Westbourne Grove, W11

Road in/near Notting Hill, existing between 1845 and now

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Road · Notting Hill · W11 · Contributed by The Underground Map
November
24
2015
Archer Street which became the westernmost section of Westbourne Grove.

Westbourne Grove is one of the main roads of Notting Hill.

Westbourne Grove runs from Kensington Park Road in the west to Queensway in the east, crossing over Portobello Road. It contains a mixture of independent and chain retailers, and has been termed both "fashionable" and "up-and-coming".

The development of Westbourne Grove began in the 1840s and proceeded from the east (which lay in Bayswater) to the west, where it became the principal east-west artery into the Ladbroke Estate. The far western end of the street only became known as Westbourne Grove relatively recently in 1938, having previously been called Archer Street. In 1929, the novelist A.J. Cronin opened his own medical practice at 152 Westbourne Grove, which was put up for sale in 2007.

Westbourne Grove takes its name from Westbourne Green - a settlement that developed to the west of the bourne that later took the name River Westbourne.

There was a small settlement to the north of what is now Westbourne Grove at Westbourne Green. It had five main houses. The largest of these was Westbourne Place or Westbourne House, which was rebuilt in 1745 by the architect Isaac Ware as an elegant Georgian mansion of three storeys with a frontage of nine windows divided into three parts. The central third was topped by a large pediment and contained the main door, which also had a pediment over it. The lower two storeys were formed into bays at each end, which contained three windows each. Amongst the well-known residents of this house were Sir William Yorke, baronet; the Venetian ambassador; the architect Samuel Pepys Cockerell (a great great nephew of the diarist Samuel Pepys); and the General Commander in Chief of the Army, Viscount Hill, who left in 1836 (and who gave his name to the modern road bridge north of Westbourne Grove called Lord Hill’s Bridge). The house was demolished in 1836 to make way for the houses and gardens of what is now Westbourne Park Villas. Thomas Hardy lived in this area, mainly at no 16 Westbourne Park Villas, which was his home 1863-67.

Also north of what is now Westbourne Grove was Westbourne Farm which was the home, between 1815 - 1817, of the actress Sarah Siddons, who lived there with her daughter. The Farm was at the point where the Harrow Road, the Westway and the canal converge. Mrs Siddons was buried at St Mary’s Church, the main church of Paddington, on Paddington Green, where her grave can still be seen.

Though now popular and expensive for home-buyers, much of the area had become run-down in the 1950s, when it was the centre of the activities of notorious slum-landlord Peter Rachman, after whom the phrase "Rachmanism" was coined. He was known for his violent evictions of tenants with legally fixed rents. He replaced them, in what became overcrowded multi-occupied housing, with people, mainly recent migrants from the West Indies, who, because of discrimination and council tenant restrictions, could not find accommodation. He operated from an office in Westbourne Grove. Part of the area, including streets between Ledbury Road and Shrewsbury Road to the south of Westbourne Park Road, became derelict and was consequently compulsorily purchased and demolished.

The Notting Hill Carnival passes along the central part of Westbourne Grove.

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ADD A STORY TO WESTBOURNE GROVE
VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1750s
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VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1800s
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VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1830s
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VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1860s
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VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Notting Hill

Notting Hill: A place whose fortunes have come, gone and come again...

Notting Hill is a cosmopolitan district known as the location for the annual Notting Hill Carnival, and for being home to the Portobello Road Market.

The word Notting might originate from a Saxon called Cnotta with the =ing part indicating "the place inhibited by the people of" - i.e. where Cnotta’s tribe lived. There was a farm called variously "Knotting-Bernes,", "Knutting-Barnes" or "Nutting-barns" and this name was transferred to the hill above it.

The area remained rural until the westward expansion of London reached Bayswater in the early 19th century. The main landowner in Notting Hill was the Ladbroke family, and from the 1820s James Weller Ladbroke began to undertake the development of the Ladbroke Estate. Working with the architect and surveyor Thomas Allason, Ladbroke began to lay out streets and houses, with a view to turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital (although the development did not get seriously under way until the 1840s). Many of these streets bear the Ladbroke name, including Ladbroke Grove, the main north-south axis of the area, and Ladbroke Square, the largest private garden square in London.

