Thorplands

Farm in West Hampstead, existing until 1894

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Farm · West Hampstead · NW6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
April
14
2015
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Estate map of West Emd

There was a house on the estate possibly by 1244. Then called Rudyng, Thorplands had been leased to William Wylde in 1534 and was part of the lands granted to Warwick in 1547.

Thorplands was then owned by John Thorp of St Martins in the Fields, Surveyor General to Queen Elizabeth I Thorpe held it at least from 1646 to 1653. John Thorpe (d. 1687). His home village was Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire.

Thorp left his freehold lands at to trustees for his grandson, John Thorpe also of St. Martins.

By 1762, Thorplands was an 18 acre freehold estate with a house at West End. It was described as a tithe-free freehold owned by ’Mr. Draper’. When Elizabeth Draper died in 1771, her copyhold property descended to her son John but the freehold estate was held in 1767 and 1771 by Mrs. Robinson and later by Thomas Fentham. John Thomas Fentham was the owner in 1841 and Thomas Potter in the 1860s and 1870s when building began.

Potter built some 15 houses fronting Mill Lane between 1873 and 1877 and the Elms and the Cedars next to the green by 1878.

Another 28 houses and a Methodist church were built on the estate fronting Mill Lane in 1886-7 and seven blocks of flats in West End Lane on what was called the Cedars estate in 1894.

Acknowledgement: Thanks to Michael Lee for information supplied about John Thorp.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

