Victoria Park

Park in/near South Hackney, existing until now

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Park · South Hackney · E9 · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
11
2013
Victoria Park

Victoria Park is a large open space that stretches out across part of the East End of London, England bordering parts of Bethnal Green, Hackney, and Bow, such as along Old Ford Road, London E3. The park is entirely within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

The park was laid out by notable London planner and architect Sir James Pennethorne between 1842 and 1846. This large park is reminiscent of Regent’s Park (not least because the latter was designed by Pennethorne’s teacher John Nash), though much less busy, and is considered by some as the finest park in the East End. It is bounded on two sides by canals: the Regent’s Canal lies to the west, while its branch, once known as the Hertford Union Canal runs along the Southern edge of the park. There is a gate named after Edmund Bonner. Guarding the main entrance at Sewardstone Road are the now badly vandalized Dogs of Alcibiades which have stood here since 1912.

Two pedestrian alcoves, the only two surviving fragments of the old London Bridge, demolished in 1831, are located at the east end of the park near the Hackney Wick war memorial where they were placed in 1860. This incarnation of the famous bridge (there have been two others since), stood for over 600 years and was lined with shops and houses. Alcoves such as these would have been important for pedestrian safety - the roadway was very narrow and the risk of being run down very high.

The People's Park

In the latter half of the 19th Century, Victoria Park became an essential amenity for the working classes of the East End. For some East End children in the 1880s, this may have been the only large stretch of uninterrupted greenery they ever encountered. Facilities like the Bathing Pond (picture right)?later superseded by the park lido?would have introduced many to swimming in an era when many public baths (like that at Shacklewell) were still simply communal washing facilities.

Victoria Park’s reputation as the ’People’s Park’ grew as it became a centre for political meetings and rallies of all stripes, perhaps exceeding in importance the more well-known Hyde Park in this regard. The park occupies the interface between Tower Hamlets?sunk in poverty in the 19th century and with a strong tradition of socialist and revolutionary agitation?and Hackney, more genteel, but heir to a centuries-old legacy of religious dissent and non-conformism that led to its own fierce brand of reformism. So it should come as no surprise that the scene at the numerous Speaker’s Corners was a lively one.

Although any one could set up their own soapbox, the biggest crowds were usually drawn to ’star’ socialist speakers such as William Morris and Annie Besant.

This description by J H Rooney, correspondent for Harper’s Magazine (February 1888) evokes a scene that seems to prefigure the Internet:

On this lawn the listener, as his fancy prompts him, may assist on Malthusianism, atheism, agnosticism, secularism, Calvinism, socialism, anarchism, Salvationism, Darwinism, and even, in exceptional cases, Swedenborgianism and Mormonism. I once heard there a prophet, a man who professed to be inspired by the Holy Ghost; but this prophet ended by being locked up in an asylum, where he will have to convert the doctor before he can recover his liberty. features The Clash playing at an Anti-Nazi League event in the park.

Victoria Park is very popular with children and is host to: a One O’Clock Club for under-fives; a herd of deer and goats; and a programme of summer activities. And an excellent children’s play park also includes a paddling pool.

The Victoria Model Steam Boat Club, founded in the Park on 15 July 1904, is still active today and holds up to 17 of their Sunday regattas a year. The VMSB Club runs straight-running boats just as they did 100 years ago but have also progressed to radio control and hydroplanes. The first Regatta is traditionally held on Easter Sunday and the Steam Regatta is always held on the first Sunday in July.

The park is open daily from 06:00am to dusk.

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VIEW THE SOUTH HACKNEY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE SOUTH HACKNEY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE SOUTH HACKNEY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE SOUTH HACKNEY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE SOUTH HACKNEY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Bethnal Green

Bethnal Green - a happy corner

Bethnal Green is located 3.3 miles northeast of Charing Cross, It was historically an agrarian hamlet in the ancient parish of Stepney, Middlesex.

The name Blithehale or Blythenhale, the earliest form of Bethnal Green, is derived from the Anglo-Saxon healh ('angle, nook, or corner') and blithe ('happy, blithe').

Following population increases caused by the expansion of London during the 18th century, it was split off as the parish of Bethnal Green in 1743, becoming part of the Metropolis in 1855 and the County of London in 1889. The parish became the Metropolitan Borough of Bethnal Green in 1900 and the population peaked in 1901, entering a period of steady decline which lasted until 1981. Bethnal Green has formed part of Greater London since 1965.

The economic history of Bethnal Green is characterised by a shift away from agricultural provision for the City of London to market gardening, weaving and light industry, which has now all but disappeared.

By about 1860 Bethnal Green was mainly full of tumbledown old buildings with many families living in each house. By the end of the century, Bethnal Green was one of the poorest slums in London. Jack the Ripper operated at the western end of Bethnal Green and in neighbouring Whitechapel. In 1900, the Old Nichol Street Rookery was demolished, and the Boundary Estate opened on the site near the boundary with Shoreditch. This was the world's first council housing. The quality of the built environment was radically reformed by the aerial bombardment of World War II and the subsequent social housing developments.

Bethnal Green has a tube station on the Central Line of the London Underground. The station was opened as part of the long planned Central Line eastern extension on 4 December 1946; before that it was used as an air-raid shelter. On 3 March 1943, 173 people were killed in a crush while attempting to enter the shelter.

