Kilburn Aqueduct

Aqueduct in/near Little Venice, existing between 1801 and now

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Aqueduct · Little Venice · W2 · Contributed by Melissa London
JANUARY
4
2017
The picture painted to show the opening of canal in 1801 clearly shows the embankment over the Westbourne valley

Some way from the area now called Kilburn, the Kilburn Aqueduct of the Grand Union Canal spanned the River Westbourne.

When the canal was built at the turn of the nineteenth century, the valley of the River Westbourne ran through what were known as the Kilburn Fields. To span the valley, the new canal was placed on a 30 foot high embankment to cross the river.

In a report dating from 1814 it is said of the aqueduct that “it is formed over the valley to an elevation of 30 feet above the natural surface of the ground; a brick aqueduct here… being made for the conveyance of the canal over the Serpentine River or Westbrook.”

Progressive development of the area since the canal was built meant the Westbourne river was now becoming an open sewer. Around the early 1820s locals complained the awful smell emanating from the Westbourne. It was culverted for a considerable distance either side of the aqueduct by 1823.

By the 1830s when the area was under development, especially with regards to the railway, the Westbourne had its course diverted and straightened out onto a parallel close to the southern end of Westbourne Terrace, and culverted beneath that road. The site of Paddington station was built within the old river valley.

A new overflow was built (it can still be seen by the A40(M) Westway.) It connects to the Titchbourne culvert which in turn links with the Ranleagh Sewer somewhere under Bayswater Road. The Titchbourne originated on the high ground near St Johns Wood and passed under Edgware Road near Boscobel Street. The lower end of its course can still be seen today in the form of the valley that stretches south from Bayswater past the Royal Parks head offices towards the Serpentine.

Joseph Bazalgette culverted the remainder of the river as part of the master plan to improve London’s sewerage system. The river now runs in a culvert all the way from Kilburn to the Thames and as a result few now know of the Westbourne’s exact course. Few also now know where the Kilburn Aqueduct stands.



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VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE LITTLE VENICE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Little Venice

Little Venice is a picturesque area situated around the Regent's Canal in the Paddington area.

Known for its canals and moored boats, it is the home of many famous people. Much of the property in the area terraced mansions and town houses. Little Venice has two waterways: the Grand Union Canal and the Regent's Canal, which meet in a large, picturesque pool, Browning's Pool, which forms the focus of the area.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Desborough Lodge:   Desborough Lodge was a house which was one of five grand houses in the village of Westbourne Green.
Little Venice:   Little Venice is a picturesque area situated around the Regent's Canal in the Paddington area.
Red Lion Bridge:   Harrow Road once spanned the River Westbourne at this point.
River Westbourne:   The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.
Royal Oak:   Royal Oak is a station on the Hammersmith and City Line, between Westbourne Park and Paddington stations, and is the least used station on the Hammersmith and City line.
Spotted Dog:   The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.
Warwick Avenue:   Warwick Avenue tube station is a London Underground station near Little Venice in north-west London. The station is on the Bakerloo Line, between Paddington and Maida Vale stations.
Westbourne Farm:   An old farm with a theatrical connection.
Westbourne Green:   The story of the building of a suburb.
Westbourne House:   Two hundred years ago, the biggest house hereabouts...


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Westbourne Lodge:   Westbourne Lodge appeared in one of the earliest photographs in London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldsworth Close, W9 · Barnwood Close, W9 · Blomfield Mews, W2 · Blomfield Villas, W2 · Bourne Terrace, W2 · Bristol Gardens, W9 · Castellain Mansions, W9 · Castellain Road, W9 · Celbridge Mews, W2 · Charfield Court, W9 · Chichester Road, W2 · Cirencester Street, W2 · Clarendon Gardens, W9 · Clearwell Drive, W9 · Clifton Villas, W9 · Crompton Street, W2 · Delamere Terrace, W2 · Delaware Road, W9 · Desborough Close, W2 · Downfield Close, W9 · Elgin Avenue, W9 · Elnathan Mews, W9 · Formosa Street, W9 · Gaydon House, W2 · Lauderdale Mansions South, W9 · Lord Hills Road, W2 · Maida Avenue, W2 · Orsett Mews, W2 · Orsett Terrace, W2 · Pindock Mews, W9 · Princethorpe House, W2 · Randolph Crescent, W9 · Randolph Mews, W9 · Randolph Road, W9 · Ranelagh Bridge, W2 · Rowington Close, W2 · Senior Street, W2 · Sevington Street, W9 · Sutherland Avenue, W9 · Torquay Street, W2 · Warrington Crescent, W9 · Warwick Avenue, W9 · Warwick Court, W9 · Warwick Crescent, W2 · Warwick Cresent, W2 · Warwick Place, W9 · Westbourne Park Villas, W2 · Westbourne Terrace Road, W2 · Westway, W2 · Woodchester Square, W2 ·


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1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
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Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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