Alsatia

Locality in/near Blackfriars, existed between 1665 and 1723

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Locality · Blackfriars · EC4Y · Contributed by The Underground Map
September
26
2016


Alsatia was the name given to an area lying north of the River Thames covered by the Whitefriars monastery.

Between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries it had the privilege of a sanctuary and as a result it was the refuge of the perpetrators of every grade of crime, debauchery, and offence against the laws.

The execution of a warrant there, if at any time practicable, was attended with great danger, as all united in a maintenance in common of the immunity of the place. It was one of the last places of sanctuary used in England, abolished by Act of Parliament named The Escape from Prison Act in 1697 and a further Act in 1723.

Eleven other places in London were named in the Acts (The Minories, The Mint, Salisbury Court, Whitefriars
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VIEW THE BLACKFRIARS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKFRIARS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKFRIARS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKFRIARS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLACKFRIARS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

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Blackfriars

Blackfriars station was opened on 30 May 1870 by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR; now the District and Circle lines) as the railway's new eastern terminus when the line was extended from Westminster. The construction of the new section of the MDR was planned in conjunction with the building of the Victoria Embankment and was achieved by the cut and cover method of roofing over a shallow trench.

The station straddles the River Thames occupying the length of Blackfriars Railway Bridge, and since December 2011 there have been station buildings, with passenger entrance, on both sides of the river. Previously there were buildings and entrances on the north side only. Blackfriars Bridge is a road bridge running parallel to the rail bridge.

