By 1738 farmhouses and cottages were clustered all round Willesden Green.
The soil of Willesden Green was a strong, wet clay - naturally suited to grass, and a cart could fetch a load of dung from the metropolis twice a day. By 1833 the Willesden Green Farm, had been much improved by manuring.
Londoners were often directly involved in farming and All Souls Willesden Green Farm was leased to a St Marylebone jobmaster between 1828-45.
Building began in 1895 on land belonging to All Souls and on the college’s land south of High Road in 1899 - Willesden Green farmhouse had gone by 1904. In that year 125 houses were being built on the college estate at Willesden Green in addition to 55 already built.Licence:
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence
|VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1750s|
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1800s|
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1830s|
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1860s|
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WILLESDEN GREEN AREA IN THE 1900s|
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.
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A good place for those from the 14th century with particularly bad eyesight.
From the 14th to 16th centuries, Willesden was a place of pilgrimage due to the presence of two ancient statues of the Virgin Mary at the Church of St Mary. One of these statues is thought to be a Black Madonna, which was insulted by the Lollards, taken to Thomas Cromwell's house and burnt in 1538 on a large bonfire of 'notable images. including those of Walsingham, Worcester and Ipswich. There was also a 'holy well' which was thought to possess miraculous qualities, particularly for blindness and other eye disorders.
The parish of Willesden remained predominantly rural up until after 1875. However, this changed with the opening of the Metropolitan Railway (later the Metropolitan Line) station of Willesden Green on 24 November 1879. By 1906 the population had grown to 140,000, a phenomenon of rapid growth that was to be repeated in the 1920s in neighbouring areas such as Harrow. The Metropolitan Line service was withdrawn in 1940, when the station was served by the Bakerloo Line, and later the Jubilee Line. Willesden Green station has now a grand 1920s facade.
World War I caused Willesden to change from a predominantly middle class suburb to a working class part of London. After the war, Willesden grew rapidly as numerous factories opened up with numerous flats and houses. The local council encouraged building to prevent large unemployment and decline.
To the present day, Willesden has been shaped by the patterns of migration which marks it out as one of the most diverse areas in the United Kingdom. City of London Corporation records show that the first black person recorded in Brent was Sarah Eco, who was christened in St. Mary’s Church in Willesden on 15 September 1723.
The 1901 United Kingdom census recorded that 42% of the population was born in London. In 1923, the specialist coach builder Freestone and Webb established their base in Willesden, producing bespoke cars on Rolls-Royce and Bentley chassis until 1956.
Willesden became a municipal borough in 1933, and it is at this time that the area became predominantly working class. A small Irish community had formed in Willesden by this time, which grew rapidly during the period of the Second World War. A small Jewish community of refugees from Europe also formed during the war, with 3.5% of the population in 1951 born in Germany, Poland, Russia or Austria. During the war, Willesden suffered large damage due to the heavy concentration of industry, such as munition factories, and railways in the area.
The period from 1960 saw migrants settling from the Caribbean and the Indian Subcontinent. Additionally, from 1963 it was the site of the Kuo Yuan
, the first Chinese restaurant to serve Pekinese dishes in Britain. Since the 1960s, Willesden has been popular with young working holidaymakers from Canada, Australia and New Zealand, although this popularity has declined somewhat in favour of other areas since about 2003.
Willesden went into a period of decline during the 1970s and 1980s as much of the housing was inadequate due to overcrowding as industry was mixed with housing. The whole of central Willesden bar (the area by the Willesden Green station) was earmarked for redevelopment; however, this did not come to fruition. In the late 1980s, traders were given money to revamp the High Street to prevent it closing. It now has one of the best public libraries in the UK, Willesden Green Library Centre - an elegant building and open very long hours.
Now the area has seen another change in demographic becoming a middle class area due to its prime location and good transport links.
|LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
: Willesden Farm was also known as Bramley's Farm locally.Hodgson's Farm
: Hodgson's Farm stood nearly at today's meetingpoint of Chapter Road and Park Avenue.Willesden Farm
: Willesden Farm was otherwise known as Bramley's Farm.Willesden Green
: A good place for those from the 14th century with particularly bad eyesight.
Alexander Avenue, NW10
|NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
· Belton Road, NW2
· Bertie Road, NW10
· Brondesbury Park, NW2
· Cameron House, NW10
· Chambers Lane, NW10
· Chaplin Road, NW2
· Chapter Road, NW2
· Churchill Road, NW2
· Dalmeyer Road, NW10
· Deacon Road, NW2
· Denzil Road, NW10
· Dobree Avenue, NW10
· Glebe Road, NW10
· Gowan Road, NW10
· Grosvenor Gardens, NW2
· Grove Road, NW2
· Harcourt House, NW10
· Hawthorn Road, NW10
· Helperby Road, NW10
· High Road, NW10
· Honeyman Close, NW6
· Kings Road, NW10
· Lechmere Road, NW2
· Linacre Road, NW2
· Litchfield Gardens, NW10
· Marlow Court, NW6
· Mayo Road, NW10
· Meyrick Road, NW10
· Parkfield Road, NW10
· Peter Avenue, NW10
· Pound Lane, NW10
· Preston Place, NW2
· Queens Parade, NW2
· Regency Mews High Road, NW10
· Regency Mews, NW10
· Robson Avenue, NW10
· Sandringham Road, NW2
· Sapcote Trading Centre, NW10
· Sidmouth Road, NW2
· St Andrews Road, NW10
· St Pauls Avenue, NW2
· Station Parade, NW2
· Staverton Road, NW2
· Strode Road, NW10
· Tower Road, NW10
· Utopia House, NW10
· Villiers Road, NW2
· White Hart Lane, NW10
· Willesden Lane, NW2
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Map of land ownership in the Willesden area in 1823
City of London Corporation
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés.
Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death.
The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London
London Underground map from 1921.
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York
London Underground map from 1908.
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)