Kilburn Aqueduct

Aqueduct in/near Little Venice, existing between 1801 and now

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Aqueduct · Little Venice · W2 · Contributed by Melissa London
JANUARY
4
2017
The picture painted to show the opening of canal in 1801 clearly shows the embankment over the Westbourne valley

Some way from the area now called Kilburn, the Kilburn Aqueduct of the Grand Union Canal spanned the River Westbourne.

When the canal was built at the turn of the nineteenth century, the valley of the River Westbourne ran through what were known as the Kilburn Fields. To span the valley, the new canal was placed on a 30 foot high embankment to cross the river.

In a report dating from 1814 it is said of the aqueduct that “it is formed over the valley to an elevation of 30 feet above the natural surface of the ground; a brick aqueduct here… being made for the conveyance of the canal over the Serpentine River or Westbrook.”

Progressive development of the area since the canal was built meant the Westbourne river was now becoming an open sewer. Around the early 1820s locals complained the awful smell emanating from the Westbourne. It was culverted for a considerable distance either side of the aqueduct by 1823.

By the 1830s when the area was under development, especially with regards to the railway, the Westbourne had its course diverted and straightened out onto a parallel close to the southern end of Westbourne Terrace, and culverted beneath that road. The site of Paddington station was built within the old river valley.

A new overflow was built (it can still be seen by the A40(M) Westway.) It connects to the Titchbourne culvert which in turn links with the Ranleagh Sewer somewhere under Bayswater Road. The Titchbourne originated on the high ground near St Johns Wood and passed under Edgware Road near Boscobel Street. The lower end of its course can still be seen today in the form of the valley that stretches south from Bayswater past the Royal Parks head offices towards the Serpentine.

Joseph Bazalgette culverted the remainder of the river as part of the master plan to improve London’s sewerage system. The river now runs in a culvert all the way from Kilburn to the Thames and as a result few now know of the Westbourne’s exact course. Few also now know where the Kilburn Aqueduct stands.



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I didn’t come from Shirland Mews, but stayed there when my father was visiting friends, sometime in the mid to late forties. As I was only a very young child I don’t remember too much. I seem to think there were the old stables or garages with the living accommodation above. My Mother came from Malvern Road which I think was near Shirland Mews. I remember a little old shop which had a "milk cow outside". So I was told, it was attached to the front of the shop and you put some money in and the milk would be dispensed into your container. Not too sure if it was still in use then. Just wonder if anyone else remembers it.yz5

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I was born n bred at 25 Mc Gregor Rd in 1938 and lived there until I joined the Royal Navy in 1957. It was a very interesting time what with air raid shelters,bombed houses,water tanks all sorts of areas for little boys to collect scrap and sell them on.no questions asked.A very happy boyhood ,from there we could visit most areas of London by bus and tube and we did.

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I lived at 25 Mc Gregor Rd from 1938 my birth until I joined the Royal Navy in 1957.Our house sided onto Ridgeways Laundry All Saints Rd. I had a happy boyhood living there

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My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.
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VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Little Venice

Little Venice is a picturesque area situated around the Regent's Canal in the Paddington area.

Known for its canals and moored boats, it is the home of many famous people. Much of the property in the area terraced mansions and town houses. Little Venice has two waterways: the Grand Union Canal and the Regent's Canal, which meet in a large, picturesque pool, Browning's Pool, which forms the focus of the area.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Desborough Lodge:   Desborough Lodge was a house which was one of five grand houses in the village of Westbourne Green.
Little Venice:   Little Venice is a picturesque area situated around the Regent's Canal in the Paddington area.
Red Lion Bridge:   Harrow Road once spanned the River Westbourne at this point.
River Westbourne:   The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.
Royal Oak:   Royal Oak is a station on the Hammersmith and City Line, between Westbourne Park and Paddington stations, and is the least used station on the Hammersmith and City line.
Spotted Dog:   The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.
Warwick Avenue:   Warwick Avenue tube station is a London Underground station near Little Venice in north-west London. The station is on the Bakerloo Line, between Paddington and Maida Vale stations.
Westbourne Farm:   An old farm with a theatrical connection.
Westbourne Green:   The story of the building of a suburb.
Westbourne Green:   
Westbourne House:   Two hundred years ago, the biggest house hereabouts...


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Westbourne Lodge:   Westbourne Lodge appeared in one of the earliest photographs in London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldsworth Close, W9 · Barnwood Close, W9 · Blomfield Mews, W2 · Blomfield Villas, W2 · Bourne Terrace, W2 · Bristol Gardens, W9 · Castellain Mansions, W9 · Castellain Road, W9 · Celbridge Mews, W2 · Charfield Court, W9 · Chichester Road, W2 · Cirencester Street, W2 · Clarendon Gardens, W9 · Clearwell Drive, W9 · Clifton Villas, W9 · Crompton Street, W2 · Delamere Terrace, W2 · Delaware Road, W9 · Desborough Close, W2 · Downfield Close, W9 · Elgin Avenue, W9 · Elnathan Mews, W9 · Formosa Street, W9 · Gaydon House, W2 · Lauderdale Mansions South, W9 · Lord Hills Road, W2 · Maida Avenue, W2 · Orsett Mews, W2 · Orsett Terrace, W2 · Pindock Mews, W9 · Princethorpe House, W2 · Randolph Crescent, W9 · Randolph Mews, W9 · Randolph Road, W9 · Ranelagh Bridge, W2 · Rowington Close, W2 · Senior Street, W2 · Sevington Street, W9 · Sutherland Avenue, W9 · Torquay Street, W2 · Warrington Crescent, W9 · Warwick Avenue, W9 · Warwick Court, W9 · Warwick Crescent, W2 · Warwick Cresent, W2 · Warwick Place, W9 · Westbourne Park Villas, W2 · Westbourne Terrace Road, W2 · Westway, W2 · Woodchester Square, W2 ·

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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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