Victoria Memorial

Monument in/near St James’s, existing between 1911 and now

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Monument · St James’s · SW1A · Contributed by The Underground Map
MARCH
3
2014
Victoria Memorial (London).
Credit: LordHarris

The Victoria Memorial is a sculpture dedicated to Queen Victoria, sculpted by Sir Thomas Brock in London, placed at the centre of Queen's Gardens in front of Buckingham Palace.

The Memorial was dedicated in 1911 by George V and his first cousin, Wilhelm II of Germany, the two senior grandsons of Victoria. The sculptor was Sir Thomas Brock. It was completed with the installation of the final bronze statues in 1924. They were cast at Burton’s Foundry, Thames Ditton.

The surround was constructed by the architect Sir Aston Webb, from 2,300 tons of white marble. It is a Grade I listed building.

It has a large statue of Queen Victoria facing north-eastwards towards The Mall. The other sides of the monument feature dark patinated bronze statues of the Angel of Justice (facing north-westwards toward Green Park), the Angel of Truth (facing south-eastwards) and Charity facing Buckingham Palace. On the pinnacle is a statue of unclear entitlement and arguably relating both to 'Peace' and to 'Victory', with two seated figures (the subsidiary figures were given by the people of New Zealand).

The whole sculptural programme has a nautical theme, much like the rest of The Mall (Admiralty Arch, for example). This can be seen in the mermaids, mermen and the hippogriff, all of which are suggestive of the United Kingdom's naval power.

On 4 June 2012, the memorial formed the centrepiece of the stage for Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee Concert. It also held "Our Greatest Team Parade" on 10 September 2012.

There is a similar memorial to her husband, Albert, the Prince Consort outside the Royal Albert Hall.

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VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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St James’s

St James’s is an exclusive area in the West End of London.

St James’s was once part of the same royal park as Green Park and St James’s Park. In the 1660s, Charles II gave the right to develop the area to Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans, who proceeded to develop it as a predominantly aristocratic residential area with a grid of streets centered on St James’s Square. Until the Second World War, St James’s remained one of the most exclusive residential enclaves in London. Famous residences in St James’s include St James’s Palace, Clarence House, Marlborough House, Lancaster House, Spencer House, Schomberg House and Bridgewater House.

St James’s is the home of many of the best known gentlemen’s clubs in London. The clubs found here are organisations of English high society. A variety of groups congregate here, such as royals, military officers, motoring enthusiasts, and other groups.

It is now a predominantly commercial area with some of the highest rents in London and, consequently, the world. The auction house Christie’s is based in King Street, and the surrounding streets contain a great many upmarket art and antique dealers.

Office space to rent in St James’s is the most expensive in the world, costing up to five times average rents in New York, Paris and Sydney.

The area is home to fine wine merchants including Berry Brothers and Rudd, at number 3 St James’s Street. Adjoining St James’s Street is Jermyn Street, famous for its many tailors. St James’s is home to some of the most famous cigar retailers in London. At 35 St James’s Street is Davidoff of London, 19 St James’s Street is home to J.J. Fox and 50 Jermyn St has Dunhill; this makes the area a Cuban cigar haven.

The iconic English shoemaker Wildsmith which designed the first ever loafer was located at 41 Duke Street, St, James’s. It is now currently located at 13 Savile Row.

