Shepherd Market

Image dated 1925

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Photo taken in a northeasterly direction · Mayfair · W1J · Contributed by The Underground Map
July
23
2017
Shepherd Market (1925)

   Contemporary view of the area - viewing direction is appoximate

Shepherd Market was described by Arthur Bingham Walkley in 1925 as one of the oddest incongruities in London.

It is a small square in the Mayfair area of central London, developed in 1735-46 by Edward Shepherd from an open area called Brook Field, through which flowed the Tyburn and used for the annual May fair from which Mayfair gets its name. The fifteen-day fair took place on the site that is Shepherd Market today and was established by King James II in the 1680s, mainly for the purpose of cattle trading. Over the years the fair grew in popularity and size, attracting both rich and poor. Whilst Queen Anne tried to put an end to the fair, her successor George I was more approving. The gentrification of the area in the eighteenth century killed the festival off, with the building of many grand houses. A local architect and developer (Edward Shepherd), was commissioned to develop the site. It was completed in the mid 18th century, with paved alleys, a duck pond, and a two-storey market, topped with a theatre.

Shepherd Market was associated with prostitutes in the eighteenth century onwards and by the 1920s it was also a popular residential area for writers and artists, such as Anthony Powell, Michael Arlen and Sophie Fedorovitch with a village-like atmosphere.

At 9 Curzon Place that Cass Elliot (Mama Cass) of The Mamas and Papas died in July 1974, and, four years later, Keith Moon, drummer with The Who, died of an overdose in the same house. Next to Shepherd Market is Half Moon Street, where the fictional Wooster of P.G. Wodehouse's novels lived, and where in 1763 the James Boswell took lodgings and wrote his diary.

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VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Mayfair

Mayfair (originally called The May Fair) is an area of central London, by the east edge of Hyde Park. Mayfair boasts some of the capital's most exclusive property of all types.

Mayfair is named after the annual fortnight-long May Fair that took place on the site that is Shepherd Market today. In 1764, the May Fair was banned at Shepherd Market because the well-to-do residents of the area disliked the fair's disorderliness, and it moved to Fair Field in Bow in the East End of London.

The district is now mainly commercial, with many former homes converted into offices for major corporations headquarters, embassies and also hedge funds and real estate businesses. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London's largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Rents are among the highest in London and the world.

The freehold of a large section of Mayfair also belongs to the Crown Estate.

The renown and prestige of Mayfair could have grown in the popular mind because it is the most expensive property on the British Monopoly set. Victor Watson, the head of Waddingtons at the time, and his secretary Marjory Phillips, chose the London place names for the British version — Ms Phillips apparently went for a walk around London to choose suitable sites.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Green Park:   Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park, close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk.
Mayfair:   Mayfair (originally called The May Fair) is an area of central London, by the east edge of Hyde Park. Mayfair boasts some of the capital's most exclusive property of all types.
Park Lane Hotel:   The Park Lane Hotel is a 5 Star hotel on Piccadilly, London.
Royal Aeronautical Society:   The Royal Aeronautical Society, also known as the RAeS, is a British-founded multidisciplinary professional institution dedicated to the global aerospace community.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus:   An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus, Mr Gladstone Travelling with Ordinary Passengers, 1885


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adams Row, W1K · Albemarle Street, W1S · Aldford Street, W1K · Apsley Way, W1J · Archibald Mews, W1K · Arlington House, SW1A · Audley Square, W1K · Balfour Mews, W1K · Balfour Place, W1K · Berkeley House, W1J · Berkeley Square House, W1J · Berkeley Square, W1J · Berkeley Street, W1J · Bolton Street, W1J · Bourdon Place, W1K · Bourdon Street, W1K · Brick Street, W1J · Brooks Mews, W1K · Bruton Lane, W1J · Bruton Lane, W1S · Bruton Place, W1J · Bruton Street, W1J · Burlington Gardens, W1S · Carlos Place, W1K · Carrington Street, W1J · Charles Street, W1J · Chesterfield Gardens, W1J · Chesterfield Street, W1J · Clarges Mews, W1J · Clarges Street, W1J · Clifford Street, W1S · Coach And Horses Yard, W1S · Coach Horses Yard, W1S · Constitution Hill, SW1A · Constitution Hill, SW1W · Constitution Hill, SW1X · Constitution Hill, W1J · Constitution Hill, W1K · Cork Street, W1S · Curzon Square, W1K · Curzon Street, W1J · Deanery Street, W1K · Derby Street, W1J · Dorchester Ride, W1K · Dover Street, W1S · Down Street, W1J · Duke of Wellington Place, SW1X · Farm Street, W1J · Fitzmaurice Place, W1J · Garrick House, W1J · Graftan Street, W1S · Grafton Street, W1S · Grosvenor Hill, W1K · Grosvenor Square, W1K · Grosvenor Street, W1K · Half Moon Street, W1J · Hamilton Mews, W1J · Hamilton Place, W1J · Hay Hill, W1J · Hays Mews, W1J · Hertford Street, W1J · Hill Street, W1J · Landsdowne Row, W1J · Lansdowne House, W1J · Lansdowne Row, W1J · Lovers’ Walk, W1K · Market Mews, W1J · Mayfair Place, W1J · Milkmaid’s Passage, SW1A · Mount Row, W1K · Mount Street Mews, W1K · Mount Street, W1 · Mount Street, W1K · Old Park Lane, W1J · Old Park Lane, W1K · Park Towers, W1J · Piccadilly, SW1A · Pitt’s Head Mews, W1J · Pollen Street, W1S · Queen Street, W1J · Red Lion Yard, W1K · Reeves Mews, W1K · Rex Place, W1K · Sackville Street, W1S · Shepherd Market, W1J · Shepherd Street, W1J · South Audley Street, W1K · South Street, W1K · Stafford Street, W1S · Stanhope Gate, W1K · Stanhope Row, W1J · Stratton Street, W1J · The Ritz Arcade, W1J · Tilney Street, W1K · Trebeck Street, W1J · Vigo Street, W1S · Waverton Street, W1J · White Horse Street, W1J ·


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John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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