Ebury Farm

Farm in/near Belgravia, existing until 1801

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Farm · Belgravia · SW1W · Contributed by The Underground Map
FEBRUARY
15
2017
Boscobel Oaks, 1804

Ebury Farm was a simple marshy farm whose lands later became the richest real estate in London.

Ebury Farm covered 430 acres in total with its farmhouse laying just to the south of where Victoria coach station now stands.

Earlier, there was a manor called Eia in the Domesday survey but later known as Eye, from which Eybury or Ebury derives. The manor probably occupied the territory between the Roman road along the present course of Bayswater Road and Oxford Street on the north, the Thames on the south, the Westbourne river on the west, and the Tyburn on the east.

After the Norman Conquest Geoffrey de Mandeville obtained possession of the manor, one of many which he took in reward for his services in the Conqueror’s cause. Before the end of William’s reign de Mandeville had given the manor to the Abbey of Westminster and it remained in the Abbey’s ownership until 1536 when it was acquired by Henry VIII. During this long period two areas came to be distinguished from the main manor. The areas were Hyde in the north-west corner, now incorporated into Hyde Park, and Neyte or Neat(e) in the heart of the district later known as Pimlico.

The Neyte was formerly a manor house or grange of the Abbots of Westminster situated between the modern Warwick Way and Sutherland Row, and its site, together with some thirty-six acres to the south and east, was granted away separately by the Crown after 1536, and thus did not pass into the eventual ownership of the Grosvenor family.

The Manor of Hyde was enclosed into Hyde Park by Henry VIII, and he also added some land on the east to his new park, for fifteen acres called Tyburn Close and forty acres near Stonehill (apparently the north-eastern and south-eastern extremities of the park) were specifically excluded from subsequent leases and grants of Ebury manor.

In 1618, a lease for Ebury was bought for £4,760 by trustees acting for Sir Lionel Cranfield, the ambitious merchant who held several offices of state under James I and was later impeached for corruption.

In 1626, when his personal and financial fortunes were at a low point, Cranfield sold his interests in the manor and the additional lands for £9,400 to Hugh Audley, a clerk of the Court of Wards and Liveries who amassed a considerable fortune by lending money. Audley held the property until his death at an advanced age in 1662. During this long period he sold some small parcels of land and bought others which had probably once belonged to the manor, but when he died the estate he had purchased in 1626 was still virtually intact.

By a settlement made shortly before his death he left the bulk of the land to his great-nephew Alexander Davies and the detached part at Millbank (known as Market Meadows) to the latter’s brother Thomas Davies, who was Lord Mayor of London in 1676–7. After Audley’s death Thomas Davies sold his holding for £2,000 to his brother so that Alexander Davies possessed all of Audley’s former estate in the area.

Alexander Davies was a scrivener by profession and had worked for Audley. He decided to embark on speculative building on his new property and as the site chose Market Meadows at Millbank, which he had purchased from his brother. He let the land along the river front for building, reserving a large plot at the southern end as the site of a mansion for his own occupation. This was later called Peterborough House and then Grosvenor House when it became the principal London residence of the Grosvenor family in the first half of the eighteenth century.

In 1665, ’in the time of the … greate Sicknesse’ Alexander Davies died at the age of twenty-nine, leaving the speculation unfinished, his mansion half built, and an infant daughter less than six months old as his heir. This was the Mary Davies who was to marry Sir Thomas Grosvenor in 1677.

At the age of only twelve, Mary married Sir Thomas Grosvenor of Eaton in Cheshire. The marriage portion which the guardians of Mary Davies were able to offer the young Cheshire baronet Sir Thomas Grosvenor in 1677 consisted of some five hundred acres of land, mostly meadow and pasture. Not all of this was to be available in immediate possession and the income from the land was at that time relatively small, but its potential for future wealth was realised even then.

The most valuable of the inheritance was a vast holding, approximately one hundred acres in extent and sometimes called in early deeds The Hundred Acres, lying south of Oxford Street and east of Park Lane. With only minor exceptions this part of Mary Davies’s heritage has remained virtually intact to the present day and forms the Grosvenor estate in Mayfair. Some six or seven acres to the north of the modern Brick Street were sold to pay the debts of Alexander Davies, Mary Davies’s father, by Act of Parliament in 1675, and therefore did not pass to the Grosvenors.

In the process of time Mary Davies’s inheritance was developed for building, and the Grosvenors became the richest urban landlords in the country, the lustre of their name—for long synonymous with wealth and fashion—being gilded by successive advancements in the peerage, culminating in the dukedom of Westminster in 1874. Today the bulk of that inheritance is still, despite the sale of some of the less select parts, enjoyed by her descendants.