The original idea was to call the district Kensington Park, and other roads (notably Kensington Park Road and Kensington Park Gardens) are reminders of this. The local telephone prefix 7727 (originally 727) is based on the old telephone exchange name of PARk.

The reputation of the district altered over the course of the 20th century. As middle class households ceased to employ servants, the large Notting Hill houses lost their market and were increasingly split into multiple occupation.

For much of the 20th century the large houses were subdivided into multi-occupancy rentals. Caribbean immigrants were drawn to the area in the 1950s, partly because of the cheap rents, but were exploited by slum landlords like Peter Rachman, and also became the target of white racist Teddy Boys in the 1958 Notting Hill race riots.

Notting Hill was slowly gentrified from the 1980s onwards now has a contemporary reputation as an affluent and fashionable area; known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses, and high-end shopping and restaurants (particularly around Westbourne Grove and Clarendon Cross).

A Daily Telegraph article in 2004 used the phrase the ’Notting Hill Set’ to refer to a group of emerging Conservative politicians, such as David Cameron and George Osborne, who were once based in Notting Hill.

Since it was first developed in the 1830s, Notting Hill has had an association with artists and ’alternative’ culture.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A seminal gig:   Once upon a time in 1979, Joy Division, OMD and A Certain Ratio were on the same bill - and all for £1.50.
Abbey Court Hotel:   The Abbey Court is a hotel located at 20 Pembridge Gardens in Notting Hill.
Acklam Hall:   Acklam Hall became a community centre for the post-Westway Acklam Road
Acklam Road Adventure Playground:   Acklam Road Adventure Playground was created in the 1960s.
All Saints Church:   All Saints church was designed by the Victorian Gothic revival pioneer William White, who was also a mountaineer, Swedish gymnastics enthusiast and anti-shaving campaigner.
Aubrey House:   Aubrey House is a large 18th-century detached house with two acres of gardens in the Campden Hill area of Holland Park.
Basing Street (SARM) Studios:   SARM Studios is a recording studio, established by Chris Blackwell, the founder of Island Records.
Cabaret Voltaire in Acklam Road:   Cabaret Voltaire played one of their classic early gigs under the flyover in Acklam Road.
Chepstow House School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11. Admissions policy: Selective (grammar).
Clare Gardens Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Coach and Horses:   The Coach & Horses was situated at 108 Notting Hill Gate.
Colville Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Corner of Kilburn Park Road and Shirland Road:   Kilburn Park Road and Shirland Road meet at a junction in the north of Maida Vale.
Duke of Cornwall (The Ledbury):   The Duke of Cornwall pub morphed into the uber-trendy "The Ledbury" restaurant.
Early Years Service at Holmfield House:   This is a children’s centre.
Epic Learning Independent School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 13 and 18.
Essendine Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Fox Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Hawkesdown House:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Holland Park:   Holland Park is a district, an underground station (and indeed a park) in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Holland Park:   
Holland Park School:   Academy converter (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Horbury Chapel (Kensington Temple):   In September 1849, the Horbury Chapel, Notting Hill was officially opened.
Kensington Hippodrome:   The Kensington Hippodrome was a racecourse built in Notting Hill, London, in 1837, by entrepreneur John Whyte.
Kensington Park Hotel:   The KPH is a landmark pub on Ladbroke Grove.
Ladbroke Square Garden:   Ladbroke Square communal garden lies in Notting Hill.
Luxurious sewers:   The effluent society
Maida Hill:   Maida Hill's name derives from the Hero of Maida inn which used to be on Edgware Road near the Regent's Canal.
Mary Paterson Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Mercury Theatre:   The Mercury Theatre was situated at 2a Ladbroke Road, next to the Kensington Temple.
North Kensington Library:   North Kensington Library opened in 1891 and was described as one of London’s finest public libraries.
