Barbican

Underground station, existing between 1865 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
54.226.73.255 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Underground station · City of London · EC1M ·
August
13
2013

The Barbican is a residential estate built during the 1960s and the 1970s in the City of London.

Barbican Towers
Credit: Riodamascus
During World War II, the City suffered serious damage and loss of life. The Cripplegate ward was virtually demolished and by 1951 the resident population of the City stood at 5,324 of whom 48 lived in Cripplegate. Discussions began in 1952 about the future of the site, and the decision to build new residential properties was taken by the Court of Common Council on 19 September 1957.

The estate was built between 1965 and 1976, on a 35-acre site that had been bombed in World War II. The complex was designed by architects Chamberlin, Powell and Bon, whose first work was the ground-breaking Golden Lane Estate immediately north of the Barbican. The estate of 40 acres was officially opened in 1969 and is now home to around 4000 people living in 2014 flats. The flats reflect the widespread use in Britain in the 1960s and 1970s of concrete as the visible face of the building.

It contains, or is adjacent to, the Barbican Arts Centre, the Museum of London, the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, the Barbican public library and the City of London School for Girls, forming the Barbican Complex. The complex is a prominent example of British brutalist architecture and is Grade II listed as a whole with the exception of the former Milton Court. Milton Court once contained a fire station, medical facilities and some flats and was demolished to allow the construction of a new apartment complex which also contains additional facilities for the Guildhall School of Music and Drama.

The residential estate consists of 13 terrace blocks, grouped around a lake and green squares. The main buildings rise up to seven floors above a podium level, which links all the facilities in the Barbican, providing a pedestrian route above street level. Some maisonettes are built into the podium structure. There is no vehicular access within the estate, but there are some car parks at the periphery of the estate. Public car parks are located within the Barbican Centre.

What is now Barbican station was opened by the Metropolitan Railway in December 1865 when they extended their original route between Paddington and Farringdon.

The station was first called Aldersgate Street, this being the name of the street on which it stands. This changed to Aldersgate on 1 November 1910, then to Aldersgate and Barbican in 1923, and to the present name from 1 December 1968.

The station replaced an earlier building at 134 Aldersgate Street, which for many years had a sign claiming 'This was Shakespeare's House'. Although the building was very close to the nearby Fortune Playhouse, there is no documentary evidence that Shakespeare lived here; a subsidy roll from 1598 shows a William Shakespeare as owner of the property, but there is nothing to indicate that it is the playwright.

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
The free encyclopedia

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page

THE STREETS OF BARBICAN
Banner Street, EC1Y Banner Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Bunhill Fields, EC1Y Bunhill Fields is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Bunhill Row, EC1Y Bunhill Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Carthusian Street, EC1A Carthusian Street is a road in the EC1A postcode area
Carthusian Street, EC1M Carthusian Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Chequer Street, EC1Y Chequer Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cherry Tree Walk, EC1Y Cherry Tree Walk is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Chiswell Street, EC1Y Chiswell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Chiswell Street, EC2A Chiswell Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Dufferin Avenue, EC1Y Dufferin Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Errol Street, EC1Y Errol Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Featherstone Street, EC1Y Featherstone Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Finsbury Street, EC2Y Finsbury Street is a road in the EC2Y postcode area
Mallow Street, EC1Y Mallow Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Quaker Court, EC1Y Quaker Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Ropemaker Street, EC2Y Ropemaker Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Roscoe Street, EC1Y Roscoe Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
St Agnes Well, EC1Y St Agnes Well is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
The Sutton Estate, N1 The Sutton Estate is a road in the N1 postcode area
Warwick Yard, EC1Y Warwick Yard is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Whitecross Street, EC1Y Whitecross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.



LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 26 Apr 2019 05:20 GMT   
IP:
3:1:36
Post by LDNnews: Bank
Measles: ’My baby’s eyes were swollen shut’
Jilly Moss’s daughter Alba spent eight days in a London hospital after contracting the viral illness.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-48039524

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Apr 2019 13:30 GMT   
IP:
3:2:36
Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
Concern after body found at independent living home in Bromley

Alarm has been raised at an independent living scheme in Bromley after it was claimed a body of a man was found weeks after his death.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17597339.body-found-at-moat-independent-living-scheme-in-fletchers-close/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Apr 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:3:36
Post by LDNnews: Cannon Street
Chelsea star Callum Hudson-Odoi still in Bayern Munich's summer transfer plans despite Achilles injury
Bayern Munich haven’t ruled out making another attempt to sign Callum Hudson-Odoi this summer despite the Chelsea winger facing a long spell out with an Achilles injury.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea/chelsea-star-callum-hudsonodoi-still-in-bayern-munichs-summer-transfer-plans-despite-achilles-injury-a4125816.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Apr 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:4:36
Post by LDNnews: St Pauls
Man City vs Liverpool: FA Youth Cup Final 2019 prediction, lineups, odds, live stream, TV channel, tickets, h2h
Latest betting tips, head to head history and kick-off time for tonight’s showpiece match

