Barking

Underground station, existing between 1854 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Underground station · Barking · IG11 · Contributed by The Underground Map
November
12
2017


Historically an ancient parish in Essex, Barking’s economic history is characterised by a shift from fishing and farming to market gardening and industrial development.


In AD 735 the town was ’Berecingum’ and was known to mean "dwellers among the birch trees". By AD 1086, it had become ’Berchingae’ as evidenced by the town’s entry in the Domesday Book.

The manor of Barking was the site of Barking Abbey, a nunnery founded in 666 by Eorcenwald, Bishop of London, destroyed by the Danes and reconstructed in 970 by King Edgar. The celebrated writer Marie de France may have been abbess of the nunnery in the late 12th century. At the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1536, Barking Abbey was demolished; the parish church of St Margaret, some walling and foundations are all that remain.

A charter issued between 1175 and 1179 confirms the ancient market right. The market declined in the 18th century but has since been revived.

Fishing was the most important industry from the 14th century until the mid-19th. Salt water fishing began before 1320, when too fine nets were seized by City authorities, but expanded greatly from the 16th century. Fisher Street was named after the fishing community there. From about 1775 welled and dry smacks were used, mostly as cod boats, and rigged as gaff cutters. Fishermen sailed as far as Iceland in the summer. They served Billingsgate Fish Market in the City of London, and moored in Barking Pool.

The opening of rail links between the North Sea ports and London meant it was quicker to transport fish by train straight to the capital rather than waiting for ships to take the longer route down the east coast and up the River Thames. By the 1850s the Thames was so severely polluted that fish kept in chests quickly died. Consequently, the fishery slipped into decline in the second half of the nineteenth century.

As part of the suburban growth of London in the 20th century, Barking significantly expanded and increased in population, primarily due to the development of the London County Council estate at Becontree in the 1920s, and became a municipal borough in 1931, and part of Greater London in 1965.

Barking station was opened on 13 April 1854 by the London Tilbury and Southend Railway (LTSR) on their new line to Tilbury, which split from the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) at Forest Gate. A shorter route from London between Little Ilford and Gas Factory Junction in Bow, and avoiding the ECR, opened in April 1858. A "Pitsea direct" branch was completed in June 1888 giving more direct access to Southend-on-Sea via Upminster, and avoiding Tilbury. The station was rebuilt in 1889. In 1894 the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway was extended by means of the Tottenham and Forest Gate Railway to join the 1854 line from Forest Gate to Tilbury.

District line services initially operated over the tracks of the LTSR from 1902. In 1905 a pair of tracks was electrified as far as East Ham and the service was cut back there. It was extended back to Barking in 1908 and eastwards to Upminster, over a new set of tracks, from 1932. Hammersmith and City line, then known as the Metropolitan line, service began in 1936.

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VIEW THE BARKING AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BARKING AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BARKING AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BARKING AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BARKING AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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The Underground Map

The Underground Map is a website dedicated to some of the more obscure pieces of London Town (as well as some of the more well-known places).

