Northumberland Place, W2

Road is in an area which may have existed since the nineteenth century or before

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Road · Westbourne Green · W2 ·
JANUARY
1
2000


Northumberland Place is a street in Paddington.



ADD A STORY TO NORTHUMBERLAND PLACE
VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Westbourne Green

The story of the building of a suburb.

Westbourne Green had only a few houses by 1745, mostly south of the point where Harrow Road had a junction with Westbourne Green Lane (also known as Black Lion Lane) running northward from the Uxbridge Road. A footpath later called Bishop’s Walk (eventually Bishop’s Bridge Road) provided a short cut to Paddington Green. The Red Lion, where Harrow Road bridged the Westbourne, and another inn were recorded in 1730. The second inn was probably one called the Jolly Gardeners in 1760 and the Three Jolly Gardeners in 1770, near the Harrow Road junction, where it probably made way for the Spotted Dog.

The early 19th-century village contained five notable residences: Westbourne Place, west of Black Lion Lane at its junction with Harrow Road, and, from south to north on the east side of Harrow Road, Desborough Lodge, Westbourne Farm, Bridge House, and Westbourne Manor House. Bridge House was built c. 1805 by the architect John White, owner of Westbourne Farm.

Westbourne Green had a very refined air in 1795 and was still considered a beautiful rural place in 1820. The Grand Junction canal, passing north of the village between the grounds of Westbourne Farm and Bridge House, was a scenic enhancement, later used to attract expensive building to the area. Although housing was spreading along Black Lion Lane, it had not reached Westbourne Green by 1828, when a house later called Elm Lodge stood north-west of Westbourne Manor House. There was also a short row, later called Belsize Villas, alone to the west on the south side of Harrow Road at Orme’s Green, by 1830. The main addition was at the southern end of the village, opposite Bishop’s Walk, where Pickering Terrace (later part of Porchester Road), backed by a double row called Pickering Place, formed a compact block of cottages amid the fields.

The cutting of the G.W.R. line across the middle of Westbourne Green was begun in 1836, necessitating a slight northward realignment of Harrow Road east of its junction with Black Lion Lane, where a turnpike gate was moved. Since the railway obstructed the Paddington green end of Bishop’s Walk, the footpath was replaced by Bishop’s Road, soon extended westward as Westbourne Grove. (Although no large houses were demolished, the railway passed close to Westbourne Park, from which Lord Hill moved out. By 1840 several new roads were projected, including Westbourne Grove. Houses had been built there by 1842, when the Lock hospital, giving its name to the Lock bridge where Harrow Road crossed the canal, stood opposite Westbourne Manor House to the north. The centre of the area, however, along Harrow Road and on either side of the railway, remained empty.

Housing spread in the 1840s, mainly south of the railway. The eastern end of Bishop’s Road was built up and at first called Westbourne Place, where the publisher George Smith was visited by Charlotte Bronte in 1848 and 1849. Further north, residential growth was curtailed by the G.W.R. depots and sidings. Immediately to the west, where the Paddington Estate straddled the Westbourne, roads were laid out, with bridges over the railway to link them with Harrow Road. Holy Trinity church was finished in 1846 and Orsett Terrace, Gloucester Crescent (later the northernmost part of Gloucester Terrace), and Porchester Square had been planned by 1851. No. 37 Gloucester Gardens, Bishop’s Road, was the London home of the architect Decimus Burton by 1855. Most of the area between Bishop’s Road and the railway had been filled by 1855, except the site of Penny’s House, which was to be taken in 1871 for Royal Oak station.

A builder, William Scantlebury, erected much of the neighbourhood around Orsett Terrace and Gloucester Crescent, where he took leases in 1849-50 and 1852 respectively. John Scantlebury of Porchester Terrace North built part of Porchester Square, where many plots were subleased by George Wyatt between 1853 and 1855.