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noittyChuppop
noittyChuppop   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 13:08 GMT   
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1:1
Post by noittyChuppop: Piccadilly Theatre

Диета. Минус 12 кг за 2 недели. Не скажу, что слишком часто, но у нас, у женщин,такое бывает. Закружившись в круговерти земных пролем и забот, вдруг вспоминаем, что близится какое-то

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LDNnews
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Added: 17 Oct 2017 09:30 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
London weather: Storm Ophelia to blow more Saharan dust over capital as health warning issued
A health warning has been issued with Saharan dust that descended on London set to return later in the week.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/more-saharan-dust-to-descend-on-capital-as-health-warning-issued-a3660236.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Join the club! London's best clean-eating supper hangouts
From FODMAP-friendly menus to gluten-free dinners, these pop-ups cater for every diet

https://www.standard.co.uk/goingout/restaurants/join-the-club-londons-best-clean-eating-supper-hangouts-a3659401.html
LDNnews
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Added: 17 Oct 2017 03:30 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Parsons Green Tube station stabbing leaves one dead and two hurt
The incident is not being treated as terror-related, London Ambulance Service said.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-41644039
LDNnews
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Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:20 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
You may not like Jose Mourinho 'parking the bus', but Manchester United will finish above Liverpool
Jose Mourinho was slaughtered for parking the bus at Anfield.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/you-may-not-like-jose-mourinho-parking-the-bus-manchester-united-will-finish-above-liverpool-a3660006.html
Pauline jones
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Post by Pauline jones: Bessborough Place, SW1V

I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see there children playing, we use to call it the block as it was built in such a way

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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Hollyoaks actress Lysette Anthony claims she was raped by Harvey Weinstein in her Chelsea home
A British actress has claimed she was raped by Harvey Weinstein when the disgraced movie mogul turned up to her London home.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/hollyoaks-actress-lysette-anthony-claims-she-was-raped-by-harvey-weinstein-in-her-chelsea-home-a3658941.html
LDNnews
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Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
World Boxing Super Series: George Groves beats Jamie Cox with fourth-round knockout
WBA super-middleweight champion George Groves defeats Jamie Cox in the World Boxing Super Series quarter-final.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/boxing/41625200
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 21:20 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
Andy Carroll's style doesn't suit the 'soft' modern game, says former West Ham boss Sam Allardyce
Former West Ham manager Sam Allardyce fears that Andy Carroll's playing style 'doesn't suit what the referees want to do and what we want to see' in the modern game.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/andy-carroll-s-style-doesn-t-suit-the-soft-modern-game-says-former-west-ham-boss-sam-allardyce-a3659021.html
LDNnews
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Added: 15 Oct 2017 09:50 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Chelsea are a 'ghost side' of what they were and their title hopes are over, says former Manchester City star
Former Manchester City winger Steve McManaman says that Chelsea cannot afford to lose another Premier League match this season, and feels their title chances are over.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea-are-a-ghost-side-of-what-they-were-and-their-title-hopes-are-over-says-former-manchester-a3658971.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 02:20 GMT   
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1:11
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Britney Spears paints along to classical soundtrack in bizarre Instagam video
Britney Spears has showed off her art skills in a bizarre video showing the scantily clad singer painting in her garden.

https://www.standard.co.uk/home/standard-showbiz/britney-spears-paints-along-to-classical-soundtrack-in-bizarre-instagam-video-a3658806.html
LDNnews
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Added: 14 Oct 2017 20:10 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
'Scandalous!' - Arsene Wenger slams penalty as Arsenal lose at Watford
Arsene Wenger has described referee Neil Swarbrick's decision to award Watford a second-half penalty 'scandalous' after their 2-1 Premier League defeat at Vicarage Road.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/arsene-wenger-slams-scandalous-penalty-decision-as-arsenal-lose-at-watford-a3658876.html
LDNnews
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Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
16 rapists among hundreds of London sex offenders let off with a caution
Hundreds of sex offenders, including rapists, are escaping with "a slap on the wrist" by simply being cautioned for their crimes, the Standard has learned.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/16-rapists-among-hundreds-of-london-sex-offenders-let-off-with-a-caution-a3657781.html
LDNnews
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Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
British couple jailed for faking holiday sickness claims in landmark case
A couple have been jailed for making fake holiday sickness claims in a landmark case.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/british-couple-jailed-for-faking-holiday-sickness-claims-in-landmark-case-a3658491.html
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Post by LDNnews: Green Park
First picture of 'incredibly warm and kind' teacher Charlotte Landi killed near Chelsea Bridge as she cycled to work
Tributes have been paid to a teacher who died after being struck by a lorry near Chelsea Bridge as she cycled to work.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/first-picture-of-incredibly-warm-and-kind-teacher-charlotte-landi-killed-as-she-cycled-to-work-a3657706.html
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Added: 17 Oct 2017 21:00 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: Elverson Road
Woman was ’punched and spat at’ in road-rage attack in Welling
A woman has claimed she was the victim of a brutal road rage assault in Welling where she was punched and had her hair pulled.

http://www.newsshopper.co.uk/news/15602007.Woman_was__punched_and_spat_at__in_road_rage_attack_in_Welling/?ref=rss
VIEW THE BELGRAVIA AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE BELGRAVIA AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE BELGRAVIA AREA IN THE 1830s
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VIEW THE BELGRAVIA AREA IN THE 1860s
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VIEW THE BELGRAVIA AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Westminster

Westminster - heart of government.

