Kilburn Wells

Spring in/near Kilburn, existed between 1714 and 1860

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Spring · Kilburn · NW6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
December
8
2016



Kilburn Wells. a medicinal spring, existed between 1714 and the 1860s.

The fashion for taking ‘medicinal waters’ in the 18th century came to Kilburn when a well of water impregnated with iron was discovered near the Bell Inn in 1714. In an attempt to compete with the nearby Hampstead Well, gardens and a ‘great room’ were opened to promote the well, and its waters were promoted in journals of the day as cure for ‘stomach ailments’.

By the 1860s, the Wells had declined completely.

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One rebel, one villain, two heroes and a hate figure: the stars at Elstree Studios in 1960
This week we go back 58 years to Elstree Studios and it is 1960 when film production still reigned supreme on the sound stages. The stars were a mixture of home grown talent and Hollywood imports.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17217773.1960-the-year-tony-hancock-george-sanders-jeff-chandler-richard-todd-and-laurence-harvey-were-on-set-at-elstree-studios/?ref=rss

VIEW THE KILBURN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE KILBURN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE KILBURN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE KILBURN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE KILBURN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

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Kilburn

Kilburn is an area which straddles both sides of the Edgware Road (Kilburn High Road).

Kilburn High Road originated as an ancient trackway, part of a Celtic route between the settlements now known as Canterbury and St Albans. Under Roman rule, the route was paved. In Anglo-Saxon times the road became known as Watling Street.

Kilburn grew up on the banks of a stream which has been known variously as Cuneburna, Kelebourne and Cyebourne, which flows from Hampstead down through Hyde Park and into the River Thames. It is suggested the name means either Royal River or Cattle River ('Bourne' being an Anglo-Saxon word for 'river'). That river is known today as the Westbourne.

The name Kilburn was first recorded in 1134 as Cuneburna, referring to the priory which had been built on the site of the cell of a hermit known as Godwyn. Godwyn had built his hermitage by the Kilburn river during the reign of Henry I, and both his hermitage and the priory took their name from the river.

Kilburn Priory was a small community of nuns, probably Augustinian canonesses. It was founded in 1134 at the Kilburn river crossing on Watling Street (the modern-day junction of Kilburn High Road and Belsize Road). Kilburn Priory's position on Watling Street meant that it became a popular resting point for pilgrims heading for the shrines at St Albans and Willesden. The Priory was dissolved in 1536-37 by Henry VIII, and nothing remains of it today. The priory lands included a mansion and a hostium (a guesthouse), which may have been the origin of the Red Lion pub, thought to have been founded in 1444. Opposite, the Bell Inn was opened around 1600, on the site of the old mansion.

The fashion for taking 'medicinal waters' in the 18th century came to Kilburn when a well of chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) was discovered near the Bell Inn in 1714. In an attempt to compete with the nearby Hampstead Well, gardens and a 'great room' were opened to promote the well, and its waters were promoted in journals of the day as cure for 'stomach ailments'.

In the 19th century the wells declined, but the Kilburn Wells remained popular as a tea garden. The Bell was demolished and rebuilt in 1863. The Kilburn stretch of Watling Street, now called Edgware Road and Kilburn High Road, was gradually built up with inns and farm houses. Kilburn did not attract any significant building until around 1819 in the area near St John's Wood.

Much of the area was developed in the last decades of the 19th century by Solomon Barnett, who named many of the streets after places in the West Country (e.g. Torbay) or after popular poets of the day (e.g. Tennyson) in honour of his wife.

There are three railway stations on Kilburn High Road: Kilburn tube station (Jubilee line) at its northern end and a little to the south Brondesbury station (London Overground). Approximately a mile further south is Kilburn High Road station (also London Overground). The name of Ian Dury's first band, Kilburn and the High Roads, refers to this road, as does the Flogging Molly song, "Kilburn High Road" and the Shack song, "Kilburn High Road".

