Willans Farm

Farm in/near Primrose Hill, existed between 1600 and 1811

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Farm · Primrose Hill · NW1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
30
2014
Willan's Farm, Marylebone Park, watercolour
Credit: Francis Nicholson (1753–1844)

Marylebone Park Farm was, before the construction of Regent's Park, in the possession of Mr Thomas Willan.

In the Middle Ages the land which became the future Regent's Park was part of the manor of Tyburn, the property of Barking Abbey. In the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII appropriated the land, and it has been Crown property ever since, except for the period between 1649 and 1660. It was set aside as a hunting park, known as Marylebone Park, until 1649. It was then let out in small holdings for hay and dairy produce.

Marylebone Park Farm and its cow sheds had turned into a large enterprise.

It was previously part of a plan for improvement in 1793 produced by a Mr White, architect to the Duke of Portland. This was exhibited to Mr Fordyce, the
Surveyor-General, who had offered 1000 pounds to the successful author of a plan for the improvement of the estate. White, produced six engraved plans of the estate.

From 1786 to 1792, the additions and improvements in this neighbourhood were carried into effect in quick succession. Almost all of the Duke of Portland's property in Marylebone, except one farm, was let at that period on building leases, and the new buildings in the north-west part of the parish increased with equal rapidity.

When all leases expired in 1811, the Prince Regent (later King George IV) commissioned architect John Nash to create a park.



Mr J. T. Smith, in his 'Book for a Rainy Day,' written in 1772, gives us the following sketch of this locality during that period:-

My dear mother's declining state of health, urged my father to consult Dr. Armstrong, who recommended her to rise early and take milk at the cow-house. I was her companion then; and I well remember that, after we had passed Portland Chapel, there were fields all the way on either side. The highway was irregular, with here and there a bank of separation; and that when we had crossed the New Road, there was a turnstile at the entrance of a meadow, leading to a little old public-house, the sign of the 'Queen's Head and Artichoke;' it was much weather-beaten, though, perhaps, once a tolerably good portrait of Queen Elizabeth. . . . A little beyond a nest of small houses contiguous was another turnstile, opening also into fields, over which we walked to the 'Jew's Harp House Tavern and Tea-Gardens.' It consisted of a large upper room, ascended by an outside staircase, for the accommodation of the company on ball nights; and in this room large parties dined. At the south front of these premises was a large semi-circular enclosure with boxes for tea and ale-drinkers, guarded by deal-board soldiers between every box, painted in proper colours. In the centre of this opening were tables and seats placed for the smokers. On the eastern side of the house there was a trapball-ground; the western side served for a tennis-hall; there were also public and private skittle-grounds. Behind this tavern were several small tenements, with a pretty good portion of ground to each. On the south of the teagardens a number of summer-houses and gardens, fitted up in the truest cockney taste; for on many of these castellated edifices wooden cannons were placed; and at the entrance of each domain, of about the twentieth part of an acre, the old inscription of 'Steel-traps and spring-guns all over these grounds,' with an 'N.B.—Dogs trespassing, will be shot.' In these rural retreats the tenant was usually seen on Sunday evening in a bright scarlet waistcoat, ruffled shirt, and silver shoebuckles, comfortably taking his tea with his family, honouring a Seven-Dial friend with a nod on his peregrination to the famed Wells of Kilburn. William's Farm, the extent of my mother's walk, stood at about a quarter of a mile south; and I remember that the room in which she sat to take the milk was called 'Queen Elizabeth's Kitchen,' and that there was some stained glass in the windows.

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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Regent's Park

Regent's Park - not the park itself but the tube station.

Regent's Park tube station is a London Underground station near to Regent's Park, located on Marylebone Road between the two arms of Park Crescent.

The station was opened on 10 March 1906 by the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR); In the original parliamentary authority for the construction of the BS&WR no station was allowed at Regent's Park. Permission was granted to add it to the already partially constructed line in 1904.

Because of this same rule and unlike most of the BS&WR's other stations, Regent's Park has no surface buildings and is accessed from a subway.

The station is served by lifts - there is also a staircase which can be used and which has 96 steps.

Great Portland Street station is within easy walking distance for interchanges to the Circle and Metropolitan lines.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Baker Street:   Baker Street tube station is a station on the London Underground at the junction of Baker Street and the Marylebone Road. The station lies in Travelcard Zone 1 and is served by five different lines. It is one of the original stations of the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the world's first underground railway, opened in 1863.
Regent's Park:   Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London. It lies within northern central London, partly in the City of Westminster and partly in the London Borough of Camden. It contains Regent's College and the London Zoo.
Royal College of Physicians:   The Royal College of Physicians is a British professional body dedicated to improving the practice of medicine, chiefly through the accreditation of physicians by examination.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Baker Street station, 1890:   This Bishopsgate Institute view of Baker Street station dates from 1890.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ainger Road, NW3 · Albert Mansions, W1U · Albert Terrace Mews, NW1 · Albert Terrace, NW1 · Allsop Place, NW1 · Auden Place, NW1 · Baker Street, NW1 · Barker Street, SW10 · Beaumont Street, W1G · Berkeley Court, NW1 · Berkley Grove, NW1 · Berkley Road, NW1 · Bickenhall Mansions, W1U · Bickenhall Street, W1U · Chagford House, NW1 · Chagford Street, NW1 · Chalcot Crescent, NW1 · Chalcot Road, NW1 · Chalcot Square, NW1 · Chalfont Court, NW1 · Chamberlain Street, NW1 · Chester Terrace, NW1 · Chiltern Court, NW1 · Clarence Gate Gardens, NW1 · Cornwall Terrace, NW1 · David Mews, W1U · Devonshire Place Mews, W1G · Edis Street, NW1 · Egbert Street, NW1 · Elliott Square, NW3 · Elton Place, N16 · Erskine Mews, NW3 · Erskine Road, NW1 · Erskine Road, NW3 · Farley Court, NW1 · Fitzroy Road, NW1 · Glentworth Street, NW1 · Gloucester Avenue, NW1 · Gloucester Place, NW1 · Hillview, NW3 · Inner Circle, NW1 · Ivor Place, NW1 · King Henry’s Road, NW3 · King Henry’s Road, NW3 · Kingstown Street, NW1 · Lower Merton Rise, NW3 · Luxborough Street, W1U · Malden Crescent, NW1 · Manley Street, NW1 · Marylebone Road, NW1 · Marylebone Road, W1U · Meadowbank, NW3 · Melcombe Street, NW1 · Nottingham Place, W1U · Nottingham Street, W1U · Oldbury Place, W1U · Oppidans Road, NW3 · Ormonde Terrace, NW8 · Porter Street, W1U · Portman Mansions, W1U · Primrose Hill Road, NW1 · Primrose Hill Road, NW3 · Primrose Hill Studios, NW1 · Primrose Mews, NW1 · Princess Road, NW1 · Regents Park Road, NW1 · Rudgwick Terrace, NW8 · Salisbury Place, SW9 · Salisbury Place, W1H · Sharpleshall Street, NW1 · Sherlock Mews, W1U · Siddons Lane, NW1 · St Georges Mews, NW1 · St Georges Terrace, NW1 · St Marks Crescent, NW1 · St Marks Cresent, NW1 · Station Approach, NW1 · Sussex Place, NW1 · The Arcade, NW1 · The Courtyard, NW1 · The Storeyard Inner Circle, NW1 · Treborough House, W1U · Waterside Place, NW1 · Waverley Court, W1G · York Bridge, NW1 · York Gate, NW1 · York Terrace East, NW1 · York Terrace West, NW1 ·


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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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