albert Embankment, SE1 · Albert Embankment, SE11 · Albert Enbankment, SE1 · Arden House, SE11 · Barbel Street, SE1 · Beaufoy Walk, SE11 · Bedlam Mews, SE11 · Belvedere Road, SE1 · Black Prince Road, SE1 · Carlisle Lane, SE1 · Centaur Street, SE1 · China Walk, SE11 · Cooper Close, SE1 · Coral Street, SE1 · Cosser Street, SE1 · Distin Street, SE11 · Dodson Street, SE1 · Fellmongers Path, SE1 · Fitzalan Street, SE11 · Gerridge Street, SE1 · Gibson Road, SE11 · Greenham Close, SE1 · Hercules Road, SE1 · Hornbeam Close, SE11 · Hotspur Street, SE11 · Hurley Road, SE11 · Johanna Street, SE1 · Jonathan Street, SE11 · Juxon Street, SE11 · Kennington Lane, SE11 · Kennington Lane, SW8 · Kennington Road, SE1 · Kennington Road, SE11 · Kennington Road, SW95 · King Edward Walk, SE1 · Lambeth Bridge, SE1 · Lambeth Bridge, SW1P · Lambeth High Street, SE1 · Lambeth Palace Road, SE1 · Lambeth Palace Road, SW1 · Lambeth Pier, SE1 · Lambeth Road, SE1 · Lambeth Road, SE11 · Lambeth Walk, SE1 · Lambeth Walk, SE11 · Launcelot Street, SE1 · Leake Street, SE1 · Lilac Place, SE11 · Lollard Street, SE11 · Lower Marsh, SE1 · Marylee Way, SE11 · Millbank, SE1 · Millbank, SW1P · Milverton Street, SE11 · Newnham Terrace, SE1 · Newport Street, SE11 · Norfolk Row, SE1 · Old Paradise Street, SE1 · Old Paradise Street, SE11 · Pear Place, SE1 · Pratt Walk, SE1 · Pratt Walk, SE11 · Randall Road, SE11 · Royal Street, SE1 · Sail Street, SE11 · Salamanca Place, SE1 · Salamanca Street, SE1 · Saunders Street, SE11 · South Street, SE11 · St. Georges Mews, SE1 · Steam Pump Lane, W4 · Tanswell Street, SE1 · The Chandlery, SE1 · The Tunnel, SE1 · Vauxhall Walk, SE11 · Virgil Street, SE1 · Walnut Tree Walk, SE11 · Waterloo Bridge, SE1 · Waterloo Bridge, WC2R · Waterloo Centre, SE1 · Westminster Bridge Road, SE1 · Whitehorse Mews, SE1 · Whitehouse Apartments, SE1 · Whitgift House, SE11 · Whitgift Street, SE1 · Whitgift Street, SE11 · Wincott Parade, SE11 · Windmill Row, SE11 ·


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John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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