Arnold Circus, E2

Road in/near Shoreditch, existing between 1890 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Road · Shoreditch · E2 · Contributed by The Underground Map
July
11
2014
Hurley House from Arnold Circus, 2006
Credit: Rodney Burton for the geograph.org.uk project

Arnold Circus lies to the north of Shoreditch.

No addresses have so far been added to Arnold Circus, E2

The Boundary Estate was the result of a major slum clearance of the 1890s. This area, called Friars Mount, was part of an area parcelled out in building leases in the early 19th and may have been named after a farmer called Fryer. It had become an area of speculative building and absentee landlords. Housing, originally cottages for weavers, had been crammed and infilled with badly built and ruinous dwellings with little drainage or water supply and grossly overcrowded inhabited by those barely able to make a living. One in every four children born here died in childhood. Its poverty and desperation drew philanthropists from the late 18th and reformers attempted to improve health and housing. The London County Council was instrumental in bringing about a change more than any other. The Boundary Estate is a milestone. The 1890 Housing of the Working Classes Act enabled the London County Council to develop a comprehensive plan of clearance and redevelopment for rehousing of 5,300 people. The plan was developed from 1893 under a Housing of the Working Classes Branch of the LCC’s Architect’s Department had been set up under Owen Fleming. They planned the estate around a central circus with radiating tree-lined avenues. Two blocks were designed by Rowland Plumbe and the remaining nineteen buildings were undertaken by the council under their architect, W.E.Riley. Each block designed by a different architect while maintaining a unity through the use of common brick, and decoration. There were also 18 shops, a surgery, workshops, costermonger’s sheds, and a central laundry with bathrooms, two clubrooms, and two school sites. It was opened by the Prince of Wales in 1900.

Circular Garden. Streets radiate out from the central garden on the mound which is the focus of the estate. In the middle is a high terraced garden with a timber bandstand. The Site of the Mount has been said to be an ancient mound and ley line from St Martin in the Field. There is however no sign of a mound on older maps and the mound in fact consists of building rubble and domestic waste. The buildings around the circus set the tone and the building style for the estate. These gardens were built as the first where a social space, for public arts and cultural events was seen as a fundamental part of, and central to the design of a social housing. In the early 21st a Friends Group has overseen restoration and enhancement work. Iron Railings and overthrows with decorative panels.
Bandstand, this Forms a focal point visible from each of the radiating streets of the estate. It is Octagonal in Japanese style in wood with a tiled roof and a clapboard balustrade. It was erected in 1912.

Chertsey House. One of the five blocks around the circus. It was designed by R. Minton Taylor built 1895-6. It is in red brick with pink banding to brickwork on the 2nd and 3rd floors. On the Ground floor is a central round arched door.

Hurley House. Red brick glazed ground floor with stuccoed string course above
Sandford House. Smaller, charming, with three-bay fronts, wider bands of pink and orange brick and windows framed by projecting vertical strips. Designed by R Minton Taylor and completed in 1895-6.

Iffley House. Classically detailed and designed, 1896-8 by A.M. Phillips. The entrance is at the rear, leaving the facade free for a pair of broad windows to the ground floor in glazed brown brick.

Marlow House. Built in 1899 in red brick, there are contemporary shop fronts on the ground floor
Marlow Workshops. Behind Marlow House is a short row of two-storey workshops built behind by the LCC for small businesses displaced by the slum clearance in 1899. They are b Red brick,
Shiplake House. This flanks the opening to Arnold Circus. It was built in 1899 in red brick. The ground floor has contemporary shop fronts.

Rochelle Primary School. This is a London School Board school of 1879 by E.R. Robson. The caretaker’s house is part of the site and was added in 1899 by T.J.Bailey. It is a half-octagon with a chimney with a plaque giving indicates the date of construction which shows it was built as part of the reconstruction of the Boundary Street area. Bailey also added the Infant School with its covered playground on the roof. There is a brick wall surrounding the school and iron railings with urn finials. The buildings are now home to a community of graphic designers, architects, media companies, fashion brands and artists. The main school is now the Studio Block Home to a community of artists and creative industries housed in workspace studios in the old classrooms. There is a meeting room and two former school assembly halls also available. The infants’ school is now called Club Row offering flexible spaces for hire. The Rochelle Canteen is in part of the playground and the rest of the playground has been landscaped to provide a lawn, bicycle parking, outdoor eating area and allotments.

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Shoreditch

Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.

An old form of the name is Soersditch, and the origin is lost, though early tradition connects it with Jane Shore, the mistress of Edward IV.

It was the site of an Augustinian priory in the 12th Century until its dissolution in 1539. In 1576 the first playhouse (theatre) in England was opened, and in 1577 The Curtain theatre was opened in the middle of what is Curtain Road today.

During the 17th Century, wealthy traders and Huguenot silk weavers moved to the area, establishing a textile industry centered to the south around Spitalfields Market. The area declined along with the textile industry and from the end of the 19th Century to the 1960s, Shoreditch was a by-word for crime, prostitution and poverty.

