In 1851 West End was a hamlet mainly of agricultural labourers, gardeners, craftsmen, and tradespeople for daily needs, with an innkeeper and two beershop keepers and a schoolmistress; the few gentry included Rear-Admiral Sir George Sartorius (1790-1885) of West End House, a retired ironfounder, a surgeon, some civil servants, and a clergyman.
South of the village, the fifteen years from 1879 witnessed great developments after the opening of the third and final railway through the area, the Metropolitan & St. John's Wood, with a station in West End Lane (West Hampstead). Stations on the other two lines opened in 1880 and 1888.
The first to exploit the railway was Donald Nicoll MP, owner of a gentlemen's outfitter's in Regent Street, who leased Oaklands Hall between 1861 to 1872.
He owned portions of the Little Estate to the north and west, together forming a 23 acre estate which he called West End Park.
Nicoll was a director of the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood railway from 1864 to 1872 and, in anticipation of its plans, laid out a road (Sherriff Road - then called Nicoll Road) on the line later taken by the railway, for which he received substantial compensation.
He then sold West End Park to the London Permanent Building Society, which was connected with Alexander Sherriff, a fellow M.P. and railway director, who gave his name to the northernmost road on the estate.
Building began in West End Park in 1879, when houses were under construction in Sherriff, Hemstal, Kylemore, and Gladys Roads. Hilltop Road houses were not begun until 1883. Various builders, mostly local and including James Tavener, Reeder of Maygrove Road, and Haines of Sherriff Road, were working on c. 186 houses and 3 studios in 1893.
Some houses at the eastern end of the estate were detached but most were terraced and cramped. St. James's church was built in 1887 and the Beacon, 'the exact representation of a ruin on the coast of England', at the junction of West End Lane with Hemstal Road about the same time.
It was itself replaced by St. James's Mansions in 1894.Licence:
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence
|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s|
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s|
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s|
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s|
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s|
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.
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The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.
Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.
By 1815 West End was still exceptionally quiet – so much so that its inhabitants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.
Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were transformed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metropolitan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.
Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.
Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engineering workshops operated near the railway lines.
Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.
The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.
Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armatrading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.
|LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
: What is now the Alice House has been through a number of incarnations since it was built in the early 1900s.Billy Fury Way, NW6
: Billy Fury Way is a path which runs alongside the railway in NW6.Broadhurst Gardens Meadow
: Broadhurst Gardens Community Meadow is a private area open only to the residents of the houses which surround it.Cannon Stream
: The Cannon Stream was, before it was sent underground, a tributary of the Westbourne River.Canterbury House
: In the last half of the nineteenth century, a white house called Canterbury was built on the then southern fringes of West End.Cedars
: A local West Hampstead builder, Thomas Potter, constructed Cedars in 1878.Compayne Open Space
: As West Hampstead was developed, a series of private gardens were built behind the urban facades.Decca Studios
: Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.Earlsfields
: Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.Gaumont State
: The Gaumont State Cinema is a Grade II listed Art Deco theatre. While it still exists, it is no longer a cinema.Hampstead Cricket Club
: Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.Hillfield
