Willesden Green Farm

Farm in/near Willesden Green, existing until 1904

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Farm · Willesden Green · NW10 · Contributed by The Underground Map
FEBRUARY
15
2017
Postcard from Willesden Green shows an unknown dairy herd from the area

Willesden Green Farm, owned by All Souls College, Oxford, was south of the High Road, opposite Willesden Farm.

By 1738 farmhouses and cottages were clustered all round Willesden Green.

The soil of Willesden Green was a strong, wet clay - naturally suited to grass, and a cart could fetch a load of dung from the metropolis twice a day. By 1833 the Willesden Green Farm, had been much improved by manuring.

Londoners were often directly involved in farming and All Souls Willesden Green Farm was leased to a St Marylebone jobmaster between 1828-45.

Building began in 1895 on land belonging to All Souls and on the college’s land south of High Road in 1899 - Willesden Green farmhouse had gone by 1904. In that year 125 houses were being built on the college estate at Willesden Green in addition to 55 already built.

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VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Willesden Green

A good place for those from the 14th century with particularly bad eyesight.

From the 14th to 16th centuries, Willesden was a place of pilgrimage due to the presence of two ancient statues of the Virgin Mary at the Church of St Mary. One of these statues is thought to be a Black Madonna, which was insulted by the Lollards, taken to Thomas Cromwell's house and burnt in 1538 on a large bonfire of 'notable images. including those of Walsingham, Worcester and Ipswich. There was also a 'holy well' which was thought to possess miraculous qualities, particularly for blindness and other eye disorders.

The parish of Willesden remained predominantly rural up until after 1875. However, this changed with the opening of the Metropolitan Railway (later the Metropolitan Line) station of Willesden Green on 24 November 1879. By 1906 the population had grown to 140,000, a phenomenon of rapid growth that was to be repeated in the 1920s in neighbouring areas such as Harrow. The Metropolitan Line service was withdrawn in 1940, when the station was served by the Bakerloo Line, and later the Jubilee Line. Willesden Green station has now a grand 1920s facade.

World War I caused Willesden to change from a predominantly middle class suburb to a working class part of London. After the war, Willesden grew rapidly as numerous factories opened up with numerous flats and houses. The local council encouraged building to prevent large unemployment and decline.

To the present day, Willesden has been shaped by the patterns of migration which marks it out as one of the most diverse areas in the United Kingdom. City of London Corporation records show that the first black person recorded in Brent was Sarah Eco, who was christened in St. Mary’s Church in Willesden on 15 September 1723.

The 1901 United Kingdom census recorded that 42% of the population was born in London. In 1923, the specialist coach builder Freestone and Webb established their base in Willesden, producing bespoke cars on Rolls-Royce and Bentley chassis until 1956.

Willesden became a municipal borough in 1933, and it is at this time that the area became predominantly working class. A small Irish community had formed in Willesden by this time, which grew rapidly during the period of the Second World War. A small Jewish community of refugees from Europe also formed during the war, with 3.5% of the population in 1951 born in Germany, Poland, Russia or Austria. During the war, Willesden suffered large damage due to the heavy concentration of industry, such as munition factories, and railways in the area.

The period from 1960 saw migrants settling from the Caribbean and the Indian Subcontinent. Additionally, from 1963 it was the site of the Kuo Yuan, the first Chinese restaurant to serve Pekinese dishes in Britain. Since the 1960s, Willesden has been popular with young working holidaymakers from Canada, Australia and New Zealand, although this popularity has declined somewhat in favour of other areas since about 2003.

Willesden went into a period of decline during the 1970s and 1980s as much of the housing was inadequate due to overcrowding as industry was mixed with housing. The whole of central Willesden bar (the area by the Willesden Green station) was earmarked for redevelopment; however, this did not come to fruition. In the late 1980s, traders were given money to revamp the High Street to prevent it closing. It now has one of the best public libraries in the UK, Willesden Green Library Centre - an elegant building and open very long hours.

Now the area has seen another change in demographic becoming a middle class area due to its prime location and good transport links.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Bramley's Farm:   Willesden Farm was also known as Bramley's Farm locally.
Hodgson's Farm:   Hodgson's Farm stood nearly at today's meetingpoint of Chapter Road and Park Avenue.
Willesden Farm:   Willesden Farm was otherwise known as Bramley's Farm.
Willesden Green:   A good place for those from the 14th century with particularly bad eyesight.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Acland Road, NW2 · Alexander Avenue, NW10 · Alverstone Road, NW2 · Balmoral Road, NW2 · Belton Road, NW2 · Bertie Road, NW10 · Brenthurst Road, NW10 · Brondesbury Park, NW2 · Cameron House, NW10 · Chambers Lane, NW10 · Chambers Lane, NW2 · Chantry Crescent, NW10 · Chapel Close, NW10 · Chaplin Road, NW2 · Chapter Road, NW2 · Churchill Road, NW2 · Churchmead Road, NW10 · Cornwall Gardens, NW10 · Crome Road, NW10 · Cross Way, NW10 · Dalmeyer Road, NW10 · Deacon Road, NW2 · Dean Road, NW10 · Denzil Road, NW10 · Dobree Avenue, NW10 · Elvis Road, NW2 · Glebe Road, NW10 · Gowan Road, NW10 · Grange Road, NW10 · Griffin Close, NW10 · Grosvenor Gardens, NW2 · Grove Road, NW2 · Hawthorn Road, NW10 · Heathfield Park, NW2 · Helperby Road, NW10 · High Road, NW10 · High Road, NW2 · Honeyman Close, NW2 · Honeyman Close, NW6 · Huddlestone Road, NW2 · Kings Road, NW10 · Knapp Close, NW10 · Lechmere Road, NW2 · Lennon Road, NW2 · Linacre Road, NW10 · Linacre Road, NW2 · Litchfield Gardens, NW10 · Lydford Road, NW2 · Marley Walk, NW2 · Marlow Court, NW6 · Maybury Gardens, NW10 · Meyrick Road, NW10 · Osborne Road, NW2 · Parkfield Road, NW10 · Peter Avenue, NW10 · Pound Lane, NW10 · Preston Place, NW2 · Regency Mews High Road, NW10 · Regency Mews, NW10 · Regency Street, NW10 · Robson Avenue, NW10 · Rowdon Avenue, NW10 · Sandringham Road, NW2 · Selbie Avenue, NW10 · Severn Way, NW10 · Sidmouth Road, NW2 · St Andrews Road, NW10 · St Gabriels Road, NW2 · St Pauls Avenue, NW2 · St. Pauls Avenue, NW2 · Station Parade, NW2 · Staverton Road, NW2 · Sterling Close, NW10 · Strode Road, NW10 · Tower Road, NW10 · Tudor Mews, NW10 · Unity Close, NW10 · Utopia House, NW10 · Villiers Road, NW10 · Villiers Road, NW2 · Waterford Way, NW10 · Wharton Close, NW10 · White Hart Lane, NW10 · Willesden Lane, NW2 · Windsor Road, NW2 ·


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Maps


Land ownership in Willesden (1823) FREE DOWNLOAD
Map of land ownership in the Willesden area in 1823
City of London Corporation

John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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