Farther west building had already begun for William Kinnaird Jenkins, a lawyer who also acquired part of the Ladbroke estate from W. H. Jenkins and was responsible for laying out Kensal New Town. Houses were planned for W. K. Jenkins along both sides of Westbourne Grove, west of Pickering Place, in 1838 and along an extension of Westbourne Grove in 1840. They were detached villas, like those to be built for him in Newton Road in 1846, when he also had plans for Hereford Road. More land in Hereford Road was leased out by the Paddington Estate between 1853 and 1855, much of it for terraces by J. P. Waterson, a Bayswater builder, who assigned his interest in several sites to John Wicking Phillips. To the north, Westbourne Park and its grounds made way for large semidetached villas in Westbourne Park Road and, beside the railway, Westbourne Park Villas. No. 16 Westbourne Park Villas from 1863 to 1867 was the intermittent home of Thomas Hardy, who also lived briefly at no. 4 Celbridge Place (later Porchester Road) and in Newton Road. Fields survived between Westbourne Park Road and Newton Road in 1851 but had been covered with modest terraces by 1855, when St. Stephen’s church was being built.

Between the railway and the canal, the pace of building and the social pattern were more varied. The eastern part, where Delamere Terrace lined the canal and Warwick Crescent overlooked the pool, was begun as an extension of Little Venice. Leases for 13 houses in Westbourne Terrace Road were taken in 1847 by G. L. Taylor, architect of some of the grandest houses in Tyburnia and Maida Vale, who also built in Blomfield Terrace, along Harrow Road. Other lessees included William Buddle, for 19 houses in Blomfield Street (later Villas) and Delamere Terrace in 1851 and 12 in Warwick Crescent, where plots were assigned to him by G. L. Taylor in 1852. Early residents included Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s sister Arabel Barrett in Delamere Terrace; in order to be near her Robert Browning moved from lodgings at no. 1 Chichester Road and made his English home at no. 19 Warwick Crescent from 1862 until 1887.

Farther west, beyond Ranelagh (from 1938 Lord Hill’s) Road, building was slightly delayed by the survival until after 1855 of Desborough Lodge and Westbourne Farm. Brindley Street, Alfred Road, and their neighbours already formed densely packed terraces west of the Lock Bridge and Harrow Road. By 1861 Desborough Lodge and Westbourne Farm had made way for Clarendon, Woodchester and Cirencester Streets, whose small houses resembled those around Brindley Street rather than the stately terraces to the east.

North of the canal, the workhouse was built next to the Lock in 1846-7. Building, although not the imposing crescent planned in 1847, stretched from there along the south side of Harrow Road to Woodfield Road at Orme’s Green by 1855.

The 1860s saw housing, which had ended in 1855 at St. Stephen’s Church and Hereford Road, spread to the Kensington boundary.

