Long Water

Lake in/near Bayswater, existing between 1730 and now

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Lake · Bayswater · W2 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
5
2017



The Long Water is a recreational lake in Kensington Gardens, created in 1730 at the behest of Queen Caroline.

The Long Water refers to the long and narrow western half of the lake that is known as the Serpentine. Serpentine Bridge, which marks the boundary between Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens, also marks the Long Water’s eastern boundary. The Long Water and the Serpentine are generally considered to be part of one lake.

Originally the lake was fed by the River Westbourne entering at the Italian Garden at the north-western end of the Long Water.

In 1730 Queen Caroline, wife of George II, ordered the damming of the River Westbourne in Hyde Park as part of a general redevelopment of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens. Original monastic ponds may have existing in the location and these were modified as part of the 1730–1732 scheme to create a single lake. At that time, the Westbourne formed eleven natural ponds in the park. During the 1730s, the lake filled to its current size and shape. The redevelopment was carried out by Royal Gardener Charles Bridgeman, who dammed the Westbourne to create the artificial lake, and dug a large pond in the centre of Kensington Gardens (The Round Pond) to be a focal point for pathways in the park.

At the time of construction, artificial lakes were typically long and straight. The Serpentine was one of the earliest artificial lakes designed to appear natural, and was widely imitated in parks and gardens nationwide.

The Westbourne ceased to provide the water for the Serpentine in 1834, as the river had become polluted, and so water was then pumped from the Thames. The water is now supplied by three boreholes drilled into the Upper Chalk. The first borehole is located at the Italian Gardens, the second at the Diana Memorial and the third, drilled in 2012 to a depth of 132m, is within 50m of the Diana Memorial.

The lake achieved notoriety in December 1816 when Harriet Westbrook, the pregnant wife of the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, was found drowned, having left a suicide note addressed to her father, sister and husband. Shelley married Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin less than two weeks later.

The lake formed a focal point of the 1814 celebrations which marked a century of Hanoverian rule and re-enacted the British victory at Trafalgar nine years previously, and of the 1851 Great Exhibition, with the Crystal Palace standing on its southern shore. Following the introduction of more stringent regulations to protect the environment in the park, the relocation of the Crystal Palace, and the construction of the nearby Albertopolis complex of museums and exhibitions, large-scale events ceased to take place on the banks of the Serpentine.

In the 1820s, the park was extensively redesigned by Decimus Burton. At the same time, John Rennie built the Serpentine Bridge to carry the newly built West Carriage Drive along the boundary between Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens, dividing the lake into the Serpentine (east) and the Long Water (west).

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West End Lady
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Rossmore Road is not in Camden Town, it is in St Marylebone - I should know. I was born and raised there! If anyone wants a further information please post on here.

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Was there a Wellington street there

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VIEW THE BAYSWATER AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BAYSWATER AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BAYSWATER AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BAYSWATER AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BAYSWATER AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Bayswater

Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas - also one of London's biggest concentration of hotels.

Notably, there is a significant Arab population, a large number of Americans, a substantial Greek community attracted by London's Greek Orthodox Cathedral and the area is also a centre of London's Brazilian community.

Architecturally, the biggest part of the area is made up of Victorian mansion blocks, mostly, although not exclusively, divided up into flats. There are also purpose built apartment blocks dating from the inter-war period as well as more recent developments, and a there is large Council Estate, the 800 flat Hallfield Estate, designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and now largely sold off. There are some garden squares in the area.

Queensway and Westbourne Grove are busy High Streets, with a very large number of ethnic restaurants.

Bayswater tube station lies between Notting Hill Gate and Paddington.