The station is an example of the New Works Programme 1935 - 1940 style adopted by London Transport for its new tube stations. Extensive use is made of pale yellow tiling, originally manufactured by Poole Pottery. The finishes include relief tiles, showing symbols of London and the area served by the London Passenger Transport Board, designed by Harold Stabler. The station entrances, all in the form of subway access staircases to the subterranean ticket hall, all show the design influences of Charles Holden, the consulting architect for London Transport at this time.



NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ainsworth Road, E9 · Andrews Road, E8 · Approach Road, E2 · Balcorne Street, E9 · Barton Close, E9 · Belsham Street, E9 · Bishops Way, E2 · Bohemia Place, E8 · Bohemia Place, E9 · Bonner Road, E2 · Bradstock Road, E9 · Brenthouse Road, E9 · Brooksbank Street, E9 · Brooksbys Walk, E9 · Cambridge Crescent, E2 · Cambridge Heath Road, E2 · Cassland Road, E9 · Chatham Place, E9 · Chelmer Road, E9 · Cherry Tree Close, E9 · Chisenhale Road, E3 · Church Crescent, E9 · Church Cresent, E9 · Clare Street, E2 · Clarkson Street, E2 · Clermont Road, E9 · Coate Street, E2 · College Close, E9 · Collent Street, E9 · Coniston Walk, E9 · Connor Street, E9 · Corbridge Crescent, E2 · Cresset Road, E9 · Crozier Terrace, E9 · Daley Street, E9 · Darnley Road, E8 · Darnley Road, E9 · Darwen Place, E2 · Dean Close, E9 · Derby Road, E9 · Digby Road, E9 · Driffield Road, E3 · Edenbridge Road, E9 · Ellesmere Road, E3 · Elsdale Street, E9 · Flanders Way, E9 · Ford Street, E3 · Frampton Estate, E9 · Frampton Park Road, E9 · Furrow Lane, E9 · Gascoyne Road, E9 · Gerard Place, E9 · Gore Road, E2 · Gore Road, E9 · Groombridge Road, E9 · Grove Road, E9 · Guinness Close, E9 · Gunmakers Lane, E3 · Gunmakers Lane, E9 · Handley Road, E9 · Hare Row, E2 · Hartlake Road, E9 · Hewlett Road, E3 · Holcroft Road, E9 · Hollybush Gardens, E2 · Hollybush Place, E2 · Homerton High Street, E9 · Homerton Terrace, E9 · Huddleston Close, E2 · Imperial Wharf, E2 · Isabella Road, E9 · Iveagh Close, E9 · Jackson Close, E9 · James Docherty House Patriot Square, E2 · Kenton Road, E9 · King Edwards Road, E9 · Kingshold Road, E9 · Knights Close, E9 · Lake View Estate, E3 · Lammas Road, E9 · Lark Row, E2 · Lark Row, E9 · Lauriston Road, E9 · Leopold Mews, E9 · Loddiges Road, E9 · Lyme Grove, E9 · Mace Street, E2 · Mare Street End, E9 · Mare Street, E8 · Mare Street, E9 · Marian Place, E2 · Mead Place, E9 · Mehetabel Road, E9 · Meynell Crescent, E9 · Meynell Cresent, E9 · Meynell Road, E9 · Middleton Street, E2 · Minson Road, E9 · Morning Lane, E9 · Morpeth Road, E9 · Moulins Road, E9 · Mowlem Street, E2 · Museum Passage, E2 · Nant Street, E2 · Nisbet House, E9 · Northiam Street, E2 · Nursary Road, E9 · Old Ford Road, E2 · Old Ford Road, E3 · Old Ford Road, E9 · Oriel Road, E9 · Paragon Road, E9 · Park Close, E9 · Parmiter Street, E2 · Patriot Square, E2 · Patriots Square, E2 · Peel Grove, E2 · Pennethorne Close, E9 · Ponsford Street, E9 · Poole Road, E9 · Primrose Square, E9 · Pritchards Road, E2 · Pundersons Gardens, E2 · Queen Anne Road, E9 · Railway Arches, E2 · Railway Arches, E9 · Red Path, E9 · Redruth Road, E9 · Retreat Place, E9 · Robinson Road, E2 · Rosina Street, E9 · Rowe Lane, E9 · Russia Lane, E2 · Rutland Road, E9 · Sewardstone Road, E2 · Sewardstone Road, E3 · Sharon Gardens, E9 · Shepherds Lane, E9 · Shore Place, E9 · Shore Road, E9 · Skipworth Road, E9 · Southborough Road, E9 · Speldhurst Road, E9 · St Barnabas Terrace, E9 · St James Avenue, E2 · St Jamess Avenue, E2 · St Thomas Place, E9 · St Thomas’s Square, E9 · St. James’s Avenue, E2 · St. John’s Church Road, E9 · Steven’s Avenue, E9 · Sutton Place, E9 · Sutton Square, E9 · Symington Mews, E9 · Terrace Road, E9 · The Oval, E2 · Trelawney Estate, E9 · Tresham Walk, E9 · Tryon Crescent, E9 · Tudor Grove, E9 · Tudor Road, E9 · Twig Folly Close, E2 · Urswick Road, E9 · Valentine Road, E9 · Valette Street, E9 · Victoria Park Road, E9 · Victoria Park Square, E2 · Vyner Street, E2 · Wadeson Street, E2 · Warburton Road, E8 · Wardle Street, E9 · Warneford Street, E8 · Warneford Street, E9 · Waterloo Close, E8 · Waterloo Gardens, E2 · Well Street, E8 · Well Street, E9 · Wetherell Road, E9 · Wharf Place, E2 · Woodbine Terrace, E9 · Zealand Road, E3 ·


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