North of the canal the site of Westbourne Manor House was built over from 1867 and Amberley Road with its timber wharves was built along the canal bank. The whole of Westbourne Green thus came to be built up.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Court Hotel:   The Abbey Court is a hotel located at 20 Pembridge Gardens in Notting Hill.
All Saints Church:   All Saints church was designed by the Victorian Gothic revival pioneer William White, who was also a mountaineer, Swedish gymnastics enthusiast and anti-shaving campaigner.
Ark Atwood Primary Academy:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Ashbourne Independent School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 13 and 21. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Aubrey House:   Aubrey House is a large 18th-century detached house with two acres of gardens in the Campden Hill area of Holland Park.
Bridge House:   Canal side house in Westbourne Park
Coach and Horses:   The Coach & Horses was situated at 108 Notting Hill Gate.
College Park School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 19.
Colville Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Corner of Kilburn Park Road and Shirland Road:   Kilburn Park Road and Shirland Road meet at a junction in the north of Maida Vale.
Desborough Lodge:   Desborough Lodge was a house which was one of five grand houses in the village of Westbourne Green.
Dorothy Gardner Centre:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Duke of Cornwall (The Ledbury):   The Duke of Cornwall pub morphed into the uber-trendy "The Ledbury" restaurant.
Edward Wilson Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Essendine Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Fox Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Hawkesdown House:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Holland Park:   
Holland Park School:   Academy converter (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Horbury Chapel (Kensington Temple):   In September 1849, the Horbury Chapel, Notting Hill was officially opened.
Kensington:   Kensington is a district of West London, England within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, located west of Charing Cross.
Kensington Park School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 14 and 19. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Ladbroke Square Garden:   Ladbroke Square communal garden lies in Notting Hill.
Maida Hill:   Maida Hill's name derives from the Hero of Maida inn which used to be on Edgware Road near the Regent's Canal.
Mary Paterson Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Mercury Theatre:   The Mercury Theatre was situated at 2a Ladbroke Road, next to the Kensington Temple.
Notting Hill Gate:   Notting Hill Gate tube station is a London Underground station on the Central Line.
Notting Hill in Bygone Days:   Notting Hill in Bygone Days by Florence Gladstone, was originally published in 1924 by T. Fisher Unwin.
Notting Hill in Bygone Days: Chenesitun and Knotting Barns:   Chapter 1 of the book "Notting Hill in Bygone Days" by Florence Gladstone (1924)
Notting Hill in Bygone Days: Kensington Gravel Pits and Northlands:   Chapter 2 of the book "Notting Hill in Bygone Days" by Florence Gladstone (1924)
Orme's Green:   Ormes Green was the former name for this part of Westbourne Park.
Our Lady of Dolours RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Paddington Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Pembridge Hall School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Prince Albert:   The Prince Albert has been a Notting Hill feature since the 1840s.
Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 19.
Queensway Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
River Westbourne:   The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.
Sheffield House and Glebe Estate:   Sheffield House and Glebe Estate was an old landed estate of Kensington.
