River Westbourne outflow

River in Battersea, existing until 1850

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River · Battersea · SW3 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
12
2017


The River Westbourne flowed into the Thames at this point.

A vestige of the river, a wide quay opens into the river Thames about 300 yards (270 m) west of Chelsea Bridge. An overflow outfall, from a pipe named the Ranelagh Sewer, can still be seen at low tide, as most of the Westbourne’s course has been used as a convenient depression in the land to place the local sewerage system, some of which takes surface water to form a combined sewer which links to two intercept sewers, the Middle Level Sewer and the Northern Low Level Sewer in the London sewerage system.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

VIEW THE BATTERSEA AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BATTERSEA AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BATTERSEA AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BATTERSEA AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BATTERSEA AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Go to Battersea

Battersea

Battersea is an area of the London Borough of Wandsworth, England. It is an inner-city district on the south side of the River Thames.

Battersea covers quite a wide area - it spans from Fairfield in the west to Queenstown in the east. Battersea is mentioned in Anglo-Saxon times as Badrices ieg = Badric's Island.

Although in modern times it is known mostly for its wealth, Battersea remains characterised by economic inequality, with council estates being surrounded by more prosperous areas.

Battersea was an island settlement established in the river delta of the Falconbrook; a river that rises in Tooting Bec Common and flowed through south London to the River Thames.

As with many former Thames island settlements, Battersea was reclaimed by draining marshland and building culverts for streams.

Before the Industrial Revolution, much of the area was farmland, providing food for the City of London and surrounding population centres; and with particular specialisms, such as growing lavender on Lavender Hill, asparagus (sold as 'Battersea Bundles') or pig breeding on Pig Hill (later the site of the Shaftesbury Park Estate).

At the end of the 18th century, above 300 acres of land in the parish of Battersea were occupied by some 20 market gardeners, who rented from five to near 60 acres each.

Villages in the wider area - Battersea, Wandsworth, Earlsfield (hamlet of Garratt), Tooting, Balham - were isolated one from another; and throughout the second half of the second millennium, the wealthy built their country retreats in Battersea and neighbouring areas.

Industry developed eastwards along the bank of the Thames during the industrial revolution from 1750s onwards; the Thames provided water for transport, for steam engines and for water-intensive industrial processes. Bridges erected across the Thames encouraged growth; Battersea Bridge was built in 1771. Inland from the river, the rural agricultural community persisted.

Battersea was radically altered by the coming of railways. The London and Southampton Railway Company was the first to drive a railway line from east to west through Battersea, in 1838, terminating at Nine Elms at the north west tip of the area. Over the next 22 years five other lines were built, across which all trains from Waterloo Station and Victoria Station ran. An interchange station was built in 1863 towards the north west of the area, at a junction of the railway. Taking the name of a fashionable village a mile and more away, the station was named Clapham Junction.

During the latter decades of the nineteenth century Battersea had developed into a major town railway centre with two locomotive works at Nine Elms and Longhedge and three important motive power depots (Nine Elms, Stewarts Lane and Battersea) all situated within a relatively small area in the north of the district.

A population of 6000 people in 1840 was increased to 168 000 by 1910; and save for the green spaces of Battersea Park, Clapham Common, Wandsworth Common and some smaller isolated pockets, all other farmland was built over, with, from north to south, industrial buildings and vast railway sheds and sidings (much of which remain), slum housing for workers, especially north of the main east–west railway, and gradually more genteel residential terraced housing further south.

The railway station encouraged local government to site its buildings - the town hall, library, police station, court and post office in the area surrounding Clapham Junction.

