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Pub/bar/cafe · Euston · NW1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
APRIL
4
2017
The March Of The Guards To Finchley - outside the Adam and Eve Tea Rooms.
Credit: William Hogarth

The Adam and Eve Tearooms were a fashionable Georgian watering hole.

The Adam and Eve Tearooms existed at least as early as 1718 on the site of the manor house at the northern end of Tottenham Court Road. In the 18th century it had a long room with an organ, bowling alleys and extensive gardens with arbours for tea drinking. It was famous for its quiet orchards of wild fruit trees and its location beside the toll booth for the Hampstead Road turnpike going north helped trade no end.

William Hone, in his Yearbook (1832), remembered the Adam and Eve “with spacious gardens at the side and in the rear, a fore-court with large timber trees, and tables and benches for out-door customers.” He speaks of the bowers and arbours for tea-drinking parties in the garden. The name of the inn goes back to 1718 and it is to be seen in Hogarth’s March of the Guards to Finchley in 1745 and it may be this inn to which George Wither, in Britain’s Remembrancer (1628), refers when he speaks of people resorting to Tottenham Court for cakes and cream.

On 13 May 1785 Vincenzo Lunardi, the balloonist, took off from the Honourable Artillery Company ground on his maiden flight and descended here within 20 minutes. ‘He was immediately surrounded by great numbers of the populace and though he proposed reascending they were not to be dissuaded from bearing him in triumph on their shoulders.’

Towards the end of the 18th century the gardens became hemmed in with houses and were frequented by criminals and prostitutes. In the early 19th century they were shut by the magistrates. They were reopened as a tavern in 1813.

The following is taken from “The History of the United Parishes of St Giles In The Fields by “Rowland Dobie” (1834):
These premises are at the corner of the Hampstead Road, and the New Road to Paddington, which is the site of the old manor house of Toten Hall. This was a lordship belonging to the deans of St. Paul’s Cathedral at the time of the Norman conquest. In 1560 it demised to the crown, and has always since been held on lease. In 1768 the manor vested in Lord Southampton, whose heirs pay an annuity, in lieu of a reserved rent, to the prebendary of Tottenham. Contiguous to the Adam and Eve, and near the reservoir of the New River Company, in the Hampstead road, there was lately standing an ancient house, called, in various old records, King John’s Palace. The Adam and Eve is now denominated a coffee-house, and that part which has been built of late years, and fronts the Paddington New road, with the sign board at the top corner, is used for tavern purposes, and connects with the older part of the building; the entrance to which is through the gateway with the lamp over it, in the Hampstead road. Within alone, with spacious gardens in the rear and at the sides, and a fore-court with large timber trees, and tables and benches for out-of-door customers. In the gardens were fruit-trees, and bowers, and arbours, for tea-drinking parties. In the rear there were not any houses; now there is a town.

At that time the “Adam and Eve Tea Gardens” were resorted to by thousands, as the end of a short walk into the country; and the trees were allowed to grow and expand naturally, unrestricted by art or fashion, which then were unknown to many such places as this, and others in the vicinage of London. At that time, too, there was only one Paddington stage. It was driven by the proprietor, or, rather, tediously dragged, along the clayey road from Paddington to the city, in the morning, and performed its journey in about two hours and a-half. It returned to Paddington in the evening, within three hours from its leaving the city; this was deemed “fair time,” considering the necessity for precaution against accidents of “night travelling!”

The Adam & Eve Tea Rooms would, on a modern map, be located at the north west corner of the junction of the Hampstead Road/Tottenham Court Road and the Euston Road. Later, Capital Radio’s Euston Tower was situated on the spot.

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VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

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Euston

London Euston is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line - serving Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow.

Euston was the first inter-city railway station in London. It opened on 20 July 1837 as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway.

The site was selected in the early 1830s by George and Robert Stephenson, engineers of the London and Birmingham Railway. The area was then mostly farmland at the edge of the expanding city of London. The station was named after Euston Hall in Suffolk, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Grafton, who were the main landowners in the area.

Objections to the station by local farmers meant that, when the Act authorising construction of the line was passed in 1833, the terminus was relocated to Chalk Farm. However, these objections were overcome, and in 1835 an Act authorising construction of the station at its originally planned site was passed, and construction went ahead.

The original station was built by William Cubitt. It was designed by the classically trained architect Philip Hardwick and initially it had only two platforms, one for departures and one for arrivals. Also designed by Hardwick was a 72 foot-high Doric propylaeum, the largest ever built, erected at the entrance as a portico and which became known as the Euston Arch.

