Friern Hospital

Hospital in/near Friern Barnet, existed between 1851 and 1993

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Hospital · Friern Barnet · N11 · Contributed by The Underground Map
Friern Hospital (2017)
Credit: Philafrenzy

Friern Hospital (formerly Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum) was a psychiatric hospital.

The building of Friern Hospital was commissioned by the Middlesex Court of Magistrates, as the Second Middlesex County Asylum. The architect was Samuel Daukes, whose Italianate corridor-plan design was based on the advice of John Conolly, the superintendent of the First Middlesex County Asylum. The foundation stone was laid by the Prince Consort in 1849, and the building was completed in November 1850. The cost of building had been estimated at £150,000, but the final cost actually proved to be £300,000, making it the most expensive asylum ever built, at £240 per bed. The estate had its own water supply, a chapel, cemetery and a 75-acre farm estate. It also had a gasworks, brewery, and an aviary where canaries were bred.

The hospital was built as the Second Middlesex County Asylum. After the County of London was created in 1889 it continued to served much of Middlesex and of the newer county, London. During much of this time its smaller prototype Hanwell Asylum also operated.

At its height Colney Hatch was home to 2,500 mental patients and had the longest corridor in Britain (It would take a visitor more than two hours to walk the wards). For much of the 20th century, its name was synonymous among Londoners with any mental institution.

In the early 21st century it was converted to residential housing as Princess Park Manor and Friern Village.

Source: Friern Hospital - Wikipedia

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


Friern Barnet

Friern Barnet is located at the intersection of Colney Hatch Lane (running north and south), Woodhouse Road (taking westbound traffic towards North Finchley) and Friern Barnet Road (leading east towards New Southgate).

Friern Barnet was an ancient parish in the Finsbury division of Ossulstone hundred, in the county of Middlesex.

The area was originally considered to be part of Barnet, most of which was in Hertfordshire. By the 13th century the Middlesex section of Barnet was known as Little Barnet, before becoming Frerenbarnet and then Friern Barnet (sometimes spelt in other ways, such as "Fryern Barnett"). The "Friern" part of the parish’s name derives from the French for "brother" and refers to the medieval lordship of the Brotherhood or Knights of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem.

The opening of railway stations on the Great Northern and Metropolitan Railways, in the mid-19th century, prompted some development.

But Friern Barnet parish remained largely rural until after the First World War. The building of Colney Hatch asylum in 1851 helped to cut off the area to the south, and the location of railways caused the edges of the parish to be built up first.

In 1883 the most populous and prosperous district was that of All Saints’, Whetstone. Most of the population lived in the Freehold, Avenue, and Holly Park districts, which had grown up around Colney Hatch.

The working-class Freehold, so-called in the late 19th century when the original ownership of the land had been forgotten, lay south of Bounds Green brook and east of Colney Hatch Lane. The Avenue was a similar area north-east of Colney Hatch, in the angle between Oakleigh Road South and Friern Barnet Road and separated by the railway from Holly Park, to the west. Relative densities of population were altered by building in the central and northern parts of the parish after 1920. More than ten per cent of the land was still open as late as 1975, most of it in the southern part.

Friern Barnet became part of the London Borough of Barnet in 1965.

All Saints’ CofE Primary School:   All Saints’ Primary is a voluntary-aided mixed school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Coppetts Wood Primary School and Children’s Centre:   Coppetts Wood Primary School and Children’s Centre opened in 2008.
Dwight School London:   Dwight London is a mixed independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 18.
Friern Barnet:   Friern Barnet is located at the intersection of Colney Hatch Lane (running north and south), Woodhouse Road (taking westbound traffic towards North Finchley) and Friern Barnet Road (leading east towards New Southgate).
Friern Barnet School:   Friern Barnet School is a mixed comprehensive community school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16.
Halliwick Manor House:   Halliwick Manor House and its grounds stood south of the junction of Colney Hatch Lane and Woodhouse Road.
Hollickwood Primary School:   Hollickwood Primary School is a mixed foundation school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Holly Park Primary School:   Holly Park is a mixed community primary school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Joint Road, N10:   Joint Road is the northeast entrance into the St Pancras and Islington Cemetery.
Muswell Hill Farm:   Muswell Hill Farm lay on the east side of the road south of the junction with Pembroke Road.
St Andrew the Apostle Greek Orthodox School:   St Andrew the Apostle Greek Orthodox School is a mixed comprehensive which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19.
St John’s CofE Junior Mixed and Infant School:   St John’s CofE Junior Mixed and Infant School is a mixed voluntary-aided school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Paul’s CofE Primary School:   St Paul’s is a voluntary-aided primary school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
The Compton School:   The Compton School is a mixed academy converter comprehensive secondary which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18.