Notting Hill:   Notting Hill: A place whose fortunes have come, gone and come again...
Notting Hill Gate:   Notting Hill Gate tube station is a London Underground station on the Central Line.
Notting Hill in Bygone Days:   Notting Hill in Bygone Days by Florence Gladstone, was originally published in 1924 by T. Fisher Unwin.
Notting Hill in Bygone Days: Chenesitun and Knotting Barns:   Chapter 1 of the book "Notting Hill in Bygone Days" by Florence Gladstone (1924)
Notting Hill in Bygone Days: In the Eighteenth Century:   Chapter 3 of the book "Notting Hill in Bygone Days" by Florence Gladstone (1924)
Notting Hill in Bygone Days: Kensington Gravel Pits and Northlands:   Chapter 2 of the book "Notting Hill in Bygone Days" by Florence Gladstone (1924)
Notting Hill Preparatory School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 13.
Orme's Green:   Ormes Green was the former name for this part of Westbourne Park.
Pembridge Hall School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Prince Albert:   The Prince Albert has been a Notting Hill feature since the 1840s.
Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 19.
Sheffield House and Glebe Estate:   Sheffield House and Glebe Estate was an old landed estate of Kensington.
Southbank International School Kensington:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Clement and St James CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St John’s Hill:   St John’s Hill is the highest point in the area.
St John’s, Notting Hill:   St John’s Notting Hill is a Victorian Anglican church built in 1845 in Lansdowne Crescent, Notting Hill.
St Luke’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
St Mary’s Harrow Road:   St Mary’s Harrow Road was built as the infirmary for the Paddington Workhouse.
St Peter’s CofE School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
St Peter’s Notting Hill:   St Peter’s Notting Hill is a Victorian Anglican church in Kensington Park Road, designed by architect Thomas Allom.
St Peter’s Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
St Stephen’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St. Mary of the Angels Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Tabernacle School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 18. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
The Apollo:   The Apollo pub was located at 18 All Saints Road, on the southeast corner of the Lancaster Road junction.
The Bedford family at 3 Acklam Road:   From the 19th century up until 1965, number 3 Acklam Road, near the Portobello Road junction, was occupied by the Bedford family.
The Brittania:   The Brittania was situated on the corner of Clarendon Road and Portland Road, W11.
The Crown:   The Crown was situated at 57 Princedale Road.
The Prince of Wales Cinema:   The Prince of Wales Cinema was located at 331 Harrow Road.
The Tabernacle:   The Tabernacle is a Grade II*-listed building in Powis Square built in 1887 as a church.
The Windsor Castle:   The Windsor Castle dates from the 1820s but its main incarnation was as a classic Victorian public house, seminal in 1970s musical history.
Westbourne Manor:   The Manor of Westbourne
Westbourne Park:   Westbourne Park was originally, with Westbourne Green, an area simply known as Westbourne.
Westminster Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Weston’s Cider House:   In 1930 Weston’s opened their first and only cider mill on the Harrow Road.
Wetherby Preparatory School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 8 and 13.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Acklam Road protests:   Acklam Road was the centre of much action during the building of the Westway
Albert Hotel (1900s):   The Albert Hotel, on the corner of All Saints Road and Cornwall Road (now Westbourne Park Road).
Corner of Caird Street and Lancefield Street (1910):   2015
Graffiti along Acklam Road (1970s):   Acklam Road was the centre of much action during the building of the Westway
Harrow Road (1920s):   Harrow Road in the 1920s, looking south east towards the Prince of Wales pub and the Emmanuel Church spire.
Kids in Acklam Road:   Acklam Road was the centre of much action during the building of the Westway
Pembridge Road (1900s):   This is the view looking north down Pembridge Road from Notting Hill Gate.
Political meeting (1920s):   Meeting in front of the Junction Arms situated where Tavistock Road, Crescent and Basing Road met.
Under westway (1977):   Acklam Road was the centre of much action during the building of the Westway