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NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, IG11 · A124, IG11 · A13 Movers Lane Underpass, IG11 · A406, E6 · A406, IG11 · Abbey Road, IG11 · Adeliza Close, IG11 · Alderman Avenue, IG11 · Alfred’a Way, IG11 · Alfred’s Gardens, IG11 · Alfred’s Way (East Ham and Barking By-pass), E6 · Alfred’s Way (East Ham and Barking By-pass), IG11 · Alfred’s Way, IG11 · Anchor Close, IG11 · Anne Mews, IG11 · Arncroft Court, IG11 · Atcost Road, IG11 · Axe Street, IG11 · Bamford Road, IG11 · Barking Northern Relief Road, IG11 · Bastable Avenue, IG11 · Bateman Close, IG11 · Blessing Way, IG11 · Boundary Close, IG11 · Boundary Road, IG11 · Box Lane, IG11 · Broadway, IG11 · Cambridge Road, IG11 · Cape Close, IG11 · Cavendish Gardens, IG11 · Cecil Avenue, IG11 · Charlton Crescent, IG11 · Chelmer Crescent, IG11 · Chilworth Place, IG11 · Church Road, IG11 · Clockhouse Avenue, IG11 · Coniston Avenue, IG11 · Cowbridge Lane, IG11 · Cranborne Road, IG11 · Cranleigh Gardens, IG11 · Craven Gardens, IG11 · Creek Road, IG11 · Crossness Road, IG11 · Crouch Avenue, IG11 · Crows Road, E3 · Crows Road, IG11 · CS3, E16 · Curzon Crescent, IG11 · Cuthberga Close, IG11 · Davey Gardens, IG11 · Dawson Avenue, IG11 · De Pass Gardens, IG11 · Devon Road, IG11 · Dovehouse Mead, IG11 · Drake Close, IG11 · East Street, IG11 · Eastbury Avenue, IG11 · Eldred Road, IG11 · Endeavour Way, IG11 · Essex Road, IG11 · Faircross Avenue, IG11 · Fairfield Road, IG1 · Fairfield Road, IG11 · Fanshawe Avenue, IG11 · Farr Avenue, IG11 · Felton Road, IG11 · Fresh Wharf Road, IG11 · Galleons Drive, IG11 · Gallions Close, IG11 · Gascoigne Road, IG11 · Gatward Place, IG11 · George Street, IG11 · Glenmore Way, IG11 · Glenny Road, IG11 · Gordon Road, IG11 · Great Galley Close, IG11 · Greatfields Road, IG11 · Greaves Close, IG11 · Gurney Close, IG11 · Handtrough Way, IG11 · Hardwicke Street, IG11 · Harlequin Close, IG11 · Harpour Road, IG11 · Harts Lane, IG11 · Hertford Road, IG11 · Highbridge Road, IG11 · Hockley Mews, IG11 · Howard Road, IG11 · Hulse Avenue, IG11 · Jackson Road, IG11 · Jenkins Lane, E6 · Jenkins Lane, IG11 · Job Drain Place, IG11 · John Sayer Close, IG11 · Julia Gardens, IG11 · Keel Close, IG11 · Keith Road, IG11 · Kendal Avenue, IG11 · Kennedy Road, IG11 · King Edward’s Road, IG11 · Kingsbridge Road, IG11 · Lancaster Avenue, IG11 · Laurence Calvert Close, IG11 · Lawes Way, IG11 · Levine Gardens, IG11 · Linsdell Road, IG11 · Linton Road, IG11 · London Road, IG11 · Long Reach Road, IG11 · Longbridge Road, IG11 · Longbridge Road, IG3 · Loxford Lane, IG11 · Loxford Road, IG11 · Matbury Road, IG11 · Maud gardens, IG11 · McAllister Grove, IG11 · Monteagle Avenue, IG11 · Moore Crescent, IG11 · Morley Road, IG11 · Morrison Road, IG11 · Movers Lane, IG11 · Norfolk Road, IG11 · North Circular Road, E6 · North Circular Road, IG11 · North Street, IG11 · Park Avenue, IG11 · Park Entrance, IG11 · Perth Road, IG11 · Pickering Road, IG11 · Priory Road, IG11 · Queen’s Road, IG11 · Radford Way, IG11 · Ray Gardens, IG11 · Renwick Road, IG11 · Renwick Road, SE28 · Ripple Road, IG11 · Ripple Road, RM9 · Rippleside Commercial Estate, IG11 · River Road, IG11 · River Road, SE28 · Riverdale Close, IG11 · Rowe Gardens, IG11 · Roxwell Road, IG11 · Roycraft Avenue, IG11 · Schooner Close, IG11 · Seagull Close, IG11 · Service Yard B, IG11 · Shaw Avenue, IG11 · Shaw Gardens, IG11 · Shearwater Close, IG11 · Somerby Road, IG11 · South Park Drive, IG11 · Sovereign Road, IG11 · Sparsholt Road, IG11 · Spinnaker Close, IG11 · Spring Place, IG11 · Spur Road, IG11 · St Ann’s, IG11 · St Erkenwald Mews, IG11 · St John’s Road, IG11 · St Margaret’s, IG11 · St Mary’s, IG11 · St Paul’s Road, IG11 · St. Ann’s, IG11 · St. Awdry’s Road, IG11 · St. Erkenwald Road, IG11 · Stanley Avenue, IG11 · Stapleford Way, IG11 · Station Parade, IG11 · Stern Close, IG11 · Strathfield Gardens, IG11 · Suffolk Road, IG11 · Sugden Way, IG11 · Sunningdale Avenue, IG11 · Surrey Road, IG11 · Sutton Road, IG11 · Tanner Street, IG11 · Thames Road, IG11 · The Coverdales, IG11 · The Shaftesburys, IG11 · Thorpe Road, IG11 · Tomlins Orchard, IG11 · Town Quay, IG11 · Vicarage Drive, IG11 · Victoria Road, IG11 · Wakering Road, IG11 · Wanderer Drive, IG11 · Waverley Gardens, IG11 · Wedderburn Road, IG11 · West Bank, IG11 · Westbury Road, IG11 · Westminster Gardens, IG11 · Wheelers Cross, IG11 · Whiting Avenue, IG11 · William Street, IG11 · Wivenhoe Road, IG11 ·


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Links

Barking
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Edith’s Streets
A wander through London, street by street
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


South Essex and North Kent (1805)
Ordnance Survey First Series. The first completed map was of the county of Kent in 1801. The first use of the term Ordnance Survey in manuscript was in 1801, but it did not appear on an engraved map until 1810. William Mudge was the effective head from the start and actual head of the Survey from 1804 to 1820.
Reproduced from the 1805 Ordnance Survey map.

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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