The Boltons

The Boltons name derives from William Boulton who bought land in the area in 1795.

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
54.83.93.85 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Article · Chelsea · SW10 · Contributed by The Underground Map
MARCH
21
2017


The Boltons name derives from William Boulton who bought land in the area in 1795.

In 1807, William Boulton sold the land between the Old Brompton Road and the Fulham Road to the confec­tioner James Gunter, who as a result of this and other acquis­itions became the dominant landowner in this part of Kensington, which then consisted mostly of market gardens and nurseries.

In 1819 and his son Robert Gunter inherited the estate and began to lease parcels of land for house­building. After Robert Gunter’s death in 1852 his sons Robert and James continued the process.

By the end of the 1840s several minor mansions stood along the local section of the Old Brompton Road (but set so far back from that road that sizeable houses could later be built in their front gardens), including the extant Osborn House, and to its east Bladen (or Bladon) Lodge and the neo-​​Greek Sidmouth Lodge – which was named, it is thought, after its first occupant’s home town.

South of those lodges George Godwin junior, architect and editor of The Builder magazine, laid out the vesica piscis (pointed oval) of the Boltons in 1849 and soon afterwards built the central church of St Mary, West Brompton (now St Mary, The Boltons) and then the houses on the east side.

The unusually aisleless, cruciform St Mary’s was consecrated on 22 October 1850 and its spire was added in 1854. The interior was rearranged in 1872 and again in 1952. A two-​​storey church hall was attached in 1965–6. The gardens north and south of the church are only accessible to residents of the Boltons. However, the Boltons Gardens Enclosure, which immediately surrounds the church, is open to everyone.

Godwin built the houses on the west side in 1857–60, after which devel­opment rapidly spread westward, beginning with the Little Boltons and ultimately extending to the edge of Brompton cemetery.

The Boltons’ stuccoed Italianate mansions verge on the palatial, are rich in ornamental detail and are all now grade II listed. It has been suggested that the difficult economic circum­stances of the time prompted the decision to build such luxurious residences, because the very wealthy were less likely to have been adversely affected by the downturn.

Sidmouth Lodge was demolished in 1937 to make way for the Frobisher (later Earls Court) telephone exchange. This has since been replaced by three 21st-​​century houses on Boltons Place (which was originally the northern section of Gilston Road). These were designed in a style that harmonises impressively with the neigh­bouring properties and one has since been sold for over £50m.

The highly regarded Bousfield primary school opened in 1956. It was built mainly on the site of Bladen Lodge, which had been bombed in the war. The school’s grade II listed buildings were designed by Chamberlin, Powell and Bon – the partnership best known for its work on the Barbican.

Some of the locality’s houses were converted to flats while others were adapted for commercial or insti­tu­tional use. For much of the 20th century, numbers 20 and 21 The Boltons served as Our Lady’s convent, which was run by the Franciscan missionaries of Mary, together with a girls’ hostel next door. However, many properties have retained, or been returned to, their original purpose – that of single family houses – more than have buildings of similar size in most other parts of London.

Past residents of the Boltons include the lyricist WS Gilbert, the ‘Swedish Nightingale’ Jenny Lind and the film star Douglas Fairbanks Jr, who once had the Queen and Prince Philip over for dinner. The children’s writer Beatrix Potter lived with her parents at 2 Bolton Gardens from her birth until her marriage in 1913, when she moved to the Lake District.

Source: Hidden London



Add your own contribution to The Boltons.
Ensure that contributions are kept civilised and are not abusive.
We store your comment's IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to The Boltons:
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image
You can completely dispense with this CAPTCHA palava by logging onto our Facebook app.
Contribution type:
 

If you authorise our The Undeground Map Facebook app by clicking the Facebook logo at the top right of the screen, you can add stories, photos and more to this location.
Note that the Undeground Map Facebook app does not post to Facebook on your behalf.
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Jan 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:1:41271
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Tottenham 'open' to January signings but transfer strategy unchanged despite Harry Kane and Dele Alli injuries
January Window LIVE | Stay on top of the latest news and rumours in our transfer blog

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/tottenham-open-to-january-signings-but-transfer-strategy-unchanged-despite-harry-kane-and-dele-alli-a4046916.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Jan 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:2:41271
Post by LDNnews: Parsons Green
Santander to close Morden branch as rise in online banking blamed

Santander is to close 140 branches in the UK, including one in Morden.