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbotsbury Road, W14 · Abinger Mews, W9 · Acklam Road, W10 · Addison Avenue, W11 · Admiral Walk, W9 · Airlie Gardens, W8 · Alba Place, W11 · Aldridge Road Villas, W11 · Alfred Road, W2 · All Saints Road, W11 · Argyll Road, W8 · Ariel Way, W12 · Artesian Road, W2 · Arundel Gardens, W11 · Aubrey Road, W8 · Aubrey Walk, W8 · Bangor Street, W11 · Barfett Street, W10 · Barnard Lodge, W9 · Barnsdale Road, W9 · Basing Street, W11 · Bedford Gardens, W8 · Berkeley Gardens, W8 · Blagrove Road, W10 · Blenheim Crescent, W11 · Boyne Terrace Mews, W11 · Bridstow Place, W2 · Bulmer Mews, W11 · Burlington Close, W9 · Caird Street, W10 · Callcott Street, W8 · Cambridge Gardens, W10 · Campden Grove, W8 · Campden Hill Court, W8 · Campden Hill Gardens, W8 · Campden Hill Place, W11 · Campden Hill Road, W8 · Campden Hill Square, W8 · Campden Hill Towers, W11 · Campden Hill, W8 · Campden Street, W8 · Caradoc Close, W2 · Chepstow Corner, W2 · Chepstow Crescent, W11 · Chepstow Place, W2 · Chepstow Road, W2 · Chepstow Villas, W11 · Chippenham Gardens, NW6 · Chippenham Mews, W9 · Chippenham Road, W9 · Clanricarde Gardens, W2 · Clarendon Road, W11 · Clydesdale Road, W11 · Codrington Mews, W11 · Colville Gardens, W11 · Colville Houses, W11 · Colville Mews, W11 · Colville Road, W11 · Colville Square, W11 · Colville Terrace, W11 · Colville Terrace, W11 · Convent Gardens, W11 · Coomassie Road, W9 · Cornwall Crescent, W11 · Courtnell Street, W2 · Dale Row, W11 · Darnley Terrace, W11 · Dartmouth Close, W11 · Dawson Place, W2 · Denbigh Close, W11 · Denbigh Road, W11 · Denbigh Terrace, W11 · Drayford Close, W9 · Drayson Mews Holland Street, W8 · Drayson Mews, W8 · Duchess of Bedford’s Walk, W8 · Dunworth Mews, W11 · Edbrooke Road, W9 · Edenham Way, W10 · Edge Street, W8 · Elgin Crescent, W11 · Elgin Mews, W11 · Elkstone Road, W10 · Elmfield Way, W9 · Essex Villas, W8 · Evesham House, W2 · Evesham Street, W11 · Farm Place, W8 · Farmer Street, W8 · Fermoy Road, W9 · Fernhead Road, W9 · First Avenue, W10 · Folly Mews, W11 · Foscote Mews, W9 · Freston Road, W11 · Gloucester Walk, W8 · Godson Yard, NW6 · Golden Mews, W11 · Goldney Road, W9 · Gordon Place, W8 · Great Western Road, W11 · Great Western Road, W9 · Great Western Studios, W9 · Grittleton Road, W9 · Harrow Road, W9 · Hayden’s Place, W11 · Hayden’s Place, W11 · Hayden’s Place, W11 · Hedgegate Court, W11 · Hereford Road, W2 · Hermes Close, W9 · Hillgate Place, W8 · Hillgate Street, W8 · Hillsleigh Road, W8 · Holland House, W8 · Holland Park Avenue, W11 · Holland Park Ilchester Place, W8 · Holland Park Mews, W11 · Holland Park Roundabout, W12 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Road, W11 · Holland Street, W8 · Holland Walk, W11 · Holland Walk, W8 · Horbury Crescent, W11 · Horbury Mews, W11 · Hormead Road, W9 · Hornton Place, W8 · Hornton Street, W8 · Hunt Close, W11 · Hunter Lodge, W9 · Inverness Gardens, W8 · James Collins Close, W9 · Jameson Street, W8 · Kenley Street, W11 · Kensington Arcade, W8 · Kensington Church Street, W8 · Kensington High Street, W8 · Kensington Mall, W8 · Kensington Park Gardens, W11 · Kensington Park Mews, W11 · Kensington Park Road, W11 · Kensington Place, W8 · Kildare Terrace, W2 · Kingsdale Gardens, W11 · Ladbroke Gardens, W11 · Ladbroke Grove, W11 · Ladbroke Road, W11 · Ladbroke Square, W11 · Ladbroke Terrace, W11 · Ladbroke Walk, W11 · Lambton Place, W11 · Lancaster Road, W11 · Lancefield Street, W10 · Lanhill Road, W9 · Lansdowne Crescent, W11 · Lansdowne Cresent, W11 · Lansdowne Mews, W11 · Lansdowne