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Go to West Hampstead

West Hampstead

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alice House:   What is now the Alice House has been through a number of incarnations since it was built in the early 1900s.
Beckford's Estate:   Beckfords, belonging to the family of the same name, consisted of 15 acres north of Mill Lane and west of Fortune Green Lane.
Billy Fury Way, NW6:   Billy Fury Way is a path which runs alongside the railway in NW6.
Bracknell Way, NW3:   Bracknell Way is a small alleyway, usable only by pedestrians
Broadhurst Gardens Meadow:   Broadhurst Gardens Community Meadow is a private area open only to the residents of the houses which surround it.
Canterbury House:   In the last half of the nineteenth century, a white house called Canterbury was built on the then southern fringes of West End.
Cedars:   A local West Hampstead builder, Thomas Potter, constructed Cedars in 1878.
Cholmley Lodge:   Cholmley Lodge, a two storeyed stuccoed house, was built in 1813.
Cock and Hoop:   The Cock and Hoop Inn was standing on the corner of West End Lane and Fortune Green Road by 1723.
Compayne Open Space:   As West Hampstead was developed, a series of private gardens were built behind the urban facades.
Decca Studios:   Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.
Earlsfields:   Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.
Flitcroft Estate:   Flitcroft was a 50 acre estate at Fortune Green and West End, named after its owner in the 18th century.
Fortune Green:   Fortune Green was originally part of the district of Hampstead but became physically separated from it by the building of the new turnpike road (now Finchley Road) in the 1830s.
Fortune Green:   Fortune Green lies to the north of the ancient village of West End.
Hackney College:   The Village Itinerancy Society, a Congregationalist college, was transformed into Hackney Theological Seminary.
Hampstead Cricket Club:   Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.
Hillfield:   By 1644 Hillfield was already mentioned in parish records.
Jacksfield:   Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.
Kingsgate Community Centre:   Kingsgate Community Association was set up in 1982 by a group of local people who wished to establish a community centre in what was then a derelict building.
Lauriston Lodge:   Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.
Maygrove Peace Park:   On 27 April 1983, Camden Council opened Maygrove Peace Park and dedicated it as a reminder of the Council's commitment to peace.
National School:   A National School was established in West End during 1844.
New West End:   New West End was created in the 1840s on the Finchley Road.
Oaklands Hall:   On the west side of West End Lane, Charles Spain bought 5 acres and between 1829 and 1838 built York Villa.
Poplar House:   Poplar House was occupied by one of the first developers of West Hampstead, Thomas Potter.
Potter's Iron Foundry:   In the nineteenth century, many West Hampstead people had jobs in Potter’s Iron Foundry.
Ripley House:   Jeremy Jepson Ripley built a house and coach house after 1814, with a large garden north of Lauriston Lodge.
Sandwell House:   Sandwell House was owned by three generations of the Wachter family.
The Black Lion:   The Old Black Lion was established in 1751 as a beer house.
The Railway:   The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.
The Wet Fish Cafe:   The Wet Fish Café is an Art Deco classic at 242 West End Lane.
Treherne House:   Treherne House was built in the mid eighteenth century,
West Cottages, NW6:   Cottages in London NW6.
West End Green:   West End Green is situated on a corner of West End Lane, formerly the location of West End Fair.
West End Hall:   West End Hall (once called New West End Hall) was one of the mansions of West End (West Hampstead).
West End House:   West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.
West End Park:   West End Park was created from fields known as the 'Little Estate'.
West End Sidings Estate:   The West End Sidings Estate takes its name from the former West End railway sidings running along the Midland Railway.
West Hampstead:   The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.
West Hampstead (Overground) station:   Wesr Hampstead overground station was known as West End Lane until its name was changed in 1975.
West Hampstead Police Station:   The Metropolitam Police established itself in West Hampstead during the 1880s.
West Hampstead Synagogue:   The West Hampstead Synagogue was consecrated in September 1892.
Woodbine Cottage:   Woodbine Cottage was situated at the south-eastern corner of the Flitcroft estate.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Mill Lane, looking east (1900s):   Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Achilles Road, NW6 · Ajax Road, NW6 · Aldred Road, NW6 · Alvanley Gardens, NW6 · Ariel Road, NW6 · Avenue Mansions, NW3 · Banister Mews, NW6 · Barlow Road, NW6 · Bembridge Close, NW6 · Berridge Mews, NW6 · Beswick Mews, NW6 · Blackburn Road, NW6 · Bracknell Gardens, NW3 · Brassey Road, NW6 · Broadhurst Close, NW6 · Broadhurst Gardens, NW6 · Broadwell Parade, NW6 · Broomsleigh Street, NW6 · Buckingham Mansions, NW6 · Burrard Road, NW6 · Canfield Gardens, NW6 · Cannon Hill, NW6 · Carlton Mews, NW6 · Cavendish Close, NW6 · Cavendish Road, NW6 · Cholmley Gardens, NW6 · Cleve Road, NW6 · Coleridge Gardens, NW6 · Compayne Gardens, NW6 · Cotleigh Road, NW6 · Crediton Hill, NW6 · Croftway, NW3 · Crown Close, NW6 · Dennington Park Road, NW6 · Dornfell Street, NW6 · Doulton Mews, NW6 · Dresden Close, NW6 · Dyne Road, NW6 · Dynham Road, NW6 · Fawley Road, NW6 · Fortune Green Road, NW6 · Gascony Avenue, NW6 · Gladys Road, NW6 · Glastonbury Street, NW6 · Glenbrook Road, NW6 · Goldhurst Terrace, NW6 · Hall Oak Walk, NW6 · Harvard Court, NW6 · Heath Drive, NW3 · Hemstal Road, NW6 · Highfield Mews, NW6 · Hillfield Road, NW6 · Hilltop Road, NW6 · Holmdale Road, NW6 · Honeybourne Road, NW6 · Ingham Road, NW3 · Ingham Road, NW6 · Inglewood House, NW6 · Inglewood Road, NW6 · Iverson Road, NW6 · Kingdon Road, NW6 · Kings Gardens, NW6 · Kylemore Road, NW6 · Liddell Road, NW6 · Lowfield Road, NW6 · Lymington Road, NW6 · Lyncroft Gardens, NW6 · Marlborough Mansions, NW6 · Maygrove Road, NW6 · Medley Road, NW6 · Messina Avenue, NW6 · Mill Lane, NW6 · Milverton Road, NW6 · Minton Mews, NW6 · Mowbray Road, NW6 · Narcissus Road, NW6 · Oakhill Avenue, NW3 · Orestes Mews, NW6 · Palace Court, NW3 · Pandora Road, NW6 · Parsifal Road, NW6 · Ravenshaw Street, NW6 · Rose Joan Mews, NW6 · Rowntree Close, NW6 · Salmon Mews, NW6 · Sandwell Crescent, NW6 · Sherriff Road, NW6 · Smyrna Road, NW6 · Solent Road, NW6 · Spode Walk, NW6 · Studholme Court, NW3 · Sumatra Road, NW6 · Weech Road, NW6 · Welbeck Mansions, NW6 · West End Lane, NW6 · West Hampstead Mews, NW6 ·


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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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