Fitzjohn's Avenue, NW3

Road in/near Hampstead, existing between 1888 and now

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Road · Hampstead · NW3 · Contributed by The Underground Map
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2015
Fitzjohn's Avenue sign

Fitzjohn's Avenue links Hampstead with Swiss Cottage.

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Before Fitzjohn's Avenue was built, Hampstead was bounded to the south by a broad belt of green meadows, known as the Shepherds' or Conduit Fields, across which ran a pathway sloping up to the southwestern corner of the village, and terminating near Church Row. On the eastern side of these fields wass an old well or conduit, called the Shepherd's Well, the source of the River Tyburn.

In 1874–5 it was proposed by some of the inhabitants of Hampstead to purchase a portion of these grassy slopes, and to devote them to public use as a park. This plan was brought to an abrupt halt by speculative builders, by whom the greater part of the ground was bought and laid out for building purposes.

In 1888, under the Town Improvement Scheme, the alleyways and courtyards cluttering Hampstead Village were cleared, Heath Street was extended and Fitzjohns Avenue created across green fields to provide better access to the West End.

At the same time that the vvenue was constructed the Tyburn River - a tiny stream running through the fields, was diverted underground along the length of Fitzjohn's Avenue.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



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Post by LDNnews: Chalk Farm
Tories scrap plan for free school breakfasts in 'humiliating U-turn'
Tory plans to offer all primary school children in England a free breakfast have been officially dropped in what Labour branded a "humiliating U-turn".

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/tories-scrap-plan-for-free-school-breakfast-in-humiliating-uturn-a3597196.html
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Post by LDNnews: Belsize Park
Acid attack in London: First pictures of shocking injuries suffered by latest victim
The sister of a young man targeted in the latest horrific acid attack in the capital said it has "changed his life forever" as she revealed pictures of his badly scarred face.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/acid-attack-victims-sister-shares-pictures-of-his-life-changing-injuries-and-asks-what-are-these-a3596181.html
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MARKETS CLOSE: FTSE 100 posts modest gain; pound at $1.30
The FTSE 100 closed up 17.5 points at 7,452.3 on another heavy day for company earnings, including 3i Group, ITV, Hammerson, Glaxo SmithKline and Antofagasta.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-4730894/MARKETS-LIVE-London-shares-gain.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Post by LDNnews: Finchley Road
Jeremy Corbyn ally quizzed on student debt pledge tells BBC: None of you went to a state school
One of Jeremy Corbyn's shadow ministers launched an attack on the BBC today as he was grilled over whether Labour had done a U-turn on axing student tuition fee debts.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/corbyn-ally-quizzed-on-student-debt-pledge-tells-bbc-none-of-you-went-to-a-state-school-a3596516.html
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Post by LDNnews: Chalk Farm
Kieran Gibbs, Mathieu Debuchy and Carl Jenkinson set for Arsenal's Boreham Wood trip
Whilst Arsene Wenger's squad prepare for their showpiece friendlies at this weekend's Emirates Cup a trio of sidelined defenders are set for a more low-key pre-season fixture.

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/kieran-gibbs-mathieu-debuchy-and-carl-jenkinson-set-for-arsenals-boreham-wood-trip-a3597011.html
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Premier League transfer spending is 'totally unsustainable', warns Tottenham chairman Daniel Levy
Tottenham chairman Daniel Levy has warned his Premier League contemporaries that their summer spending is "totally unsustainable".

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/premier-league-transfer-spending-is-totally-unsustainable-warns-tottenham-chairman-daniel-levy-a3596106.html
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London thug who battered boy to death jailed for life
Leroy Malcolm, left, said he had struggled to watch killer Marvyn Iheanacho lie throughout his trial for the murder of his son Alex Malcolm, right, before he was jailed today at Woolwich Crown Court.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4727460/Thug-battered-boy-death-jailed-life.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Chelsea's Nemanja Matic offers physical presence Manchester United lack, says Gary Pallister
Gary Pallister says he would be surprised if Chelsea let Nemanja Matic leave for Manchester United this summer, but feels the star would bring a "physical presence" they lacked last season.