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/liverpool/man-city-vs-liverpool-fa-youth-cup-final-2019-score-prediction-odds-live-stream-tv-channel-tickets-a4125826.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Apr 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:5:36
Post by LDNnews: Southwark
Getafe vs Real Madrid: Prediction, team news, odds, live stream, TV channel - La Liga 2018-19 preview
Latest betting tips, head to head history and kick-off time for Thursday’s LaLiga clash

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/realmadrid/getafe-vs-real-madrid-prediction-team-news-odds-live-stream-tv-channel-la-liga-201819-preview-a4125981.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Apr 2019 12:40 GMT   
IP:
3:6:36
Post by LDNnews: Blackfriars
Extinction Rebellion protesters arrested after climbing on top of DLR train at Canary Wharf
Follow live Extinction Rebellion updates HERE.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/extinction-rebellion-protesters-climb-on-top-of-dlr-train-at-canary-wharf-a4125746.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Apr 2019 04:40 GMT   
IP:
3:7:36
Post by LDNnews: Bank
Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe: Iran offers prisoner swap
Iran says it would free the British-Iranian in return for Iranians detained in the US and Australia.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-48046235

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Apr 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:8:36
Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
Graphic images: Mum’s horror after finding murdered cat left on her doorstep

A mum has recalled her horror after waking up to find a murdered cat outside her front door in Farnborough.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17594250.croydon-cat-killer-woman-finds-dead-cat-in-state-farm-avenue/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Apr 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:9:36
Post by LDNnews: St Pauls
Van and two cars crash on M25 anticlockwise route
One lane is currently remains closed following a collision on the M25.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17594432.van-and-two-cars-crash-on-m25-anticlockwise-route-between-j27-and-j28-near-waltham-abbey/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Apr 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:10:36
Post by LDNnews: Cannon Street
Four people in hospital after Catford house fire
A Catford house fire that left four people in hospital is being investigated by the London Fire Brigade.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17594407.house-fire-in-bellingham-road-catford-leaves-four-in-hospital/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Apr 2019 13:30 GMT   
IP:
3:11:36
Post by LDNnews: Southwark
Danny Rose: Tottenham spirit has us primed for best season in club's history
Danny Rose hailed Tottenham’s spirit after Tuesday night’s last-gasp 1-0 win over Brighton and said this season could yet be one of the best in the club’s storied history.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/danny-rose-tottenham-spirit-has-us-primed-for-best-season-in-clubs-history-a4124606.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Apr 2019 13:30 GMT   
IP:
3:12:36
Post by LDNnews: Blackfriars
New Tottenham shirt leaked? Away 2019-20 kit design with retro collar appears online
Tottenham’s new away shirt for the 2019-20 season, featuring a mix of retro and modern design, has reportedly leaked online.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/new-tottenham-shirt-leaked-away-201920-kit-design-with-retro-collar-appears-online-a4125216.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Apr 2019 04:40 GMT   
IP:
3:13:36
Post by LDNnews: Bank
Woolwich fire: Woman was ’victim of drugs feud’
Memunatu Warne was hours away from leaving Britain when her hosts’ house was set alight.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-48030191

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Apr 2019 15:30 GMT   
IP:
3:14:36
Post by LDNnews: Chancery Lane
IN PICTURES: Croydon Good Friday crucifixion re-enactment

To mark Good Friday, which commemorates the death of Jesus Christ, Croydon churches grouped together to stage a crucifixion re-enactment.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17591937.in-pictures-croydon-easter-sunday-crucifixion-re-enactment/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Apr 2019 15:30 GMT   
IP:
3:15:36
Post by LDNnews: Cannon Street
Mayor calls on Home Sec to reverse police cuts following protests
The Mayor of London has called on the Home Secretary to reverse cuts to police numbers after environmental protests brought parts of the city centre to a standstill.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17591948.mayor-calls-on-home-sec-to-reverse-police-cuts-following-protests/?ref=rss

VIEW THE CITY OF LONDON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE CITY OF LONDON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE CITY OF LONDON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE CITY OF LONDON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE CITY OF LONDON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

City of London

The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.

As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.

It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.

The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.

The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.

The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.