Willans Farm

Farm in/near Primrose Hill, existed between 1600 and 1811

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Farm · Primrose Hill · NW1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
30
2014
Willan's Farm, Marylebone Park, watercolour
Credit: Francis Nicholson (1753–1844)

Marylebone Park Farm was, before the construction of Regent's Park, in the possession of Mr Thomas Willan.

In the Middle Ages the land which became the future Regent's Park was part of the manor of Tyburn, the property of Barking Abbey. In the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII appropriated the land, and it has been Crown property ever since, except for the period between 1649 and 1660. It was set aside as a hunting park, known as Marylebone Park, until 1649. It was then let out in small holdings for hay and dairy produce.

Marylebone Park Farm and its cow sheds had turned into a large enterprise.

It was previously part of a plan for improvement in 1793 produced by a Mr White, architect to the Duke of Portland. This was exhibited to Mr Fordyce, the
Surveyor-General, who had offered 1000 pounds to the successful author of a plan for the improvement of the estate. White, produced six engraved plans of the estate.

From 1786 to 1792, the additions and improvements in this neighbourhood were carried into effect in quick succession. Almost all of the Duke of Portland's property in Marylebone, except one farm, was let at that period on building leases, and the new buildings in the north-west part of the parish increased with equal rapidity.

When all leases expired in 1811, the Prince Regent (later King George IV) commissioned architect John Nash to create a park.



Mr J. T. Smith, in his 'Book for a Rainy Day,' written in 1772, gives us the following sketch of this locality during that period:-

My dear mother's declining state of health, urged my father to consult Dr. Armstrong, who recommended her to rise early and take milk at the cow-house. I was her companion then; and I well remember that, after we had passed Portland Chapel, there were fields all the way on either side. The highway was irregular, with here and there a bank of separation; and that when we had crossed the New Road, there was a turnstile at the entrance of a meadow, leading to a little old public-house, the sign of the 'Queen's Head and Artichoke;' it was much weather-beaten, though, perhaps, once a tolerably good portrait of Queen Elizabeth. . . . A little beyond a nest of small houses contiguous was another turnstile, opening also into fields, over which we walked to the 'Jew's Harp House Tavern and Tea-Gardens.' It consisted of a large upper room, ascended by an outside staircase, for the accommodation of the company on ball nights; and in this room large parties dined. At the south front of these premises was a large semi-circular enclosure with boxes for tea and ale-drinkers, guarded by deal-board soldiers between every box, painted in proper colours. In the centre of this opening were tables and seats placed for the smokers. On the eastern side of the house there was a trapball-ground; the western side served for a tennis-hall; there were also public and private skittle-grounds. Behind this tavern were several small tenements, with a pretty good portion of ground to each. On the south of the teagardens a number of summer-houses and gardens, fitted up in the truest cockney taste; for on many of these castellated edifices wooden cannons were placed; and at the entrance of each domain, of about the twentieth part of an acre, the old inscription of 'Steel-traps and spring-guns all over these grounds,' with an 'N.B.—Dogs trespassing, will be shot.' In these rural retreats the tenant was usually seen on Sunday evening in a bright scarlet waistcoat, ruffled shirt, and silver shoebuckles, comfortably taking his tea with his family, honouring a Seven-Dial friend with a nod on his peregrination to the famed Wells of Kilburn. William's Farm, the extent of my mother's walk, stood at about a quarter of a mile south; and I remember that the room in which she sat to take the milk was called 'Queen Elizabeth's Kitchen,' and that there was some stained glass in the windows.

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MarcoUnurl
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Added: 17 May 2018 23:48 GMT   
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I am trying to find any information out about 3 Erskine Road. NW3. I have just come across an old identity card which was my Grandmothers, dated 1946 , this being where she then lived. If anyone can give me any information about this area then, or old photographs, that would be really good.

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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1750s
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1800s
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1830s
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1860s
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VIEW THE PRIMROSE HILL AREA IN THE 1900s
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Primrose Hill






LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Baker Street:   Baker Street tube station is a station on the London Underground at the junction of Baker Street and the Marylebone Road. The station lies in Travelcard Zone 1 and is served by five different lines. It is one of the original stations of the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the world's first underground railway, opened in 1863.
Chalk Farm:   Chalk Farm was originally a farmhouse and later a tavern set in fields. But Chalk Farm has nothing to do with chalk at all.
Queen Mary’s Gardens:   
Regent's Park:   Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London. It lies within northern central London, partly in the City of Westminster and partly in the London Borough of Camden. It contains Regent's College and the London Zoo.
The Royal Parks:   


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Baker Street station, 1890:   This Bishopsgate Institute view of Baker Street station dates from 1890.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ainger Road, NW3 · Albert Mansions, W1U · Albert Terrace Mews, NW1 · Albert Terrace, NW1 · Allsop Place, NW1 · Auden Place, NW1 · Baker Street, NW1 · Barker Street, SW10 · Beaumont Street, W1G · Berkeley Court, NW1 · Berkley Grove, NW1 · Berkley Road, NW1 · Bickenhall Mansions, W1U · Bickenhall Street, W1U · Chagford House, NW1 · Chagford Street, NW1 · Chalcot Crescent, NW1 · Chalcot Road, NW1 · Chalcot Square, NW1 · Chalfont Court, NW1 · Chamberlain Street, NW1 · Chester Terrace, NW1 · Chiltern Court, NW1 · Clarence Gate Gardens, NW1 · Cornwall Terrace Mews, NW1 · Cornwall Terrace, NW1 · David Mews, W1U · Devonshire Place Mews, W1G · Edis Street, NW1 · Egbert Street, NW1 · Elliott Square, NW3 · Elton Place, N16 · Erskine Mews, NW3 · Erskine Road, NW1 · Erskine Road, NW3 · Farley Court, NW1 · Fitzroy Road, NW1 · Glentworth Street, NW1 · Gloucester Avenue, NW1 · Gloucester Place, NW1 · Hillview, NW3 · Inner Circle, NW1 · Ivor Place, NW1 · King Henry’s Road, NW3 · King Henry’s Road, NW3 · Kingstown Street, NW1 · Lower Merton Rise, NW3 · Luxborough Street, W1U · Malden Crescent, NW1 · Manley Street, NW1 · Marylebone Road, NW1 · Marylebone Road, W1U · Meadowbank, NW3 · Melcombe Street, NW1 · Nottingham Place, W1U · Nottingham Street, W1U · Oldbury Place, W1U · Oppidans Road, NW3 · Ormonde Terrace, NW8 · Porter Street, W1U · Portman Mansions, W1U · Primrose Hill Road, NW1 · Primrose Hill Road, NW3 · Primrose Hill Studios, NW1 · Primrose Mews, NW1 · Princess Road, NW1 · Regent’s Park Road, NW1 · Regents Park Road, NW1 · Rudgwick Terrace, NW8 · Saint George’s Terrace, NW1 · Salisbury Place, SW9 · Salisbury Place, W1H · Sharples Hall Street, NW1 · Sharpleshall Street, NW1 · Sherlock Mews, W1U · Siddons Lane, NW1 · St Georges Mews, NW1 · St Georges Terrace, NW1 · St Marks Crescent, NW1 · St Marks Cresent, NW1 · Station Approach, NW1 · Sussex Place, NW1 · The Arcade, NW1 · The Courtyard, NW1 · The Storeyard Inner Circle, NW1 · Treborough House, W1U · Waterside Place, NW1 · Waverley Court, W1G · York Bridge, NW1 · York Gate, NW1 · York Terrace East, NW1 · York Terrace West, NW1 ·

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