https://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/news/17378791.santander-to-close-morden-branch-as-rise-in-online-banking-blamed/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Jan 2019 16:30 GMT   
IP:
3:3:41271
Post by LDNnews: Earls Court
Brexit news latest: Jeremy Corbyn backs plans for vote to force second EU referendum
Jeremy Corbyn has endorsed a plan for MPs to vote on whether a second Brexit referendum should be held.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/brexit-news-latest-jeremy-corbyn-backs-plans-to-force-second-eu-referendum-a4045166.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Jan 2019 12:20 GMT   
IP:
3:4:41271
Post by LDNnews: Parsons Green
David Schwimmer ’lookalike’ arrested in Wimbledon during theft probe
Police have arrested a "lookalike" of Friends star David Schwimmer, who failed to attend court before Christmas.

https://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/news/17373792.david-schwimmer-lookalike-arrested-in-wimbledon-during-theft-probe/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Jan 2019 05:30 GMT   
IP:
3:5:41271
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Brexit protests: Testing the atmosphere on College Green
Justin Rowlatt gets in among the protesters on both sides of the Brexit debate.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-46928095

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Jan 2019 16:27 GMT   
IP:
3:6:41271
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
Aubrey House
Aubrey House is a large 18th-century detached house with two acres of gardens in the Campden Hill area of Holland Park.

http://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=5531

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Jan 2019 15:30 GMT   
IP:
3:7:41271
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Scott McTominay signs new long-term Man Utd contract
Scott McTominay has signed a new contract at Manchester United until 2023, the club have confirmed.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/manchesterunited/man-utd-news-scott-mctominay-signs-new-long-term-contract-a4044811.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Jan 2019 14:30 GMT   
IP:
3:8:41271
Post by LDNnews: Parsons Green
Merton therapist says why she thinks January 21 is the most depressing day of the year
Merton therapist says why she thinks January 21 is the most depressing day of the year

https://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/news/17373277.merton-therapist-says-why-she-thinks-january-21-is-the-most-depressing-day-of-the-year/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Jan 2019 15:20 GMT   
IP:
3:9:41271
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Huddersfield vs Man City LIVE: Premier League commentary stream, line-ups, TV channel, score prediction
Huddersfield begin life without David Wagner today as they host champions Man City.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/huddersfield-vs-man-city-live-premier-league-commentary-stream-lineups-tv-score-prediction-a4043891.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Jan 2019 16:27 GMT   
IP:
3:10:41271
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
Coleherne House
Coleherne House once stood on the corner of Brompton Lane (later Brompton Road) and Walnut Tree Lane (now Redcliffe Gardens).

http://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=3264

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Jan 2019 14:30 GMT   
IP:
3:11:41271
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
EPL table, fixtures, results, latest scores and Premier League live games on TV - gameweek 23
Gameweek 23 of the 2018-19 Premier League season is here, with some huge London derbies awaiting us this weekend.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/premier-league-epl-table-fixtures-results-latest-scores-live-games-tv-gameweek-23-a4043571.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Jan 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:12:41271
Post by LDNnews: Parsons Green
Dame June Whitfield laid to rest in ’touching beyond words’ funeral

Absolutely Fabulous actress Joanna Lumley said she had to "mop up" her make-up after shedding tears at the "touching" funeral of her co-star Dame June Whitfield.


https://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/news/17369132.dame-june-whitfield-laid-to-rest-in-touching-beyond-words-funeral/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jan 2019 18:40 GMT   
IP:
3:13:41271
Post by LDNnews: Earls Court
What time is Boris Johnson's speech on Brexit today?
Follow our live blog for all the latest Brexit updates

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/what-time-is-boris-johnsons-speech-on-brexit-today-a4042391.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jan 2019 15:20 GMT   
IP:
3:14:41271
Post by LDNnews: Parsons Green
Prince Philip crash prompts warning to drivers about being dazzled by the sun
Elderly Prince Philip crashed his car after, according to a witness who overheard him talking to police, he was dazzled by the sun.

https://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/news/17367789.prince-philip-crash-warning-to-drivers-about-suns-glare/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Jan 2019 07:40 GMT   
IP:
3:15:41271
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Brexit news latest: Iain Duncan Smith makes 'rock star' entrance at Leave Means Leave rally
This is the moment leading Brexiteer Iain Duncan Smith makes a "rock star" entrance at a pro-Brexit rally.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/brexit-news-latest-bizarre-moment-iain-duncan-smith-makes-rock-star-entrance-at-leave-means-leave-a4042216.html

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Chelsea

Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.