Today Shoreditch is a busy and popular district, noted for its large number of art galleries, bars, restaurants, media businesses and an urban golf club.

Shoreditch High Street station officially opened to the public on 27 April 2010 with services running between Dalston Junction and New Cross or New Cross Gate. The station replaced nearby Shoreditch, which closed on 9 June 2006. The next station to the south is Whitechapel and to the north is Hoxton.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Shoreditch:   Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, E2 · Anning Street, EC2A · Arnold Circus, E2 · Audrey Street, E2 · Austin Street, E2 · Bacon Street, E1 · Barnet Grove, E2 · Baroness Road, E2 · Basing House Yard, E2 · Batemans Row, EC2A · Baxendale Street, E2 · Bethnal Green Road, E1 · Blossom Street, E1 · Boundary Passage, E1 · Boundary Street, E2 · Bowl Court, E1 · Braithwaite Street, E1 · Brick Lane, E2 · Calvert Avenue, E2 · Calvin Street, E1 · Chambord Street, E2 · Chance Street, E1 · Chapel Place, EC2A · Charlotte Road, EC2A · Cleeve Workshops, E2 · Club Row, E1 · Club Row, E2 · Code Street, E1 · Colts Lagreenheath Business Centre, E2 · Columbia Road, E2 · Cottons Gardens, E2 · Crabtree Close, E2 · Cremer Business Centre, E2 · Cremer Street, E2 · Curtain Place, EC2A · Curtain Road, EC2 · Curtain Road, EC2A · Curtan Road, EC2A · Dereham Place, EC2A · Diss Street, E2 · Dove Row, E2 · Drysdale Place, E2 · Drysdale Street, N1 · Dunloe Street, E2 · Dunston Road, E8 · Durant Street, E2 · Ebor Street, E1 · Edith Street, E2 · Edith Street, N1 · Elder Street, E1 · Elwin Street, E2 · Ezra Street, E2 · Fairchild Place, EC2A · Fairchild Street, EC2A · Falkirk Street, N1 · Fellows Court, E2 · French Place, E1 · Garden Walk, EC2A · Gascoigne Place, E2 · Gibraltar Walk, E2 · Glassworks Studios, E2 · Goldsmiths Row, E2 · Gorsuch Place, E2 · Gosset Street, E2 · Great Eastern Street, EC2A · Grimsby Street, E2 · Hackney Road, E2 · Hadrian Estate, E2 · Hebden Court, E2 · Hewett Street, EC2A · Holywell Lane, EC2A · Horatio Street, E2 · How’s Street, E2 · Ion Square, E2 · Kay Street, E2 · Kent Street, E2 · Kent Stret, E2 · King John Court, EC2A · Kingsland Road, E2 · Kirton Gardens, E2 · Laburnum Street, E2 · Ligonier Street, E2 · Long Street, E2 · Mail Coach Yard, E2 · Mail Coach Yard, N1 · Mansford Street, E2 · Marlow Workshops, E2 · Mill Row, E2 · Moye Close, E2 · Nazrul Street, E2 · Nelson Gardens, E2 · New Inn Broadway, EC2A · New Inn Square, EC2A · New Inn Street, EC2A · New Inn Yard, EC2A · Nicholl Street, E2 · Nuttall Street, N1 · Old Nichol Street, E2 · Ormsby Street, E2 · Padbury Court, E2 · Pearson Street, E2 · Pelter Street, E2 · Perseverance Works, E2 · Plough Yard, EC2A · Printing House Yard, E2 · Quaker Street, E1 · Quilter Street, E2 · Railway Arches, EC2A · Ravenscroft Street, E2 · Ravey Street, EC2A · Redchurch Street, E2 · Rivington Place, EC2A · Rivington Street, EC2A · Rochelle Street, E2 · Roger Dowley Close, E2 · Scawfell Street, E2 · Sclater Street, E1 · Shacklewell Street, E2 · Shipton Street, E2 · Shoreditch High Street, E1 · Shoreditch High Street, EC1V · Shoreditch High Street, EC2A · Silwex House, E1 · St. Peter’s Avenue, E11 · St. Peter’s Close, E2 · Stamp Place, E2 · Strouts Place, E2 · Sunbury Workshops, E2 · Swanfield Street, E2 · Tea Building, E1 · Teale Street, E2 · The Arches, EC2A · Thurtle Road, E2 · Treadway Street, E2 · Turville Street, E2 · Union Central, E2 · Union Walk Railway Arches, E2 · Union Walk, E2 · Virginia Road, E2 · Warner Place, E2 · Waterson Street, E2 · Weymouth Terrace, E2 · Wheler Street, E1 · Whiston Road, E2 · Whitby Street, E1 · Wimbolt Street, E2 · Yorkton Street, E2 · Zander Court, E2 ·


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John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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