Southbank International School Kensington:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Spotted Dog:   The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.
St Luke’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
St Mary Magdalene CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Mary’s Harrow Road:   St Mary’s Harrow Road was built as the infirmary for the Paddington Workhouse.
St Peter’s CofE School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
St Peter’s Notting Hill:   St Peter’s Notting Hill is a Victorian Anglican church in Kensington Park Road, designed by architect Thomas Allom.
St Peter’s Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
St Stephen’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St. Mary of the Angels Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
The Prince of Wales Cinema:   The Prince of Wales Cinema was located at 331 Harrow Road.
The Tabernacle:   The Tabernacle is a Grade II*-listed building in Powis Square built in 1887 as a church.
The Windsor Castle:   The Windsor Castle dates from the 1820s but its main incarnation was as a classic Victorian public house, seminal in 1970s musical history.
West Kilburn:   West Kilburn is the westernmost slice of London W9, centered around Fernhead Road.
Westbourne Farm:   An old farm with a theatrical connection.
Westbourne Green:   The story of the building of a suburb.
Westbourne House:   Two hundred years ago, the biggest house hereabouts...
Westbourne Manor:   The Manor of Westbourne
Westbourne Park:   Westbourne Park was originally, with Westbourne Green, an area simply known as Westbourne.
Westminster Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Weston’s Cider House:   In 1930 Weston’s opened their first and only cider mill on the Harrow Road.
Wetherby Preparatory School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 8 and 13.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Albert Hotel (1900s):   The Albert Hotel, on the corner of All Saints Road and Cornwall Road (now Westbourne Park Road).
Pembridge Road (1900s):   This is the view looking north down Pembridge Road from Notting Hill Gate.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abinger Mews, W9 · Admiral Walk, W9 · Airlie Gardens, W8 · Aldridge Road Villas, W11 · Aldsworth Close, W9 · Alexander Mews, W2 · Alexander Street, W2 · Alfred Road, W2 · Amberley Road, W9 · Artesian Road, W2 · Ashmore Road, W9 · Aubrey Road, W8 · Aubrey Walk, W8 · Bark Place, W2 · Barnard Lodge, W9 · Barnsdale Road, W9 · Bedford Gardens, W8 · Berkeley Gardens, W8 · Bourne Terrace, W2 · Bridstow Place, W2 · Bulmer Mews, W11 · Burdett Mews, W2 · Burlington Close, W9 · Callcott Street, W8 · Campden Grove, W8 · Campden Hill Court, W8 · Campden Hill Gardens, W8 · Campden Hill Place, W11 · Campden Hill Road, W8 · Campden Hill Square, W8 · Campden Hill Towers, W11 · Campden Hill, W8 · Campden Street, W8 · Caradoc Close, W2 · Chepstow Corner, W2 · Chepstow Crescent, W11 · Chepstow Place, W2 · Chepstow Road, W2 · Chepstow Villas, W11 · Chippenham Gardens, NW6 · Chippenham Mews, W9 · Chippenham Road, W9 · Cirencester Street, W2 · Clanricarde Gardens, W2 · Colville Gardens, W11 · Colville Mews, W11 · Colville Road, W11 · Colville Terrace, W11 · Colville Terrace, W11 · Courtnell Street, W2 · Croxley Road, W9 · Dartmouth Close, W11 · Dawson Place, W2 · Delaware Road, W9 · Denbigh Close, W11 · Denbigh Road, W11 · Denbigh Terrace, W11 · Denholme Road, W9 · Downfield Close, W9 · Drayford Close, W9 · Duchess of Bedford’s Walk, W8 · Dudley Street, W2 · East Westbourne Grove, W2 · Edbrooke Road, W9 · Edge Street, W8 · Elgin Avenue, W9 · Elgin Mansions, W9 · Elmfield Way, W9 · Elsie Lane Court, W2 · Essendine Mansions, W9 · Essendine Road, W9 · Evesham House, W2 · Farm Place, W8 · Farmer Street, W8 · Fernhead Road, W9 · Fordingley Road, W9 · Foscote Mews, W9 · Garway Road, W2 · Gloucester Walk, W8 · Godson Yard, NW6 · Goldney Road, W9 · Gordon Place, W8 · Grantully Road, W9 · Great Western Road, W11 · Great Western Road, W9 · Great Western