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelseas-nemanja-matic-offers-physical-presence-manchester-united-lack-says-gary-pallister-a3595681.html
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Post by LDNnews: Belsize Park
Swansea have rejected a second bid from Everton for Tottenham target Gylfi Sigurdsson.
Swansea have rejected a second bid from Everton for Tottenham target Gylfi Sigurdsson.

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/swansea-reject-second-everton-bid-for-50mrated-tottenham-target-gylfi-sigurdsson-a3595161.html
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Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Katie Price shows off results of first facelift in London
EXCLUSIVE: Katie Price, 39, underwent a procedure last week called a ’Silhouette Face Lift’ designed to boost sagging cheeks which she can top up once a year for the next five years.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-4713814/Katie-Price-shows-results-FACELIFT.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Post by LDNnews: Finchley Road
Croydon murder: Devastated friend of hammer attack victim Florina Pastina pays emotional tribute to 'selfless soul' who helped deliver her son
The devastated friend of a woman killed in a vicious hammer attack has paid an emotional tribute to the woman who helped deliver her son.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/croydon-murder-devastated-friend-of-hammer-attack-victim-florina-pastina-pays-emotional-tribute-to-a3595131.html
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Post by LDNnews: Hampstead Garden Suburb
What have you missed since July 17th?
A section of Finchley Road was closed after a suspicious package was reported. It turned out that it “wasn’t a viable device”. Does that mean it wasn’t suspicious, or that it was but was just not viable? New bakery Lola’s took some flak for having a disabled toilet that was up some stairs, but apparently […]

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2017/07/24/what-have-you-missed-since-july-17th/20150
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Post by LDNnews: Chalk Farm
Charlie Gard’s parents will return to court as judge considers baby’s future
Charlie Gard’s parents are preparing to return to court for a hearing at which the terminally-ill baby’s future could be decided.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15429301.Charlie_Gard__39_s_parents_will_return_to_court_as_judge_considers_baby__39_s_future/?ref=rss
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Post by LDNnews: Belsize Park
Arsene Wenger has revealed that Olivier Giroud wants to stay and fight for his place at Arsenal.
Arsene Wenger has revealed that Olivier Giroud wants to stay and fight for his place at Arsenal.

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/olivier-giroud-determined-to-stay-and-fight-for-arsenal-place-despite-52m-alexandre-lacazette-a3594356.html
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Post by LDNnews: Totteridge
Former Borehamwood Times editor "utterly terrified" at devastating French forest fire
A HOLIDAY-MAKER has been left utterly terrified after being caught up the fires on the French Riveria.

http://www.times-series.co.uk/news/15438419.Former_Borehamwood_Times_editor__utterly_terrified__at_devastating_French_forest_fire/?ref=rss
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Arms fair protesters daub ’War Starts Here’ on Fulham street
Giant letters were painted onto the road outside the DSEI building, which is hosting the event in London later this month

http://www.getwestlondon.co.uk/news/west-london-news/arms-fair-protesters-daub-war-13392988
VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Hampstead

Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
6 Ellerdale Road:   6 Ellerdale Road is a house built by the Arts and Crafts movement architect Richard Norman Shaw for himself in the period 1874 to 1876.
An introduction to Hampstead by G.E. Mitton (1902):   This text originates from "The Fascination of Hampstead" by Geraldine Edith Mitton (published 1902)
Anna Freud Centre:   The Anna Freud Centre is a child mental health research, training and treatment centre.
Bracknell Way, NW3:   Bracknell Way is a small alleyway, usable only by pedestrians
Branch Hill Pond:   Branch Hill Pond which was fed from a spring which was also the main source of the Westbourne.
Bull and Bush:   The Old Bull and Bush is a Grade II listed public house near Hampstead Heath in London which gave its name to the music hall song ’Down at the old Bull and Bush’.
Devonshire House Preparatory School:   Devonshire House preparatory school is based in four large Victorian houses in Hampstead.
Everyman Cinema:   The Everyman, in Heath Street, Hampstead, opened as a cinema on 26 December 1933.
Fitzjohn’s Primary School:   Fitzjohn’s Primary School is a community primary school, established in 1953.
Freud Museum:   The Freud Museum is a museum dedicated to Sigmund Freud, who lived there with his family during the last year of his life.
Great Hollow Elm:   The Great Hollow Elm stood at the top of Hampstead Heath.
Hampstead:   Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.
Hampstead Town:   This article first appeared in ’A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington’.
Hampstead tunnel:   Hampstead Tunnel, 1166 yards long, was built as part of the Hampstead Junction Railway, and opened on 2 January 1860.
Hare and Hounds:   The Hare and Hounds was the northernmost public house in Hampstead.
Keats House:   Keats House is a writer’s house museum in a house once occupied by the Romantic poet John Keats.
Netherhall House:   Netherhall House is a catered intercollegiate halls of residence for men, founded in 1952.
New West End:   New West End was created in the 1840s on the Finchley Road.
Pentameters Theatre:   The Pentameters Theatre was founded in 1968 and is 60-seat venue and is a fringe theatre, located above the Three Horseshoes public house in Hampstead.
Piecemeal building:   The infant River Westbourne crossed, what in 1900, was still a boggy field.
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel:   The Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel is a place of worship and a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians.
Rosslyn House:   Rosslyn (Roslyn) House, which stood between Wedderburn and Lyndhurst Roads, was one of the last of the famous old Hampstead houses to be destroyed.
Shepherd’s Well:   Shepherd’s Well, whose flow was thought to be nearly as pure as distilled water, is the source of the River Tyburn.
Source of the Kilbourne:   The easternmost branch of the River Westbourne rises just south of the centre of Hampstead,
St John, Hampstead:   St John-at-Hampstead is a Church of England parish church dedicated to St John the Evangelist.
St Mary’s Church:   St Mary’s Chapel, now known as St Mary’s Church, is a Grade II* listed Roman Catholic church.
The Academy School:   The Academy School is an independent preparatory school for boys and girls aged between 6 and 13.
The Royal School, Hampstead:   The Royal School, Hampstead, was an independent girls’ day and boarding school. The school educated girls aged 3-16.
Two streams meet:   Somewhere beneath the basement of 16 Frognal, NW3 two tributaries of the River Westbourne meet.
University College School:   University College School, generally known as UCS, is an independent school charity situated in northwest London.
Whitestone Pond:   Whitestone Pond is the source of one of London’s lost rivers, the River Westbourne.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Hampstead station (1907):   Hampstead station pictured at its opening in 1907