The station was opened 1 October 1868, just 5 years after the London Underground started. It was renamed several times: to Bayswater (Queen's Road) & Westbourne Grove in 1923, to Bayswater (Queen's Road) in 1933.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albert Memorial:   
Ark King Solomon Academy:   Academy sponsor led (All through) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Bayard’s Bridge:   Bayard’s Bridge took the Uxbridge Road over the River Westbourne.
Bayswater:   Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas - also one of London's biggest concentration of hotels.
Bayswater Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Edgware Road:   Edgware Road station was part of the world's first underground railway when it was opened as part of the Metropolitan Railway between Paddington and Farringdon on 1 October 1863.
Hyde Park Hostel:   
Hyde Park School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine:   Higher education institutions
Kensington Gardens:   
Kensington Park School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 13 and 20.
Kensington Park School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 14 and 19. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
L’Ecole Bilingue Elementaire:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Lancaster Gate:   Lancaster Gate is a mid-nineteenth century development in the Bayswater district of west central London, immediately to the north of Kensington Gardens.
Lycee Francais Charles de Gaulle:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 19.
Micky Star Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Paddington:   The first underground railway station in the world ran from Paddington - opened as Paddington (Bishop's Road) by the Metropolitan Railway on 10 January 1863 as the terminus of the company's route from Farringdon.
Paddington Green Children’s Hospital:   The Paddington Green Children’s Hospital opened in August 1883.
Queen’s Gate School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 18.
Queen's Cinema:   This cinema was situated at the top of Queensway, on the corner of Bishop's Bridge Road.
Queen’s Gate School:   Queen’s Gate School is an independent day school for girls.
Royal College of Art:   Higher education institutions
Royal College of Music:   Higher education institutions
St James & St John Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Mary’s Hospital, London:   St Mary’s Hospital is a hospital in Paddington, founded in 1845.
St Nicholas Preparatory School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
The Minerva Academy:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
The Serpentine:   The Serpentine is a 40-acre (16 ha) recreational lake in Hyde Park.
United Colleges Group:   Further education (16 plus) which accepts students between the ages of 16 and 99.
Upton Farm:   Upton Farm began in 1725 and was gone by 1839.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Sheep in Kensington Gardens:   It was the practice to keep sheep in the Gardens to maintain the grass.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albert Court, SW7 · Albert Hall Mansions, SW7 · Alexander Place, SW7 · Alexander Square, SW3 · Armstrong Road, SW7 · Atherstone Mews, SW7 · Ayrton Road, SW7 · Bathurst Mews, W2 · Bathurst Street, W2 · Bayswater Road, W2 · Bayswater Road, W8 · Belvedere Strand, NW9 · Bolney Gate, SW7 · Bouverie Place, W2 · Braithwaite Tower, W2 · Bremner Road, SW7 · Brompton Square, SW3 · Brook Mews North, W2 · Cabbell Street, NW1 · Cambridge Court, W2 · Cambridge Square, W2 · Chilworth Mews, W2 · Chilworth Street, W2 · Chilworth Street, W2 · Church Street, W2 · Clanricarde Gardens, W2 · Clarendon Place, W2 · Claylands Road, SW7 · Cleveland Terrace, W2 · Clifton Place, W2 · Cloucester Mews West, W2 · Conduit Mews, W2 · Conduit Passage, W2 · Conduit Place, W2 · Corlett Street, NW1 · Corporate Communications Macmillan House, W2 · Cottage Place, SW3 · Cottage Place, SW7 · Craven Hill Gardens, W2 · Craven Hill, W2 · Craven Road, W2 · Craven Terrace, W2 · Crescent Place, SW3 · Cromwell Gardens, SW7 · Cromwell Place, SW7 · Cromwell Road, SW7 · Devonshire Terrace, W2 · Dudley Street, W2 · Eastbourne Mews, W2 · Eastbourne Terrace, W2 · Edgware Road Subway, W2 · Edgware