Kilburn tube station opened as Kilburn and Brondesbury on 24 November 1879, as part of the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood Railway run by the Metropolitan Railway. Following the merger of the Metropolitan Railway into London Transport in 1933, it then became part of the Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line on 20 November 1939, at which time the station was extensively rebuilt. The station was renamed to its current name on 25 September 1950. It was transferred to the Jubilee line on its opening, on 1 May 1979.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alice House:   What is now the Alice House has been through a number of incarnations since it was built in the early 1900s.
Ark Atwood Primary Academy:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Bayswater Rivulet:   The Bayswater Rivulet was the original name for the Westbourne River
Billy Fury Way, NW6:   Billy Fury Way is a path which runs alongside the railway in NW6.
Broadhurst Gardens Meadow:   Broadhurst Gardens Community Meadow is a private area open only to the residents of the houses which surround it.
Cannon Stream:   The Cannon Stream was, before it was sent underground, a tributary of the Westbourne River.
Canterbury House:   In the last half of the nineteenth century, a white house called Canterbury was built on the then southern fringes of West End.
Corner of Kilburn Park Road and Shirland Road:   Kilburn Park Road and Shirland Road meet at a junction in the north of Maida Vale.
Decca Studios:   Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.
Essendine Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Gaumont State:   The Gaumont State Cinema is a Grade II listed Art Deco theatre. While it still exists, it is no longer a cinema.
Granville Plus Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 5.
Hampstead Cricket Club:   Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.
Jacksfield:   Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.
Kilburn Bridge:   Kilburn Bridge once marked the spot where the Edgware Road crossed the River Westbourne.
Kilburn Bridge Farm:   Kilburn Bridge Farm stood beside Watling Street until the late 1830s.
Kilburn Grange childrens centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Kilburn Grange Park:   Kilburn Grange Park is a 3.2 hectare open space adjacent to Kilburn High Road.
Kilburn Grange School:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Kilburn High Road:   What was Watling Street in earlier times, became Edgware Road and finally Kilburn High Road.
Kilburn Park:   Kilburn Park station was opened on 31 January 1915 as the temporary terminus of the Bakerloo line’s extension from Paddington.
Kilburn Park Farm:   Kilburn Park Farm was situated almost opposite the Red Lion along the Edgware Road.
Kingsgate Community Centre:   Kingsgate Community Association was set up in 1982 by a group of local people who wished to establish a community centre in what was then a derelict building.
Kingsgate Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Lauriston Lodge:   Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.
Maida Hill:   Maida Hill's name derives from the Hero of Maida inn which used to be on Edgware Road near the Regent's Canal.
Maida Vale:   Maida Vale took its name from a public house named after John Stuart, Count of Maida, which opened on the Edgware Road soon after the Battle of Maida, 1806.
Maida Vale Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Naima Jewish Preparatory School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Oaklands Hall:   On the west side of West End Lane, Charles Spain bought 5 acres and between 1829 and 1838 built York Villa.
Paddington Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Poplar House:   Poplar House was occupied by one of the first developers of West Hampstead, Thomas Potter.
Rainbow Montessori School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 12. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Red Lion:   The Red Lion was situated at 34 Kilburn High Road.
Ripley House:   Jeremy Jepson Ripley built a house and coach house after 1814, with a large garden north of Lauriston Lodge.
Sandwell House:   Sandwell House was owned by three generations of the Wachter family.
St Augustine’s CofE High School:   Voluntary aided school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
St Augustine’s Church of England High School:   St Augustine’s Church of England High School is a Voluntary Aided Church of England comprehensive school in the West London borough of Westminster, Kilburn.
St Augustine’s, Kilburn:   St Augustine’s was founded by Richard Carr Kirkpatrick in the Anglo-Catholic tradition in 1870 and listed as a Grade I building by Historic England.
St Eugene de Mazenod Roman Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
St George’s Catholic School:   Academy converter (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
St Mary’s Kilburn Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Mary’s RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Peter’s CofE School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
St Peter’s Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
St Saviour’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
The Grange:   The Grange was a large mansion situated on Kilburn High Road until the turn of the twentieth century.
The Railway:   The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.
The School of the Islamic Republic of Iran:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 6 and 16. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
The Windsor Castle:   The Windsor Castle dates from the 1820s but its main incarnation was as a classic Victorian public house, seminal in 1970s musical history.
Treherne House:   Treherne House was built in the mid eighteenth century,
West End Hall:   West End Hall (once called New West End Hall) was one of the mansions of West End (West Hampstead).
West End House:   West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.
West End Park:   West End Park was created from fields known as the 'Little Estate'.
West Hampstead:   The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.
West Hampstead (Overground) station:   Wesr Hampstead overground station was known as West End Lane until its name was changed in 1975.
West Hampstead Synagogue:   The West Hampstead Synagogue was consecrated in September 1892.
Westbourne Manor:   The Manor of Westbourne