Jack Straw's Castle (1907):   Jack Straw’s Castle Hotel, photographed in 1907.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, NW3 · Akenside Road, NW3 · Arkwright Road, NW3 · Avenue Mansions, NW3 · Back Lane, NW3 · Back Lane, NW9 · Baynes Mews, NW3 · Belsize Court Garages, NW3 · Belsize Crescent, NW3 · Belsize Cresent, NW3 · Belsize Lane, NW3 · Belsize Park Mews, NW3 · Belsize Place, NW3 · Belsize Terrace, NW3 · Birchwood Drive, NW3 · Bracknell Gardens, NW3 · Bracknell Way, NW3 · Branch Hill, NW3 · Cannon Lane, NW3 · Cannon Place, NW3 · Carlingford Road, NW3 · Chesterford Gardens, NW3 · Christ Church, NW3 · Christchurch Hill, NW3 · Church Row, NW3 · Coach House Yard, NW3 · Columbas Drive, NW3 · Croft Way, NW3 · Croftway, NW3 · Daleham Gardens, NW3 · Daleham Mews, NW3 · Denning Road, NW3 · Downshire Hill, NW3 · East Heath Road, · East Heath Road, NW3 · Ellerdale Close, NW3 · Ellerdale Road, NW3 · Elm Row, NW3 · Falcon Lodge, NW3 · Ferncroft Avenue, NW3 · Finchley Road, NW6 · Firecrest Drive, NW3 · Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 · Fitzjohn's Avenue, NW3 · Fitzjohns Avenue, NW3 · Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 · Flask Cottages, NW3 · Flask Walk, NW3 · Fortune Green Road, NW3 · Frognal Close, NW3 · Frognal Lane, NW3 · Frognal Rise, NW3 · Frognal Way, NW3 · Frognal, NW3 · Frognal, NW3 · Gainsborough Gardens, NW3 · Gardnor Road, NW3 · Gayton Crescent, NW3 · Gayton Road, NW3 · Grange Gardens, NW3 · Greenaway Gardens, NW3 · Greenhill, NW3 · Grove Place, NW3 · Hampstead Grove, NW3 · Hampstead High Street, NW3 · Hampstead Hill Gardens, NW3 · Hampstead Square, NW3 · Heath Brow, NW3 · Heath Drive, NW3 · Heath Hurst Road, NW3 · Heath Side, NW3 · Heath Street, NW3 · Heath Villas, NW3 · Heysham Lane, NW3 · Holly Berry Lane, NW3 · Holly Bush Vale, NW3 · Holly Hill, NW3 · Holly Mount, NW3 · Holly Walk, NW3 · Judges’ Walk, NW3 · Keats Grove, NW3 · Kemplay Road, NW3 · Kidderpore Avenue, NW3 · Kidderpore Gardens, NW3 · Lakis Close, NW3 · Langland Gardens, NW3 · Lindfield Gardens, NW3 · Lower Terrace, NW3 · Lyndhurst Gardens, NW3 · Lyndhurst Road, NW3 · Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 · Maresfield Gardens, NW3 · McCrone Mews, NW3 · Mount Vernon, NW3 · Netherhall Gardens, NW3 · Netherhall Way, NW3 · New End Square, NW3 · New End, NW3 · Nutley Terrace, NW3 · Oak Hill Park Mews, NW3 · Oak Hill Park Mews, NW3 · Oak Hill Park, NW3 · Oak Hill Way, NW3 · Oakhill Avenue, NW3 · Old Brewery Mews, NW3 · Oriel Court, NW3 · Oriel Place, NW3 · Palace Court, NW3 · Perrins Court, NW3 · Perrins Walk, NW3 · Pilgrims Lane, NW3 · Pilgrims Place, NW3 · Prince Arthur Mews, NW3 · Prince Arthur Road, NW3 · Princess Mews, NW3 · Redington Gardens, NW3 · Redington Road, NW3 · Rosecroft Avenue, NW3 · Rosslyn Hill, NW3 · Rosslyn Mews, NW3 · Rudall Crescent, NW3 · Shepherd’s Path, NW3 · Shepherd's Path, NW3 · Shepherds Walk, NW3 · Spaniards Road, NW3 · Spedan Close, NW3 · Streatley Place, NW3 · Studholme Court, NW3 · Telegraph Hill, NW3 · Templewood Avenue, NW3 · Templewood Gardens, NW3 · The Gables, NW3 · The Mount, NW3 · Thurlow Road, NW3 · Upper Terrace, NW3 · Vale of Health, NW3 · Vane Close, NW3 · Village Mount, NW3 · Wedderburn Road, NW3 · Well Road, NW3 · Well Walk, NW3 · Whitestone Lane, NW3 · Willoughby Road, NW3 · Willow Road, NW3 · Windmill Hill, NW3 · Yorkshire Grey Place, NW3 ·


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The Fascination of Hampstead
By G. E. Mitton (1902)
Hampstead
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Belsize Park
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Finchley Road
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Swiss Cottage
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Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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