Millfield Nursery

Agriculture buildings in/near Southgate, existing until 1920

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Agriculture buildings · Southgate · N18 · Contributed by The Underground Map
December
7
2016


An article about "nurserymen" from Jim South written in March 1977.

The Nursery industry grew out of the market gardening that supplied London via Covent Garden. The Lea Valley was "natural" for this development. Within easy reach by horse drawn vehicles travelling by night, with "chain" horses stationed at places like Stamford Hill.

The alluvial soil that served market gardens of fruit growers was also level and suited the constructors of early "Vine" type glass houses. Water was available, boring wells was like putting a pin into a plastic pipe and, for example, ballast pits filled up as soon as they were abandoned.

Transport was well served by rail, road and canal. The main road, following roughly the Roman Ermine St. was the only access to London from much of East Anglia. The railways were built during the 19th century and the Lea canal carried coal, coke and timber. When I left Goffs Oak some coke was still carried by barge up the Lea. Until 1940 a great deal of coke came over from Belgium via this route.

Under pressure of housing and industrial developments, the industry was pushed North along the Lea Valley and while governed by horse transport it tended to congregate around an area from Cheshunt to Edmonton. When I started work at W H Cull, the produce was still taken to market in horse drawn vans. The vans, solidly built to protect delicate ferns etc, were loaded during the day. The horses were brought in, hitched and and after trudging through the night were unloaded at Covent Garden in the early morning. The carmen were often found asleep and wrapped in sacks and horse blankets as the horse took the produce to the market. Open carts that carried fruit, cucumbers and such crops often returned with loads of hay or manure from the many stables which then existed in London.

Crops under glass in the early days tended to be in the "luxury" class except for the long established bedding trade. As an aside, in 1934 bedding sold for 9d to 1/6d per box! and could be bought at "knock out time ie the end of the season for 6d per box. This year
Providing glasshouse grapes went when improved transport brought foreign grapes to Covent Garden in bulk. Millfield Nursery where I worked till 1935 still had two houses of Muscatel grapes when I left. This Nursery was built by H B May, at one time a big name in the Nursery world. He built and ran three nurseries, Millfield, one in Willoughby Lane near the site of the first South Pottery in Dysons Lane, and his last at Chingford. Millfield was mainly designed for grape production originally. Each year gangs of women went from Vinery to Vinery "thinning the grapes" with scissors similar to hair scissors. The undersized and deformed grapes were cut out.

The house plant trade has come full circle, W A Cullis was entirely devoted to fern and palm growing in 1927. When I left nearly four years later geraniums were taking over as the demand for pot plants faded. Now house plants are "in" in a big way. Rochfords at Turnford have what is virtually a production line laid out to produce these. It has meant survival for such as them but not necessarily much satisfaction for "growers".

As to names of personalities:

Joseph Rochford and Morris were contemporaries. When both were in a small way of business, they agreed to attend market alternately selling each other’s produce, thus reducing the time they lost on their holding. Morris proved the better salesman, gave up growing and went on to build the George Morris of today.

J Rochford’s rise is well recorded.

H B May whom I have mentioned was so well regarded he is mentioned in a book on fern culture published, I think, in the early twenties.

Percy Stewart managed his Nursery at Willoughby Lane until he set up in partnership with Chapman. He was a friend of Uncle Charles (South) who used to call for him when I was driving Uncle around and using him as technical adviser" to grower customers with problems.

Hills ran a Nursery by Edmonton Green and later moved to Broxbourne, I believe..

The Pollards started and built up their business in the Cheshunt area as pioneers at forcing roses under glass. Later growing carnations and tomatoes under several acres of glass. Legend has it that the founder Pollard was a City merchant in the cigar trade. He had a gardener who mastered the art of forcing roses. Old Pollard wore a fresh rose in his buttonhole each day the year round. This caused such comment he saw the possibility of commercial exploitation and never looked back.

Jo Stanbrooke at Goffs Oak moved out of North London. King Bros of Church St Edmonton (High class bedding).

Knight of Montague Lane later, Hoe St, Enfield.

Ripleys of Waltham Cross had two Nurseries but being Tomato and Cucumber growers were not big customers for pots.

Fairhurst, Thrustles, Charlie May, Finchams both father and son, Morgans, Hansen, are some of the names I remember in the Goffs Oak, Cuffley area.

Stuart Lows had, at one time, time, heir principal Nursery At Bush Hill Park. Amongst other crops they grew orchids.

Written by Jim South, March 1977.

Source:
Samuel South & Sons



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Jan
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Post by Jan: The Fairway, N14

We lived here from 1991 until 2008. Southgate and Oakwood stations within walking distance - Oakwood the nearest. A lovely, green and spacious area with Trent Country Park a few minutes walk (opposite Oakwood Station). Good transport links to London/Enfield/Hertfordshire. Unfortunately the opening of Asda Supermarket led to a decline of the area with many of the shops closing. When we left in 2008, many of the shops were open and it was a thriving high street. Iconic Art Deco Southgate station is a sight to see. Even Oakwood station has some Art Deco features - the old newsagent kiosk. Southagate is full of history too.

