Tate Britain

Gallery in/near Pimlico, existing between 1897 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Gallery · Pimlico · SW1P · Contributed by The Underground Map
December
27
2013
Tate Britain (2011)
Credit: Tony Hisgett

Tate Britain (known from 1897 to 1932 as the National Gallery of British Art and from 1932 to 2000 as the Tate Gallery) is an art gallery situated on Millbank in London.

Tate Britain is the national gallery of British art in the period from 1500 until today. There are four 'Tates': Tate Britain and Tate Modern in London, Tate Liverpool, and Tate St Ives in Cornwall, in the south-west of England. The entire Tate Collection is available online.

It is the oldest gallery in the network, opening in 1897. It houses a substantial collection of the works of J. M. W. Turner.

Tate Britain's rooms are arranged in chronological order, often with a theme or a focus on a particular artist. Displays are changed annually. Each room has an introductory text and each work has a short introductory caption.

The broad spectrum of artworks housed at Tate Britain mean you can see old masters and Pre-Raphaelite paintings in the same building as work by modern and contemporary artists, such as Lucian Freud, Francis Bacon and Rachel Whiteread. Highlights include Millais's Ophelia, Waterhouse's The Lady of Shalott and Norham Castle by Turner.

Lightbox on Level 1 is dedicated to showing a changing program of artists' film and video. There is no admission charge.

There is a continuous programme of temporary exhibitions; the largest require tickets, but many are free.

Look out for room 16 as it has a wonderful mosaic floor by Boris Anrep depicting the text of the Proverbs of Hell by William Blake. There are eight floor panels illustrating Blake's proverbs.

On the outside of the building beside the Manton entrance, World War Two shrapnel dents can be seen.

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I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see there children playing, we use to call it the block as it was built in such a way

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VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Pimlico

Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Manor of Ebury was divided up and leased by the Crown to servants or favourites. In 1623, James I sold the freehold of Ebury for £1,151 and 15 shillings. The land was sold on several more times, until it came into the hands of heiress Mary Davies in 1666.

Mary's dowry not only included modern-day Pimlico and Belgravia, but also most of what is now Mayfair and Knightsbridge. Understandably, she was much pursued but in 1677, at the age of twelve, married Sir Thomas Grosvenor. The Grosvenors were a family of Norman descent long seated at Eaton Hall in Cheshire who until this auspicious marriage were but of local consequence in their native county of Cheshire. Through the development and good management of this land the Grosvenors acquired enormous wealth.

At some point in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, the area ceased to be known as Ebury or 'The Five Fields' and gained the name by which it is now known. According to tradition, it received its name from Ben Pimlico, famous for his nut-brown ale. His tea-gardens, however, were near Hoxton, and the road to them was termed Pimlico Path, so that what is now called Pimlico was so named from the popularity of the Hoxton resort.

By the nineteenth century, and as a result of an increase in demand for property in the previously unfashionable West End of London following the Great Plague of London and the Great Fire of London, Pimlico had become ripe for development. In 1825, Thomas Cubitt was contracted by Lord Grosvenor to develop Pimlico. The land up to this time had been marshy but was reclaimed using soil excavated during the construction of St Katharine Docks.

Cubitt developed Pimlico as a grid of handsome white stucco terraces. The largest and most opulent houses were built along St George's Drive and Belgrave Road, the two principal streets, and Eccleston, Warwick and St George's Squares. Lupus Street contained similarly grand houses, as well as shops and, until the early twentieth century, a hospital for women and children. Smaller-scale properties, typically of three storeys, line the side streets. An 1877 newspaper article described Pimlico as "genteel, sacred to professional men… not rich enough to luxuriate in Belgravia proper, but rich enough to live in private houses." Its inhabitants were "more lively than in Kensington… and yet a cut above Chelsea, which is only commercial."

Although the area was dominated by the well-to-do middle and upper-middle classes as late as Booth's 1889 Map of London Poverty, parts of Pimlico are said to have declined significantly by the 1890s. When Rev Gerald Olivier moved to the neighbourhood in 1912 with his family, including the young Laurence Olivier, to minister to the parishioners of St Saviour, it was part of a venture to west London 'slums' that had previously taken the family to the depths of Notting Hill.

Through the late nineteenth century, Pimlico saw the construction of several Peabody Estates, charitable housing projects designed to provide affordable, quality homes.

Proximity to the Houses of Parliament made Pimlico a centre of political activity. Prior to 1928, the Labour Party and Trades Union Congress shared offices on Eccleston Square, and it was here in 1926 that the General Strike was organised.

