Elstree South tube station

Locality in/near Elstree, existed between 1940 and 1950

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Locality · Elstree · WD6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
September
19
2012


Elstree South tube station (usually just Elstree on Underground maps) was an unbuilt London Underground station south of Elstree.

The station was the second of three planned by London Underground in 1935 for an extension of the Northern Line from Edgware to Bushey Heath.

The extension was part of the Northern Heights project which was intended to electrify a number of steam-operated London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) branch lines and to incorporate them into the Northern Line. The powers to build the extension came from the purchase in 1922 of the unbuilt Watford and Edgware Railway which had planned an extension of the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway to Watford Junction via Bushey, but had never been able to raise the capital required for construction to start.

Construction works on the Northern Heights project began in the late 1930s but were interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War. Most of the work undertaken to that date had been carried out on the existing LNER branch tracks but some work between Edgware and Elstree had taken place. Land had been purchased along the route of the new rail line and some earthworks had been constructed. North of Brockley Hill station a pair of 500m tunnels were partly constructed through a hill towards Elstree. The northern tunnel mouths would have opened immediately before the station. Also adjacent to the site the carriage depot for the line was completed in 1939 but during the war it was converted to use as a munitions factory.

After the war it became Aldenham Bus Overhaul Works until it was closed in the 1980s and demolished in the 1990s.

The sites of all three new stations were in semi-rural locations and, as it had elsewhere, it was intended that the opening of the new section of Underground line would stimulate the construction of new residential estates that the stations would then serve.

After the war, new legislation was introduced with the intention of limiting the continuing expansion of urban areas into their surrounding countryside. This legistation created the Metropolitan Green Belt around London and the area designated included the area covered by the new Northern Line extension. Without the possibility of constructing the new housing estates, the new line had no purpose and the plans for the extension were cancelled in 1950.

Through disuse the Elstree tunnels became flooded and dangerous. The entrances were filled in and buried in the 1970s and today nothing is visible on the surface. The extensive cutting created for the motorway junction and slip roads crosses the tunnel alignment. Some traces of earthworks including foundations of a viaduct still survive at the site of Brockley Hill station.

The route of the line between Edgware and Brockley Hill is now occupied by housing and roads including Sterling Avenue and Shelley Close.

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VIEW THE ELSTREE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ELSTREE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ELSTREE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ELSTREE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ELSTREE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Brockley Hill

Brockley Hill, near Stanmore, on the outskirts of London, rises to 136 metres (446 ft) above sea level.

The highway originally built by the Romans, which we know as Watling Street or more recently the A5 trunk road, rises steeply from the junction with Spur Road, Edgware, to the summit of Brockley Hill, climbing some 70m in a distance of about 1400 metres. The descent from the summit to Elstree Hill Roundabout about 600m to the North drops about 30m.

The area is associated with the archaeological site called Sulloniacis.

Its most prominent building is the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital.