Westminster lies on the north bank of the River Thames, southwest of the City of London. It has a large concentration of London's historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the Westminster System, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The term Westminster Village, sometimes used in the context of British politics, does not refer to a geographical area at all; employed especially in the phrase Westminster Village gossip, it denotes a supposedly close social circle of Members of Parliament, political journalists, so-called spin doctors and others connected to events in the Palace of Westminster.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret's church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.









LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Victoria:   The railways largely replaced the canals as a means of transport. Uniquely for a main line station, Victoria station was built on top of one.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alderney Street, SW1V · Ann’s Close, SW1X · Belgrave Mews North, SW1X · Belgrave Mews South, SW1X · Belgrave Place, SW1X · Belgrave Square, SW1X · Bloomfield Terrace, SW1W · Bourne Street, SW1W · Buckingham Palace Road, SW1A · Buckingham Palace Road, SW1E · Buckingham Palace Road, SW1V · Buckingham Palace Road, SW1W · Buckingham Palace, SW1W · Buckland House, SW1V · Bulleid Way, SW1W · Bunhouse Place, SW1W · Burton Mews, SW1W · Cambridge Street, SW1V · Cavalry Square, SW1W · Chelsea Bridge Road, SW1W · Chelsea Bridge, SW1W · Chelsea Embankment, SW1W · Chesham Close, SW1X · Chesham Street, SW1X · Chester Close, SW1X · Chester Close, W1M · Chester Row, SW1W · Chester Square Mews, SW1W · Chester Square, SW1W · Chester Street, SW1X · Cheylesmore House, SW1W · Colonnade Walk, SW1W · Conduit Street, SW1W · Cumberland Street, SW1V · Denbigh Place, SW1V · Dove Walk, SW1W · Duke of York Square, SW1W · Duplex Ride, SW1X · East Concourse, SW1V · Eaton Mews North, SW1X · Eaton Mews South, SW1W · Eaton Mews West, SW1W · Eaton Place, SW1X · Eaton Square, SW1W · Eaton Terrace, SW1W · Ebury Bridge Road, SW1W · Ebury Bridge, SW1V · Ebury Bridge, SW1W · Ebury Mews, SW1W · Ebury Square, SW1W · Ebury Street, SW1W · Ebury Strreet, SW1W · Eccleston Bridge, SW1V · Eccleston Bridge, SW1W · Eccleston Place, SW1W · Eccleston Square, SW1V · Eccleston Street, SW1W · Elizabeth Bridge, SW1V · Elizabeth Street, SW1W · Fountain Square, SW1W · Gatliff Road, SW1W · Gloucester Street, SW1V · Graham Terrace, SW1W · Grosvenor Road, SW1W · Halkin Arcade, SW1X · Holbein Mews, SW1W · Holbein Place, SW1W · Hugh Street, SW1V · Kings Road, SW1W · Kinnerton Place South, SW1X · Kinnerton Street, SW1X · Kinnerton Yard, SW1X · Knightsbridge, SW1X · Lower Belgrave Street, SW1W · Lower Sloane Street, SW1W · Lyall Mews West, SW1X · Lyall Mews, SW1X · Main Concourse, SW1V · Montrose Place, SW1X · Motcomb Street, SW1X · Mozart Terrace, SW1W · Ormonde Place, SW1W · Park Mansions, SW1X · Park Towers Hotel, SW1X · Passmore Street, SW1W · Peabody Avenue, SW1V · Peabody Avenue, SW1W · Phipps Mews, SW1W · Pimilco Walk, N1 · Pimlico Road, SW1W · Ranelagh Grove, SW1W · Roberts Mews, SW1X · Sedding Street, SW1W · Sedding Street, SW1X · Semley Place, SW1W · Sloane Court East, SW1W · Sloane Gardens, SW1W · Sloane Square, SW1W · South Eaton Place, SW1W · St Barnabas Mews, SW1W · St Barnabas Street, SW1W · Studio Place, SW1X · Sussex Street, SW1V · Sutherland Street, SW1V · Terminus Place, SW1 · Terminus Place, SW1W · Tintern House, SW1V · Turpentine Lane, SW1V · Upper Belgrave Street, SW1X · Victoria Place, SW1W · Victoria Walk, E3 · Walden House, SW1W · Wellington Buildings, SW1W · West Eaton Place Mews, SW1X · West Eaton Place, SW1X · West Halkin Street, SW1X · Westmoreland Terrace, SW1V · Whittaker Street, SW1W · William Street, SW1X · Wilton Crescent, SW1X · Wilton Cresent, SW1X · Wilton Row, SW1X · Wilton Terrace, SW1X · Winchester Street, SW1V ·


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Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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