Rise, W11 · Lansdowne Road, W11 · Lansdowne Walk, W11 · Leamington House, W11 · Leamington Road Villas, W11 · Ledbury Mews North, W11 · Ledbury Mews West, W11 · Ledbury Road, W11 · Ledbury Road, W2 · Linden Gardens, W2 · Linden Mews, W2 · Lister Lodge, W9 · Lonsdale Road, W11 · Lorne Gardens, W11 · Lucerne Mews, W8 · Lydford Road, W9 · Marylands Road, W9 · Mcgregor Road, W11 · Melon Place, W8 · Monmouth Road, W2 · Moorhouse Road, W2 · Morgan Road, W10 · Needham Road, W11 · Newcombe House, W11 · Nicholas Road, W11 · Norland Road, W11 · Norland Square, W11 · Northumberland Place, W2 · Northumberland Place, W2 · Notting Hill Gate, W11 · Notting Hill Gate, W2 · Oakington Road, W9 · Observatory Gardens, W8 · Olaf Street, W11 · Palace Gardens Mews, W8 · Palace Gardens Terrace, W8 · Peel Street, W8 · Pembridge Crescent, W11 · Pembridge Gardens, W2 · Pembridge Mews, W11 · Pembridge Place, W11 · Pembridge Place, W2 · Pembridge Road, W11 · Pembridge Road, W2 · Pembridge Square, W2 · Pembridge Villas, W11 · Pencombe Mews, W11 · Pennymore Walk, W9 · Penzance Place, W11 · Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Phillimore Place, W8 · Phillimore Walk, W8 · Pinehurst Court, W11 · Pitt Street, W8 · Portland Road, W11 · Portobello Road, W11 · Pottery Lane, W11 · Powis Gardens, W11 · Powis Mews, W11 · Powis Square, W11 · Powis Terrace, W11 · Princedale Road, W11 · Princes Mews, W2 · Princes Place, W11 · Queensdale Crecent, W11 · Queensdale Crescent, W11 · Queensdale Place, W11 · Queensdale Road, W11 · Queensdale Walk, W11 · Rabbit Roe, W8 · Rede Place, W2 · Rifle Place, W11 · Riverton Close, W9 · Rosehart Mews, W11 · Rosmead Road, W11 · Royal Crescent Mews, W11 · Royal Crescent, W11 · Saint Anns Villas, W11 · Saint Ervans Road, W10 · Saint Luke’s Road, W11 · Saint Lukes Mews, W11 · Saint Marks Place, W11 · Saint Stephen’s Gardens, W2 · Sheffield Terrace, W8 · Sheldrake Place, W8 · Shirland Mews, W9 · Shirland Road, W9 · Shrewsbury Road, W2 · Silvester Mews, W11 · Simon Close, W11 · South Courtyard, N19 · St Anns Villas, W11 · St Ervans Road, W10 · St James Gardens, W11 · St James’s Gardens, W11 · St James’s Gardens, W11 · St John’s Mews, W11 · St Lukes Mews, W11 · St Luke’s Mews, W11 · St Luke’s Road, W11 · St Mark’s Place, W11 · St Stephens Gardens, W2 · St Stephens Mews, W2 · St Stephen’s Gardens, W2 · St. Johns Gardens, W11 · St. John’s Gardens, W11 · Stable Yard Ilchester Place, W8 · Stafford Terrace, W8 · Stanley Crescent, W11 · Stanley Gardens Mews, W11 · Stanley Gardens, W11 · Surrendale Place, W9 · Sutherland Place, W2 · Sutherland Place, W2 · Swanscombe Road, W11 · Talbot Road, W11 · Talbot Road, W2 · Tavistock Crescent, W11 · Tavistock Mews, W11 · Tavistock Road, W11 · Testerton Walk, W11 · Thornwood Gardens, W8 · Tor Court, W8 · Tor Gardens, W8 · Trellick Tower · Upper Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Uxbridge Street, W8 · Verdi Crescent, W10 · Vernon Yard, W11 · Vicarage Gardens, W8 · Victoria Gardens, W11 · Walmer Road, W11 · Walterton Road, W9 · Warlock Road, W9 · Wellington Close, W11 · West Cross Route, W11 · Westbourne Grove Mews, W11 · Westbourne Grove, W11 · Westbourne Park Road, W11 · Westbourne Park Road, W2 · Western Mews, W9 · Westway, W10 · Widley Road, W9 · Wilby Mews, W11 · Wilsham Street, W11 · Windsor Gardens, W9 · Woodfield Crescent, W9 · Woodfield Place, W9 · Woodfield Road, W9 · Wycombe Square, W8 · Wymering Mansions, W9 ·
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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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