Brockley Hill is the eastern arm of a long hill centred on Stanmore. The top of the hill is capped with Stanmore Gravel, which is the remnant of a layer of gravel laid down by a river system pre-dating the Thames. Under the gravel are layers of sand, silt and clay about 15 metres thick known as the Claygate Beds. Below this is London Clay about 70 metres thick.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Barham House:   Barham (Boreham) House was once one of the most prominent properties in Elstree.
Elstree:   Elstree is a village in the southermost area of Hertfordshire situated on Watling Street.
Elstree Aerodrome:   Elstree Aerodrome is an airfield situated to the southwest of Letchmore Heath
Red Lion Hotel:   The Red Lion Hotel stood on the east side of the High Street on the corner of Barnet Lane.
The Artichoke:   The Artichoke was a pub on Elstree Hill North until about 2012.
The Green Dragon:   The Green Dragon was situated at 12-15 High Street, Elstree.
The Holly Bush:   The Holly Bush was an Elstree pub.
The Plough:   The Plough was a pub next to Elstree crossroads.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A411, WD6 · Aldenham Road, WD6 · Aldridge Avenue, HA8 · Allum Lane, WD6 · Alwyn Close, WD6 · Amias Drive, HA8 · Ascot Close, WD6 · Ashcombe Gardens, HA8 · Barham Avenue, WD6 · Barnet Lane, WD6 · Beehive Close, WD6 · Beethoven Road, WD6 · Belmor, WD6 · Berkeley Close, WD6 · Beulah Close, HA8 · Bishops Avenue, WD6 · Blackwell Gardens, HA8 · Blattner Close, WD6 · Boreham Holt, WD6 · Britten Close, WD6 · Broadfield Parade, HA8 · Broadfields Avenue, HA8 · Broadfields Heights, HA8 · Broadhurst Avenue, HA8 · Brockley Hill, HA8 · Bullescroft Road, HA8 · Butterfly Lane, WD6 · Campbell Croft, HA8 · Canons Corner, HA8 · Cavendish Crescent, WD6 · Centennial Avenue, WD6 · Clare Close, WD6 · Coates Road, WD6 · Collinson Court, HA8 · Compass Close, HA8 · Cranmer Road, HA8 · Crossgate, HA8 · Dagger Lane, WD6 · Deacons Heights, WD6 · Deacons Hill Road, WD6 · Delius Close, WD6 · Dylan Close, WD6 · Edgwarebury Lane, WD6 · Elgar Close, WD6 · Elstree Hill North, WD6 · Elstree Hill South, WD6 · Elstree Road, WD6 · Fairmead Crescent, HA8 · Fairview Way, HA8 · Fir Tree Court, WD6 · Fortune Lane, WD6 · Fox Close, WD6 · Francklyn Gardens, HA8 · Garrick Court, HA8 · Georges Mead, WD6 · Glendale Avenue, HA8 · Glendevon Close, HA8 · Glengall Road, HA8 · Grange Road, WD6 · Grantham Close, HA8 · Green Lane, HA8 · Hadley Close, WD6 · Hamlyn Close, HA8 · Hamonde Close, HA8 · Harcourt Avenue, HA8 · Harrowes Meade, HA8 · Hartfield Avenue, WD6 · Hartfield Close, WD6 · Hartland Close, HA8 · Hazel Gardens, HA8 · Hendon Urban Motorway, HA8 · Hendon Urban Motorway, WD6 · High Street, WD6 · Hillcrest Avenue, HA8 · Hillside Gardens, HA8 · Hogg Lane, WD6 · Hollywood Court, WD6 · Holt Close, WD6 · Kenilworth Road, HA8 · Kings Drive, HA8 · Knowl Park, WD6 · Knowl Way, WD6 · Lacey Drive, HA8 · Land’s End, WD6 · Links Drive, WD6 · Loch Crescent, HA8 · Lodge Avenue, WD6 · Lowther Close, WD6 · Lynford Gardens, HA8 · M1, WD6 · Marlborough Avenue, HA8 · May Gardens, WD6 · Mowbray Road, HA8 · Nash Close, WD6 · New Road, WD6 · Newlands Close, HA8 · Nicholas Road, WD6 · Nutt Grove, HA8 · Oakleigh Gardens, HA8 · Park Crescent, WD6 · Parkside Drive, HA8 · Parnell Close, HA8 · Parsons Crescent, HA8 · Parsons Grove, HA8 · Pipers Green Lane, HA7 · Pipers Green Lane, HA8 · Potters Mews, WD6 · Purcells Avenue, HA8 · Queens Close, HA8 · Ranelagh Close, HA8 · Ranelagh Drive, HA8 · Romeland, WD6 · Rosens Walk, HA8 · Schubert Road, WD6 · Shelley Close, HA8 · Sheraton Close, WD6 · Shiremeade, WD6 · Spur Road, HA8 · St. Nicholas Close, WD6 · Sterling Avenue, HA8 · Sullivan Way, WD6 · Summer Grove, WD6 · Summer Hill, WD6 · Tayside Drive, HA8 · The Bartons, WD6 · The Drive, HA8 · The Orchard, WD6 · The Rise, HA8 · The Rise, WD6 · The Waterfront, WD6 · Tykeswater Lane, WD6 · Tylers Way, WD6 · Wards Lane, WD6 · Warwick Avenue, HA8 · Watford By-pass, HA7 · Watford By-pass, HA8 · Watford Road, WD6 · Watling Court, WD6 · Watling Farm Close, WD6 · Watling Street, WD6 · Wentworth Avenue, WD6 · West View Gardens, WD6 · Willow Court, HA8 · Windsor Avenue, HA8 · Wolmer Close, HA8 · Wolmer Gardens, HA8 · Woodside, WD6 · Wyre Grove, HA8 · Yew Tree Court, WD6 ·


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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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