: By 1644 Hillfield was already mentioned in parish records.Jacksfield
: Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.Kilburn Grange Park
: Kilburn Grange Park is a 3.2 hectare open space adjacent to Kilburn High Road.Kingsgate Community Centre
: Kingsgate Community Association was set up in 1982 by a group of local people who wished to establish a community centre in what was then a derelict building.Lauriston Lodge
: Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.Maygrove Peace Park
: On 27 April 1983, Camden Council opened Maygrove Peace Park and dedicated it as a reminder of the Council's commitment to peace.Oaklands Hall
: On the west side of West End Lane, Charles Spain bought 5 acres and between 1829 and 1838 built York Villa.Poplar House
: Poplar House was occupied by one of the first developers of West Hampstead, Thomas Potter.Potter's Iron Foundry
: In the nineteenth century, many West Hampstead people had jobs in Potter’s Iron Foundry.Ripley House
: Jeremy Jepson Ripley built a house and coach house after 1814, with a large garden north of Lauriston Lodge.Sandwell House
: Sandwell House was owned by three generations of the Wachter family.The Black Lion
: The Old Black Lion was established in 1751 as a beer house. The Grange
: The Grange was a large mansion situated on Kilburn High Road until the turn of the twentieth century.The Railway
: The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.The Wet Fish Cafe
: The Wet Fish Café is an Art Deco classic at 242 West End Lane.Thorplands
: Thorplands was an estate south of Mill Lane.Treherne House
: Treherne House was built in the mid eighteenth century,West Cottages, NW6
: Cottages in London NW6.West End Green
: West End Green is situated on a corner of West End Lane, formerly the location of West End Fair.West End Hall
: West End Hall (once called New West End Hall) was one of the mansions of West End (West Hampstead).West End House
: West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.West End Sidings Estate
: The West End Sidings Estate takes its name from the former West End railway sidings running along the Midland Railway.West Hampstead
: The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.West Hampstead (Overground) station
: Wesr Hampstead overground station was known as West End Lane until its name was changed in 1975. West Hampstead Synagogue
: The West Hampstead Synagogue was consecrated in September 1892.Kilburn High Road (1880s)
: This photo was taken on the corner of Kilburn High Road and Eresby Road, which has since disappeared.Mill Lane, looking east (1900s)
: Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.
Abbey Road, NW6
|NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
· Abbots Place, NW6
· Acol Road, NW6
· Albion Mews, NW6
· Alvanley Gardens, NW6
· Ariel Road, NW6
· Banister Mews, NW6
· Barlow Road, NW6
· Bembridge Close, NW6
· Beswick Mews, NW6
· Blackburn Road, NW6
· Brassey Road, NW6
· Broadhurst Close, NW6
· Broadhurst Gardens, NW6
· Broadwell Parade, NW6
· Brondesbury Mews, NW6
· Broomsleigh Street, NW6
· Canfield Gardens, NW6
· Carlton Mews, NW6
· Cavendish Close, NW6
· Cavendish Road, NW6
· Cleve Road, NW6
· Coleridge Gardens, NW6
· Compayne Gardens, NW6
· Cotleigh Road, NW6
· Crediton Hill, NW6
· Crown Close, NW6
· Dennington Park Road, NW6
· Dornfell Street, NW6
· Douglas Court, NW6
· Doulton Mews, NW6
· Dresden Close, NW6
· Dyne Road, NW6
· Dynham Road, NW6
· Fawley Road, NW6
· Gascony Avenue, NW6
· Gladys Road, NW6
· Glastonbury Street, NW6
· Glenbrook Road, NW6
· Goldhurst Terrace, NW6
· Grange Place, NW6
· Grangeway, NW6
· Hall Oak Walk, NW6
· Harvard Court, NW6
· Hemstal Road, NW6
· Highfield Mews, NW6
· Hilltop Road, NW6
· Holmdale Road, NW6
· Honeybourne Road, NW6
· Inglewood Road, NW6
· Iverson Road, NW6
· Kingdon Road, NW6
· Kings Gardens, NW6
· Kingsgate Place, NW6
· Kingsgate Road, NW6
· Kylemore Road, NW6
· Liddell Road, NW6
· Linstead Street, NW6
· Lowfield Road, NW6
· Lymington Road, NW6
· Maygrove Road, NW6
· Mazenod Avenue, NW6
· Medley Road, NW6
· Messina Avenue, NW6
· Milverton Road, NW6
· Minton Mews, NW6
· Mowbray Road, NW6
· Narcissus Road, NW6
· Pandora Road, NW6
· Priory Road, NW6
· Ravenshaw Street, NW6
· Rowntree Close, NW6
· Salmon Mews, NW6
· Sandwell Crescent, NW6
· Sherriff Road, NW6
· Smyrna Road, NW6
· Solent Road, NW6
· Spode Walk, NW6
· St Marys Mews, NW6
· Sumatra Road, NW6
· Swiss Terrace, NW6
· The Terrace, NW6
· Wavel Mews, NW6
· West End Lane, NW6
· West Hampstead Mews, NW6
· Woodchurch Road, NW6
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