Road, NW1 · Edgware Road, NW8 · Edgware Road, W1H · Edgware Road, W2 · Edna House, W2 · Egerton Gardens, SW3 · Elms Lane, W2 · Elms Mews, W2 · Elvaston Mews, SW7 · Elvaston Place, SW7 · Ennismore Gardens Mews, SW7 · Ennismore Gardens, SW7 · Ennismore Mews, SW7 · Ennismore Street, SW7 · Entrance Macmillan House, W2 · Exhibition Road, SW7 · Fosbury Mews, W2 · Frankland Road, SW7 · Frederick Close, W2 · Garson House, W2 · Gloucester Mews, W2 · Gloucester Square, W2 · Gloucester Terrace, W2 · Gore Street, SW7 · Harbet Road, W2 · Harrow Road, W2 · Hermitage Street, W2 · Horse Ride, E11 · Howards Way, W2 · Howley Place, W2 · Hull Place, E16 · Hyde Park Crescent, W2 · Hyde Park Cresent, W2 · Hyde Park Gardens Mews, W2 · Hyde Park Gardens, W2 · Hyde Park Gardnes, W2 · Hyde Park Gate Mews, SW7 · Hyde Park Gate, SW7 · Hyde Park Square, W2 · Hyde Park Street, W2 · Imperial College Road, SW7 · Inverness Mews, E16 · Inverness Mews, W2 · Inverness Place, W2 · Inverness Terrace, W2 · Jay Mews, SW7 · Joe Strummer Subway, W2 · John Aird Court (116-228), W2 · Junction Mews, W2 · Junction Place, W2 · Kensington Gardens, W2 · Kensington Gardens, W8 · Kensington Gore, SW7 · Kensington Road, SW7 · Kensington West, W14 · Kingdom Street, W2 · Kingston House North, SW7 · Lancaster Gate, W2 · Lancaster Mews, W2 · Lancaster Terrace, W2 · Lancaster Walk, SW7 · Lancaster Walk, W2 · Lanchester Mews, SE14 · Leinster Gardens, W2 · Leinster Mews, W2 · Leinster Terrace, W2 · Linden Gardens, W2 · Lisson Street, NW1 · London Mews, W2 · London Street, W2 · Macmillan House, W2 · Marylebone Flyover, W2 · Merchant Square, W2 · Miles Buildings, NW1 · Moncorvo Close, SW7 · Montrose Court, SW7 · Museum Lane, SW7 · New Ride, SW7 · Norfolk Place, W2 · Norfolk Square, W2 · North Terrace, SW3 · North Terrace, SW7 · North Wharf Road, W2 · Notting Hill Gate, W2 · Olympia Mews, W2 · Orme Court, W2 · Orme Lane, W2 · Orme Square, W2 · Paddington Green, W2 · Paddington Station Car Park Exit, W2 · Paddington Station Car Park, W2 · Park Place Villas, W2 · Pembridge Road, W11 · Penfold Place, NW1 · Petersham Place, SW7 · Pickering Mews, W2 · Policeman’s Walk, W2 · Porchester Gate, W2 · Porchester Terrace, W2 · Porteus Road, W2 · Praed Mews, W2 · Praed Street, W2 · Prince Consort Road, SW7 · Princes Gardens, GU3 · Princes Gardens, SW7 · Princes Gate Mews, SW7 · Princes Gate, SW7 · Princess Court, W2 · Princess Louise Close, W2 · Quadrangle Tower, W2 · Queen’s Gate, SW7 · Queens Gate Gardens, SW7 · Queens Gate Mews, SW7 · Queens Gate Place Mews, SW7 · Queens Gate Place, SW7 · Queens Gate Terrace, SW7 · Queens Gate, SW7 · Queensberry Mews West, SW7 · Queensberry Place, SW7 · Queensberry Way, SW7 · Queensborough Passage, W2 · Queensborough Terrace, W2 · Queen’s Gate Place Mews, SW7 · Queen’s Gate, SW7 · Radnor Lodge, W2 · Radnor Mews, W2 · Radnor Place, W2 · Rainsford Street, W2 · Rotten Row, SW7 · Rutland Gate Mews, SW7 · Rutland Gate, SW7 · Rutland Street, SW7 · Saint Mary’s Square, W2 · Saint Mary’s Terrace, W2 · Saint Michael’s Street, W2 · Saint Petersburgh Place, W2 · Sale Place, W2 · Serpentine Bridge, W2 · Serpentine Road, SW1X · Serpentine Road, SW7 · Serpentine Road, W1J · Serpentine Road, W1K · Serpentine Road, W2 · Sheldon Square, W2 · Smallbrook Mews, W2 · South Carriage Drive, SW7 · South Kensington Underground Station, SW7 · South Terrace, SW7 · South Wharf Road, W2 · Southwick Mews, W2 · Southwick Place, W2 · Southwick Street, W2 · Spring Street, W2 · St Johns Church, W2 · St Marys Mansions, W2 · St Marys Medical School, W2 · St Marys Terrace, W2 · St Michaels Street, W2 · St Petersburgh Place, W2 · Stanhope Mews East, SW7 · Stanhope Terrace, W2 · Star Street, W2 · Station Concourse, W2 · Strathearn Place, W2 · Sussex Gardens, W2 · Sussex Place, W2 · Sussex Square, W2 · Talbot Square, W2 · Thurloe Place Mews, SW7 · Thurloe Place, SW7 · Thurloe Street, SW7 · Tigris House Fourth Floor, W2 · Upbrook Mews, W2 · West Carriage Drive, SW7 · West Carriage Drive, W2 · Westbourne Street, W2 · Westbourne Terrace, W2 · Westway, W2 · Winsland Street, W2 ·
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Links

Lancaster Gate
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Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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