Angel Alley, E1

Road in/near Aldgate East, existing between 1676 and now

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Road · Aldgate East · E1 · Contributed by The Underground Map

Angel Alley was a narrow passage which ran north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street..

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The alley sits immediately to the east of George Yard, evident as early as 1676 and named after the Angel Inn which stood on its south-west corner with Whitechapel High Street.

Known in the 19th century for its Irish tenants who aggressively managed to keep rent-collectors at bay for considerable periods of time.

The northern end of Angel Alley consisted of several lodging houses, initially owned by Samuel Magill from 1866-72 and then by George Wildermuth from 1873-8.

At approximately 11.45pm on the night of 6th August 1888, after spending the evening with Martha Tabram and two soldiers, Whitechapel Murder victim Mary Ann Connelly, aka ’Pearly Poll’ took one of the soldiers into Angel Alley presumably for sex, whilst Tabram did likewise in George Yard.

The northern end of the alley was heavily redeveloped following the building of Wildermuth’s Lodging House in 1893, which effectively made it a much shorter dead-end. The Angel Inn also seems to have ceased trading during this period.

It is now best known as the home of the anarchist ’Freedom’ press and bookshop and since 2007 has been incorporated into the Whitechapel Art Gallery as a side entrance. Access is also possible from an open car-park space on the east side of Gunthorpe Street.

The ’Angel Alley’ street-sign still remains.

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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Aldgate East

In a land east of Aldgate, lies the land of Aldgate East...

The name Commercial Road had been proposed for the original Aldgate East station, which opened on 6 October 1884 as part of an eastern extension to the Metropolitan District Railway (now the District Line), some 500 feet to the west of the current station, close to the Metropolitan Railway's Aldgate station. However, when the curve to join the Metropolitan Railway from Liverpool Street was built, the curve had to be particularly sharp due to the presence of Aldgate East station, at which it needed to be straight.

As part of London Transport's 1935-1940 New Works Programme, the triangular junction at Aldgate was enlarged, to allow for a much gentler curve and to ensure that trains held on any leg of the triangle did not foul the signals and points at other places. The new Aldgate East platforms were sited almost immediately to the east of their predecessors, with one exit facing west toward the original location, and another at the east end of the new platforms.

The new eastern exit was now close enough to the next station along the line, St Mary's (Whitechapel Road), that this station could also be closed, reducing operational overhead and journey times, as the new Aldgate East had effectively replaced two earlier stations.

The new station, opened on 31 October 1938 (the earlier station closing permanently the previous night), was designed to be completely subterranean, providing a much needed pedestrian underpass to the road above. However, in order to accommodate the space needed for this, and the platforms below, the existing track required lowering by more than seven feet. To achieve this task, whilst still keeping the track open during the day, the bed underneath the track was excavated, and the track held up by a timber trestle work. Then, once excavation was complete and the new station constructed around the site, an army of over 900 workmen lowered the whole track simultaneously in one night, utilising overhead hooks to suspend the track when necessary. The hooks still remain.

District and Hammersmith and City line trains running into Aldgate East along two sides of the triangle (from Liverpool Street and from Tower Hill) pass through the site of the earlier station, most of which has been obliterated by the current junction alignment, although the extensive width and height and irregular shape of the tunnel can be observed.

Since the station was built completely under a widened road, and was built after concrete had started to be used as a construction material, the platforms have a particularly high headroom. Combined with the late 1930s style of tiling typical of the stations of the then London Passenger Transport Board, the platform area of the station presents a particularly airy and welcoming appearance, unusual on the underground at the time of construction. The tiling contains relief tiles, showing devices pertinent to London Transport and the area it served, were designed by Harold Stabler and made by the Poole Pottery.

Aldgate East:   In a land east of Aldgate, lies the land of Aldgate East...
Spitalfields:   Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.

London in 1457:   Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Wentworth Street (1901):   Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.

Adler Street, E1 · Aldgate, EC3N · Alie Street, E1 · Angel Alley, E1 · Arcadia Court, E1 · Assam Street, E1 · Back Church Lane, E1 · Black Lion Yard, E1 · Bowmans Mews, E1 · Braham Street, E1 · Brick Lane, E1 · Brune House, E1 · Brune Street, E1 · Buckle Street, E1 · Camperdown Street, E1 · Central House, E1 · Chamber Street, E1 · Chicksand Street, E1 · College East, E1 · Commercial Street, E1 · Coppergate House, E1 · Corbet Place, E1 · Deal Street, E1 · Dorset Street, E1 · Dray Walk, E1 · East Tenter Street, E1 · Fairclough Street, E1 · Fashion Street, E1 · Flower and Dean Street, E1 · Fournier Street, E1 · George Street, E1 · Goodman?s Yard, E1 · Goodmans Yard, E1 · Goulston Street, E1 · Gowers Walk, E1 · Greatorex Street, E1 · Gunthorpe Street, E1 · Hanbury Street, E1 · Haydon Street, E1 · Haydon Street, EC3N · Heneage Street, E1 · Hooper Street, E1 · Hunton Street, E1 · Ibex House, EC3N · Lamb Street, E1 · Leman Street, E1 · Little Somerset Street, E1 · Lolesworth Close, E1 · Manningtree Street, E1 · Mansell Street, E1 · Middlesex Street, EC3A · Minories, E1 · Minories, EC3N · New Goulston Street, E1 · North Tenter Street, E1 · Old Castle Street, E1 · Old Montague Street, E1 · Osborn Street, E1 · Osborne Street, E1 · Osbourne Street, E1 · Plumbers Row, E1 · Portsoken Street, E1 · Prescot Street, E1 · Princelet Street, E1 · Puma Court, E1 · Spellman Street, E1 · Spelman House, E1 · Spelman Street, E1 · St Clare House, EC3N · St Clare Street, EC3N · St Mark Street, E1 · St Marks Street, E1 · Thrawl Street, E1 · Toynbee Street, E1 · Wentworth Street, E1 · West Tenter Street, E1 · White Church Lane, E1 · Whitechap, E1 · Whitechapel High Street, E1 · Whites Row, E1 · Wilkes Street, E1 · Woodseer Street, E1 ·



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Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
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Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
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John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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London Underground map from 1921.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
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