All this building around the station marginalised Battersea High Street (the main street of the original village) into no more than an extension of Falcon Road.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Battersea:   Battersea is an area of the London Borough of Wandsworth, England. It is an inner-city district on the south side of the River Thames.
Metropolitan Borough of Battersea:   Battersea was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in the County of London.
Shaftesbury Park Estate:   The 42 and a half acre Shaftesbury Park Estate was promoted as the Workmen’s City - widely seen as demonstrating a credible solution to the urban housing problem.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abercrombie Street, SW11 · Albany Mansions, SW11 · Alexander Studios, SW11 · Alexandra Avenue, SW11 · Anhalt Road, SW11 · Atherton Street, SW11 · Austin Road, SW11 · Batten Street, SW11 · Battersea Arena, SW11 · Battersea Arts Centre Old Town Hall, SW11 · Battersea Bridge Road, SW11 · Battersea Church Road, SW11 · Battersea High Street, SW11 · Battersea Park Road, SW11 · Battersea Square Vicarage Cresent, SW11 · Battersea Square, SW11 · Beechmore Road, SW11 · Blomfield Court, SW11 · Blondel Street, SW11 · Bolingbroke Walk, SW11 · Bridge Lane, SW11 · Bridgend Road, SW18 · Broughton Street, SW8 · Bullen Street, SW11 · Burns Road, SW11 · Cabul Road, SW11 · Calico House, SW11 · Calico Row, SW11 · Cambridge Mansions, SW11 · Cambridge Road, SW11 · Candahar Road, SW11 · Candlemakers Studios, SW11 · Cantate Centre Parkfield Industrial Estate, SW11 · Charlotte Despard Avenue, SW11 · Charterhouse Works, SW18 · Chatfield Road, SW11 · Chelsea Bridge Road, SW1W · Cheltenham Terrace, SW3 · Cheylesmore House, SW1W · Cheyne Place, SW3 · Christchurch Street, SW3 · Christchurch Terrace, SW3 · Cinnamon Row, SW11 · Clapham Junction Railway Station, SW11 · Clove Hitch Quay, SW11 · Coppock Close, SW11 · Coral Row, SW11 · Cotswold Mews, SW11 · Cotton Row, SW11 · Cranleigh Mews, SW11 · Culvert Place, SW11 · Culvert Road, SW11 · Dagnall Street, SW11 · Darien Road, SW11 · Dilke Street, SW3 · Dovedale Studios, SW11 · Drca Business Centre Charlotte Despard Avenue, SW11 · Ebury Bridge Road, SW1W · Edna Street, SW11 · Elcho Street, SW11 · Eltringham Street, SW18 · Este Road, SW11 · Fairchild Close, SW11 · Fawcett Close, SW11 · Francis Chichester Way, SW11 · Frere Street, SW11 · Gartons Way, SW11 · Grant Road, SW11 · Great Eastern Wharf, SW11 · Gwynne Road, SW11 · Hester Road, SW11 · Holgate Avenue, SW11 · Home Road, SW11 · Howie Street, SW11 · Inworth Street, SW11 · Ivory Square, SW11 · Joubert Mansions, SW3 · Jubilee Place, SW3 · Juer Street, SW11 · Kennet Close, SW11 · Kersley Street, SW11 · Kiloh Court, SW11 · Kite Yard, SW11 · Latchmere Road, SW11 · Latchmere Street, SW11 · Lavender Road, SW11 · Leeward House, SW11 · Lombard Road, SW11 · London Stone Business Estate, SW8 · Lothair Street, SW11 · Lucas Court, SW11 · Lurline Gardens, SW11 · Macduff Road, SW11 · Mandeville Courtyard, SW11 · Mendip Court, SW11 · Molasses Row, SW11 · Newtown Court, SW11 · Orbel Street, SW11 · Palmerston House, SW11 · Paradise Walk, SW3 · Park South, SW11 · Parkfield Industrial Estate, SW11 · Parkgate Road, SW11 · Patience Road, SW11 · Paveley Drive, SW11 · Petergate, SW11 · Pier Terrace, SW18 · Pimlico Road, SW1W · Plantation Wharf, SW11 · Plough Road, SW11 · Poyntz Road, SW11 · Prince Of Wales Drive, SW11 · Radnor Walk, SW3 · Radstock Street, SW11 · Railway Arches, SW11 · Rainsome Dock, SW11 · Randall Close, SW11 · Ranelagh Grove, SW1W · Ransomes Dock, SW11 · Ransomes Mews Great Eastern Wharf, SW11 · Riverside Albert Wharf, SW11 · Rosenau Road, SW11 · Rowena Crescent, SW11 · Rowena Cresent, SW11 · Royal Hospital Road, SW3 · Searles Close, SW11 · Sheepcote Lane, SW11 · Sherwood Court, SW11 · Shuttleworth Road, SW11 · Smith Street, SW3 · Smith Terrace, SW3 · South Bank Business Centre, SW11 · Southbank Business Centre, SW11 · Spice Court, SW11 · Square Rigger Row, SW11 · St Barnabas Street, SW1W · St James Court, SW11 · Stanmer Street, SW11 · Strasburg Road, SW11 · Sunbury Lane, SW11 · Surrey Lane, SW11 · Tedworth Square, SW3 · Temple House, SW11 · Thames House, SW11 · The Court Yard Alexander Studios, SW11 · The Old Laundry Alexander Studios, SW11 · The Parkgate Road, SW11 · The Raven, SW11 · Thomas Baines Road, SW11 · Thorney Crescent, SW11 · Tite Street, SW3 · Tryon Street, SW3 · Turpin House, SW11 · Valiant House, SW11 · Vicarage Crescent, SW11 · Walpole Street, SW3 · Warriner Gardens, SW11 · Wellington Buildings, SW1W · Wellington Square, SW3 · Westbridge Road, SW11 · Whistlers Avenue, SW11 · William Blake House, SW11 · Winders Road, SW11 · Windward House, SW11 · Winstanley Estate, SW11 · Winstanley Road, SW11 · Woodfall Street, SW3 · Worfield Street, SW11 · Wye Street, SW11 · Wynter Street, SW11 · Yelverton Road, SW11 · York Mansions, SW11 · York Road, SW11 · York Road, SW18 ·


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