There was a large dairy when we moved there, but overtime this closed and was replaced with houses (where isn?t?). Enfield Town and Gentleman?s Row are worth a visit. First cash machine at the Barclays Bank in Enfield Town

Glenn Clark
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Post by Glenn Clark: Burghley Road, N8

Lived with my parents at number 18 from 1963 to 1981, briefly moved back for a while but moved on in 1987. Remember riding my scooter in the 60?s and in my soap box that my grandad made, he lived at number 27 from after WW1 till 1976. Great days playing football against the wall on the corner of Burghley Rd and Lyttleton Rd with my mates from the adjoining road. Now live in North Norfolk but often think back to Hornsey and Stationers Company School.

N Rogers
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Post by N Rogers: Coleraine Works, N17

Coleraine Works was the informal name given to a small industrial building – just to the right of the photo shown – on the corner of Poynton Road and Wycombe Road.

This last housed a printer and has been empty for several years as the council refuse to let it pass into non-commercial use.

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Janet Creed (need Burke)
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Post by Janet Creed (need Burke): Campbell Road, N4

My father was William Burke, 74 Campbell road n4 my mother was May wright of Campbell road, I was born on 13.02.1953, we stayed with my grandparents in Campbell Road, William and Maggie Wright.

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VIEW THE SOUTHGATE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHGATE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHGATE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHGATE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHGATE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Southgate






LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aylward Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Church Street Recreation Ground:   
Edmonton Sports and Social Club:   
Excelsior College:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Firs Farm Playing Fields:   
Firs Farm Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Hazelwood Infant School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 7.
Oakthorpe Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Pymmes Park:   
Rowland Hill Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Southgate:   
St Anne’s Catholic High School for Girls:   Voluntary aided school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
St Michael at Bowes CofE Junior School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 7 and 11.
Tatem Park Recreation Ground:   
The Devonshire Hill Nursery & Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Tottenhall Infant School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 7.
West Lea School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 19.
Wilbury Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A406, N18 · A406, N2 · A406, NW2 · Acacia Avenue, N17 · Adlington Close, N18 · Ainsley Close, N9 · Allington Avenue, N17 · Amersham Avenue, N18 · Angel Close, N18 · Ash Grove, N13 · Ashfield Parade, N14 · Ashley Gardens, N13 · Banstead Gardens, N9 · Barclay Road, N17 · Barclay Road, N18 · Barkham Road, N17 · Bayswater Close, N13 · Beckenham Gardens, N9 · Berkshire Gardens, N13 · Berkshire Gardens, N22 · Bexley Gardens, N9 · Birch Avenue, N13 · Bolton Road, N18 · Bowes Road, N13 · Branksome Avenue, N18 · Briar Close, N13 · Bridport Road, N18 · Bromley Road, N18 · Bull Lane, N18 · Bulwer Road, N18 · Callard Avenue, N13 · Cambridge Gardens, N17 · Canada Avenue, N18 · Carlton Terrace, N18 · Cheapside, N13 · Cheddington Road, N18 · Chequers Parade, N13 · Chequers Way, N13 · Cherry Blossom Close, N13 · Chimes Avenue, N13 · Chimes Avenue, N21 · Clock House Parade, E11 · Clock House Parade, N13 · Colet Close, N13 · Commercial Road, N18 · Compton Crescent, N17 · Coniscliffe Road, N13 · Connaught Gardens, N13 · Connaught Way, N13 · Copperfield Mews, N18 · Crawford Gardens, N13 · Creighton Road, N17 · Crestbrook Avenue, N13 · Dalbys Crescent, N17 · Deans Drive, N13 · Deansway, N9 · Dennis Parade, N14 · Denton Road, N18 · Derwent Avenue, N18 · Devonia Gardens, N18 · Dickens Lane, N18 · Dorchester Avenue, N13 · Doveridge Gardens, N13 · Ecclesbourne Close, N13 · Ecclesbourne Gardens, N13 · Empire Avenue, N18 · Empire Parade, N18 · Ensign Drive, N13 · Exchange Garages, N13 · Falconer Court, N17 · Farndale Avenue, N13 · Farndale Avenue, N21 · Felstead Close, N13 · Felstead Wharf, E14 · Firs Lane, N13 · Firs Park Avenue, N21 · Firs Park Avenue, N9 · Firs Park Gardens, N21 · Firscroft, N13 · Florin Court, N18 · Franlaw Crescent, N13 · Frontier Works, N17 · Garman Close, N18 · Giffard Road, N18 · Gloucester Road, N18 · Godolphin Close, N13 · Great Cambridge Road, N13 · Great Cambridge Road, N18 · Great Cambridge Road, N9 · Grenoble Gardens, N13 · Halstead Gardens, N21 · Halstead Road, N21 · Hamilton Crescent, N13 · Hamilton Way, N13 · Hardinge Road, N18 · Harington Terrace, N18 · Harlow Road, N13 · Haselbury Road, N18 · Hawthorn Road, N18 · Hawthorne Road, N18 · Hazel Close, N13 · Hazel Close, SE15 · Hazelwood Court, N13 · Hazelwood Crescent, N13 · Hazelwood Lane, N13 · Hebden Terrace, N17 · Hedge Lane, N13 · Hedge Lane, N18 · Henley Road, N18 · Hereward Gardens, N13 · Hermitage Lane, N18 · Hinton Road, N18 · Huxley Parade, N18 · Huxley Place, N13 · Huxley Road, N18 · Hyde Park Avenue, N21 · Hyde Park Avenue, N9 · Hyde Park Gardens, N21 · Hydefield Close, N21 · Hydefield Court, N9 · Kendal Avenue, N18 · Kendal Gardens, N18 · Kendal Parade, N18 · Kenmare Gardens, N13 · Keston Close, N18 · Kingsley Road, N13 · Kipling Terrace, N9 · Laburnum Avenue, N17 · Lamford Close, N17 · Lancaster Road, N18 · Lansbury Avenue, N18 · Latymer Way, N9 · Lawrence Avenue, N13 · Left Side Station Parade, N14 · Lightcliffe Road, N13 · Lister Gardens, N13 · Lister Gardens, N18 · Lodge Close, N18 · Lodge Drive, N13 · Lopen Road, N18 · Lynbridge Gardens, N13 · Madeira Road, N13 · Mapledurham Court, N13 · MAYFAIR GARDENS, N17 · Medesenge Way, N13 · Melville Gardens, N13 · Millicent Grove, N13 · Millstream Close, N13 · Mintern Close, N13 · Mitchell Road, N13 · Mitchell Walk, E6 · Munster Gardens, N13 · New Park Avenue, N13 · New Park Avenue, N18 · New River Crescent, N13 · Newton Way, N18 · Nichol Close, N14 · Norfolk Avenue, N13 · Norfolk Avenue, N17 · Norfolk Avenue, N22 · Norfolk Close, N13 · North Circular Road, N13 · North Circular Road, N18 · North Circular Road, NW9 · Oak Avenue, N17 · Oakfield Gardens, N18 · Oakfield Gardens, SE19 · Oakthorpe Estate, N13 · Oakthorpe Road, N13 · Orpington Gardens, N18 · Osborne Road, N13 · Osbourne Road, N13 · Ostliffe Road, N13 · Ostliffe Road, N18 · Owen Road, N13 · Pantiles Close, N13 · Park Avenue, N13 · Park Lane, N18 · Parkside Terrace, N18 · Parkstone Avenue, N18 · Pasteur Gardens, N18 · Pembroke Road, N13 · Pentyre Avenue, N18 · Peregrine Road, N17 · Perry Gardens, N9 · Petersfield Close, N18 · Pickwick Mews, N18 · Plowman Close, N18 · Pretoria Road North, N18 · Princes Avenue, N13 · Princes Street, N17 · Purley Road, N9 · Pymmes Road, N13 · Queen Street, N17 · Queensland Avenue, N18 · Rayleigh Road, N13 · Rayleigh Road, N9 · Regents Avenue, N13 · River Avenue, N13 · Riverway, N13 · Rowland Hill Avenue, N17 · Rylston Road, N13 · Selby Road, N17 · Selhurst Road, N9 · Shaftesbury Road, N18 · Sheldon Road, N18 · Shortlands Close, N18 · Shortlands Road, W6 · Sidney Avenue, N13 · Silver Street, N18 · Somerset Road, N18 · Statham Grove, N18 · Station Parade, N14 · Steeplestone Close, N18 · Sterling Way, N18 · Strand Place, N18 · Sweet Briar Walk, N18 · Sweet Briar Walk, N9 · Taplow Road, N13 · Tasmania Terrace, N18 · The Crest, N13 · The Fairway, N13 · The Fairway, N9 · The Grove, N13 · The Larches, N13 · The Rise, N13 · The Rowans, N13 · Thetford Close, N13 · Thetford Close, N22 · Tile Kiln Lane, N13 · Tile Kiln Lane, N18 · Tottenhall Road, N13 · Trade Close, N13 · Trafalgar Avenue, N17 · Ulster Gardens, N13 · Upsdell Avenue, N13 · Warwick Road, N18 · Warwick Road, N9 · Watermill Lane, N18 · Wauthier Close, N13 · Weir Hall Avenue, N18 · Weir Hall Road, N17 · Weir Hall Road, N18 · Wentworth Gardens, N13 · West Way, N18 · Westerham Avenue, N9 · Wheatley Gardens, N9 · Whitehead Close, N18 · Wigston Close, N18 · Wilbury Way, N18 · Windmill Road, N18 · Windsor Road, N13 · Winsford Terrace, N18 ·
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