The station grew rapidly over the following years as traffic increased. It was greatly expanded in the 1840s, with the opening in 1849 of the spectacular Great Hall, designed by Hardwick's son Philip Charles Hardwick in classical style.

In the early 1960s it was decided that a larger station was required. Because of the restricted layout of track and tunnels at the northern end, enlargement could be accomplished only by expanding southwards over the area occupied by the Great Hall and the Arch. Amid much public outcry, the station building including the Arch was demolished in 1961-2 and replaced by a new building. Its opening in 1968 followed the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.

A few remnants of the older station remain: two Portland stone entrance lodges and a war memorial. A statue of Robert Stephenson by Carlo Marochetti, previously in the old ticket hall, stands in the forecourt.

On 12 May 1907 the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Bank branch of the Northern Line) opened a station at Euston as the terminus of a new extension from its existing station at Angel.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Euston:   London Euston is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line - serving Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow.
Euston Square:   Euston Square is a London Underground station near Euston station, at the corner of Euston Road and Gower Street, just north of University College London.
Fitzrovia:   Fitzrovia is the area lying to the west of Tottenham Court Road.
Goodge Street:   Goodge Street station on London Underground's Northern Line, opened on 22 June 1907.
Scala Theatre:   Scala Theatre was a theatre in London, sited on Charlotte Street, off Tottenham Court Road. The first theatre on the site opened in 1772, and was demolished in 1969, after being destroyed by fire.
Warren Street:   Warren Street tube station is a London Underground station, located at the intersection of Tottenham Court Road and Euston Road. It is the nearest tube station to University College Hospital, being opposite the newly opened main building. It is also very close to Euston Square station.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Fairyland:   During the period leading up to and during the First World War, 92 Tottenham Court Road was the location of a shooting range called Fairyland.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alfred Mews, WC1E · Bolsover Street, W1W · BT Tower · Capper Street, WC1E · Carburton Street, W1W · Cardington Street, NW1 · Charlotte Mews, W1T · Chenies Mews, WC1E · Chitty Street, W1T · Clarence Gardens, NW1 · Cleveland Street, W1T · Cleveland Street, W1W · Clipstone Mews, W1T · Clipstone Street, W1W · Coach Road, NW1 · Cobourg Street, NW1 · Collingwood House, W1W · Conway Mews, W1T · Conway Street, W1T · Cumberland Market, NW1 · Doric Way, NW1 · Drummond Street, NW1 · Euston Centre, NW1 · Euston Road, W1T · Euston Street, NW1 · Euston Tower · Everton Buildings, NW1 · First Floor, W1T · Fitzroy Court, W1T · Fitzroy Mews, W1T · Fitzroy Square, W1T · Foundry Mews, NW1 · George Mews, NW1 · Goodge Street, W1T · Gordon Mansions, WC1E · Gower Place, WC1E · Grafton Mews, W1T · Grafton Place, NW1 · Grafton Way, W1T · Grafton Way, WC1E · Greenwell Street, W1T · Greenwell Street, W1W · Hampstead Road, NW1 · Hanson Street, W1W · Howland Street, W1T · Huntley Street, WC1E · Laxton Place, NW1 · Little Albany Street, NW1 · Longford Street, NW1 · Maple Street, W1T · Melton Street, NW1 · Midford Place, W1T · Mortimer Market, W1T · Munster Square, NW1 · Nash Street, NW1 · Netley Street, NW1 · New Cavendish Street, W1W · North Cloisters, WC1E · North Gower Street, NW1 · Osnaburgh Street, NW1 · Peto Place, NW1 · Prince Of Wales Passage, NW1 · Prince Regent Mews, NW1 · Queen’s Yard, W1T · Robert Street, NW1 · Scala Street, W1T · St Annes, NW1 · St Mary Magdalene Church, NW1 · Stanhope Parade, NW1 · Stanhope Street, NW1 · Starcross Street, NW1 · Stephenson Way, NW1 · Tolmers Square, NW1 · Tottenham Street, W1T · Triton Square, NW1 · Triton Street, NW1 · University Street, WC1E · Varndell Street, NW1 · Warren Court, NW1 · Warren Mews, W1T · Warren Street, W1T · Whitfield Place, W1T · Whitfield Street, W1T · William Road, NW1 ·


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Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
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John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
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