Blackfriars is also the name of an area of central London, which lies in the south-west corner of the City of London. The name was first used in 1317 and derives from the black cappa worn by the Dominican Friars who moved their priory from Holborn to the area between the River Thames and Ludgate Hill in 1276.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Blackfriars:   Blackfriars station was opened on 30 May 1870 by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR; now the District and Circle lines) as the railway's new eastern terminus when the line was extended from Westminster. The construction of the new section of the MDR was planned in conjunction with the building of the Victoria Embankment and was achieved by the cut and cover method of roofing over a shallow trench.
Blackfriars Bridge railway station:   Blackfriars Bridge railway station was a railway station on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR). It was constructed in 1864 and, for six months, was the northern terminus for a line from Herne Hill via Loughborough Junction. It was part of a scheme by the company to extend into the City of London. It ceased to be the terminus when the line was extended across the River Thames to Ludgate Hill where a temporary station in New Bridge Street was opened on 21 December 1864.
City Temple:   The City Temple is a Nonconformist church on Holborn Viaduct.
Inner Temple Gardens:   
Showing every photo/image so far featured, EC1N:   Holborn Circus is a junction of five highways in the City of London, on the boundary between Holborn, Hatton Garden and Smithfield.
St Andrew, Holborn:   The Church of St Andrew, Holborn stands within the Ward of Farringdon Without.
Temple Bar:   Temple Bar is the point in London where Fleet Street, City of London, becomes the Strand, Westminster, and where the City of London traditionally erected a barrier to regulate trade into the city.
Thavie’s Inn:   Thavie’s Inn was a former Inn of Chancery, associated with Lincoln’s Inn, established at Holborn, near the site of the present side street and office block still known as Thavies Inn Buildings.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Fleet Street looking east (c.1920):   Fleet Street, tradition home of British national newspapers, is named after the River Fleet, London's largest underground river.
Ludgate Circus (1873):   This image shows a weary-looking magazine seller stationed at Ludgate Circus.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Apothecary Street, EC4V · Ashentree Court, EC4Y · Barge House Street, SE1 · Bear Alley, EC4A · Bell Yard, WC2A · Bishop?s Court, EC4M · Black Friars Lane, EC4V · Black Friars Pier, EC4V · Blackfriars Bridge, EC4V · Blackfriars Bridge, SE1 · Blackfriars Lane, EC4V · Blackfriars Underpass, EC4V · Blackfriars Underpass, EC4Y · Bolt Court, EC4A · Bouverie Street, EC4Y · Breams Buildings, EC4A · Brick Court, EC4Y · Bride Court, EC4Y · Bride Lane, EC4Y · Bridewell Place, EC4V · Carmelite Street, EC4Y · Chancery Lane, EC4A · Chancery Lane, WC2A · Chichester Rents, WC2A · Church Entry, EC4V · Cliffords Inn Passage, EC4A · Cliffords Inn, EC4A · Crane Court, EC4A · Crown Office Row, EC4Y · Cursitor Street, EC4A · Cursitor Street, W1 · Doctor Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y · Dorset Rise, EC4Y · Drive Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y · Dyer’s Buildings, EC1N · Dyers Buildings, EC1N · East Harding Street, EC4A · Essex Court, EC4Y · Falcon Court, EC4Y · Falcon Point Piazza, SE1 · Farringdon Road, EC1A · Farringdon Road, EC4A · Farringdon Road, EC4P · Farringdon Street, EC1A · Farringdon Street, EC4A · Farringdon Street, EC4M · Fetter Lane, EC4A · Fleet Place, EC4M · Fleet Street, EC4A · Fleet Street, EC4Y · Furnival Street, EC4A · Gough Square, EC4A · Great New Street, EC4A · Gunpowder Square, EC4A · Harcourt Buildings, EC4Y · Hare Court, EC4Y · Hare Place, EC4Y · Hat and Mitre Court, EC1M · Hind Court, EC4A · Holborn Viaduct, EC1A · Holborn, EC1N · Hood Court, EC4Y · Hosier Lane, EC1A · Inner Temple Lane, EC4Y · John Carpenter Street, EC4Y · King?s Bench Walk, EC4Y · Kings Bench Walk, EC4Y · Lamb Building, EC4Y · Lea Valley Viaduct, E4 · Lea Valley Viaduct, N18 · Limeburner Lane, EC4M · Little New Street, EC4A · Ludgate Broadway, EC4V · Ludgate Circus, EC4M · Ludgate Hill, EC4M · Masters House Temple Church, EC4Y · Middle Temple Lane, EC4Y · Mitre Court Buildings, EC4Y · New Bridge Street, EC4V · New Court, EC4Y · New Fetter Lane, EC1N · New Fetter Lane, EC4A · New St Square, EC4A · New Street Square, EC4A · Norwich Street, EC4A · Old Bailey, EC4M · Old Mitre Court, EC4Y · Old Seacoal Lane, EC4M · Outer Temple, EC4Y · Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street, SE1 · Paper Buildings Temple, EC4Y · Paper Buildings, EC4Y · Pemberton Row, EC4A · Pilgrim Street, EC4V · Playhouse Yard, EC4V · Pleydell Street, EC4Y · Plough Place, EC4A · Ploughs Place, EC4A · Plowden Buildings, EC4Y · Plumtree Court, EC4A · Poppins Court, EC4A · Priory Court, EC4V · Puddle Dock, EC4V · Pump Court, EC4Y · Quality Court, WC2A · Red Lion Court, EC4A · Riverside Walk, SE1 · Rolls Buildings, WC2A · Rolls Passage, EC4A · Saint Andrew Street, EC4A · Saint Bride Street, EC4A · Salisbury Court, EC4Y · Salisbury Square, EC4Y · Serjeants Inn, EC4Y · Shoe Lane, EC4A · Snow Hill, EC1A · Snowhill, EC1A · Southampton Buildings, WC1V · St Andrew Street, EC4A · St Bride Street, EC4A · St Brides Avenue, EC4Y · Staple Inn Buildings North, WC1V · Staple Inn Buildings South, WC1V · Staple Inn Buildings, WC1V · Staple Inn Buildings, WC1X · Staple Inn, WC1V · Stonecutter Street, EC4A · Strand, EC4A · Tallis Street, EC4Y · Temple Avenue, EC4Y · Temple Chambers, EC4Y · Temple Gardens, EC4Y · Took?s Court, EC4A · Tooks Court, EC4A · Treasurers Office Inner Temple, EC4Y · Tudor Street, EC4Y · Victoria Embankment, EC4Y · Watergate, EC4Y · Whitefriars Street, EC4Y · Wine Office Court, EC4A ·

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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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