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Kilburn High Road (1880s):   This photo was taken on the corner of Kilburn High Road and Eresby Road, which has since disappeared.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Road, NW6 · Abbey Road, NW8 · Abbots Place, NW6 · Aberdare Gardens, NW6 · Abinger Mews, W9 · Acol Road, NW6 · Addison Court, NW6 · Albion Mews, NW6 · Aldsworth Close, W9 · Algernon Road, NW6 · Alpha Place, NW6 · Andover Place, NW6 · Andover Place, W9 · Ariel Road, NW6 · Ashworth Road, W9 · B505, NW6 · Banister Mews, NW6 · Barnwood Close, W9 · Belsise Road, NW6 · Belsize Road, NW8 · Beswick Mews, NW6 · Biddulph Mansions, W9 · Biddulph Road, W9 · Billy Fury Way, NW3 · Billy Fury Way, NW6 · Birchington Road, NW6 · Blackburn Road, NW6 · Bolton Road, NW8 · Bransdale Close, NW6 · Bristol Gardens, W9 · Broadwell Parade, NW6 · Brondesbury Mews, NW6 · Buckley Road, NW6 · Cambridge Avenue, NW6 · Cambridge Court, NW6 · Cambridge Gardens, NW6 · Cambridge Road, NW6 · Canterbury Road, NW6 · Canterbury Terrace, NW6 · Canterbury Works, NW6 · Carlton Vale, NW6 · Carlton Vale, W9 · Castellain Mansions, W9 · Castellain Road, W9 · Cathedral Walk, NW6 · Charfield Court, W9 · Chichester Road, NW6 · Chippenham Gardens, NW6 · Chippenham Mews, W9 · Chippenham Road, W9 · Clearwell Drive, W9 · Cleve Road, NW6 · Colas Mews, NW6 · Compayne Gardens, NW6 · Cotleigh Road, NW6 · Coventry Close, NW6 · Crediton Hill, NW6 · Crown Close, NW6 · Daynor House, NW6 · Delaware Road, W9 · Dennington Park Road, NW6 · Dibdin House, W9 · Douglas Court, NW6 · Doulton Mews, NW6 · Downfield Close, W9 · Drakes Courtyard, NW6 · Dresden Close, NW6 · Dunster Gardens, NW6 · Dynham Road, NW6 · Edbrooke Road, W9 · Elgin Avenue, W9 · Elgin Mansions, W9 · Elgin Mews South, W9 · Elnathan Mews, W9 · Essendine Mansions, W9 · Essendine Road, W9 · Fawley Road, NW6 · Formosa Street, W9 · Gascony Avenue, NW6 · Gladys Road, NW6 · Glenbrook Road, NW6 · Godson Yard, NW6 · Goldney Road, W9 · Goldsmith Place, NW6 · Gorefield Place, NW6 · Grange Place, NW6 · Grangeway, NW6 · Grantully Road, W9 · Granville Road, NW6 · Greville Mews, NW6 · Greville Place, NW6 · Greville Place, W9 · Greville Road, NW6 · Grittleton Road, W9 · Hansel Road, NW6 · Helmsdale House, NW6 · Hemstal Road, NW6 · Hermes Close, W9 · Hermit Place, NW6 · Highfield Mews, NW6 · Hillside Close, NW6 · Hillside Close, W9 · Hilltop Road, NW6 · Inglewood House, NW6 · Inglewood Road, NW6 · Iverson Road, NW6 · Kilburn Bridge, NW6 · Kilburn High Road, NW6 · Kilburn Park Road, NW6 · Kilburn Park Road, W9 · Kilburn Place, NW6 · Kilburn Priory, NW6 · Kilburn Priory, NW8 · Kilburn Square, NW6 · Kilburn Vale, NW6 · Kingdon Road, NW6 · Kings Gardens, NW6 · Kingsgate Place, NW6 · Kingsgate Road, NW6 · Kylemore Road, NW6 · Langtry Road, NW8 · Langtry Walk, NW8 · Lanhill Road, W9 · Lauderdale Mansions South, W9 · Lauderdale Parade, W9 · Lauderdale Road, W9 · Leith Mansions, W9 · Liddell Road, NW6 · Linstead Street, NW6 · Loveridge Road, NW6 · Lowfield Road, NW6 · Lymington Road, NW6 · Mallard Close, NW6 · Malvern Mews, NW6 · Malvern Mews, W9 · Malvern Road, NW6 · Manor Mews, NW6 · Maple Mews, NW6 · Marylands Road, W9 · Masefield House, NW6 · Maygrove Road, NW6 · Mazenod Avenue, NW6 · Medley Road, NW6 · Messina Avenue, NW6 · Metropolitan/Jubilee Lines, NW6 · Minton Mews, NW6 · Morshead Road, W9 · Mortimer Crescent, NW6 · Mortimer Crescent, NW6 · Mortimer Place, NW6 · Mutrix Road, NW6 · Narcissus Road, NW6 · Nelson Close, NW6 · Netherwood Street, NW6 · O2 Centre Car Park, NW3 · Oakington Road, W9 · Oxford Road, NW6 · Palmerston Road, NW6 · Pandora Road, NW6 · Pentland Road, NW6 · Pindock Mews, W9 · Plaza Parade, NW6 · Princess Road, NW6 · Priory Road, NW6 · Priory Terrace, NW6 · Quex Mews, NW6 · Quex Road, NW6 · Randolph Avenue, W9 · Randolph Gardens, NW6 · Regents Plaza, NW6 · Rosedene, NW6 · Rowntree Close, NW6 · Rudolph Road, NW6 · Sandwell Crescent, NW6 · Sevington Street, W9 · Sherriff Road, NW6 · Shirland Road, W9 · Smyrna Road, NW6 · Solent Road, NW6 · Spode Walk, NW6 · Springfield Lane, NW6 · Springfield Walk, NW6 · St Marys Mews, NW6 · Stafford Close, NW6 · Stafford Road, NW6 · Stuart Road, NW6 · Sumatra Road, NW6 · Surrendale Place, W9 · Sutherland Avenue, W9 · Swiss Terrace, NW6 · The Arches, NW6 · The Terrace, NW6 · Thorngate Road, W9 · Torridon House, NW6 · Victoria Mews, NW6 · Warwick Court, W9 · Waterloo Passage, NW6 · Wavel Mews, NW6 · Webheath, NW6 · Wells Court, NW6 · West End Lane, NW6 · West Hampstead Mews, NW6 · Widley Road, W9 · Windsor Gardens, W9 · Woodchurch Road, NW6 · Worcester Mews, NW6 · Wymering Mansions, W9 · Wymering Road, W9 ·
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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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