Upton Farm

Farm in/near Bayswater, existed between 1725 and 1839

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Farm · Bayswater · W2 · Contributed by The Underground Map
The Bayswater Conduit in 1798.

Upton Farm began in 1725 and was gone by 1839.

The whole Bayswater district of streets, squares, terraces, and crescents sprung into existence in the course of about ten years, between 1839 and 1849.

Before Bayswater was built up, Hopwood’s Nursery Ground and the Victoria Gardens - famed for running-matches and other sporting meetings - faced the dull brick wall which effectually shut out the green glades and leafy avenues of Kensington Gardens from the view of passengers along the Bayswater Road.

Bayswater - derived from the name "Bayard’s Watering Place" - was noted of old for its springs, reservoirs, and conduits, supplying the greater part of the City of London with water. The running streams and gravelly soil were at one time highly favourable for the growth of watercress.

On a slanting grassy bank, about a hundred yards from the back of the line of houses now bearing the name of Craven Hill, stood until about 1820, an ancient stone-built conduit-house, whence the water-supply was conveyed by pipes underground into the City. Conduit Passage and Spring Street both derive their names from this. When the Craven Hill estate was parcelled out for building purposes, the stone conduit-house was pulled down, and the (Westbourne) stream was fed into the Serpentine.

In 1710, a Robert Pollard was the owner of the old buildings of Bayard’s Watering Place and 6 acres of land in what had once been common fields of Westbourne Green. He sold them to Thomas Upton and his wife Jane in 1725, and they started a farm. The Upton Farm fields, at the heart of Bayswater, stretched approximately from the current Queensway in the west to Craven Terrace in the east, and from the current Bayswater Road in the south to Bishop’s Road (now called Bishop’s Bridge Road) in the north.

The Upton Farm buildings were set back from the highway at the end of a tree-lined lane. The farmland was let to a number of farmers in narrow rectangular strips.

The current Queensway was then a narrow lane, and the main thoroughfare to Westbourne Green further north. In about 1751 the inn on its corner with the Uxbridge Road, originally called the Oxford Arms, was renamed the Black Lion Inn, and the lane became known as Black Lion Lane. The Black Lion pub still exists.

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I didn’t come from Shirland Mews, but stayed there when my father was visiting friends, sometime in the mid to late forties. As I was only a very young child I don’t remember too much. I seem to think there were the old stables or garages with the living accommodation above. My Mother came from Malvern Road which I think was near Shirland Mews. I remember a little old shop which had a "milk cow outside". So I was told, it was attached to the front of the shop and you put some money in and the milk would be dispensed into your container. Not too sure if it was still in use then. Just wonder if anyone else remembers it.yz5
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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas - also one of London's biggest concentration of hotels.

Notably, there is a significant Arab population, a large number of Americans, a substantial Greek community attracted by London's Greek Orthodox Cathedral and the area is also a centre of London's Brazilian community.

Architecturally, the biggest part of the area is made up of Victorian mansion blocks, mostly, although not exclusively, divided up into flats. There are also purpose built apartment blocks dating from the inter-war period as well as more recent developments, and a there is large Council Estate, the 800 flat Hallfield Estate, designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and now largely sold off. There are some garden squares in the area.

Queensway and Westbourne Grove are busy High Streets, with a very large number of ethnic restaurants.

Bayswater tube station lies between Notting Hill Gate and Paddington.

The station was opened 1 October 1868, just 5 years after the London Underground started. It was renamed several times: to Bayswater (Queen's Road) & Westbourne Grove in 1923, to Bayswater (Queen's Road) in 1933.

Bayard’s Bridge:   Bayard’s Bridge took the Uxbridge Road over the River Westbourne.
Bayswater:   Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas - also one of London's biggest concentration of hotels.
Hyde Park Hostel:   
Kensington Gardens:   
Long Water:   The Long Water is a recreational lake in Kensington Gardens, created in 1730 at the behest of Queen Caroline.
Queen's Cinema:   This cinema was situated at the top of Queensway, on the corner of Bishop's Bridge Road.
Queensway:   Queensway (formerly Queen's Road) is a bustling cosmopolitan street in the Bayswater district of west London, containing many restaurants and stores.

Sheep in Kensington Gardens:   It was the practice to keep sheep in the Gardens to maintain the grass.
Whiteley's:   Whiteley’s, pictured here in the 1920s, was designated a Grade II Listed Building in 1970.

Bayswater Road, W2 · Brook Mews North, W2 · Caroline Place Mews, W2 · Caroline Place, W2 · Cervantes Court, W2 · Chilworth Street, W2 · Chilworth Street, W2 · Clanricarde Gardens, W2 · Cleveland Gardens, W2 · Cleveland Square, W2 · Cleveland Terrace, W2 · Cloucester Mews West, W2 · Conduit Mews, W2 · Conduit Passage, W2 · Consort House, W2 · Craven Hill Gardens, W2 · Craven Hill, W2 · Craven Road, W2 · Craven Terrace, W2 · Devonshire Terrace, W2 · Elms Lane, W2 · Fosbury Mews, W2 · Frederick Close, W2 · Gloucester Gardens, W2 · Gloucester Terrace, W2 · Hallfield Estate, W2 · Hull Place, E16 · Inverness Mews, E16 · Inverness Mews, W2 · Inverness Place, W2 · Inverness Terrace, W2 · Kensington Gardens, W2 · Kensington Gardens, W8 · Lancaster Mews, W2 · Lancaster Walk, SW7 · Lancaster Walk, W2 · Lanchester Mews, SE14 · Leinster Gardens, W2 · Leinster Mews, W2 · Leinster Terrace, W2 · Linden Gardens, W2 · Notting Hill Gate, W2 · Olympia Mews, W2 · Orme Court, W2 · Orme Lane, W2 · Orme Square, W2 · Pembroke House, W2 · Pickering Mews, W2 · Poplar Place, W2 · Porchester Gardens Mews, W2 · Porchester Gardens, W2 · Porchester Gate, W2 · Porchester Terrace, W2 · Princess Court, W2 · Queen’s Gardens, W2 · Queens Court, W2 · Queens Gardens, W2 · Queens Mews, W2 · Queensborough Passage, W2 · Queensborough Terrace, W2 · Queensway, W2 · Saint Petersburgh Place, W2 · Salem Road, W2 · Smallbrook Mews, W2 · Spring Street, W2 · St Petersburgh Place, W2 · The Broad Walk, W2 · The Broadwalk, W1H · The Whiteleys Centre, W2 · Upbrook Mews, W2 · Westbourne Terrace Mews, W2 · Westbourne Terrace, W2 · Whiteleys Centre, W2 ·

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1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
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