In the mid-1930s Pimlico saw a second wave of development with the construction of Dolphin Square, a self-contained 'city' of 1250 up-market flats built on the site formerly occupied by Cubitt's building works. Completed in 1937, it quickly became popular with MPs and public servants. It was home to fascist Oswald Mosley until his arrest in 1940, and the headquarters of the Free French for much of the Second World War.

Pimlico survived the war with its essential character intact, although parts sustained significant bomb damage. Through the 1950s these areas were the focus of large-scale redevelopment as the Churchill Gardens and Lillington and Longmoore Gardens estates, and many of the larger Victorian houses were converted to hotels and other uses.

To provide affordable and efficient heating to the residents of the new post-war developments, Pimlico became one of the few places in the UK to have a district heating system installed.

In 1953, the Second Duke of Westminster sold the part of the Grosvenor estate on which Pimlico is built.

Pimlico was connected to the underground in 1972 as a late addition to the Victoria Line. Following the designation of a conservation area in 1968 (extended in 1973 and again in 1990), the area has seen extensive regeneration. Successive waves of development have given Pimlico an interesting social mix, combining exclusive restaurants and residences with Westminster City Council run facilities.

Notable residents of Pimlico have included politician Winston Churchill, designer Laura Ashley, philosopher Swami Vivekananda, actor Laurence Olivier, illustrator and author Aubrey Beardsley, Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and inventor of lawn tennis Major Walter Wingfield.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Pimlico:   Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
York Wharf:   York Wharf, photographed in 1866.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albert Embankment, SE1 · Albert Embankment, SE11 · Albert Embankment, SW8 · Albert Embarkment, SE1 · Albert Enbankment, SE1 · Arneway Street, SW1P · Atterbury Street, SW1P · Aylesford Street, SW1V · Balvaird Place, SW1V · Belgrave Road, SW1V · Bessborough Gardens, SW1V · Bessborough Place, SW1V · Bessborough Street, SW1V · Bridgefoot, SW8 · Causton Street, SW1P · Chapter Chambers, SW1P · Chapter Street, SW1P · Charlwood Place, SW1V · Charlwood Street, SW1V · Chichester Street, SW1V · Churchill Gardens Road, SW1V · Churchill Gardens, SW1V · Churchill Gardens, W5 · Churton Place, SW1V · Churton Street, SW1V · Clarendon Street, SW1V · Claverton Street, SW1V · Crown Reach Riverside Walk, SW1V · Dalkeith Court, SW1P · Dean Bradley House, SW1P · Dean Bradley Street, SW1P · Dean Trench Street, SW1P · Dells Mews, SW1V · Denbigh Mews, SW1V · Denbigh Street, SW1V · Dolphin Square West, SW1V · Dolphin Square, SW1V · Drummond Gate, SW1V · Elizabeth Bridge, SW1V · Erasmus Street, SW1P · Esterbrooke Street, SW1P · Garden Terrace, SW1V · Glasgow Terrace, SW1V · Goding Street, SE11 · Grosvenor Road, SW1V · Grosvenor Road, SW8 · Herrick Street, SW1P · Horseferry Road, SW1P · Hugh Street, SW1V · John Islip Street, SW1P · Johnson’s Place, SW1V · Lambeth Bridge, SE1 · Lambeth Bridge, SW1P · Lindsay Square, SW1V · Little Cloisters, SW1P · Lupus Street, SW1V · Marsham Street, SW1P · Medway Street, SW1P · Millbank Tower, SW1P · Millbank, SW1P · Moreton Place, SW1 · Moreton Street, SW1V · Moreton Terrace Mews North, SW1V · New Palace Yard, SW1A · Old Palace Yard, SW1P · Page Street, SW1P · Path to hotel entrance, SW1P · Paxton Terrace, SW1V · Ponsonby Place, SW1P · Ponsonby Terrace, SW1P · Rampayne Street, SW1V · Ranelagh Road, SW1V · Regency Street, SW1P · Rivermill, SW1V · Riverside Walk, SW1V · Romney Street, SW1P · Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground: Chelsea College of Art and Desi, SW1P · St Georges Drive, SW1V · St Georges Square, SW1V · St Saviours Hall, SW1V · St Vincents Centre, SW1P · Tachbrook Street, SW1V · The Arcade, SW1V · Thorndike Street, SW1V · Thorney Street, SW1P · Turpentine Lane, SW1V · Vauxhall Bridge, SE1 · Vauxhall Bridge, SW1P · Vauxhall Bridge, SW1V · Vauxhall Bridge, SW8 · Vauxhall Cross, SW8 · Victoria Chambers, SW1P · Victoria Island, SW1V · Vincent Street, SW1P · Warwick Square Mews, SW1V · Warwick Square, SW1V · Warwick Way, SW1V · West Bridge, SW8 · West Mews, SW1V · Westmoreland Terrace, SW1V ·


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Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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