OTHER LOCATIONS NEAR HERE
Adrian Mews · Albert Bridge · Alpha Place · Althea Street · Ambassador’s Court · Ann Lane · Ashburnham Community School · Ashcombe Street · Bailey’s Hotel · Battersea Bridge · Battersea Bridge · Beaufort Street · Beaufort Street · Bolton Gardens Mews · Boltons Place · Bousfield Primary School · Bramerton Street · Bridges Court Road · Brompton · Bull’s Gardens · Burton Court · Byam Street · Bywater Street · Cadogan Gate S.W 1 · Callow Street · Cameron House School · Carlyle Square · Carmichael Close · Cathcart Road · Cavalry Square · Caversham Street · Chapel Walk · Charles II Place · Chelsea · Chelsea Community Hospital School · Chelsea Academy · Chelsea Bridge · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Manor Gardens · Chelsea Open Air Nursery School · Chelsea Square · Cheyne Children’s Centre · Cheyne Mews · Cheyne Walk · Christ Church CofE Primary School · Circle n6 · Clover Mews · Colbeck Mews · Coleherne House · Coleherne Mews · Collingham · Courtfield Gardens · Courtyard AP Academy · Cremorne Gardens · Cresswell Gardens · Cresswell Gardens · Damer Terrace · Danube Street · Danvers Street · De Morgan Road · Donne Place · Dove Mews · Draycott Terrace · Dudmaston Mews · Eagle Place · East Road · East Road · East Terrace · Ebury Bridge Road · Edith Terrace · Egerton Crescent · Elm Park Lane · Elm Park Road · Elm Place · Elswick Street · Embankment Gardens · Evelyn Gardens · Falkner House · Farrier Walk · Foulis Terrace · Franklins Row · Frederick Hugh House · Garden House School · Gatliff Road · Gledhow Gardens · Glenrosa Street · Gloucester Road · Goodwin’s Field · Grosvenor Road · Grove Cottages · Gurney Road · Hamble Street · Harcourt Terrace · Hasker Street · Hereford Square · Hilary Close · Hill House International Junior School · Holly Mews · Hollywood Mews · Holmead Road · Imperial Crescent · Imperial Crescent · Institute of Cancer Research · Justice Walk · Kensington and Chelsea College · Kilkie Street · King’s Road · King’s Road · Knightsbridge School · L’Ecole des Petits School · Langford Primary School · Langford Road · Laverton Place · Lennox Gardens Mews · Limerston Street · Lindrop Street · Lordship Place · Lots Road · Marlborough Primary School · Marlborough Street · Milborne Grove · Milmans Street · Moore Street · Moravian Place · Mulberry Walk · Old Brompton Road · Oratory Roman Catholic Primary School · Ormonde Gate · Owen Close · Park Walk Primary School · Park Walk · Paultons Street · Pearscroft Court · Petyt Place · Petyward · Pont Street Mews · Priory Walk · Querrin Street · Ralston Street · Ramsay Mews · Ranelagh Gardens · Ray’s Playhouse Ltd. · Redburn Street · Redcliffe Gardens · Redcliffe Mews · Redcliffe Road · Redcliffe School · Redcliffe Square · Rich Lane · Riley Street · Rosemoor Street · Royal Avenue · Saint Thomas More Language College · Sands End · Servite RC Primary School · Seymour Walk · Shawfield Street · Slaidburn Street · Sloane Court West · South Parade · South Walk · Sprimont Place · St Catherine’s Mews · St Philip’s School · St. Leonard’s Terrace · St. Loo Avenue · Stamford Gate · Stanhope Mews South · Sussex House School · Swan Walk · Tadema Road · Tedworth Gardens · Terrace Walk · The Boltons · The Fascination of Chelsea: North of the King’s Road · The Fascination of Chelsea: Ranelagh Gardens · The Fascination of Chelsea: South of the King’s Road · The Fascination of Chelsea: The Royal Hospital · The Hampshire School · The Little Boltons · Thistle Grove · Tregunter Road · Trident Place · Upper Cheyne Row · Upper Whistler Walk · Violet Melchett Children’s Centre · Walnut Tree Walk · Walton Street · Wandon Road · West Road · West Road · West Road · Westgate Terrace · Wetherby Kensington · Wharfedale Street · Whitehead’s Grove · Whitehead’s Grove · World’s End Passage ·
Articles in grey above need some care and attention
Roads are red; buildings are green
Other entries in blue above are featured articles
Print-friendly version of this page

Links

Gloucester Road
Facebook Page
South Kensington
Facebook Page
Earl’s Court
Facebook Page
West Brompton
Facebook Page
Fulham Broadway
Facebook Page
High Street Kensington
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.