Agnesfield Close, N12 · Albion Avenue, N10 · Alexandra Road, N10 · Alma Road, N10 · Arncliffe Close, N11 · Asher Loftus Way, N11 · Atlas Road, N11 · Audley Close, N10 · Balmoral Avenue, N11 · Barnard Hill, N10 · Baron Close, N11 · Beaconsfield Close, N11 · Beaconsfield Road, N11 · Bedford Close, N10 · Bellevue Mews, N11 · Bellevue Road, N11 · Benfleet Court, E8 · Benfleet Way, N11 · Bethune Avenue, N11 · Bobby Moore Way, N10 · Brunswick Avenue, N11 · Brunswick Crescent, N11 · Brunswick Grove, N11 · Brunswick Park Road, N11 · Brunswick Way, N11 · Cambridge Gardens, N10 · Carlisle Place, N11 · Carlton Road, N11 · Catterick Close, N11 · Cheddar Close, N11 · Colebrook Way, N11 · Colney Hatch Lane, N10 · Colney Hatch Lane, N11 · Coppetts Close, N12 · Coppetts Road, N10 · Coppetts Wood Avenue, N11 · Coppetts Wood Avenue, N12 · Coppies Grove, N11 · Coverdale Road, N11 · Cranbrook Lane, N11 · Crescent Road, N11 · Cromwell Road, N10 · Crown Road, N10 · Darwin Close, N11 · Deepdale Close, N11 · Duchess Close, N11 · Dudrich Close, N11 · Earl Close, N11 · East Crescent, N11 · Elm Way, N11 · Fairfax Way, N10 · Falkland Avenue, N11 · Fallowfields Drive, N12 · Ferncroft Avenue, N12 · Firs Avenue, N11 · Friern Barnet Lane, N11 · Friern Barnet Road, N11 · George Crescent, N10 · Glenthorne Road, N11 · Goldsmith Road, N11 · Goodwyn’s Vale, N10 · Grasmere Road, N10 · Grassington Close, N11 · Greenway Close, N11 · Grosvenor Road, N22 · Grove Road, N11 · Haldane Close, N10 · Halliwick Road, N10 · Halton Close, N11 · Hampden Road, N10 · Hampden Way, N11 · Hartland Road, N11 · Harwood Close, N12 · Hatley Close, N11 · Hawthornden Close, N12 · Haynes Close, N11 · Hemington Avenue, N11 · High Ridge, N10 · High Road, N11 · Hillside Avenue, N11 · Hollickwood Avenue, N12 · Holly Park Road, N11 · Hollyfield Avenue, N11 · Hopkins Close, N10 · Horsham Avenue, N12 · Ireton Close, N10 · Kennard Road, N11 · Kensington Close, N11 · Kettlewell Close, N11 · Laburnum Close, N11 · Larch Close, N11 · Leadbeaters Close, N11 · Legion Way, N12 · Link Road, N11 · Lyndhurst Avenue, N12 · Macdonald Road, N11 · Marne Avenue, N11 · Marshall Close, N11 · Martins Walk, N10 · Martins Walk, N8 · Martock Gardens, N11 · Massey Close, N11 · Melbourne Court, N10 · Newton Avenue, N10 · North Circular Road, N10 · North Circular Road, N12 · Oak Avenue, N10 · Oakleigh Close, N11 · Oakleigh Road North, N11 · Oakleigh Road South, N11 · Orion Road, N10 · Otley Court, N11 · Park View Crescent, N11 · Park Way, N11 · Parkhurst Road, N11 · Parkwood Flats, N11 · Pegasus Way, N11 · Pembroke Mews, N10 · Pembroke Road, N10 · Pert Close, N10 · Pickering Gardens, N11 · Pinkham Way, N10 · Pinkham Way, N11 · Pinkham Way, N12 · Pond Close, N12 · Poplar Grove, N11 · Porters Way, N12 · Princess Park Manor, N11 · Queen’s Parade Close, N11 · Radstock Close, N11 · Ramsden Road, N11 · Regal Drive, N11 · Ribblesdale Avenue, N11 · Roman Road, N10 · Royal Drive, N11 · Shapwick Close, N11 · Short Way, N12 · Silver Birch Close, N11 · Skipton Close, N11 · Sparkford Gardens, N11 · Spencer Road, N11 · St John Cottages, N12 · St Johns Villas, N11 · Stanford Road, N11 · Station Road, N11 · Summerfields Avenue, N12 · Summers Row, N12 · Sunny Way, N12 · Sutton Road, N10 · Swan Lane, N20 · Sycamore Hill, N11 · Sydney Road, N10 · Tash Place, N11 · The Avenue, N11 · The Broadway, N11 · The Crescent, N11 · The Ridgeway, N11 · The Vale, N10 · Thirlmere Road, N10 · Thurlestone Avenue, N12 · Torrington Park, N11 · Trott Road, N10 · Viscount Close, N11 · Wensley Close, N11 · Wetherill Road, N10 · Wharfdale Close, N11 · Whetstone Close, N20 · Whitmore Close, N11 · Wilton Road, N10 · Windermere Road, N10 · Winterburn Close, N11 · Woodland Road, N11 · Woodleigh Avenue, N12 ·
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