Studios, W9 · Gregory Place, W8 · Grittleton Road, W9 · Harrow Road, W9 · Hatherley Grove, W2 · Hedgegate Court, W11 · Hereford Road, W2 · Hermes Close, W9 · Hillgate Place, W8 · Hillgate Street, W8 · Hillsleigh Road, W8 · Holland House, W8 · Holland Street, W8 · Holland Walk, W11 · Holland Walk, W8 · Horbury Crescent, W11 · Horbury Mews, W11 · Hornton Street, W8 · Hunter Lodge, W9 · Ilchester Gardens, W2 · Inverness Gardens, W8 · Jameson Street, W8 · Kensington Church Street, W8 · Kensington Gardens Square, W2 · Kensington Mall, W8 · Kensington Palace Gardens, W8 · Kensington Park Gardens, W11 · Kensington Place, W8 · Kildare Terrace, W2 · Ladbroke Road, W11 · Ladbroke Square, W11 · Ladbroke Terrace, W11 · Ladbroke Walk, W11 · Lambton Place, W11 · Lancer Square, W8 · Lanhill Road, W9 · Lauderdale Parade, W9 · Leamington House, W11 · Leamington Road Villas, W11 · Ledbury Mews North, W11 · Ledbury Mews West, W11 · Ledbury Road, W11 · Ledbury Road, W2 · Leinster Square, W2 · Leith Mansions, W9 · Linden Gardens, W2 · Linden Mews, W2 · Lister Lodge, W9 · Lonsdale Road, W11 · Lord Hills Road, W2 · Lucerne Mews, W8 · Lydford Road, W9 · Macroom Road, W9 · Malvern Mews, NW6 · Malvern Mews, W9 · Marylands Road, W9 · Marylebone Flyover, W2 · Melon Place, W8 · Monmouth Road, W2 · Moorhouse Road, W2 · Morshead Road, W9 · Moscow Place, W2 · Moscow Road, W2 · Needham Road, W11 · Newcombe House, W11 · Newton Road, W2 · Northumberland Place, W2 · Northumberland Place, W2 · Notting Hill Gate, W11 · Notting Hill Gate, W2 · Oakington Road, W9 · Observatory Gardens, W8 · Old Court Place, W8 · Orme Lane, W2 · Orme Square, W2 · Ossington Street, W2 · Paddington Green, W2 · Palace Court, W2 · Palace Gardens Mews, W8 · Palace Gardens Terrace, W8 · Peel Street, W8 · Pembridge Crescent, W11 · Pembridge Gardens, W2 · Pembridge Mews, W11 · Pembridge Place, W11 · Pembridge Place, W2 · Pembridge Road, W11 · Pembridge Road, W2 · Pembridge Square, W2 · Pembridge Villas, W11 · Pencombe Mews, W11 · Pennymore Walk, W9 · Pinehurst Court, W11 · Pitt Street, W8 · Powis Gardens, W11 · Powis Mews, W11 · Powis Square, W11 · Powis Terrace, W11 · Prince’s Square, W2 · Princes Mews, W2 · Princes Square, W2 · Princethorpe House, W2 · Queensborough Studios, W2 · Rabbit Roe, W8 · Redan House, W2 · Redan Place, W2 · Rede Place, W2 · Riverton Close, W9 · Rosehart Mews, W11 · Rowington Close, W2 · Saint Luke’s Road, W11 · Saint Petersburgh Place, W2 · Saint Stephen’s Gardens, W2 · Senior Street, W2 · Sevington Street, W9 · Sheffield Terrace, W8 · Sheldrake Place, W8 · Shirland Mews, W9 · Shirland Road, W9 · Shrewsbury Road, W2 · Simon Close, W11 · South Courtyard, N19 · St John’s Mews, W11 · St Lukes Mews, W11 · St Luke’s Road, W11 · St Mary Abbots Vicarage, W8 · St Petersburgh Mews, W2 · St Petersburgh Place, W2 · St Stephens Gardens, W2 · St Stephens Mews, W2 · St Stephen’s Gardens, W2 · Stafford Close, NW6 · Stanley Gardens Mews, W11 · Stuart Road, NW6 · Surrendale Place, W9 · Sutherland Place, W2 · Sutherland Place, W2 · Talbot Road, W11 · Talbot Road, W2 · Thorngate Road, W9 · Thornwood Gardens, W8 · Tor Court, W8 · Tor Gardens, W8 · Torquay Street, W2 · Uxbridge Street, W8 · Verdi Crescent, W10 · Vicarage Court, W8 · Vicarage Gardens, W8 · Vicarage Gate, W8 · Victoria Gardens, W11 · Walterton Road, W9 · Warlock Road, W9 · Wellington Close, W11 · Westbourne Gardens, W2 · Westbourne Grove Mews, W11 · Westbourne Grove Terrace, W2 · Westbourne Grove, W11 · Westbourne Grove, W2 · Westbourne Park Road, W11 · Westbourne Park Road, W2 · Westbourne Park Villas, W2 · Western Mews, W9 · Westway, W2 · Widley Road, W9 · Wilby Mews, W11 · Windsor Court, W2 · Windsor Gardens, W9 · Woodchester Square, W2 · Woodfield Crescent, W9 · Woodfield Place, W9 · Woodfield Road, W9 · Wycombe Square, W8 · Wymering Mansions, W9 · Wymering Road, W9 · York Passage, W8 ·
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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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