The area has a good number of art galleries, covering a spectrum of tastes. The White Cube gallery, which represents Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin, had originally opened in Duke Street, St James’s, then moved to Hoxton Square. In September 2006, it opened a second gallery in St James’s at 25–26 Mason’s Yard, off Duke Street, on a plot previously occupied by an electricity sub-station. The gallery is the first free-standing building to be built in the St James’s area for more than 30 years.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Buckingham Palace:   Buckingham Palace is the official London residence and principal workplace of the British monarch.
Goring Hotel:   The Goring Hotel is a 5-star hotel in London, England.
Government Equalities Office:   The Government Equalities Office (GEO) was part of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) of HM Government. It was created in October 2007 when the Women and Equality Unit, based within the Department for Communities and Local Government was converted into an independent department.
Green Park:   Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park, close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk.
Green Park:   
Pickering Place, SW1Y:   Thought to be the smallest public open space in London, Pickering Place is perhaps most famous for being the location of the last public duel in England.
Royal Mews:   The Royal Mews is a mews (i.e. combined stables, carriage house and in recent times also the garage) of the British Royal Family.
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
St James’s:   St James’s is an exclusive area in the West End of London.
The 52 bus:   In modern times, the 52 bus route plies from Victoria station as far as Willesden Bus Garage.
Westminster City School:   Academy converter (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albany Court Yard, W1J · Albany Courtyard, W1J · Allington Street, SW1E · Ambassador’s Court, SW1A · Angel Court, SW1Y · Apple Tree Yard, SW1Y · Arlington House, SW1A · Arlington Street, SW1A · Artillery Row, SW1P · Beeston Place, SW1W · Bennett Street, SW1A · Birdcage Walk, SW1A · Birdcage Walk, SW1E · Bressenden Place, SW1E · Brewers Green, SW1H · Buckingham Gate, SW1E · Buckingham Mews, SW1E · Buckingham Palace, SW1A · Buckingham Place, SW1A · Buckingham Place, SW1E · Burlington Gardens, W1J · Bury Street, SW1A · Bury Street, SW1Y · Cardinal Walk, SW1E · Carlton Gardens, SW1Y · Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y · Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y · Castle Lane, SW1E · Catherine Place, SW1E · Catherine Wheel Yard, SW1A · Charles Ii Street, SW1Y · Clarges Street, W1J · Cleveland Road, SW1A · Cleveland Row, SW1A · Conduit Street, W1B · Constitution Hill, SW1A · Constitution Hill, SW1W · Constitution Hill, SW1X · Constitution Hill, W1J · Constitution Hill, W1K · Crown Passage, SW1Y · Dalmeny Court, SW1Y · Duke Of York Street, SW1Y · Duke Street St James’s, SW1Y · Duke Street, SW1Y · Eaton Lane, SW1W · Eland House · Half Moon Street, W1J · King Street, SW1Y · Kingsgate Parade, SW1E · Lower Grosvenor Place, SW1W · Lower Regent Street, SW1Y · Marlborough Road, SW1A · Masons Yard, SW1Y · Milkmaid’s Passage, SW1A · Ormond Yard, SW1Y · Palace Street, SW1 · Palace Street, SW1E · Pall Mall, SW1Y · Park Place, SW1A · Petty France, SW1H · Piccadilly Arcade, SW1Y · Piccadilly Arcade, W1J · Piccadilly, SW1A · Piccadilly, W1A · Pickering Place, SW1A · Portland House · Princes Arcade, SW1Y · Regent Street, W1J · Roebuck House, SW1E · Rose and Crown Yard, SW1Y · Royal Opera Arcade, SW1Y · Russell Court, SW1A · Ryder Street, SW1Y · Saint James’s Place, SW1A · Saint James’s Square, SW1Y · Saint James’s Street, SW1A · Seaforth Place, SW1E · Spenser Street, SW1E · Spur Road, SE1 · St James Square, SW1Y · St Jamess Chambers, SW1Y · St Jamess Place, SW1A · St Jamess Square, SW1Y · St Jamess Street, SW1A · St James’s Place, SW1A · Stable Yard Road, SW1A · Stag Place, SW1E · The Mall, SW1Y · The Royal Mews, SW1E · The Royal Mews, SW1W · Vandon Street, SW1H · Victoria Arcade, SW1E · Victoria Square, SW1W · Victoria Street, SW1E · Victoria Street, SW1W · Warwick Row, SW1E · Waterloo Place, SW1Y · Wilcox Place, SW1E · Wilfred Street, SW1E ·

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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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